10-K
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-K

 

 

(Mark one)

x ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTIONS 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2013

OR

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

Commission File No. 1-14667

 

 

WMI Holdings Corp.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Washington   91-1653725
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

1201 THIRD AVENUE, SUITE 3000

SEATTLE, WASHINGTON 98101

(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

(206) 432-8887

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: None

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

Common Stock, par value $0.00001 per share

 

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes  ¨    No  x

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes  ¨    No  x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large Accelerated Filer   ¨     Accelerated Filer   x
Non-Accelerated Filer   ¨     (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)   Smaller Reporting Company   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x

The aggregate market value of the registrant’s voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates, computed by reference to the last sales price ($0.80) as reported by OTCQB as of the last business day of the most recently completed second fiscal quarter (June 28, 2013) was $161 million.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed all documents and reports required to be filed by Section 12, 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 subsequent to the distribution of securities under a plan confirmed by a court.    Yes  x    No  ¨

As of March 13, 2014, 202,092,351 shares of the registrant’s common stock, $0.00001 par value, were outstanding.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

The registrant has incorporated into Part III of Form 10-K, by reference, portions of its Proxy Statement for its 2014 Annual Meeting of Shareholders.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

WMI HOLDINGS CORP.

2013 FORM 10-K ANNUAL REPORT

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

          Page  

Forward-Looking Statements

     1   
   PART I   

Item 1.

  

Business

     2   

Item 1A.

  

Risk Factors

     7   

Item 1B.

  

Unresolved Staff Comments

     17   

Item 2.

  

Properties

     17   

Item 3.

  

Legal Proceedings

     18   

Item 4.

  

Mine Safety Disclosures

     18   
   PART II   

Item 5.

   Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities      19   

Item 6.

  

Selected Financial Data

     22   

Item 7.

  

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     23   

Item 7A.

  

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

     38   

Item 8.

  

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

     40   

Item 9.

  

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

     40   

Item 9A.

  

Controls and Procedures

     40   

Item 9B.

  

Other Information

     42   
   PART III   

Item 10.

  

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

     43   

Item 11.

  

Executive Compensation

     43   

Item 12.

   Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters      43   

Item 13.

  

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions and Director Independence

     44   

Item 14.

  

Principal Accounting Fees and Services

     44   
   PART IV   

Item 15.

  

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

     45   

Signatures

     46   


Table of Contents

Forward-Looking Statements

Certain information included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K and the documents incorporated herein by reference contain “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). All statements other than statements of historical fact included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K that address activities, events, conditions or developments that we expect, believe or anticipate will or may occur in the future are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements give our current expectations and projections relating to our financial condition, results of operations, plans, objectives, future performance and business and these statements are not guarantees of future performance. These statements can be identified by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. Forward-looking statements may include the words “anticipate,” “estimate,” “expect,” “project,” “intend,” “plan,” “believe,” “strategy,” “future,” “opportunity,” “may,” “should,” “will,” “would,” “will be,” “will continue,” “will likely result,” and similar expressions. Such forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties that may cause actual events, results or performance to differ materially from those indicated by such statements. Some of these risks are identified and discussed under Risk Factors in Part I, Item 1A of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. These risk factors will be important to consider in determining future results and should be reviewed in their entirety. These forward-looking statements are expressed in good faith and we believe there is a reasonable basis for them. However, there can be no assurance that the events, results or trends identified in these forward-looking statements will occur or be achieved. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made, and we do not undertake to update any forward-looking statement, except as required by law.

* * * * *

As used in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, unless the context requires otherwise, (i) the terms “we,” “us,” “our,” “Successor,” or “Company” refer collectively to WMI Holdings Corp. and its consolidated subsidiaries; (ii) “WMIHC” refers only to WMI Holdings Corp