UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 

 
FORM 10-K
 

 
 
(Mark One) 
 
 
 
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
 
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017
 
 
or
 
 
 
 
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from _____________to ______________
 
Commission file number: 1-14088
 
Acacia Diversified Holdings, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Texas
75-2095676
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(IRS Employer Identification No.)
 
13575 58th Street North - #138    Clearwater, FL 33760
 (Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
 
Issuer’s telephone number: (727) 678-4420
 
____________________________________________________________________
 (Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class
Name of each exchange on which registered

Securities registered pursuant to section 12(g) of the Act:

Common Stock
(Title of class)

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.     Yes o No

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.     Yes o No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     (1) Yes  No     (2) Yes    No  
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).     Yes        No   (Not required) o 
 
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company”, and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer 
 
Accelerated filer  
Non-accelerated filer      (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
 Smaller reporting company 
Emerging growth company  r
 
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).     Yes o No

State the aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the price at which the common equity was last sold, or the average bid and asked price of such common equity, as of the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter:  The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the average bid and asked price of such common equity as of June 30, 2017 was $20,153,131
 
State the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common equity, as of the latest practicable date: 18,083,000 Common shares as of March 27, 2018.



TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
PART I.
PAGE
 
 
 
Item 1.
3
Item 1A.
7
Item 1B.
7
Item 2.
7
Item 3.
7
Item 4.
7
 
 
 
PART II.
 
 
 
 
Item 5.
8
Item 6.
9
Item 7.
9
Item 7A.
16
Item 8.
16
Item 9.
16
Item 9A (T).
16
Item 9B.
17
 
 
 
PART III.
 
 
 
 
Item 10.
18
Item 11.
20
Item 12.
22
Item 13.
23
Item 14.
24
 
 
 
PART IV.
 
 
 
 
Item 15.
25
 
 
 
 
26
 


PART I

Item 1.    Description of Business
 
Description of business, principal products, services and their markets

Acacia Diversified Holdings, Inc. (“we”, “us”, the “Company”, or the “Parent Company”) was incorporated in Texas on October 1, 1984 as Gibbs Construction, Inc. (“Gibbs”). The Company changed its name from Gibbs Construction, Inc. to Acacia Automotive, Inc. effective February 20, 2007. On October 18, 2012, the Company changed its name from Acacia Automotive, Inc. to Acacia Diversified Holdings, Inc. in an effort to exemplify the Company’s desire to expand into alternative industries as well as more diversified service and product offerings.  

On January 15, 2016, the Company acquired the assets and businesses of the MariJ Group of companies that included MariJ Agricultural, JR Cannabis Industries, LLC and Canna-Cures Research & Development Center, LLC.  The transaction has an effective date of January 4, 2016. On January 19, 2016 the Company filed a Current Report on Form 8-K announcing the acquisition. The Company subsequently filed expanded and updated information relating to that acquisition on its Amended Current Report on Form 8-K/A on April 25, 2016.  That document is available for viewing on the Company’s website at http://www.acacia.bz/sec/sec.htmand on the SEC website at:

https://www.sec.gov/Archives/edgar/data/1001463/000118518516004336/0001185185-16-004336-index.htm
 
In 2016, following the acquisition, the Company formed two new subsidiaries to conduct its new medical cannabis business activities, being MariJ Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (“MariJ Pharma”) and Canna-Cures Research & Development Center, Inc. (“Canna-Cures”). In 2017, the Company formed a new subsidiary Eufloria Medical of Tennessee, Inc. (“EMT”) to conduct its retail business in the state of Tennessee.

MariJ Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 

MariJ Pharma has a proprietary mobile CO2, supercritical cannabis oil extraction unit which was USDA certified Organic on September 28th, 2016, by OneCert, under the US National Organic Program; 7 CFR PART 205. MariJ Pharma extracts and processes very high quality, high-cannabinoid profile content medical grade cannabis oils from medicinal cannabis plants.  MariJ specializes in organic strains of the plant where available, setting itself apart from the general producers of non-organic products.    

Currently, the Company is performing its extraction activity in the state of Colorado where its activities are deemed legal under the laws of such state.

Canna-Cures Research & Development Center, Inc.
 
Canna-Cures engaged in research and development activities as well as retail and wholesale distribution of medicinal hemp products and dietary supplements in Colorado until it closed operations in July 2017.  As a part of its R&D efforts, Canna-Cures sought to align itself with institutions of higher learning in working to develop new products and to identify and develop additional uses for its medicinal hemp products.

Canna-Cures launched its first research and development center in Colorado. In conjunction with that opening, Canna-Cures officially launched the Dahlia’s Botanicals Endocannabinoid Nutraceuticals product line.  A portion of the proceeds from our Dahlia’s Botanicals line are awarded to the Canna Moms 501(c)(3) organization in support of its continuing public education and awareness campaign.

Eufloria Medical of Tennessee, Inc.

EMT is preparing to commence its retail and wholesale distribution of medicinal hemp products and dietary supplements in Tennessee. It anticipates operations to begin in the second quarter of 2018. In addition to our current extraction operations in the State of Colorado, the Company has been invited to be part of the hemp pilot program in Tennessee. This program provides the Company the license to grow, manufacture, and dispense USDA organic hemp oil in Tennessee and represents the first step in moving its operations to the east coast of the United States. The Company plans on participating in this pilot program through this new, wholly-owned subsidiary.

The Company also acquired land in Tennessee and has completed excavation and other cleanup activities to prepare the land for its intended use.


Distribution methods of the products and services

MariJ Pharma extracts and processes a very high quality, high-cannabinoid profile content medical grade cannabis oils from medicinal cannabis plants in its propriety mobile CO2, supercritical cannabis oil extraction unit which was USDA certified Organic on September 28th, 2016, by OneCert, under the US National Organic Program; 7 CFR PART205. The finished product is then delivered to its customers.

EMT plans to sell medicinal hemp products and dietary supplements primarily through its retail dispensaries in Tennessee and through a dedicated distribution model.
 
Status of any publicly announced new products or services

The Company’s business plan includes developing its proprietary GeoTrackingTechnology that is fully compliant with the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability standard (“HIPAA”) utilizing its “plant to patient” solution. This GeoTraking Technology is designed to provide a full-channel patient care tracking system that is fully compliant under today’s strict HIPAA regulations that require privacy and security of the patient’s information. Beginning with RFID labeling and tracking of every single seed employed in the grow program and continuing through the sale of medicinal products in a sophisticated retail Point of Sale delivery system,.

The Company also plans to enter into research and development projects with institutions of higher learning in efforts to:  (i) develop new and better strains of medical cannabis related products for dispensing as medications, nutraceuticals, cosmeceuticals, and potential dietary supplements; and (ii) provide private label packaging services; and (iii) sell additional medical cannabis oils, oil-infused products, and other merchandise through its web-based portal or retail dispensaries planned for that purpose; and (iv) sell cosmeceutical and nutraceutical products and dietary supplements containing its high-quality cannabis oil extracts.

The Company currently does not have sufficient working capital to pursue our business plan in its entirety as described herein. Our ability to implement our business plan will depend on our ability to obtain sufficient working capital and to fund our operations. No assurance can be given that we will be able to obtain additional capital, or, if available, that such capital will be available at terms acceptable to us, or that we will be able to generate profit from operations, or if profits are generated, that they will be sufficient to carry out our business plans, or that the plans will not be modified.

Competitive business conditions and the Company’s competitive position in the industry and methods of competition

Any industry served by the Company is likely to be highly competitive across the entire United States and the rest of the world. In particular, the cannabis industry, being the impetus of all the Company’s attention at this juncture, is very highly competitive and has drawn thousands of competing entities.  While the Company believes its technology, programs, and plans place it in a posture to compete at the highest levels, the sheer numbers of competitors must be recognized. The Company has elected to devote the majority of its efforts on production and sales of its products and services within the continental United States but may institute operations in diverse countries.  Even so, the Company must be considered as currently competing with other companies in diverse countries that can potentially produce and sell competitive products at lower prices.  While the Company believes that there are other hurdles for those foreign entities to overcome, including the high cost of international shipping to U.S. buyers, we believe that they nonetheless can compete with us in our markets.  We will potentially compete with a variety of companies, both domestic and international, and as such will be subject to various levels of competition. There is no assurance the Company will be able to adhere to its plans or to engage in any acquisitions or mergers.  The Company will consider potential opportunities to buy, sell or distribute its products in other countries.
 
Sources and availability of raw materials and the names of principal suppliers

One of the ingredients used in the extraction process is carbon dioxide. MariJ Pharma depends on a supplier to supply high quality carbon dioxide. This supplier produces the highest quality carbon dioxide for the cannabis industry. If MariJ Pharma was not able to obtain carbon dioxide from this supplier, it would need to look to other suppliers to supply this critical ingredient. However, the quality of the ingredient would suffer and the Company may not be able to obtain it at reasonable cost. At the present time, the Company is not anticipating a disruption of service by this supplier, whose identity we choose to keep confidential.

Dependence on one or a few major customers

In November 2016, MariJ Pharmaceuticals, Inc. entered into a service provider agreement with a USDA organic farm in northern Colorado.  The Company has concluded its first 500lb contract and has executed a second 500lb contract, producing what the Company believes to be the first USDA certified organic Hemp oil produced in America today.


During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company’s revenues were concentrated on three customers, CBD Rx, Precision Cultivation, Inc. and Blue Circle Development, Inc., who accounted for approximately 33%, 28% and 32%, of the total consolidated revenues, respectively.

During the year ended December 31, 2016, the Company’s revenues were concentrated on two customers, CBD Rx and Blue Circle Development, Inc., who accounted for approximately 72% and 23%, of the total consolidated revenues, respectively.

Patents, trademarks, licenses, franchises, concessions, royalty agreements or labor contracts, including duration

The Company currently has patents pending, trademarks pending, and no franchises, concessions, royalty agreements or labor contracts. The Company intends to acquire, through its MariJ Pharma subsidiary, portions or complete ownership of licenses and grow operations in one or more states and is seeking to cultivate, organically extract and process its medicinal cannabis crops year around in indoor facilities.  The acquisition of these licenses is anticipated to provide the Company with the opportunity to compound medicinal products using mixtures of high cannabinoid profile oils that have very little hallucinogenic properties but have significantly improved medicinal properties.

Effect of existing or probable governmental regulations on the business
 
A majority of the states that have legalized the growing, production, and use of cannabis oil have passed legislation authorizing the use of high-CBD content and low-THC content oils.  As a result, and in keeping with regulations and laws in those venues, the Company, through its subsidiaries, intends to concentrate on those products unless and until the laws change to facilitate a wider range of grow and production opportunities.  The Company does have the technology and capability of extracting high-THC oils in those venues that do allow it and will provide services to growers in those areas as contracted.

The Company, through its new subsidiaries, will operate in the medical cannabis sector.  In order to help our shareholders better understand the products we intend to employ in our business plans, we have provided certain explanations and definitions below.

The Company will initially extract and process a derivative of the cannabis plant known as CBD oil. CBD is one of dozens of compounds found in cannabis plants that belong to a class called cannabinoids. Of these compounds, CBD, CBG, CBN, CBC and THC are usually present in the highest concentrations and have the most common practical applications in the medical field.  The Company’s subsidiaries currently give most attention to high-CBD/low-THC products.  Marijuana, unlike most modern-day medicine, contains a wide range of chemical compounds. Scientists have identified to date, over 114 unique molecules in cannabis known as cannabinoids, which include THC and CBD. Many other non-cannabinoid compounds are produced by the plant, but these are the compounds that are most addressed as having a use by the medical community.
 
Terpenes, the molecules responsible for marijuana’s smell, among other things, have been shown to block some cannabinoid receptor sites in the brain while promoting cannabinoid binding in others. As a result, terpenes are believed to affect many aspects of how the brain takes in THC or CBD, while offering various therapeutic benefits of their own. In fact, while THC has gotten most of the attention, studies suggest many of the compounds in marijuana work together to produce a synergy of effects. This is known as the “entourage effect.”
 
CBD and THC levels tend to vary between different strains and varieties of cannabis.  By using selective breeding techniques, certain growers have managed to create varieties with high levels of CBD, CBG and THC, being the varieties currently employed for oil production by the Company’s MariJ Pharmaceuticals subsidiary.  That subsidiary also specialized in extracting oil from certified organic plants, rather than the standard non-organic varieties.

Unlike THC; CBD, CBG, CBC, and CBN do not cause a high or hallucinogenic effect. The reason why CBD is non-psychoactive is due to its lack of affinity for CB1 receptors, such as are found in high concentrations in the brain, and which become the channels through which THC is able to port its psychoactive effects.

Like most other companies in this industry, we are subject to various business regulations, permits and licenses. The Company, through its new subsidiaries, has entered a new business realm that may entail considerably more regulation than its previous endeavors, and faces uncertainties related to federal laws that are in conflict with state laws in which the Company’s subsidiaries now operate or may operate in the future. It is possible that the federal government will ease its regulations relating to the cannabis industry, or even legalize the operation of and transporting of products resulting from business operations in that sector.  However, it is also possible that the government may decide to harden its stance against cannabis related products.  In the event the federal government takes a harder stance against cannabis-related products, the Company could suffer impairment of its operations and could sustain substantial losses.  The Company cannot foresee what direction the federal government may take in these matters, if any, but sees continuing evidence that various states are legalizing cannabis products, both high-CBD/low-THC compounds as well as compounds containing high levels of THC for medicinal values. The Company believes that it has complied with appropriate state requirements for operations and believes it has obtained all permits necessary to function under the current state regulations where we have business operations.


The medical cannabis industry faces very uncertain regulation in the light of the continuing deregulation of cannabis products in many states, either as high-CBD/low-THC products, or as high-THC products, but the continuing regulation of the cannabis industry by the federal government.  While the federal government has for several years chosen to not intervene in the cannabis business conducted legally within the states that have legislated such activities, there is nonetheless the potential that the federal government may at any time choose to begin enforcing its laws against the manufacturing, possession, or use of cannabis-based products.  Similarly, there is the possibility that the federal government may enact legislation or rules that authorize the manufacturing, possession or use of those products under specific guidelines.  In the event the federal government was to tighten its regulation of the industry, the Company would likely suffer substantial losses.  In the event the federal government was to loosen or change its rules or laws in favor of the industry, the Company would have an opportunity to benefit substantially if it were properly positioned to take advantage of the new opportunities.

Inherent risks currently exist in this industry as a result of the determination by many nationally-chartered banks that they would be operating outside the federal laws by accepting deposits from cannabis oil producers.  Many states have legalized the growing, production, sale, and consumption of various cannabis related products, but the federal government has continued to take the position that such activities are not legal.  However, the federal government has taken the posture for years that it will defer to the states in those matters insofar as certain products, such as those containing a high concentration of THC, are not transported across state lines.  As such, many nationally-chartered banks fear prosecution under money-laundering or other statutes, relegating some businesses to maintain large sums of cash on hand, and meeting payrolls and accounts payable obligations with cash rather than checks.  As a result, those businesses are placed at high risk of internal and external theft and crimes relating to the lack of controls and security afforded by transactional banking.  The Company is currently utilizing various financial institutions for its deposit needs, but this still creates risks when the proceeds at diverse production locations, often themselves in cash due to the same issues, cannot be deposited in nearby accessible depositories.  The Company has an armored vehicle for use in the transport of cash and cannabis products but believes those risks will not be minimized until national depository institutions allow cannabis-related businesses to utilize their facilities.
 
Estimate of the amount of money spent during each of the last two fiscal years on research and development

The Company spent a de-minimus amount on research and development during its last two fiscal years.

Costs and effects of compliance with environmental laws

The cannabis industry, just like other industries, impacts our environment. Environmental laws relating to water rights, energy consumption, pollution, and overall carbon footprint all can and do impact the cannabis industry.

While some areas of environmental law focus on the protection of the environment, others are designed to control human use of natural resources by setting up a system of environmental approvals. Environmental laws cover topics such as chemicals and pesticides, climate change and energy, coastal, marine and fisheries management, farming and private land management, forestry, clearing vegetation, trees, marine, pollution, water, just to name a few. Given all the facets of both indoor, outdoor, and greenhouse cultivation, in addition to chemical-intensive extractions and infusions of marijuana products, it is easy to see why environmental laws are coming into play in the marijuana industry.

One of the most common environmental law issues for the cannabis industry is waste management. Most states that legalize some form of cannabis consumption strictly dictate the disposition and storage of the cannabis by-products, as well as the types of pesticides, soil amendments, and fertilizers that can be safely applied to marijuana crops.

However, fewer states have enacted laws dealing with the industry’s impact on water and air quality, but the industry is certainly under more scrutiny. In certain states, producers and processors must pay a fee to their local or state government and submit an application for a permit, provide information on odor control equipment for producing, growing, or processing and solvent usage information for each type.

Energy consumption by cannabis growers is also becoming an important issue. The significant use of electricity in indoor cannabis production has caused concerns for the carbon-footprint of its production. States may pass legislatures to regulate energy consumption by passing the cost of such effects and consumption onto the cannabis industry by instituting licensing and permitting fees.
 
Outdoor growers are not completely free of environmental concerns. They are also facing pressure under environmental laws because outdoor growing has led to deforestation, loss of wildlife, and erosion, and it often requires large amounts of water and pesticides.


Number of total employees and number of full-time employees

As of December 31, 2017, the Company had a total of six employees, five of which are full time.

Available Information
 
Our Web address is www.acaciadiversifiedholdings.com. The Company attempts to make its electronic filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), including all Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K, and if applicable, amendments to those reports, available free of charge on its Web site as soon as reasonably practicable after they are electronically filed with, or furnished to, the SEC. In addition, information regarding our board of directors is available on our Web site. The information posted on our Web site is not incorporated into this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Any materials that we file with the SEC may be read and copied at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549. Information on the operation of the Public Reference Room may be obtained by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. In addition, the SEC maintains an Internet Web site that contains reports, proxy statements and other information about issuers, like us, that file electronically with the SEC. The address of that site is www.sec.gov.
 
Item 1A. Risk Factors
 
As a smaller reporting company we are not required to provide any information under this item.
 
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

None.
 
Item 2.    Description of Properties
 
During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company’s EMT subsidiary purchased a parcel of land in Tennessee. The Company does not currently own any other real properties.
 
The Company rents its administrative office in Clearwater, Florida on a month to month basis and has a two-year lease on its retail space in Nashville, Tennessee.

Item 3.    Legal Proceedings

None.
 
Item 4.    Mine Safety Disclosures

None.


PART II
 
Item 5.    Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters, and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
 
Our common stock is presently quoted on the OTCQB of the OTC Markets marketplace under the trading symbol ACCA. Historically, trading in our stock has been very limited and the trades that have occurred cannot be characterized as amounting to an established public trading market. As a result, the trading prices of our common stock may not reflect the price that would result if our stock was actively traded.

The following are high and low closing prices quoted on the OTCQB during the periods indicated.

 
 
Closing Prices
 
 
 
High
   
Low
 
Quarters ending in 2016
           
March 31
 
$
2.34
   
$
0.28
 
June 30
 
$
2.50
   
$
1.20
 
September 30
 
$
1.90
   
$
1.41
 
December 31
 
$
2.50
   
$
0.15
 
Quarters ending in 2017
               
March 31
 
$
2.00
   
$
1.30
 
June 30
 
$
1.75
   
$
1.07
 
September 30
 
$
1.29
   
$
0.53
 
December 31
 
$
0.59
   
$
0.34
 

As of December 31, 2017, the Company had 224 registered stockholders of record. The Company believes that it may also have as many as 200 or more additional beneficial shareholders.  The number of both shareholders of record and beneficial shareholders may change on a daily basis and without the Company’s immediate knowledge.  
 
Holders of common stock are entitled to receive dividends as may be declared by our board of directors and, in the event of liquidation, to share pro rata in any distribution of assets after payment of liabilities. The board of directors has sole discretion to determine: (i) whether to declare a dividend; (ii) the dividend rate, if any, on the shares of any class of series of our capital stock, and if so, from which date or dates; and (iii) the relative rights of priority of payment of dividends, if any, between the various classes and series of our capital stock. We have not paid any dividends and do not have any current plans to pay any dividends.
 
At its meeting of directors on February 1, 2007, the Company’s board of directors approved the Acacia Automotive, Inc. 2007 Stock Incentive Plan1 (the “Plan”), which was approved by our stockholders on November 2, 2007, reserving 1,000,000 shares to be issued there under in the form of common stock or common stock purchase options.  On July 26, 2012, our shareholders voted to update and extend the Acacia Automotive, Inc. 2007 Stock Incentive Plan, renaming it the Acacia Diversified Holdings, Inc. 2012 Stock Incentive Plan. Warrants, which may be included as equity compensation of used in other manners, are not a component of the Plan. On June 29, 2015 shareholders holding a majority of the shares of the Company voted to discontinue the Company’s stock incentive plans, but shares or options may still be authorized and issued by the Company’s Board of Directors. In resolutions since the implementation of the Plan, the directors granted restricted stock, warrants, and options for compensation summarized as follows as of December 31, 2017:

SUMMARY OF THE PLAN
 
Plan Description at December 31, 2017 and 2016
 
Number of Shares to be Issued Upon Exercise of
Outstanding Options
   
Weighted Average Exercise Price of Outstanding Options
   
Number of Shares Remaining Available for Future Issuance
 
Initial Number of Securities Available for Issue Under the Plan
               
1,000,000
 
                     
Total Equity Plan Options outstanding at December 31, 2015 (1)
   
90,000
   
$
0.34
     
4,243,072
 
Total options approved and issued in 2016
   
-
     
-
     
-
 
Options exercised by holders in 2016
   
15,000
     
-
     
-
 
Total Equity Plan Options outstanding at December 31, 2016 (2)
   
75,000
   
$
0.41
     
*-
 
Total options approved and issued in 2017
   
-
     
-
     
-
 
Options expired in 2017
   
10,000
     
-
     
-
 
Total Equity Plan Options outstanding at December 31, 2017 (3)
   
65,000
   
$
0.35
     
*-
 


(1)  
The number of Options issued and exercised under the Plan in the years 2007 through 2016 and the increases in securities added to the Plan* for each year are as follows:

Year
 
Options Granted
 
 
Options Forfeited or Exercised
 
 
 
Securities added to Plan
 
 
Securities available*
at December 31st
 
2007
 
 
155,000
 
 
 
-0-
 
 
 
 
-0-
 
 
 
845,000
 
2008
 
 
240,000
 
 
 
-0-
 
 
 
 
479,900
 
 
 
1,084,900
 
2009
 
 
195,000
 
 
 
-0-
 
 
 
 
482,500
 
 
 
1,372,400
 
2010
 
 
145,000
 
 
 
(255,000
)
 
 
 
483,300
 
 
 
1,965,700
 
2011
 
 
-0-
 
 
 
(390,000
)
 
 
 
462,500
 
 
 
2,818,200
 
2012
 
 
-0-
 
 
 
-0-
 
 
 
 
462,500
 
 
 
3,280,700
 
2013
 
 
-0-
 
 
 
-0-
 
 
 
 
462,500
 
 
 
3,743,200
 
2014
 
 
-0-
 
 
 
-0-
 
 
 
 
499,872
 
 
 
4,243,072
 
2015
 
 
-0-
 
 
 
-0-
 
 
 
 
*
 
 
 
*
 
2016
 
 
-0-
 
 
 
15,000
 
1 
 
 
*
 
 
 
*
 
2017
 
 
-0-
 
 
 
10,000
 
 
 
*
 
 
 
*
 
 
* The plan was terminated on June 29, 2015.

1No options were cancelled and 15,000 options were exercised in 2016.
210,000 options expired and no options were exercised in 2017.

(2)
Of the 75,000 options still active as of December 31, 2016: (i) 10,000 expire at 11-2-2017; (ii) 15,000 expire at 12-31-2018; (iii) 30,000 expire at 11-6-2019; and, (iv) 20,000 expire at 12-23-2020.

(3)
Of the 65,000 options still active as of December 31, 2017: (i) 15,000 expire at 12-31-2018; (ii) 30,000 expire at 11-6-2019; and, (iii) 20,000 expire at 12-23-2020.

In February 2018, the Company adopted the Acacia Diversified Holdings, Inc. 2018 Stock Grant and Option Plan (“2018 Plan”). The purpose of the 2018 Plan is to offer selected employees, directors and consultants an opportunity to acquire a proprietary interest in the success of the Company. Awards that can be granted from the 2018 Plan include registered shares, restricted shares and options as well as the direct award or sale of shares of the Company’s common stock. The aggregate number of shares which  may be issued or transferred pursuant to an award shall not exceed 5,000,000 shares of authorized common stock of the Company. Subsequent to the adoption of the 2018 Plan, the Company filed Form S-8 with the Securities and Exchange Commission to register 1,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock pursuant to a consulting agreement.

Item 6.    Selected Financial Data
 
As a smaller reporting company we are not required to provide any information under this item.
 
Item 7.    Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the other sections of this Annual Report, including our consolidated financial statements and related notes set forth in Item 8. This discussion and analysis contains forward-looking statements, including information about possible or assumed results of our financial condition, operations, plans, objectives and performance that involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions. The actual results may differ materially from those anticipated and set forth in such forward-looking statements.


Forward-Looking Statements

This Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (MD&A) contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 that involve known and unknown risks, significant uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements expressed, or implied, by those forward-looking statements.  You can identify forward-looking statements by the use of the words such as “expects”, “anticipates”, “intends”, “plans”, “believes”, “seeks”, “estimates”, “may”, “will”, “should”, “could”, “predicts”, “potential”, “proposed”, or “continue” or the negative of those terms.  These statements are only predictions. In evaluating these statements, you should consider various factors which may cause our actual results to differ materially from any forward-looking statements.  Although we believe that the exceptions reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements.  Therefore, actual results may differ materially and adversely from those expressed in any forward-looking statements due to numerous factors, including, but not limited to, availability of financing for operations, successful performance of operations, impact of competition and other risks detailed below as well as those discussed elsewhere in this Form 10-K and from time to time in the Company’s Securities and Exchange Commission filings and reports.  In addition, general economic and market conditions and growth rates could affect such statements. Any forward-looking statement made by the Company speaks only as of the date on which it is made. The Company is under no obligation to, and expressly disclaims any obligation to, update or alter its forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, subsequent events or otherwise.

Executive Overview
 
Acacia Diversified Holdings, Inc. (“we”, “us”, the “Company”, or the “Parent Company”) was incorporated in Texas on October 1, 1984 as Gibbs Construction, Inc. (“Gibbs”). The Company changed its name from Gibbs Construction, Inc. to Acacia Automotive, Inc. effective February 20, 2007. On October 18, 2012, the Company changed its name from Acacia Automotive, Inc. to Acacia Diversified Holdings, Inc. in an effort to exemplify the Company’s desire to expand into alternative industries as well as more diversified service and product offerings.  

On January 15, 2016, the Company acquired the assets and businesses of the MariJ Group of companies that included MariJ Agricultural, JR Cannabis Industries, LLC and Canna-Cures Research & Development Center, LLC.  The transaction has an effective date of January 4, 2016.
 
In 2016, following the acquisition, the Company formed two new subsidiaries to conduct its new medical cannabis business activities, being MariJ Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (“MariJ Pharma”) and Canna-Cures Research & Development Center, Inc. (“Canna-Cures”). In 2017, the Company formed a new subsidiary Eufloria Medical of Tennessee, Inc. (“EMT”) to conduct its retail business in the state of Tennessee.

MariJ Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
 
MariJPharma engages in the extraction and processing of very high quality, high-CBD/low-THC content medical grade cannabis oils from medical hemp plants.  MariJPharma specializes in utilizing organic strains of the hemp plant, setting itself apart from the general producers of non-organic products.  In addition, MariJPharma has the technical expertise and capability to process and formulate the oils and to employ them in its compounding operations.  MariJPharma will seek to become engaged as owner or co-owner of a grow facility such as to produce its own plants for processing. The Company intends to acquire, through its MariJ Pharma subsidiary, portions or complete ownership of licenses and grow operations in one or more states and seeks to cultivate, organically extract and process its medicinal cannabis crops year around in indoor facilities.  The acquisition of these licenses is anticipated to provide the Company with the opportunity to compound medicinal products using mixtures of high cannabinoid profile oils that have very little hallucinogenic properties but have significantly improved medicinal properties. This GeoTraking Technology is designed to provide a full-channel patient care tracking system that is fully compliant under today’s strict HIPAA regulations that require privacy and security of the patient’s information. Beginning with RFID labeling and tracking of every single seed employed in the grow program and continuing through the sale of medicinal products in a sophisticated retail Point of Sale delivery system.
 

MariJ Pharma’s revenues are anticipated to be generated primarily from several activities, including but not limited to the following:

a.  
Cannabis oil extraction and processing. MariJ Pharma has a unique mobile cannabis oil processing and extraction unit designed into a heavy-duty trucks.  That unit has already begun performing extractions and processing of medical hemp oils at various sites and is currently developing additional contracts for services.
b.  
Wholesale sale of raw and processed medical cannabis oils.
c.  
Compounding and manufacturing.  MariJ Pharma has begun construction of a mobile laboratory and testing unit, also on a heavy-duty truck chassis, intended to address the growing demand for these services in the medical cannabis industry.
d.  
Licensing and support of the Company’s GeoTraking Technology systems
e.  
Processing and compounding services for medical grade cannabis oils

On September 28, 2016, MariJ Pharmaceuticals, Inc. received an Organic Certification under the U.S. National Organic Program (7 CFR Part 205) for its proprietary CO2 mobile cannabis oil extraction process and handling from OneCert, Inc., the issuing authority for that certification. As such, MariJ is now authorized to process directly for certified organic farms and is able to produce certified organic cannabis oils.
 
The Company is preparing to seek additional investments and financing to pay the costs of building its second mobile oil extraction and processing unit, to finance final construction of its mobile compounding and manufacturing unit for the same industry, and to complete the roll-out of its GeoTraking Technology system. There can be no assurance the Company will be successful in its plans to generate the required capital.

Canna-Cures Research & Development Center, Inc.
 
The Company acquired the assets and the business of Canna-Cures Research & Development Center, LLC, a Florida limited liability company, on January 15, 2016.  The Company utilizes this subsidiary to engage in research and development activities as well as retail and wholesale distribution of medicinal hemp products and dietary supplements in the state of Colorado, depending upon our ability to comply in each instance with FDA rules and other regulations.  Canna-Cures closed its retail operations in 2017 and began to focus its efforts in its development activities in Tennessee.

Eufloria Medical of Tennessee, Inc.

In addition to our current extraction operations in the State of Colorado, the Company has been invited to be part of the hemp pilot program in Tennessee. This program provides the Company the license to grow, manufacture, and dispense hemp oil in Tennessee and represents the first step in moving its operations to the east coast of the United States. The Company plans on participating in this pilot program through this new, wholly-owned subsidiary.

The Company also acquired land in Tennessee and has completed excavation and other cleanup activities to prepare the land for its intended use.

EMT will seek to align itself with institutions of higher learning in working to develop new products and to identify and develop additional uses for its medical cannabis products. It is anticipated that EMT could generate revenues from the following activities:

1)
EMT will seek to enter into product development projects with institutions of higher learning in efforts to develop new and better strains of medical cannabis related products for dispensing as medications, nutraceuticals, cosmeceuticals, and probably dietary supplements.  EMT anticipates participating in state and federal grants in conjunction with one or more universities as a means to defray part of its costs in these efforts.
2)
Private label packaging services - the Company has obtained a majority of the equipment required to engage in the business of packaging and labeling of medical cannabis oils, oil-infused products, and related items.
3)
Retail sales of medical cannabis oils, oil-infused products, and other merchandise through its web-based portal or retail dispensaries planned for that purpose.  These activities are dependent in large part upon meeting FDA regulations and criteria relating to the sale and distribution of cannabis-infused products, and the Company is currently in the process of determining the status of those criteria.
4)
Retail, and wholesale distributor, sales of cosmeceutical and nutraceutical products and dietary supplements containing its high-quality cannabis oil extracts, subject to compliance with FDA and other regulations.
5)
Growing high quality cannabis plants and extracting oil for sale or for manufacturing of oil-infused products.
 
The Company will require additional capital to execute these plans and there can be no assurance that the Company will be successful in its plans to generate that capital.


Discussion Regarding the Company’s Consolidated Operating Results

The results of operations are based on preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.  The preparation of financial statements requires management to select accounting policies for critical accounting areas as well as estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements.  The Company’s accounting policies are more fully described in Note 4 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
 
During the year ended December 31, 2017, we generated $478,231 of revenue compared to $311,283, an increase of $166,948 or 54%. The increase is as a result of more aggressive advertising and marketing effort which enabled us to obtain additional contracts for extraction services. Costs of goods sold increased by $2,360, or 1%, from $238,983 to $241,343 primarily due to increase in depreciation on extraction equipment. As a result, gross profit increased by $164,588 or 228% from $72,300 to $236,888.

During the year ended December 31, 2017, our selling, general and administrative expenses decreased by $179,534 or 10% from $1,814,419 to $1,634,885. Employee compensation expenses increased due to the hiring of an administrative assistance and a financial controller in 2017. This increase is offset by the decrease in general and administrative expenses. The decrease in general and administrative expenses is primarily due to the closing of our retail operations in Colorado in July 2017. In addition, we retained legal counsel in 2016 to assist in obtaining an operating license in the state of Tennessee in addition to our normal and recurring legal expenses. In January 2016, we also merged into a public entity which necessitated significant but non-recurring legal and accounting fees. As part of the merger, we also incurred additional expenses on our former CEO related to him relinquishing controls and resigning from all positions from the Company. These non-recurring events contributed to high selling, general and administrative expenses in 2016.
 
As a result of the above, operating losses decreased by $344,122 or 20% from $1,742,119 to $1,397,997 during the year ended December 31, 2017.

The Company’s other expenses were $435,731 during the year ended December 31, 2017. This is primarily due to cash and non-cash interest expense incurred on note payable with related party and on convertible note and amortization of debt issuance costs. The Company’s other expenses were $42,995 during the year ended December 31, 2016, primarily due to a loss on sale of equipment to a related party of $42,987. Increase in other expenses was $392,744, or 913% during the year ended December 31, 2017.

As a result of the above, our consolidated net loss for the year ended December 31, 2017 amounted to $1,833,728 compared to a consolidated net loss of $1,785,114 for the year ended December 31, 2016, an increase of $48,614 or 3%.
 
Total Assets.  Total assets at December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 were $606,800 and $684,783, respectively.  Total assets consist of current assets of $119,528 and $203,095, respectively, net property and equipment of $483,931 and $480,847, respectively, and deposits of $3,341 and $841, respectively. Total assets decreased by $77,983, or 11% primarily due to a decrease in cash of $15,461 or 35% at December 31, 2017, a decrease in accounts receivable of $12,810 or 36% due to management providing an allowance for doubtful accounts, and a decrease in prepaid expenses of $49,468, or 82% due to curtailing insurance and other subscription expenditures during the year.

Total Liabilities.  Total liabilities at December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 were $1,092,168 and $394,530, respectively. Total liabilities consist of accounts payable and accrued expenses of $452,710 and $390,530, respectively. The increase of $62,180 primarily represents accrued bonus to our current CEO of $59,500, accrued severance to our former CEO of $250,000 and increase in accounts payable to our vendors of $19,829 due to increase in operating activities and increase in payroll taxes payable of $11,092 as a result of timing of our payroll cycle. Payable to related party of $4,000 at December 31, 2016 represents amounts owed to our current CEO for two months of automobile allowance and rental of a small office owned by him, pursuant to his employment agreement with the Company.
 
Liquidity and Capital Resources

Our consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming that we will continue as a going concern. For the year ended December 31, 2017, we had a net loss of $1,833,729. In light of the continued net losses, our ability to continue as a going concern is dependent upon our ability to begin operations and to achieve a level of profitability. We intend on financing our future development activities and our working capital needs largely from the sale of its common stock with some additional funding from other traditional financing sources such as bridge loans until such time that funds provided by operations are sufficient to fund working capital requirements. Our consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of recorded assets, or the amounts and classifications of liabilities that might be necessary should we become unable to continue as a going concern.
 

As previously mentioned, since inception, we have financed our operations largely from the sale of common stock and notes payable and advances from our majority stockholder. During the year ended December 31, 2017, we obtained working capital largely from issuing a note payable to a related party in the amount of $537,283. During the year ended December 31, 2016, we raised cash of $65,000 through sale of common stock and received $600,000 of working capital advances from our majority stockholder.
 
We have incurred significant net losses and negative cash flows from operations since its inception. As of December 31, 2017, we had an accumulated deficit of $4,953,946.
 
We anticipate that cash used in product development and operations, especially in the marketing, production and sale of our products, may increase significantly in the future.
 
We will be dependent upon its existing cash, together with anticipated net proceeds from any sale of common stock and future debt issuances, to finance our planned operations through the next 12 months. Additional capital may not be available when required or on favorable terms. If adequate funds are not available, we may be required to significantly reduce or refocus our operations or to obtain funds through arrangements that may require us to relinquish rights to certain or potential markets, either of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. To the extent that additional capital is raised through the sale of equity or debt securities, the issuance of such securities would result in ownership dilution to our existing stockholders.
 
During the year ended December 31, 2017, we used cash from operations of $487,777 compared to $987,886 in 2016, a decrease of $500,109. This is largely attributable to the cash savings from reduction in our prepaid expenses and cash generated from increase in our accounts payable, accrued expenses and payable to related parties. To generate a positive cash flow, we will have to increase our revenues and decrease expenses.
 
During the year ended December 31, 2017, we invested $11,284 in the purchase of property and equipment, compared to $35,414 in 2016. Cash investment in property and equipment was lower in current year because of limiting cash flows.

During the year ended December 31, 2017, we generated $483,600 from financing activities compared to $846,004 in 2016. In 2017, we obtained working capital largely from issuing note payable to a related party for $405,000 and from issuance of a convertible note to an investor for $79,050 which was paid back in 2017. In 2016, $600,000 was provided from advances from our majority stockholder, $180,854 was provided through the merger and $65,000 was provided from proceeds from issuance of common stock.

As a result of the above, as of December 31, 2017, we had a negative consolidated cash flow of $15,461 for the year compared to a negative consolidated cash flow of $177,296 for the year ended December 31, 2016. 

Discussions Regarding Operating Leases and Commitments

As of December 31, 2017, the Company has the following operating lease obligations.

The Company rents administrative space in Clearwater, Florida at $904 per month on a month to month basis. The Company also entered into a 24 months lease to rent retail space in Nashville, Tennessee at $2,500 per month.
 
On May 1, 2016, the Company entered into an employment agreement with its CEO. The term of the employment is through December 31, 2019 and at a starting salary of $170,000 and annual bonus at 35% of the salary. Any salary and bonus increases must be reviewed and approved by the Company’s board of directors. The Company's board of directors approved a salary increase for our CEO to $195,000 for the year ended December 31, 2017. The agreement provides for a monthly reimbursement of $1,000 for the rental of a second office owned by the CEO and a monthly automobile allowance of $1,000. During the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, expenses related to the office rental and automobile allowance totaled $24,000 and $16,000, respectively, of which $10,000 and $4,000 remained owed to the CEO at December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. As such, the Company is committed to an annual expenditure of $24,000 for each of the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2019.
 
Financing of Planned Expansions and Other Expenditures
 
We anticipate seeking additional capital through the sale of our equity securities in a private placement offering, but no assurance can be made that we will be able to find willing buyers for such securities. Moreover, as we contemplates selling our securities by way of an exemption from registration, there can be no assurance that we can be able to identify a satisfactory number of suitable buyers to whom we may legally offer such securities, or if we are successful in identifying suitable buyers that we will be successful in raising capital, or if successful in raising capital that we can be successful in implementing any plan for acquisitions or adding or expanding any operations. 


We would anticipate using the proceeds from any capital raise to bolster our new operations, pay the costs of adding new equipment and services that could provide revenue streams to meet our expenses, and/or acquire a partial or whole interest in a grow facility.

Going Concern
 
The Company has not generated profit to date. The Company expects to continue to incur operating losses as it proceeds with its extraction and research and development activities and continues to navigate it through the regulatory process. The Company expects general and administrative costs to increase, as the Company adds personnel and other administrative expenses associated with its current efforts. As such, and without substantially increasing revenue or finding new sources of capital, the Company will find it difficult to continue to meet its obligations as they come due.  The Company is still locating new clients for its services and products, and the business is generally seasonal with the second and third quarters of the calendar year being the slowest as a result of it being the “off season” for outside grow of Cannabis hemp plants.  The Company is currently involved in a capital raise which, if successful, could result in obtaining indoor grow facilities that could provide for year-round grows. There can be no assurance that the Company will be successful in its efforts to raise capital, or if it were successful in raising capital, that it would be successful in meeting its business plans.  While the services performed by the Company’s MariJ Pharma subsidiary and sales of current inventory supplies, if sold on a seasonally-adjusted basis, are anticipated to be sufficient to meet the Company’s liquidity needs, these factors raise some doubt as to the ability of the Company to continue as a going concern.  Management’s plans include increasing production at the Company’s new MariJ Pharma subsidiary during 2017, selling its inventories of products, attempting to start new businesses or find additional operational businesses to buy, and attempting to raise funds from the public through an equity offering of the Company’s common stock and sales of convertible debentures through a private placement offering instituted in the early part of 2017. Management intends to make every effort to identify and develop all these sources of funds, but there can be no assurance that Management’s plans will be successful.
 
The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis, which contemplates the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business. The Company has incurred losses for all periods presented and has a substantial accumulated deficit. As of December 31, 2017, these factors, among others, raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
 
The Company does not have any off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources that is material to investors.

Critical Accounting Policies
 
Our consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) applied on a consistent basis. The preparation of the consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods.
 
We regularly evaluate the accounting policies and estimates that we use to prepare our consolidated financial statements. A complete summary of these policies is included in Note 4 of the notes to our financial statements. We believe that the following accounting policies are those most critical to the judgment and estimates used in preparation of our consolidated financial statements.

INVENTORIES – Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market.  Cost is determined using the average cost method. The Company’s inventory consists of raw materials and finished goods. Finished goods inventories are separated into two discernible product lines of organic and non-organic products. Cost of inventory includes cost of ingredients, labor, quality control and all other costs incurred to bring our inventories to condition ready to be sold.
 
PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT – Property and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation.  Major renewals and improvements are capitalized, while minor replacements, maintenance and repairs are charged to current operations.  Depreciation is computed by applying the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives, which are generally three to fifteen years.  


IMPAIRMENT OF LONG-LIVED ASSETS – In accordance with Accounting Standards Codification 360-10-05 - Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets, long-lived assets such as property, equipment and identifiable intangibles are reviewed for impairment at least annually or whenever facts and circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable.  When required, impairment losses on assets to be held and used are recognized based on the fair value of the asset.  The fair value is determined based on estimates of future cash flows, market value of similar assets, if available, or independent appraisals, if required.  If the carrying amount of the long-lived asset is not recoverable, an impairment loss is recognized for the difference between the carrying amount and fair value of the asset.  The Company did not recognize any impairment losses for any periods presented.

DEBT ISSUANCE COSTS - The Company follows Accounting Standard Update 2015-03 – Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs, which requires direct costs associated with the issuance of convertible note to be presented in the balance sheet as a direct reduction from the carrying value of the associated debt liability. These costs are amortized into interest expense over the contractual term of the note or a shorter amortization period when deemed appropriate. The Company amortizes debt issuance costs for its convertible note immediately upon issuance since the note is convertible on demand.

OFFERING COSTS - The Company follows the SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin, Topic 5 - Miscellaneous Accounting, which requires that specific incremental costs directly attributable to a proposed or actual offering of securities may be deferred and charged against gross receipts of the offering. However, deferred costs of an aborted offering, or a postponement of existing offering exceeding 90 days, may not be deferred and charged against proceeds of a subsequent offering.
 
REVENUE RECOGNITION – The Company generates revenue from extracting and processing very high quality, high-cannabinoid profile content medical grade cannabis oils from medicinal cannabis plants.  The Company recognizes revenue when it is realized or realizable and earned.

The Company considers revenue realized or realizable and earned when all of the following criteria are met:

o          persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists
o          the product has been shipped or the services have been rendered to the customer
o          the sales price is fixed or determinable
o          collectability is reasonably assured.

STOCK BASED COMPENSATION - The Company accounts for stock-based compensation under Accounting Standards Codification 718 - Compensation-Stock Compensation (“ASC 718”). ASC 718 requires that all stock-based compensation be recognized as expense in the financial statements and that such cost be measured at the fair value of the award at the grant date and recognized over the period during which an employee is required to provide services (requisite service period). An additional requirement of ASC 718 is that estimated forfeitures be considered in determining compensation expense. Estimating forfeitures did not have a material impact on the determination of compensation expense during the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016.  
 
The Company accounts for stock-based awards based on the fair market value of the instrument using the Black-Scholes option pricing model and utilizing certain assumptions including the followings:

Risk-free interest rate – This is the yield on U.S. Treasury Securities posted at the date of grant (or date of modification) having a term equal to the expected life of the option. An increase in the risk-free interest rate will increase compensation expense.

Expected life—years – This is the period of time over which the options granted are expected to remain outstanding. Options granted by the Company had a maximum term of ten years. An increase in the expected life will increase compensation expense.

Expected volatility – Actual changes in the market value of stock are used to calculate the volatility assumption.  An increase in the expected volatility will increase compensation expense.
 
Dividend yield – This is the annual rate of dividends per share over the exercise price of the option. An increase in the dividend yield will decrease compensation expense.  The Company does not currently pay dividends and has no immediate plans to do so in the near future.

The Company accounts for stock-based compensation issued to non-employees and consultants in accordance with the provisions of Accounting Standards Codification 505-50, Equity – Based Payments to Non-Employees.  Measurement of share-based payment transactions with non-employees is based on the fair value of whichever is more reliably measurable: (a) the goods or services received; or (b) the equity instruments issued.  The value of the common stock is measured at the earlier of (i) the date at which a firm commitment for performance by the counterparty to earn the equity instruments is reached or (ii) the date at which the counterparty’s performance is complete.


Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
 
As a smaller reporting company we are not required to provide any information under this item.
 
Item 8.    Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
 
The response to this item is submitted as a separate section of this Form 10-K.  See “Item 15.  Exhibits, Financial Statements and Reports on Form 8-K.
 
Item 9.   Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
 
None
 
Item 9A(T).  Controls and Procedures
 
Inherent Limitations on the Effectiveness of Controls Over Financial Reporting
 
As is typical with most smaller enterprises, our control processes are oriented toward operations, and production of financial statements reflects an outgrowth of operations and results of those operations. Internally, financial statements are a management tool to evaluate the operations and not an end of those operations. We closely monitor the daily results of our cash position and make certain that our cash position is adequate for the foreseeable future. Our financial statements are generated as part of the reporting on our operations, one metric of our operations, and as part of our obligations as a public entity.
 
Management, including our Principal Executive Officer, Chief Executive Officer, who acts as our Principal Financial Officer, Chief Financial Officer, does not expect that our controls and procedures will prevent all errors and fraud, and our present efforts are oriented on improving the availability and thoroughness of information to management and to generate financial statements.  In designing and evaluating the controls and procedures, management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance of achieving the desired control objectives.  Further, the design of a control system must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints, and management necessarily was required to apply its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures.  Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, within the Company have been detected.  These inherent limitations include the realities that judgments in decision-making can be faulty, and that breakdowns can occur because of simple error or mistake.  Additionally, controls can be circumvented by the individual acts of some persons, by collusion of two or more people, or by management’s override of the control.  The design of any system of controls also is based in part upon certain assumptions about the likelihood of future events, and there can be no assurance that any design will succeed in achieving its stated goals under all potential future conditions.  Over time, controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.  Because of the inherent limitations in a cost-effective control system, misstatements due to error or fraud may occur and not be detected.

Disclosure Controls and Procedures
 
We maintain disclosure controls and procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our Exchange Act reports, such as this report on Form 10-K, is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, particularly our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, to allow timely decisions regarding operations and required disclosure.
 
The Company carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of the Company’s management, including the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures to provide reasonable assurance of achieving their objective pursuant to Exchange Act Rule 13a-14.  Based upon that evaluation, the Principal Executive Officer, Chief Executive Officer and Principal Accounting Officer, Chief Financial Officer concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were not effective as of December 31, 2017.
 

Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over our financial reporting. Internal control over financial reporting is a process designed by, or under the supervision of, our Principal Executive Officer, Chief Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer, Chief Financial Officer to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of our financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. Internal control over financial reporting includes policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that in reasonable detail accurately and fairly reflect the Company’s transactions; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary for preparation of our financial statements and that receipts and expenditures of the Company’s assets are made in accordance with authorizations of our management and directors; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of our assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements. Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting is not intended to provide absolute assurance that a misstatement of the Company’s financial statements would be prevented or detected.

Our management conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2017 using the criteria set forth in the Internal Control over Financial Reporting - Guidance for Smaller Public Companies issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. Based upon the evaluation, our management concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was not effective as of December 31, 2017 because of material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting. A material weakness is a control deficiency or combination of deficiencies in internal control, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of the entity’s financial statements will not be prevented or detected and corrected on a timely basis. Our management concluded that the Company has material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting because of inadequate segregation of duties over authorization, review and recording of transactions, as well as the financial reporting of such transactions. Management has, however, implemented controls and procedures in recent years surrounding cash disbursements, internal financial accounting, including cross reconciliations covering equity transactions and hiring a financial controller to further enhance our internal controls.
 
Despite the existence of these material weaknesses, the Company believes the financial information presented herein is materially correct and in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States.

While the implementation of improved controls and procedures has strengthened our internal control framework and disclosure controls, we continue to believe we have a material weakness related to the lack of sufficient segregation of duties surrounding the cash disbursements cycle. Accordingly, the Company is currently developing a plan of remediation with the amount of resources available.

This Annual Report does not include an attestation report of the Company’s registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting. Management’s report is not subject to attestation by the Company’s registered public accounting firm because the Company is not an accelerated filer under the Exchange Act.

Changes in Control over Financial Reporting

No change in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting occurred during the year ended December 31, 2017, that materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. During the year ended December 31, 2017, management has, however, continued to strengthen internal controls and procedures through the implementation of entity-level controls.

Item 9B.  Other Information

Steven L. Sample resigned as an employee and director of the Company as of December 31, 2016 and accepted a settlement in cancelling the remainder of his employment contract with the Company on January 17, 2017.  Those events were reported in their entirety by the Company on its Current Report on Form 8-K on January 24, 2017.  That document is available for viewing on the Company’s website at: http://www.acacia.bz/sec/sec.htm and on the SEC website at:

https://www.sec.gov/Archives/edgar/data/1001463/000118518517000112/0001185185-17-000112-index.htm


PART III
 
Item 10.  Directors, Executive Officers, and Corporate Governance
 
Executive Officers and Directors 
The directors and executive officers of the Company, and their respective ages, as of December 31, 2017, and positions held with the Company, were as follows: 
Name
 
Age
 
Position
Richard K. Pertile
 
56
 
Director, President, Chairman of the Board, Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer
Danny R. Gibbs
 
60
 
Director
Neil Gholson
 
58
 
Director
Gary J. Roberts, Jr.
 
51
 
Director
Kim Edwards
 
50
 
Vice President and Chief Operating Officer

Richard K. Pertile, age 55, became CEO, President, a Director, and Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Company on January 15, 2016. Since 2013 until January 15, 2016 Mr. Pertile served as President and Chief Executive Officer of MariJ Agricultural, Inc.  He founded JR Cannabis Industries, Canna-Tags, and Canna-Cures R&D in Clearwater Florida where he began building a medical cannabis consortium.   Born, raised and educated in the Chicago area, he successfully operated his own restaurants, hotel and nightclub.  Relocating to Pinellas County, Florida in 1989, Mr. Pertile joined Cornerstone Marketing of America, a subsidiary of United Insurance Companies, quickly being promoted to Executive Vice-President with responsibility for building its nationwide outside sales team.  By the end of 2003, Mr. Pertile achieved year-over-year compounded growth of 30%, generating more than $1 billion in sales through 8,000 independent contractors in 40 states.  After retiring in 2004, he turned his attention to philanthropy work in helping build a workout facility with the Juvenile Protection Services Program of Florida.  From 2006 to 2010, after re-entering the business sector, he became President and Chief Marketing Officer of Independent Producers of America, a small Texas corporation he lead to becoming a publicly traded company on the Nasdaq Exchange.  Again turning his attention to philanthropies in 2010, he formed the Pertile Family Foundation and was appointed to the Board of Directors of the Tampa Chapter of the American Diabetes Association where he concentrated his fundraising activities. Mr. Pertile earned degrees in Business Management and Wastewater Engineering from the College of Lake County, Illinois, and trained under such recognized business leaders as Zig Ziglar, Dr. David Cook, Dr. Rick Jernigan, Brian Flanagan, and Brian Tracy.  Mr. Pertile resides in Florida with his wife of 27 years, Debbie.  They have two sons, both residing in Florida.

Danny R. Gibbs, age 60 was reappointed to the Board of Directors on September 1, 2013 after originally serving from October of 1984 through September 29, 2011.  Mr. Gibbs was the President of Gibbs Construction, Inc. (later becoming Acacia Automotive, Inc. and ultimately Acacia Diversified Holdings, Inc.) and a charter member of the Company’s Board of Directors beginning with its formation in October of 1984 until April of 2000, and in February of 2007 Mr. Gibbs agreed to serve on Acacia’s new board, where he served until September 29, 2011. The Company was most pleased to welcome Mr. Gibbs’ return to its Board of Directors as he brings decades of experience in the public domain.  From 2000 through 2003, Mr. Gibbs served as Senior Project Manager for TOC Companies in the Dallas, Texas area. From the beginning of 2004 through the present, he has served in a similar capacity with Dimensional Construction, Inc. Both companies were located in Garland, Texas where Mr. Gibbs resides with his family. 

Neil B. Gholson, age 58.  Mr. Gholson’s background is rooted deeply in the financial services and insurance industries since 1988, serving on the board of directors with 4 companies during the last ten years.  Mr. Gholson has been the owner and principal of Long Term Care Financial Solutions, LLC since 2003, and co-owner and principal of Medicare Insurance Consultants, LLC since 2015. He graduated with a BA in History from Atlantic Christian College in 1981 and earned a Certificate in Financial Planning from Florida State University in 2006.  Mr. Gholson resides in Tampa, Florida with wife Michele and 2 daughters.

Gary J. Roberts, Jr., age 51. As a young entrepreneur attending the University of Alabama, Mr. Roberts started and grew various service-oriented companies. Following college, Mr. Roberts played a key role in developing Transplatinum Plus, an electronic fuel card transfer company in Nashville, Tennessee that was eventually sold to Fleet One. For the next eight years Mr. Roberts served as Vice President and Chief Operating Officer of Perma Crete Resurfacing Products in Nashville, Tennessee from 1993 to 2001 where he expanded the operation nationally with an extensive dealership distribution system as well as running a national retail installation department. In 2001, Gary shifted gears and turned his focus to the Health Insurance industry.  He was District Manager with Cornerstone America from 2000 to 2002 while building one of the top teams in the nation. Gary assumed the position of Vice President of the Company’s Southeastern Territory in 2003, maintaining that position through the present. During this time, Mr. Roberts has continued to build it into one the nation’s largest insurance distribution groups, with his territory ranking in the top two USA every year as well as being ranked as the top territory in the USA one of those years.


Mrs. Edwards, age 50, was born and raised in Boston, Massachusetts until moving to Florida to assume a position in resource and financial management, later managing advisory services for an independent financial firm. Mrs. Edwards subsequently owned and operated retail businesses in Florida. After serving as a Director in the healthcare industry for Independent Producers of America April 2009 through May 2014, Mrs. Edwards joined MariJ Agricultural, Inc. May 2014.  Following the merger between the MariJ Group of companies and Acacia, Mrs. Edwards assumed the duties of Chief Operating Officer of the consolidated entity and was appointed as Vice President of the Company in conjunction with her other duties on August 18, 2016. Mrs. Edwards and her husband of 25 years reside in the Palm Harbor, Florida area with their three children.
 
Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance

Our shares of common stock are registered under the Exchange Act, and therefore our officers, directors and holders of more than 10% of our outstanding shares are subject to the provisions of Section 16(a) which requires them to file with the SEC initial reports of ownership and reports of changes in ownership of common stock and our other equity securities. Officers, directors and greater than 10% beneficial owners are required by SEC regulations to furnish us with copies of all Section 16(a) reports they file. Based solely upon our review of reports submitted to us during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, the following table sets forth the name of any such person that failed to file the required forms on a timely basis, including the number of late reports, the number of transactions not reported on a timely basis and any known failure to file a required form.

Name
 
Number of late reports
   
Number of transactions
not reported timely
 
Richard K. Pertile, CEO and CFO
 
1
   
1
 
 
Committees of the Board of Directors

On January 15, 2016, the Company appointed various directors to committees and the chairs thereof as follows:

Board Committees

The Board has a standing Audit Committee, Compensation Committee, and Nominating Committee. The Board has determined that the Chairs and all non-employee committee members are independent under applicable NASDAQ, NYSE, and SEC rules for committee memberships. The members of the committees are shown in the table below.  The Company’s CEO, Mr. Pertile,  as an employee and director of the Company, are considered to be “not independent”.
 
The table below reflects each of the directors and the committee(s) on which they serve.  A committee member who is also the chair of that committee is designated as “Chair” rather than as “Member”. 

Director Name
 
Audit Committee
 
 
Compensation Committee
 
 
Nominating Committee
 
 
Primary Committee
 
Richard K. Pertile
 
 
 
 
 
Member
 
 
Member
 
Danny R. Gibbs
 
Chair
 
 
Member
 
 
Member
 
 
Member
 
Neil B. Gholson
 
Member
 
 
Chair
 
 
Chair
 
 
 
Gary J. Roberts, Jr.
 
Member
 
 
Member
 
 
 
 
Chair
 
 
Audit Committee

The Audit Committee has not yet adopted a written charter. However, the Audit Committee has (i) reviewed and discussed the audited financial statements with management; (ii) discussed with the independent auditors the matters required to be discussed by Auditing Standard No. 16, “Communications with Audit Committees” issued by the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (“PCAOB”); (iii) received the written disclosures and the letter from the independent accountants required by the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (Rule No. 3526, Communications with Audit Committees Concerning Independence), as may be modified or supplemented; (iv) discussed with the independent accountant the independent accountant’s independence; and (v) recommended to the Board of Directors that the audited financial statements be included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10–K.

The Company believes the Audit Committee should be responsible primarily for assisting the Board in fulfilling its oversight and monitoring responsibility of reviewing the financial information provided to shareholders and others, appointing the independent registered public accounting firm, reviewing the services performed by the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm, evaluating the Company’s accounting policies and the system of internal controls established by management and the Board, and reviewing significant financial transactions. The Audit Committee does not itself prepare financial statements or perform audits, and its members are not auditors or certifiers of the Company’s financial statements.


Primary Committee

The Corporation’s Board of Directors determined that it was in the best interests of the Corporation to discontinue its Acacia Diversified Holdings, Inc. 2012 Stock Incentive Plan in its entirety, continuing to honor any shares, options, or warrants heretofore issued under the Plan.  The Corporation’s Primary Committee continues to have full authority to issue shares, options, and warrants as it deems necessary without the Acacia Diversified Holdings, Inc. 2012 Stock Incentive Plan, and unanimously approved those actions in a meeting of the Board of Directors on June 9, 2015.  Those actions were ratified in a Special Meeting of Shareholders of the Corporation by the written consent of more than 50% of the shareholders on June 29, 2015.

Compensation Committee

The Compensation Committee is responsible primarily for reviewing the compensation arrangements for the Company’s executive officers, including the CEO, and reviewing the Board’s compensation. It is authorized by the Board of Directors to approve compensation arrangements and employment agreements.  The only employment agreements currently in place is that of Richard K. Pertile, the Company’s current CEO who serves as an employee and a director, and Kim Edwards who serves as the Company’s Chief Operating Officer  

Nominating Committee

The Nominating Committee assists the Board in identifying qualified individuals to become directors and can make recommendations to the Board concerning the size, structure and composition of the Board and its committees. In evaluating potential nominees to the Board, the Nominating Committee considers, among other things, independence, character, ability to exercise sound judgment, demonstrated leadership skills, and experience in the context of the needs of the Board.. The Nominating Committee can consider candidates proposed by shareholders and would evaluate them using the same criteria as for other candidates.

Three members of the board of directors are considered to be independent directors, but Mr. Pertile and Ms. Edwards, as current CEO and COO, respectively, of the Company and by virtue of their status as affiliates of the Company, are not considered to be independent.  Thus, there is a potential conflict in that Mr. Pertile and, as a board member who are also part of management, will participate in discussions concerning issues that may affect management decisions.

Code of Ethics
 
On November 6, 2017, the Board of Directors approved, and the Company adopted the Code of Business Conduct and Ethics and the Code of Ethics for the President and Senior Financial Officers.
 
Item 11.  Executive Compensation
 
The following table sets forth certain information concerning the compensation earned during the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 by the Company’s Chief Executive Officers, Chief Financial Officer and Chief Operating Officer, for whom disclosure is required:
 
SUMMARY COMPENSATION TABLE
 
 
 
    
 
Annual Compensation
       
Name and Principal Position
 
Fiscal Year
 
Salary
   
Bonus
   
Total
 
Richard K. Pertile (1)
 
2017
 
$
195,000
   
$
68,250
   
$
263,250
 
  2016  
$
170,000
   
$
59,500
   
$
229,500
 
Kim Edwards (2)
 
2017
 
$
101,192
   
$
35,417
   
$
136,609
 
  2016  
$
96,000
   
$
-
   
$
96,000
 
Steven Sample, CEO (3)
 
2017
 
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
 
  2016  
$
195,000
   
$
48,000
   
$
243,000
 
 
(1)  Mr. Pertile became CEO and CFO of the Company on January 15, 2016 and has continued to serve in that capacity without interruption. Bonus earned in 2016 and 2017 was accrued and has not yet been paid.

(2)  Ms. Edwards became Vice President and COO of the Company on August 18, 2016 and has continued to serve in that capacity without interruption. Bonus earned in 2017 was accrued and has not yet been paid.

(3)  Mr. Sample became CEO of the Company in 2006 and continued to serve in that capacity without interruption until January 15, 2016.


As of December 31, 2017, the Company has not paid any compensation to its officers in the form of common stock, and there is currently no plan to do so.

Option Tables
 
The following table sets forth certain information concerning grants of options to purchase shares of common stock of the Company made during the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, to the executive officers named in the Summary Compensation Table.

EXECUTIVE STOCK OPTION GRANTS
(YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016)

 
 
Number of Securities Underlying Unexercised Options
 
 
Number of Securities Underlying Unexercised Options Unexercisable
 
 
Weighted Average Per Share Exercise Price
 
 
Expiration Dates
 
None
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
Director Compensation
 
Since February 1, 2007 through December 31, 2010 directors of the Company served without compensation except under the Acacia Automotive, Inc. 2007 Stock Incentive Plan for which each non-employee director of the Company was granted an option to acquire an initial 10,000 shares of common stock upon his appointment or election to the board, and 15,000 additional options were granted upon election to a full term and annually thereafter.  On December 30, 2010, the Company’s Board of Directors suspended the issuance of options as compensation to its directors effective January 1, 2011, and as such issued no options as director compensation from that time through December 31, 2017.  The Company did not issue any common stock purchase options for any reason since December 31, 2010. In 2015 the Company paid cash compensation to each of its three non-employee directors in the amount of $10,000 per director for a total of $30,000.

The following table sets forth certain information regarding compensation paid to directors for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016:

 
 
Dollar Amount Recognized for Financial Reporting Purposes
 
 
 
2017
   
2016
 
Richard K. Pertile (1)
 
$
-0-
   
$
-0-
 
Steven L. Sample (2)
   
-0-
     
-0-
 
Neil B. Gholson (3)(8)
   
33,000
     
-0-
 
Gary J. Roberts, Jr. (4)(8)
   
33,000
     
-0-
 
Danny Gibbs (5)(8)
   
33,000
     
-0-
 
V. Weldon Hewitt (6)
   
-0-
     
-0-
 
Dan L. Rigdon (7)
   
-0-
     
-0-
 
Total
 
$
99,000
   
$
-0-
 

Upon a change of control, all outstanding options granted to executive officers and directors vest.  

(1)
Appointed as Chairman of the Company’s Board of Directors January 15, 2016.
(2)
Served as Chairman of the Company’s Board of Directors from August 2006 until January 15, 2016, at which time he continued to serve as a director until resigning on January 17, 2017.
(3)
Appointed to the Company’s Board of Directors on January 15, 2016.
(4)
Appointed to the Company’s Board of Directors on January 15, 2016.
(5)
Originally served on the Company’s board of directors from 1984 through August of 2006.  Was again appointed to the Board of Directors on February 1, 2007 where he served until September 29, 2011.  Was reappointed to the Board of Directors on September 1, 2013 and continues to serve.
(6)
Originally served on the Company’s board of directors from 1984 through August of 2006.  Was again appointed to the Board of Directors on February 1, 2007 where he served until September 29, 2011.  Was reappointed to the Board of Directors on September 1, 2013, and served until resigning January 15, 2016.
(7)
Appointed to the Company’s Board of Directors on September 1, 2013, and served until resigning January 15, 2016.
(8)
In the year ended December 31, 2017, each of these directors was issued 20,000 shares of the Company’s restricted common stock for services performed. These 60,000 shares were valued at $99,000 on commitment date. There was no cash compensation paid to the directors.


Benefit Plans
 
As a part of the changes resulting in the emergence of Acacia Automotive, Inc. from the former Gibbs Construction, Inc. in 2007, all stock option plans and warrants existing prior to the change of name and change of control to Acacia’s management in 2007 were canceled.  At the board of directors meeting held on February 1, 2007, the Company adopted a new stock incentive plan.  Awards of options made after that date were in congruence with the Acacia Automotive, Inc. 2007 Stock Incentive Plan.  On July 26, 2012, shareholders representing a majority of the votes of the Company voted to extend the Company’s stock incentive plan and rename it the Acacia Diversified Holdings, Inc. 2012 Stock Incentive Plan. The Company provided health, disability, and life insurance plans for its parent Company employees until July 31, 2012 and provided certain additional benefits to its CEO under the terms of his employment agreement. On June 29, 2015 shareholders representing a majority of the votes of the Company voted to terminate the Acacia Diversified Holdings, Inc. 2012 Stock Incentive Plan.  In actions of January 15, 2016 the Company discontinued certain benefits to Mr. Sample following his resignation as CEO, President and Chairman of the Board by granting him a Modified Employment Agreement effective as of that date.  He remained as an employee and a director of the Company until terminating his Employment Agreement and resigning on January 17, 2017.

In February 2018, the Company adopted the Acacia Diversified Holdings, Inc. 2018 Stock Grant and Option Plan (“2018 Plan”). The purpose of the 2018 Plan is to offer selected employees, directors and consultants an opportunity to acquire a proprietary interest in the success of the Company. Awards that can be granted from the 2018 Plan include registered shares, restricted shares and options as well as the direct award or sale of shares of the Company’s common stock. The aggregate number of shares which  may be issued or transferred pursuant to an award shall not exceed 5,000,000 shares of authorized common stock of the Company. Subsequent to the adoption of the 2018 Plan, the Company filed Form S-8 with the Securities and Exchange Commission to register 1,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock pursuant to a consulting agreement.
 
Item 12.  Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
 
The following table sets forth as of December 31, 2017, the ownership of common stock by (i) each person known by the Company to be the beneficial owner of more than five percent of the Company’s common stock, (ii) each director of the Company, and (iii) all directors and officers as a group.  Except as otherwise indicated, each stockholder identified in the table possesses sole dispositive voting and investment power with respect to its or his shares.
 
Shares Owned at December 31, 2017
 
Name and Address of Beneficial Owner
 
Number of Shares
 
 
Percent
 
Richard K. Pertile (1)
 
 
4,944,000
 
 
 
28.20
%
Steven L. Sample (2)
 
 
1,659,290
 
 
 
9.47
%
Neil B. Gholson (3)
 
 
240,000
 
 
 
1.37
%
Gary J. Roberts, Jr. (4)
 
 
377,720
 
 
 
2.15
%
Danny R. Gibbs (5)
 
 
177,500
 
 
 
1.01
%
All directors and officers as a group (five persons)
 
 
7,398,510
 
 
 
42.20
%
All of the above as a group (five persons)
 
 
7,398,510
 
 
 
42.20
%
 
(1)  Mr. Pertile became the CEO and President of the Company and the Chairman of the Board of Directors on January 15, 2016.  He acquired 1,014,000 shares of the Company’s Common stock in the Asset Purchase Agreement on that same date by and between the Company and the MariJ Group of Companies.  Mr. Pertile also acquired another 1,220,000 shares of the Company’s Common stock in the remainder of 2016. Mr. Pertile was issued 210,000 shares of the restricted Common stock of the Company in 2017 for services and interest on his loans to the Company.  Mr. Pertile had also obtained from Mr. Sample, in conjunction with the acquisition, the right to acquire an additional 2,500,000 shares of Mr. Sample’s Common stock of the Company, and in 2017 Mr. Pertile exercised his option to do so. This resulted in Mr. Pertile’s ownership of 4,944,000 shares of Company’s common stock with a corresponding number of votes, or 28.20% of the total issued and outstanding shares of the Company. In addition, Mr. Pertile had an option to acquiring an additional 1,000,000 shares of Mr. Sample’s shares in the Company under a separate agreement but did not exercise such option.

(2) Mr. Sample served as the Company’s CEO, President, and Chairman of the Board from 2006 until January 15, 2016, when the Company acquired the MariJ Group of companies and installed that group’s chief executive as Acacia’s. Mr. Sample’s holdings as reflected in the table above excludes 950,000 warrants held by Mr. Sample issued in exchange for converting all his shares of the Company’s preferred stock to common stock in 2010, and not for compensation, at an average exercise price of $3.00 per share. Those warrants expired at December 31, 2016. Further, 2,500,000 of Mr. Sample’s shares in the above table were extended to Mr. Pertile through an offer to purchase in conjunction with the MariJ Asset Purchase Agreement.  Mr. Pertile exercised his right to acquire those shares on January 17, 2017. Mr. Pertile also had an option to acquire an additional 1,000,000 of Mr. Sample’s Acacia shares under a separate agreement. Mr. Pertile did not exercise this option. In subsequent events, Mr. Sample resigned as an employee and director of the Company on January 17, 2017. Mr. Sample disclaims any beneficial ownership of any securities owned by others and disclaims any beneficial ownership by others of any securities he owns.
 

(3)  Mr. Gholson became a director of the Company on January 15, 2016 and acquired 60,000 shares of the Company’s Common stock in the Asset Purchase Agreement of that same date and purchased an additional 110,000 shares in 2016. In 2017, Mr. Gholson also was issued 50,000 shares of the Company’s common stock for services performed related to the Company’s Equity Purchase Agreement with Peak One Investments, LLC and Peak One Opportunity Fund, LP and issuance of convertible notes to Peak One Opportunity Fund, LP. In addition, Mr. Gholson was issued 20,000 shares of the Company’s common stock as compensation for serving as a director of the Company. This resulted in Mr. Gholson’s ownership of 240,000 shares of Company’s common stock with a corresponding number of votes, or 1.37% of the total issued and outstanding shares of the Company.

(4)  Mr. Roberts became a director of the Company on January 15, 2016 and acquired 102,200 shares of the Company’s Common stock in the Asset Purchase Agreement of that same date and purchased an additional 150,000 shares in 2016.  In 2017, Mr. Roberts acquired another 10,000 shares. In addition, Mr. Roberts was issued 20,000 shares as compensation for serving as a director of the Company, and 95,520 shares for his efforts in acquiring and preparing the properties owned by the Company’s subsidiary Eufloria Medical of Tennessee, Inc. This resulted in Mr. Roberts’s ownership of 377,720 shares of Company’s common stock with a corresponding number of votes, or 2.15% of the total issued and outstanding shares of the Company.

(5)  Mr. Gibbs is a founder of the Company, first becoming a director in October 1984 before departing in September 2011.  Mr. Gibbs rejoined the board in 2013 and has continued to serve until the present.  Mr. Gibbs purchased 40,000 restricted shares of the Company in 2016 and owned 157,500 shares of the Company’s common stock at December 31, 2016. In 2017, Mr. Gibbs was issued 20,000 shares of the Company’s common stock as compensation for serving as a director of the Company. This resulted in Mr. Gibbs ownership of 177,500 shares of Company’s common stock with a corresponding number of votes, or 1.01% of the total issued and outstanding shares of the Company. Subsequent to 2017, Mr. Gibbs was issued 36,018 shares of the Company’s common stock as compensation for his efforts in renovating a property owned by the Company’s subsidiary Eufloria Medical of Tennessee, Inc.

Unless otherwise indicated, the address for each of the above-named individuals is 13575 58th Street North, Suite 138, Clearwater, Florida, 33760.
 
Change of Control
 
In January 2017, and as a result of the acquisition of significant shares of the Company’s Common stock by its CEO, Mr. Pertile and a significant reduction in ownership of the Company’s Common stock by its previous CEO Mr. Sample, Mr. Pertile became the Company’s largest shareholder with effective control.
 
Item 13.  Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence
  
In 2006 the board of directors named Gwendolyn Sample as the Company’s assistant secretary and on February 1, 2007, granted her an option to acquire 5,000 shares of Common stock for $0.01 per share, which options Mrs. Sample exercised on June 16, 2016.  On November 6, 2009, the Company granted her options to purchase 20,000 shares for $0.10 per share, and on December 23, 2010, she was awarded options to acquire 10,000 additional shares at $0.60 per share.  Ms. Sample is the spouse of Steven L. Sample, prior CEO of the Company.  In addition, the board of directors awarded L. Palmer Sample, an IT and MIS professional, 20,000 shares of restricted common stock for work performed in maintaining the company’s computer network system and financial server system, as well as creating, hosting, and maintaining the Company’s e-mail system and Internet web site. In 2014 he was awarded 10,000 shares of restricted common stock for similar services. On November 2, 2007, he was awarded 10,000 options to purchase common stock for $0.80 per share, on November 6, 2009, was granted options to purchase 5,000 shares of common stock for $0.10 per share, and on December 23, 2010 was awarded 10,000 options to purchase Common stock at $0.60 per share, all for services to the Company.  In 2013 he installed a new computer server for financial and accounting uses for the Company in Ocala, Florida, and continued to perform services maintaining all those systems. Palmer is the son of Steven L. Sample and Gwendolyn G. Sample.  Mr. Sample’s spouse and his son disclaim any beneficial ownership by Mr. Sample of any securities they own, and they disclaim any beneficial ownership of any securities he owns.
 
Mr. Sample became CEO, President, and Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Company in 2006 and resigned that position in favor of Richard K. Pertile on January 15, 2016 in conjunction with the Company’s acquisition of the assets and businesses of the MariJ Group of companies on that date.  Mr. Sample disclaims any beneficial ownership of any securities owned by others and disclaims any beneficial ownership by others of any securities he owns.

Mr. Pertile became CEO, President, and Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Company on January 15, 2016 and continues to serve in those positions.
 

Director Independence

We believe that, in accordance with the Company Guide of the American Stock Exchange, that Messrs. Gibbs, Gholson, and Roberts are independent directors, those three individuals being a majority of our current Board of Directors. As employee-officers and directors of the Company, Mr. Pertile and Ms. Edwards are not considered to be independent.

Conflicts of Interest.

The Company and its management may be subject to various conflicts of interest policies. The Company’s management is not independent, yet the Company relies solely on management for guiding its day-to-day operations and managing its assets.  As such, certain employees may have conflicts of interest in allocating time, services and functions to the Company in deference to their other activities.

The Company has no other full-time corporate officers except for Mr. Pertile, its President and CEO, and Mrs. Edwards, its Vice President and COO, who devote the majority of their business time and efforts to the management and direction of the Company and its subsidiaries.  The President and CEO of the Company serves as a director of the Company as well as serving as an officer and director of the Company’s subsidiary corporations.  Service in those capacities with the subsidiaries is not considered to constitute a conflict of interest on the part of employees, managers, or directors.  The Company’s CEO and COO continued to serve in those capacities as of December 31, 2017. Mr. Sample resigned as CEO, President and Chairman of the Board of the Company on January 15, 2016 in favor of selection of new officers following the Company’s acquisitions of the MariJ Group of companies on that same date. Mr. Sample remained as a non-officer employee and director of the Company until January 17, 2017, at which time he resigned, effective December 31, 2016. 
 
Item 14.  Principle Accountant Fees and Services
 
Aggregate fees for professional services rendered by KWCO for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 were as follows:
 
 
 
2017
   
2016
 
Audit fees
 
$
74,790
   
$
127,447
 
Tax preparation fees
   
11,500
     
7,500
 
 
               
Total fees
 
$
86,290
   
$
134,947
 
 
Audit Fees.  Audit fees consist of professional services rendered in connection with the audits of the Company’s annual consolidated financial statements, reviews of the Company’s internal accounting and reporting controls under Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, and reviews of interim consolidated financial statements included in the Company’s Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q.
 
Tax Preparation Fees.  Tax preparation fees include preparation of federal and state tax returns. In 2017, the Company paid $11,500 for preparation of its 2016 tax returns. In 2016 the Company paid $7,500 for preparation of its 2015 tax returns.
 
The audit committee reviews all audit and non-audit related fees at least annually. The audit committee pre-approve all audit and non-audit related services in fiscal years 2017 and 2016.
 
The Company’s independent registered public accounting firm may not be engaged to provide non-audit services that are prohibited by law or regulation to be provided by it, nor may the Company’s principal accountant be engaged to provide any other non-audit service unless it is determined that the engagement of the principal accountant provides a business benefit resulting from its inherent knowledge of the Company while not impairing its independence. The Audit Committee must pre-approve the engagement of the Company’s principal accountant to provide both audit and permissible non-audit services. No non-audit services were provided by the independent registered public accounting firm during the past two fiscal years.


Item 15.  Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedule and Reports on Form 8-K
 
(a)    Financial Statements
 
The following financial statements are included herewith:
 
 
Page
F-2
F-3
F-4
F-5
F-6
F-7 to  F-21
 
(b) Exhibits required by Item 601, Regulation S-K;

Exhibit Number and Description 
 
Location Reference
 
 
 
 
 
 
(3.0)
Articles of Incorporation
 
 
 
 
(3.1)
 
See Exhibit Key
 
 
(3.2)
 
See Exhibit Key
 
(9.0)
 
See Exhibit Key
 
(10.1)
 
See Exhibit Key
 
(10.2)
 
See Exhibit Key
 
(10.3)
 
See Exhibit Key
 
(10.4)
 
See Exhibit Key
 
(10.5)
 
See Exhibit Key
 
(10.6)
 
See Exhibit Key
 
(14.0)
 
See Exhibit Key
 
(21.0)
 
See Exhibit Key
 
(31.1)
 
Filed herewith
 
(32.1)
 
Filed herewith
 
101.INS
XBRL Instance Document
 
 
 
101.SCH
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
 
 
 
101.CAL
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
 
 
 
101.DEF
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
 
 
 
101.LAB
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
 
 
 
101.PRE
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
 
 
 
Exhibit Key
3.1 Incorporated by reference herein from the Company’s Form 8-K filed on July 16, 2015.
3.2 Incorporated by reference herein from the Company’s Form 8-K filed on July 16, 2015.
9.0 Incorporated by reference herein from the Company’s Form 10-K filed on April 2, 2018.
10.1 Incorporated by reference herein from the Company’s Form 8-K filed on November 3, 2017.
10.2 Incorporated by reference herein from the Company’s Form 8-K filed on November 3, 2017.
10.3 Incorporated by reference herein from the Company’s Form 8-K filed on November 3, 2017.
10.4 Incorporated by reference herein from the Company’s Form 8-K filed on November 3, 2017.
10.5 Incorporated by reference herein from the Company’s Form 8-K filed on November 3, 2017.
10.6 Incorporated by reference herein from the Company’s Form 8-K filed on November 3, 2017.
14.0 Incorporated by reference herein from the Company's Form 10-Q filed on November 13, 2017.
21.0 Incorporated by reference herein from the Company’s Form 10-Q filed on August 7, 2017.


 


SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
Acacia Diversified Holdings, Inc.
 
       
Date: April 2, 2018
By:
/s/ Richard K. Pertile
 
   
Richard K. Pertile
 
   
Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, President, and Chairman of the Board
 

In accordance with the Exchange Act, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.

Signature
 
Title
 
Date
         
/s/ Richard K. Pertile
 
Director
 
April 2, 2018
Richard K. Pertile
       

/s/ Neil B. Gholson
 
Director
 
April 2, 2018
Neil B. Gholson
       

/s/ Gary J. Roberts, Jr.
 
Director
 
April 2, 2018
Gary J. Roberts, Jr.
       

/s/ Danny R. Gibbs
 
Director
 
April 2, 2018
Danny R. Gibbs
       
 
 
 


 
ACACIA DIVERSIFIED HOLDING, INC.
INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
 
Page
 
 
F-2
 
 
F-3
 
 
F-4
 
 
F-5
 
 
F-6
 
 
F-7
 
 
 

 





 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Board of Directors and Stockholders
Acacia Diversified Holdings, Inc.

Opinion on the financial statements
 
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Acacia Diversified Holdings, Inc. (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2017 and 2016, the related consolidated statements of operations, changes in stockholder’s equity (deficit), and cash flows for years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the “financial statements”). In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2017 and 2016, and the results of its consolidated operations and  cash flows for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

Basis for opinion

These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s consolidated financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (“PCAOB”) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.

Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the consolidated financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
 
The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern.  As discussed in Note 3 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company has suffered recurring losses from operations and its limited capital resources raise substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern.  Management’s plans in regard to these matters are described in Note 3.  The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.
 
 
/s/ KWCO, PC
 
We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2015.
 
Odessa, Texas
April 2, 2018


ACACIA DIVERSIFIED HOLDINGS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016

 
 
2017
   
2016
 
ASSETS
           
 
           
CURRENT ASSETS:
           
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
28,417
   
$
43,878
 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of
 $17,450 and $0 in 2017 and 2016, respectively
   
22,820
     
35,630
 
Inventories
   
57,257
     
63,085
 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
   
11,034
     
60,502
 
Total Current Assets
   
119,528
     
203,095
 
 
               
               
PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT,
net of accumulated depreciation of $172,783 and $108,886 in 2017 and 2016, respectively
   
483,931
     
480,847
 
 
               
DEPOSITS
   
3,341
     
841
 
 
               
TOTAL ASSETS
 
$
606,800
   
$
684,783
 
 
               
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (DEFICIT)
               
 
               
CURRENT LIABILITY:
               
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
 
$
452,710
   
$
390,530
 
Note payable to related party
   
558,400
     
-
 
Payable to related parties
   
81,058
     
4,000
 
Total Current Liability
   
1,092,168
     
394,530
 
 
               
Total Liabilities
   
1,092,168
     
394,530
 
 
               
Commitments and contingencies
   
-
     
-
 
 
               
STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (DEFICIT)
               
Common stock, $0.001 par value; 150,000,000 shares authorized; 17,539,982 and 16,931,816
shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively
   
17,540
     
16,932
 
Additional paid-in capital
   
4,451,038
     
3,393,539
 
Accumulated deficit
   
(4,953,946
)
   
(3,120,218
)
Total Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit)
   
(485,368
)
   
290,253
 
 
               
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (DEFICIT)
 
$
606,800
   
$
684,783
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


ACACIA DIVERSIFIED HOLDINGS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016

 
 
2017
   
2016
 
 
           
 
           
REVENUE
 
$
478,231
   
$
311,283
 
 
               
COSTS OF GOODS SOLD
               
Costs of goods sold
   
168,400
     
169,135
 
Depreciation expense
   
72,943
     
69,848
 
 
   
241,343
     
238,983
 
 
               
GROSS PROFIT
   
236,888
     
72,300
 
 
               
SELLING, GENERAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES
               
Employee compensation expenses
   
720,141
     
637,475
 
General and administrative expenses
   
909,230
     
1,169,932
 
Depreciation expense
   
5,514
     
7,012
 
 
   
1,634,885
     
1,814,419
 
 
               
LOSS FROM OPERATIONS
   
(1,397,997
)
   
(1,742,119
)
 
               
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE)
               
Loss on sale of equipment to related party
   
-
     
(42,987
)
Loss on sale of equipment
   
(9,530
)
   
-
 
Interest expense
   
(427,572
)
   
(148
)
Other income
   
1,371
     
140
 
TOTAL OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE)
   
(435,731
)
   
(42,995
)
 
               
NET LOSS BEFORE INCOME TAXES
 
$
(1,833,728
)
 
$
(1,785,114
)
Income taxes
   
-
     
-
 
 
               
NET LOSS
 
$
(1,833,728
)
 
$
(1,785,114
)
 
               
NET (LOSS) INCOME PER COMMON SHARE, BASIC AND DILUTED
 
$
(0.11
)
 
$
(0.11
)
 
               
WEIGHTED AVERAGE NUMBER OF
COMMON  SHARES OUTSTANDING, BASIC AND DILUTED
   
17,372,858
     
15,548,247
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
ACACIA DIVERSIFIED HOLDINGS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (DEFICIT)
FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016

 
 
Members Equity
   
Common Stock
                   
 
 
Units
   
Amount
   
Shares
   
Par Value
   
Additional Paid-in Capital
   
Accumulated Deficit
   
Total
 
 
                                         
Balance December 31, 2015
   
8,000
   
$
20,687
     
666,950
   
$
667
   
$
2,207,708
   
$
(1,335,104
)
 
$
893,958
 
 
                                                       
Reverse merger and recapitalization
   
(8,000
)
   
(20,687
)
   
14,763,306
     
14,763
     
235,608
           
229,684
 
 
                                                       
 
   
-
     
-
     
15,430,256
     
15,430
     
2,443,316
     
(1,335,104
)
 
1,123,642
 
 
                                                       
Common stock issued for exercise of options
                   
15,000
     
15
     
135
           
150
 
 
                                                       
Common stock issued for services
                   
156,560
     
157
     
286,418
           
 
286,575
 
 
                                                       
Common stock issued for related party payable
                   
1,200,000
     
1,200
     
598,800
           
 
600,000
 
 
                                                       
Common stock issued for cash
                   
130,000
     
130
     
64,870
           
 
65,000
 
 
                                                       
Net loss
                                           
(1,785,114
)
 
 
(1,785,114
)
 
                                                       
Balance December 31, 2016
   
-
   
 
-
     
16,931,816
   
 
16,932
   
 
3,393,539
   
 
(3,120,218
)
 
 
290,253
 
 
                                                       
Common stock issued for services
                   
340,900
     
341
     
565,228
           
 
565,569
 
 
                                                       
Common stock issued for interest expense
                   
216,000
     
216
     
366,184
           
 
366,400
 
 
                                                       
Employee stock plan compensation
                   
10,000
     
10
     
75,405
           
 
75,415
 
 
                                                       
Common stock issued to acquire property and equipment
                   
41,266
     
41
     
50,682
           
 
50,723
 
 
                                                       
Net loss
                                           
(1,833,728
)
 
 
(1,833,728
)
 
                                                       
Balance December 31, 2017
   
-
   
$
-
     
17,539,982
   
$
17,540
   
$
4,451,038
   
$
(4,953,946
)
 
$
(485,368
)

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

ACACIA DIVERSIFIED HOLDINGS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016
 
 
 
2017
   
2016
 
 
           
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
           
Net loss
 
$
(1,833,728
)
 
$
(1,785,114
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash and cash equivalents
used by operating activities:
               
Depreciation
   
78,457
     
76,860
 
Common stock issued for services
   
565,569
     
286,575
 
Common stock issued from employee stock plan
   
75,415
     
-
 
Common stock issued for interest expense
   
366,400
     
-
 
Amortization of debt discount
   
20,950
     
-
 
Loss on sale of equipment
   
9,530
     
-
 
Allowance for doubtful accounts
   
17,450
     
-
 
Loss on sale of equipment to related party
   
-
     
42,987
 
(Increase) decrease in:
               
Accounts receivable
   
(4,640
)
   
112,070
 
Inventories
   
5,828
     
(63,085
)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
   
46,968
     
(33,422
)
Increase (decrease) in:
               
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
   
85,530
     
371,243
 
Payable to related parties
   
78,494
     
4,000
 
Net cash used by operating activities
   
(487,777
)
   
(987,886
)
 
               
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
               
Acquisition of leasehold improvement with due to related party
   
29,064
      -  
Acquisition of leasehold improvement
   
(29,064
)     -  
Acquisition of property and equipment
   
(11,284
)
   
(35,414
)
Net cash used by investing activities
   
(11,284
)
   
(35,414
)
 
               
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
               
Proceeds from sale of common stock
   
-
     
65,000
 
Proceeds  from convertible note payable
   
79,050
     
-
 
Payment on convertible note payable
   
(100,000
)
   
-
 
Common stock issued from exercise of options
   
-
     
150
 
Payment on due to related parties
   
(30,500
)
   
-
 
Proceeds from advances from related party
   
130,050
     
600,000
 
Proceeds from note payable to related party
   
405,000
     
-
 
Proceeds from reverse acquisition
   
-
     
180,854
 
Net cash provided by financing activities
   
483,600
     
846,004
 
 
               
Net change in cash and cash equivalents
   
(15,461
)
   
(177,296
)
 
               
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of the year
   
43,878
     
221,174
 
 
               
Cash and cash equivalents, end of the year
 
$
28,417
   
$
43,878
 
 
               
SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW INFORMATION:
               
Cash paid for interest
 
$
5,000
   
$
48
 
Cash paid for income taxes
 
$
-
   
$
-
 
 
               
NON-CASH FINANCING AND INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
               
Common stock issued to acquire property
 
$
50,723
   
$
-
 
Common stock issued from conversion of payable to related party
 
$
-
   
$
600,000
 
Consolidation of related party note payable
 
$
153,400
   
$
-
 
Common stock issued in reverse acquisition and recapitalization
 
$
-
   
$
48,830
 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities due to reverse acquisition:
               
Prepaid expenses
 
$
-
   
$
(3,434
)
Property and equipment
 
$
-
   
$
(95,860
)
Accumulated depreciation
 
$
-
   
$
44,332
 
Deposits
 
$
-
   
$
(841
)
Accounts payable
 
$
-
   
$
6,973
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

ACACIA DIVERSIFIED HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016

NOTE 1 - THE COMPANY

Acacia Diversified Holdings, Inc. (“Acacia” or the “Company”) has three wholly-owned subsidiaries, MariJ Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (“MariJ Pharma”), Canna-Cures Research & Development Center, Inc. (“Canna-Cures”), and Eufloria Medical of Tennessee, Inc. (“EMT”), a company incorporated in the state of Tennessee. The Company formed this new subsidiary to acquire a parcel of land and a license from one of its directors.  See details in NOTE 5 - Related Party Transactions.
 
Prior to the Merger (see NOTE 2), the Company sold the assets and related businesses of its Citrus Extracts, Inc. and Acacia Transport Services, Inc. subsidiaries, and its Acacia Milling Services operations, being all of its then revenue-producing operations, on June 29, 2015. On January 15, 2016 the Company entered into a definitive Asset Purchase Agreement to acquire substantially all of the assets of the “MariJ Group” of companies, including (1) MariJ Agricultural, Inc.; (2) Canna-Cures Research & Development Center, LLC; and, (3) JR Cannabis Industries, LLC with an effective date of January 4, 2016.  In connection with the acquisition, the Company issued 2,474,850 shares of its common stock to the shareholders and members of the MariJ Group.

In 2016, following those acquisitions, the Company formed two new subsidiaries to conduct its new medical cannabis business activities, being MariJ Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (“MariJ Pharma”) and Canna-Cures Research & Development Center, Inc. (“Canna-Cures”). In 2017, the Company formed a new subsidiary, Eufloria Medical of Tennessee, Inc. (“EMT”), a corporation formed under the laws of Tennessee.

The Company’s primary source revenue is from the extraction of medicinal cannabis oil, from a non-psychoactive cannabis plant. All extraction services are currently limited to the State of Colorado, as the Company is attempting to attain various licenses for business in other states.

NOTE 2 - REVERSE MERGER ACCOUNTING

On January 15, 2016 the Company entered into a definitive Asset Purchase Agreement to acquire substantially all of the assets of the “MariJ Group” of companies, including (1) MariJ Agricultural, Inc.; (2) Canna-Cures Research & Development Center, LLC; and, (3) JR Cannabis Industries, LLC with an effective date of January 4, 2016.  In connection with the acquisition, the Company issued 2,474,850 shares of its common stock to the shareholders and members of the MariJ Group.

As result of this transaction Rick Pertile, CEO of MariJ Group, became CEO and Chairman of the Board of Directors of Acacia.  In addition two members of the Board of Directors of Acacia resigned and Mr. Pertile, together with the two remaining directors, appointed to Acacia’s Board two individuals that were owners and directors of the MariJ Group.  After the acquisition, all company operations were those of the MariJ Group.

The merger of the MariJ Group into the non-operating public company (Acacia), which had only nominal assets (total net assets aggregated $229,684, including cash of $180,854), is considered to be a capital transaction. The transaction was equivalent to the issuance of stock by the MariJ Group for the net assets of Acacia, accompanied by a recapitalization.

The historical consolidated financial statements of the MariJ Group become the consolidated financial statements of the public company subsequent to the merger.  The audited consolidated financial statements of the MariJ Group were included in the Current Report on Form 8-K/A filed April 25, 2016 by Acacia.


ACACIA DIVERSIFIED HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016

NOTE 3 - GOING CONCERN

The Company has not generated profit to date. The Company expects to continue to incur operating losses as it proceeds with its extraction and research and development activities and continues to navigate it through the regulatory process. The Company expects general and administrative costs to increase, as the Company adds personnel and other administrative expenses associated with its current efforts. As such, and without substantially increasing revenue or finding new sources of capital, the Company will find it difficult to continue to meet its obligations as they come due.  The Company is still locating new clients for its services and products, and the business is generally seasonal with the second and third quarters of the calendar year being the slowest as a result of it being the “off season” for outside grow of Cannabis hemp plants.  There can be no assurance that the Company will be successful in its efforts to raise capital, or if it were successful in raising capital, that it would be successful in meeting its business plans.  While the services performed by the Company’s MariJ Pharma subsidiary and sales of current inventory supplies, if sold on a seasonally-adjusted basis, are anticipated to be sufficient to meet the Company’s liquidity needs, these factors raise some doubt as to the ability of the Company to continue as a going concern.  Management’s plans include increasing production at the Company’s new MariJ Pharma subsidiary during 2018, selling its inventories of products, attempting to start new businesses or find additional operational businesses to buy, and attempting to raise funds from the public through an equity offering of the Company’s common stock and from issuance of notes payable to related party. Management intends to make every effort to identify and develop all these sources of funds, but there can be no assurance that Management’s plans will be successful.
 
The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis, which contemplates the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business. The Company has incurred losses for all periods presented and has a substantial accumulated deficit. As of December 31, 2017, these factors, among others, raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.

NOTE 4 - SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
 
BASIS OF PRESENTATION - The Company prepares its financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) with December 31, as its year-end.  The consolidated financial statements and notes are the representations of the Company’s management who are responsible for their integrity and objectivity.

PRINCIPLES OF CONSOLIDATION – The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Acacia Diversified Holdings, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, MariJ Pharmaceuticals, Inc, Canna-Cures Research & Development Center, Inc and Eufloria Medical of Tennessee, Inc.  All significant intercompany accounts and transactions are eliminated in consolidation.
 
USE OF ESTIMATES - Preparing the Company’s consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) requires management to make estimates and assumptions about current, and for some estimates, future economic and market conditions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period.  Actual results could differ from these estimates.

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS - The Company considers all short-term investments purchased with a maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents. Credit risk associated with cash deposits are insured under FDIC up to $250,000 per depositor, per FDIC insured bank, per ownership category.  At such time, as the Company’s cash deposits exceed FDIC limits, the Company will reassess their credit risk.

ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE AND ALLOWANCE FOR DOUBTFUL ACCOUNTS – The Company’s accounts receivable represents amounts due from customers for extraction services performed. Allowance for uncollectible accounts receivable is estimated based on the aging of the accounts receivable and management estimate of uncollectible amounts.  At December 31, 2017 and 2016, the Company provided for $17,450 and $0, respectively, of allowance for doubtful accounts.


ACACIA DIVERSIFIED HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016

CONCENTRATION OF CUSTOMERS – For the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company’s extraction revenue, which accounted for 94% of total revenue, came from the Company’s three customers. These three customers accounted for approximately 33%, 28% and 32%, respectively, of total revenue. The entire trade receivable balance at December 31, 2017 was due from one customer.

For the year ended December 31, 2016, all of the Company’s extraction revenue, which accounted for 95% of total revenue, came from the Company’s only two customers. One customer accounted for 72% while another customer accounted for 23% of the total revenue. The entire trade receivable balance at December 31, 2016 was due from one customer.
 
INVENTORIES – Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market.  Cost is determined using the average cost method. The Company’s inventory consists of raw materials and finished goods. Cost of inventory includes cost of ingredients, labor, quality control and all other costs incurred to bring our inventories to condition ready to be sold.

PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT – Property and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation.  Major renewals and improvements are capitalized, while minor replacements, maintenance and repairs are charged to current operations.  Depreciation is computed by applying the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives, which are generally three to fifteen years.  

IMPAIRMENT OF LONG-LIVED ASSETS – In accordance with Accounting Standards Codification 360-10-05 - Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets, long-lived assets such as property, equipment and identifiable intangibles are reviewed for impairment at least annually or whenever facts and circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable.  When required, impairment losses on assets to be held and used are recognized based on the fair value of the asset.  The fair value is determined based on estimates of future cash flows, market value of similar assets, if available, or independent appraisals, if required.  If the carrying amount of the long-lived asset is not recoverable, an impairment loss is recognized for the difference between the carrying amount and fair value of the asset.  The Company did not recognize any impairment losses for the periods presented.
 
DEBT ISSUANCE COSTS - The Company follows Accounting Standard Update 2015-03 – Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs, which requires direct costs associated with the issuance of convertible note to be presented in the balance sheet as a direct reduction from the carrying value of the associated debt liability. These costs are amortized into interest expense over the contractual term of the note or a shorter amortization period when deemed appropriate. The Company amortizes debt issuance costs for its convertible note immediately upon issuance since the note is convertible on demand.
 
OFFERING COSTS - The Company follows the SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin, Topic 5 - Miscellaneous Accounting, which requires that specific incremental costs directly attributable to a proposed or actual offering of securities may be deferred and charged against gross receipts of the offering. However, deferred costs of an aborted offering, or a postponement of existing offering exceeding 90 days, may not be deferred and charged against proceeds of a subsequent offering.
 
REVENUE RECOGNITION – The Company generates revenue from extracting and processing very high quality, high-cannabinoid profile content medical grade cannabis oils from medicinal cannabis plants.  The Company recognizes revenue when it is realized or realizable and earned.

The Company considers revenue realized or realizable and earned when all of the following criteria are met:

o          persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists
o          the product has been shipped or the services have been rendered to the customer
o          the sales price is fixed or determinable
o          collectability is reasonably assured.

ADVERTISING COSTS - Advertising costs are expensed as incurred.  Advertising expense for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 amounted to $8,516 and $15,427, respectively.


ACACIA DIVERSIFIED HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016

FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS - The carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, deposits, prepaid expenses, accounts payable and accrued expenses approximate fair value due to the short-term nature of these instruments. Accounts payable and accrued expenses as of December 31, 2017 and 2016 included amounts due to vendors and service providers in the amounts of $452,710 and $390,530, respectively. Amount at December 31, 2017 also included accrued compensation to the Company’s officers. Amount at December 31, 2016 also included accrued compensation to the Company’s current CEO and severance compensation to the Company’s former CEO.
 
FAIR VALUE ESTIMATES – The Company measures its options and warrants at fair value in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification 820 – Fair Value Measurement (“ASC 820”). The objective of ASC 820 is to increase consistency and comparability in fair value measurements and to expand disclosures about fair value measurements. ASC 820 defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value in generally accepted accounting principles, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. ASC 820 specifies a valuation hierarchy based on whether the inputs to those valuation techniques are observable or unobservable.

Observable inputs reflect market data obtained from independent sources, while unobservable inputs reflect the Company’s own assumptions. These two types of inputs have created the following fair value hierarchy:

 
Level 1 – Quoted prices for identical instruments in active markets;
 
Level 2 – Quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active, and model-derived valuations in which all significant inputs and significant value drivers are observable in active markets; and 
 
Level 3 – Valuations derived from valuation techniques in which one or more significant inputs or significant value drivers are unobservable.

This hierarchy requires the Company to minimize the use of unobservable inputs and to use observable market data, if available, when estimating fair value. No new options or warrants were issued during the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016.
 
 
 
Quoted Active Markets for Identified Assets
   
Significant Other
Observable Inputs
   
Significant
Unobservable Inputs
   
Total
 
 
                       
 
 
(Level 1)
   
(Level 2)
   
(Level 3)
       
December 31, 2017
                       
  Common stock issued for services
   
-
   
$
565,569
     
-
   
$
565,569
 
  Stock for Interest
   
-
     
366,400
     
-
     
366,400
 
  Employee Stock Plan
   
-
     
75,415
     
-
     
75,415
 
  Stock for property acquisition
   
-
     
50,723
     
-
     
50,723
 
 
                               
December 31, 2016
                               
  Common stock issued for services
   
-
   
$
286,575
     
-
   
$
286,575
 
  Common stock for related party payable
   
-
     
600,000
     
-
     
600,000
 
 
All common stock issued for services are valued on the date of the agreements, using quoted prices from over-the-counter markets.

COMPENSATED ABSENCES - The Company has not accrued a liability for compensated absences in accordance with Accounting Standards Codifications 710 – Compensation – General, as the amount of the liability cannot be reasonably estimated at December 31, 2017 and 2016.

LOSS PER COMMON SHARE - Basic loss per share is computed by dividing the net loss by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted loss per share would include the weighted average common shares outstanding and potentially dilutive common share equivalents. Because of the net losses for all periods presented, the basic and diluted weighted average shares outstanding are the same since including the additional shares would have an anti-dilutive effect on the loss per share. For this reason, common stock options and warrants to purchase 65,000 and 0 shares, respectively, of common stock were not included in the computation of basic and diluted weighted average common shares outstanding for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016. 
 

ACACIA DIVERSIFIED HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016

INCOME TAXES - The Company files federal and state income tax returns in accordance with the applicable rules of each jurisdiction. We account for income taxes under the asset and liability method in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification 740 - Income Taxes (“ASC 740”). The provision for income taxes includes federal, state and local income taxes currently payable, as well as deferred taxes. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax basis. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable amounts in years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. If it is more likely than not that some portion or all of a deferred tax asset will not be realized, a valuation allowance is recognized.  In accordance with ASC 740, we recognize the effect of income tax positions only if those positions are more likely than not of being sustained. Recognized income tax positions are measured at the largest amount that is greater than 50% likely of being realized. Changes in recognition or measurement are reflected in the period in which the change in judgment occurs.  The Company currently has substantial net operating loss carryforwards.  The Company has recorded a valuation allowance equal to the net deferred tax assets due to the uncertainty of the ultimate realization of the deferred tax assets.

CONTINGENCIES - Certain conditions may exist as of the date the consolidated financial statements are issued, which may result in a loss to the Company but which will only be resolved when one or more future events occur or fail to occur.  The Company’s management and its legal counsel assess such contingent liabilities, and such assessment inherently involves an exercise of judgment.  In assessing loss contingencies related to legal proceedings that are pending against the Company or unasserted claims that may result in such proceedings, the Company’s legal counsel evaluates the perceived merits of any legal proceedings or unasserted claims as well as the perceived merits of the amount of relief sought or expected to be sought therein.

If the assessment of a contingency indicates that it is possible that a material loss has been incurred and the amount of the liability can be estimated, the estimated liability would be accrued in the Company’s consolidated financial statements.  If the assessment indicates that a potentially material loss contingency is not probable but is reasonably possible, or is probable but cannot be estimated, then the nature of the contingent liability, together with an estimate of range of possible loss if determinable and material, would be disclosed. There was no known contingency at December 31, 2017.

In the normal course of business, the Company also enters into various other guarantees and indemnities in its relationships with suppliers, service providers, customers and others.  These guarantees and indemnifications do not materially impact the Company’s financial condition or results of operations, and indemnifications associated with the Company’s actions generally have no dollar limitations and currently cannot be quantified.

STOCK BASED COMPENSATION - The Company accounts for stock-based compensation under Accounting Standards Codification 718 - Compensation-Stock Compensation (“ASC 718”). ASC 718 requires that all stock-based compensation be recognized as expense in the financial statements and that such cost be measured at the fair value of the award at the grant date and recognized over the period during which an employee is required to provide services (requisite service period). An additional requirement of ASC 718 is that estimated forfeitures be considered in determining compensation expense. Estimating forfeitures did not have a material impact on the determination of compensation expense during the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016.  
 
The Company accounts for stock based awards based on the fair market value of the instrument using a 10-day volume weighted adjusted price (VWAP) and accounts for stock options issued using the Black-Scholes option pricing model and utilizing certain assumptions including the followings:

Risk-free interest rate – This is the yield on U.S. Treasury Securities posted at the date of grant (or date of modification) having a term equal to the expected life of the option. An increase in the risk-free interest rate will increase compensation expense.

Expected life—years – This is the period of time over which the options granted are expected to remain outstanding. Options granted by the Company had a maximum term of ten years. An increase in the expected life will increase compensation expense.

Expected volatility – Actual changes in the market value of stock are used to calculate the volatility assumption.  An increase in the expected volatility will increase compensation expense.


ACACIA DIVERSIFIED HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016

Dividend yield – This is the annual rate of dividends per share over the exercise price of the option. An increase in the dividend yield will decrease compensation expense.  The Company does not currently pay dividends and has no immediate plans to do so in the near future.

The Company accounts for stock-based compensation issued to non-employees and consultants in accordance with the provisions of Accounting Standards Codification 505-50, Equity – Based Payments to Non-Employees.  Measurement of share-based payment transactions with non-employees is based on the fair value of whichever is more reliably measurable: (a) the goods or services received; or (b) the equity instruments issued.  The value of the common stock is measured at the earlier of (i) the date at which a firm commitment for performance by the counterparty to earn the equity instruments is reached or (ii) the date at which the counterparty’s performance is complete.
 
NOTE 5 - RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

Note Payable to Related Party

The following notes and advances, together with accrued interest, were consolidated into one single note payable to the Company’s CEO:

(1) In January 2017, the Company entered into a note agreement in the amount of $300,000 with the Company’s CEO. The note bears interest at a rate of 8% per annum and specifies no due date. The Company accrued interest of $16,504 through September 25, 2017. Concurrently, the board of directors also approved issuance of 100,000 shares of the Company’s common stock as additional interest. These shares were accounted for as debt issuance costs, valued at $182,000. The costs were expensed at the commitment date of the note as interest expense since the note is a short term capital advance with no stated term. This note was convertible into the shares of the Company’s common stock at $0.50/share and the note holder did not exercise the conversion option.

(2) In June 2017, the Company entered into a note agreement in the amount of $105,000 with the Company’s CEO for short term working capital advance. The note bears interest at a rate of 8% per annum and specifies no due date. The Company accrued interest and recorded interest expense of $2,048 through September 25, 2017. This note was convertible into the shares of the Company’s common stock at $0.50/share and the note holder did not exercise the conversion option.
 
(3) In June 2017, the Company received a short term working capital advance of $130,050 from its CEO. The advance bears interest at a rate of 8% per annum and specifies no due date. The Company accrued interest and recorded interest expense of $2,564 through September 25, 2017.
 
(4) On September 25, 2017, the board of directors approved the Company to enter into a consolidated note payable agreement with the Company’s CEO to consolidate notes and advances received from its CEO, including accrued interests on these notes.
 
Note Date
 
Note Amount
   
Accrued Interest
   
Total
 
January 2017
 
$
300,000
   
$
16,504
   
$
316,504
 
June 2017
   
105,000
     
2,048
     
107,048
 
June 2017
   
130,050
     
2,564
     
132,614
 
     
535,050
     
21,116
     
556,166
 
Expenses owed to related party
             
2,234
 
Principle of note payable to related party after consolidation
   
$
558,400
 
 
The consolidated note payable bears interest at 8% and is due and payable on demand or first from any capital raised. The note is secured by a first lien on the assets of the Company and its subsidiaries. The Company accrued interest and recorded interest expense of $11,872 for the period September 25, 2017 to December 31, 2017 and is included in accrued liabilities.


ACACIA DIVERSIFIED HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016

Payable to Related Parties

Payable to related parties consisted of the followings at December 31, 2017 and 2016:
 
   
2017
   
2016
 
Short term loan from related entity (1)
 
$
41,994
   
$
-
 
Storage and corporate housing and auto allowances owed to CEO (2)
   
10,000
     
4,000
 
Amount owed to a director (3)
   
29,064
     
-
 
   
$
81,058
   
$
4,000
 

(1) In 2017, the Company received a working capital advance of $74,348 from a related entity. These advances are non-interest bearing and were intended as short term capital advances. The remaining balances of $41,994 have been included in payable to related parties on the consolidated balance sheet as current liabilities at December 31, 2017.

(2) On May 1, 2016, the Company entered into an employment agreement with its CEO. The term of the employment is through December 31, 2019. The agreement provides for a monthly storage and corporate housing allowance of $1,000 for a property owned by the CEO and a monthly automobile allowance of $1,000. During the year ended December 31, 2017, expenses related to the housing and automobile allowances totaled $24,000, of which $10,000 remained owed to the Company’s CEO at December 31, 2017. During the year ended December 31, 2016, expenses related to the housing and automobile allowances totaled $16,000, of which $4,000 remained owed to the CEO at December 31, 2016.

(3) During the year ended December 31, 2017, a director of the Company incurred time and expenses related to improving the retail space located in Tennessee. These costs have been recorded as property and equipment in the Company’s consolidated balance sheet at December 31, 2017. At December 31, 2017, the Company owed this director $29,064, of which $17,648 was paid after December 31, 2017 through issuance of 36,018 shares of the Company’s common stock to the director.
 
Other Related Party Transactions

In March 2017, the Company’s board of directors approved issuance of 50,000 shares of the Company’s common stock to a director for his service in a financing transaction and the equity purchase agreement described in NOTES 9 and 10. The Company determined that 16,000 shares of the total number of shares represent non-cash debt issuance costs directly related to the convertible notes financing and the remaining 34,000 shares represent compensation costs directly related to the equity purchase agreement with this investor. These shares were valued at $82,500.

In May 2017, the Company and EMT entered into an agreement to purchase a parcel of land in Tennessee and an Industrial Hemp Grower License issued by the Tennessee Department of Agriculture from one of the Company’s directors. The purchase price of the transaction was 80,000 shares of the Company’s restricted common stock. These shares were valued at $1.60 per share, or $128,000, on the commitment date. EMT allocated the purchase price among the assets acquired based on their fair values as follow:
 
Land purchase price
 
$
26,194
 
Land preparation and cleanup
   
15,000
 
Industrial Hemp Grower License
   
-
 
Compensation
   
86,806
 
Total Purchase Price
 
$
128,000
 
 

ACACIA DIVERSIFIED HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016

The Company determined the value of the land based on the purchase price paid by the director in December 2016. There has been no significant changes in the value of the land since that time. The Company estimated land preparation and cleanup costs at $15,000. The director applied for and paid a fee of $264 to obtain the license. The Company was not able to determine the value of the license since the license was granted as part of the hemp pilot program in Tennessee and the Company has not generated any cash flows from this license. The Company entered into this agreement with its director, in lieu of the state of Tennessee, as a result of the state’s residency requirement to enter into the program in Tennessee. As a result, this director is also a registered agent and a director of EMT, a Tennessee corporation. The remaining purchase price of $86,806 represented compensation to this director for his effort in preparing the Company for operations in Tennessee. During the year ended December 31, 2017, this director also incurred expenses in excavating and clearing of the land, installing driveway and culvert and completing the survey for excavation. The board of directors approved issuance of the Company’s common stock to compensate this director for his expenses. As a result, the Company recorded its commitment to issue 15,520 shares of its common stock valued at $0.61 per share, for a total of $9,529, which is included as part of the cost of the land. Accordingly, the total recorded cost of the Tennessee land acquisition is $50,723.
 
During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company issued 20,000 shares of the Company’s common stock to each of its three directors for serving on the Company’s board during 2017 and 2016. The total of 60,000 shares were valued at $99,000. There was no cash compensation paid to the directors for their service on the board. During the year ended December 31, 2016, the Company paid $1,000 cash compensation to each of its four non-employee directors, totaled $4,000.
 
During the year ended December 31, 2016, the Company’s CEO advanced working capital to the Company in multiple tranches that totaled $600,000 to fund operating expenses. In December 2016, the Company issued to the CEO 1,200,000 shares of the Company’s common stock at $0.50 per share as payment in full of this advance.
 
NOTE 6 - INVENTORIES

The Company’s inventories consisted of the followings at December 31, 2017 and 2016:

 
 
2017
   
2016
 
Raw materials
 
$
46,880
   
$
52,363
 
Finished goods (isolates, tinctures and capsules, etc.)
   
10,377
     
10,722
 
 
 
$
57,257
   
$
63,085
 

NOTE 7 - PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT

Property and equipment are stated at historical cost less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method at rates intended to depreciate the costs of assets over their estimated useful lives. Upon retirement or sale of property and equipment, the cost of the disposed assets and related accumulated depreciation is removed from the accounts and any resulting gain or loss is credited or charged to selling, general and administrative expenses. Expenditures for normal repairs and maintenance are charged to expense as incurred.
  
Additions and expenditures for improving or rebuilding existing assets that extend the useful life are capitalized. Leasehold improvements made either at the inception of the lease or during the lease term are amortized over the shorter of their economic lives or the lease term including any renewals that are reasonably assured.


ACACIA DIVERSIFIED HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016

Property and equipment consisted of the followings at December 31, 2017 and 2016:

   
2017
   
2016
 
Computer equipment
 
$
7,582
   
$
26,672
 
Website
   
5,000
     
5,000
 
Extraction and lab equipment
   
559,257
     
558,061
 
Land
   
50,723
     
-
 
Leasehold improvement
   
34,152
     
-
 
Total property and equipment
   
656,714
     
589,733
 
Less accumulated depreciation
   
(172,783
)
   
(108,886
)
Net property and equipment
 
$
483,931
   
$
480,847
 

Depreciation expense for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 totaled $78,457 and $76,860, respectively.

NOTE 8 - ACCOUNTS PAYABLE AND ACCRUED EXPENSES

Accounts payable and accrued expenses consisted of the followings at December 31, 2017 and 2016:
 
 
   
2017
   
2016
 
Accounts payable to vendors
 
$
95,444
   
$
69,938
 
Payroll taxes payable
   
24,727
     
11,092
 
Accrued salaries and bonuses
   
320,667
     
59,500
 
Accrued interest on note payable to related party
   
11,872
     
-
 
Accrued severance compensation to former CEO
   
-
     
250,000
 
   
$
452,710
   
$
390,530
 
 
NOTE 9 - CONVERTIBLE NOTE PAYABLE
 
In March 2017, the Company entered into a financing agreement with an investor whereby the Company would issue unsecured convertible note agreements to the investor in the aggregate principal amount of $400,000 at 10% discount. The financing would be funded in tranches, each with the issuance of a separate convertible note agreement by the Company.

On March 31, 2017, the Company issued the first convertible note agreement (“first note”) in the principal amount of $100,000 at 10% discount. The first note matures on March 31, 2019 and is convertible into the Company’s common stock at a conversion price of $1.60 per share if no event of default has occurred and is converted prior to 180 days after the issuance date. If an event of default has occurred or the date of conversion is 180 days after the issuance date, the conversion price will be the lesser of $1.60 per share, or 70% of the second lowest closing bid price of the Company’s common stock for the 20 trading days immediately preceding the date of the conversion. In connection with the issuance of the first note, the Company paid $2,500 of commitment fee to the investor, $2,500 legal fees, and a finders fee of $5,950. Therefore, the Company received net proceeds of $79,050 at closing.


ACACIA DIVERSIFIED HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016

The Company’s board of directors approved issuance of 50,000 shares of the Company’s common stock to a director for his service as a consultant for the transaction. The Company determined that 16,000 shares of the total number of shares represent non-cash debt issuance costs directly related to the convertible notes financing and the remaining 34,000 shares represent compensation costs directly related to the sale of the Company’s common stock to this investor (see NOTE 10). As a result, the debt discount of $10,000, commitment fee of $2,500, legal fee of $2,500, commission to a third party consultant of $5,950 and the non-cash debt issuance costs of $26,400, totaling $47,350, were recorded as a direct reduction from the carrying value of the principal amount in the consolidated balance sheet at the time of the agreement. These costs were amortized as interest expense immediately upon issuance because the first note was immediately convertible by the note holder. The principle amount of $100,000 was repaid in June 2017 together with interest expense of $5,000.

The Company did not receive additional funding from the investor and therefore, no additional convertible note agreement was issued.

NOTE 10 - STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
Common Stock

The Company has been authorized to issue 150,000,000 shares of common stock, $.001 par value.  Each share of issued and outstanding common stock shall entitle the holder thereof to fully participate in all shareholder meetings, to cast one vote on each matter with respect to which shareholders have the right to vote, and to share ratably in all dividends and other distributions declared and paid with respect to common stock, as well as in the net assets of the corporation upon liquidation or dissolution.
 
During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company issued 608,166 shares of its restricted common stock as follows:

1)
10,000 shares to each director for services rendered for fiscal year 2016 and 10,000 shares for services to be rendered for fiscal year 2017, total 60,000 shares, valued at $99,000;
2)
17,646 shares to a consultant for investors relations services, valued at $30,000;
3)
50,000 shares to the Company’s SEC legal counsel for services performed, valued at $82,500;
4)
10,000 shares to an employee for services performed, valued at $12,800;
5)
110,000 shares to an investor and its affiliate as offering costs, valued at $184,800;
6)
50,000 shares to a director for consulting services rendered in the convertible note and equity purchase agreement transactions, valued at $82,500;
7)
100,000 shares issued as debt issuance cost to CEO for related party advances, valued at $182,000;
8)
100,000 shares issued as interest expense to CEO for related party advances, valued at $158,000;
9)
15,000 shares to a consultant for continuing services, valued at $23,400; and
10)
80,000 shares to a director as other considerations and to purchase and prepare assets acquired by the Company’s subsidiary, valued at $128,000.
11)
15,520 shares to a director for expenses incurred related to land excavation and clean up, valued at $9,529.

During the year ended December 31, 2016 the Company issued 3,976,410 shares of its common stock as follows:
 
1)
6,466 shares were issued to a consultant to provide institutional funding services valued at $14,955. No additional service was performed after this issuance;
2)
15,846 shares were issued for advisory services performed in December 2016, valued at $30,000. The agreement provides for issuance of additional shares, priced at the 3-day closing average of the Company’s common stock, each month thereafter, for services performed through May 5, 2017;
3)
2,474,850 shares were issued to the MariJ shareholders in the acquisition transaction of January 15, 2016;
4)
130,000 shares were issued to directors as subscriptions for new purchased shares for $65,000 at $0.50 per share;


ACACIA DIVERSIFIED HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016

5)
15,000 shares were issued from exercise of common stock purchase options at $0.01 per share; and
6)
1,200,000 shares were issued to a related party to settle $600,000 of working capital advances at $0.50 per share;
7)
132,248 shares were issued to the former CEO valued at $238,000 pursuant to his anti-dilution agreement; and
8)
2,000 shares were issued for services performed by an independent consultant valued at $3,620.

Warrants and Options
 
At its meeting of directors on February 1, 2007, the Company’s board of directors approved the Acacia Automotive, Inc. 2007 Stock Incentive Plan1 (the “Plan”), which was approved by our stockholders on November 2, 2007, reserving 1,000,000 shares to be issued there under in the form of common stock or common stock purchase options.  On July 26, 2012, our shareholders voted to update and extend the Acacia Automotive, Inc. 2007 Stock Incentive Plan, renaming it the Acacia Diversified Holdings, Inc. 2012 Stock Incentive Plan. Warrants, which may be included as equity compensation of used in other manners, are not a component of the Plan. On June 29, 2015 shareholders holding a majority of the shares of the Company voted to discontinue the Company’s stock incentive plans. At December 31, 2017, 65,000 options still remained outstanding.

The Company did not issue any common stock purchase warrants or options during the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016. The following tables represent stock options and warrants activities for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016.

Stock Options
 
   
Number of Shares
   
Weighted Average Exercise Price
   
Weighted Average Remaining Contractual Life (Yrs)
   
Aggregate Intrinsic Value
 
Outstanding at December 31, 2015
   
90,000
   
$
0.34
     
3.10
   
$
10,350
 
Granted
   
-
                         
Exercised
   
(15,000
)
 
$
0.01
                 
Forfeited or cancelled
   
-
                         
Outstanding at December 31, 2016
   
75,000
   
$
0.41
     
2.71
   
$
82,000
 
Granted
   
-
                         
Exercised
   
-
                         
Forfeited or cancelled
   
(10,000
)
 
$
0.80
                 
Outstanding at December 31, 2017
   
65,000
   
$
0.35
     
2.00
   
$
16,050
 
Exercisable at December 31, 2017
   
65,000
   
$
0.35
     
2.00
   
$
16,050
 

* Of the 65,000 options still active as of December 31, 2017: (i) 15,000 expire at 12-31-2018; (ii) 30,000 expire at 11-6-2019; and, (iii) 20,000 expire at 12-23-2020.


ACACIA DIVERSIFIED HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016

Stock Warrants
 
At December 31, 2017 and 2016, there were no outstanding and exercisable stock purchase warrants. The following summarizes the warrant activities during the year ended December 31, 2016:
 
 
 
2016
 
 
 
Number of Shares
   
Weighted Average
Exercise Price
 
Outstanding at December 31, 2015
   
1,000,000
   
$
3.00
 
Granted
   
-
     
-
 
Exercised
   
-
     
-
 
Forfeited or cancelled
   
-
     
-
 
Expired
   
1,000,000
   
$
3.00
 
Outstanding at December 31, 2016
   
-
   
$
-
 
Exercisable at December 31, 2016
   
-
   
$
-
 

Equity Purchase Agreement

In March 2017, the Company entered into an equity purchase agreement (“agreement”) with an investor whereby the investor will purchase up to $5,000,000 of the Company’s common stock over a period of 24 months from the effective date of the Company’s Registration Statement. The investor will purchase the Company’s common stock at a 10% discount. Pursuant to the agreement, the Company issued to the investor, and its affiliate, 110,000 shares of its common stock as commitment fee. These shares are valued at $184,800 at the commitment date and are deemed direct incremental costs associated with the offering. Subsequent to filing the Registration Statement, the Company withdrew its filing, and therefore, these costs are expensed as general and administrative expense.

The Company’s board of directors approved issuance of 50,000 shares of the Company’s common stock to a director for his service as a consultant of the transaction. The Company determined that 34,000 shares of the total number of shares approved for issuance represent compensation costs directly related the sale of the Company’s common stock to this investor. These shares are valued at $56,100 on commitment date are deemed direct incremental costs associated with the offering. Subsequent to filing the Registration Statement, the Company withdrew its filing, and therefore, these costs are expensed as general and administrative expense.
 
Restricted Stock Awards to Key Employees
 
In March 2017, the board of directors approved issuance of 100,000 shares of the Company’s restricted common stock to its key employees. The award for the employees are subject to a four or five-year vesting requirements, i.e. the requisite service period. The shares are issued as the vesting restriction lapses. The Company valued these shares at fair value on commitment date which is the date on which the employee accepted the award and recorded stock based compensation expense over the requisite service period.  During the year ended December 31, 2017, the board of directors approved issuance of 10,000 shares of the Company’s common stock to one of the key employees as the vesting requirement was met. These shares were valued at $12,800 on commitment date. Stock based compensation expense for these awards for the year ended December 31, 2017 was $62,616. There was no restricted stock awarded to key employees in 2016.

NOTE 11 - INCOME TAXES

As of December 31, 2017 and 2016 the Company had net operating loss carryforwards of approximately $11,795,000 and $10,973,000, respectively, which will expire beginning at the end of 2019.  A valuation allowance has been provided for the deferred tax asset as it is uncertain whether the Company will have future taxable income.

On December 22, 2017, the U.S. government enacted comprehensive tax legislation commonly referred to as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Tax Act”). The Tax Act reduces the corporate tax rate to 21%, effective January 1, 2018. Consequently, we have recorded $1,425,999 adjustment to the deferred tax provision for the year ended December 31, 2017.

ACACIA DIVERSIFIED HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016

A reconciliation of the benefit (expense) for income taxes with amounts determined by applying the statutory federal income rate of 21%  in 2017 and 34% in 2016 to the respective losses before income taxes is as follows: 

 
 
2017
   
2016
 
Net (Loss)
 
$
(1,833,728
)
 
$
(1,785,114
)
Benefit (expense) for income taxes computed using the statutory rate of 21% and 34%, respectively
   
385,083
     
606,939
 
Non-deductible expense
   
(212,526
)
   
(99,086
)
Remeasurement of deferred income taxes due to tax reform
   
(1,425,999
)
   
-
 
Change in valuation allowance
   
1,253,442
     
(507,853
)
Provision for income taxes
 
$
-
   
$
-
 

Significant components of the Company's deferred tax liabilities and assets at December 31, 2017 and 2016 are as follows:
 
 
 
2017
   
2016
 
Total deferred tax assets – net operating losses
 
$
2,476,950
   
$
3,731,181
 
Deferred tax liabilities
               
Depreciation
    -      
(789
)
Net deferred tax assets
   
2,476,950
     
3,730,392
 
                 
Valuation allowance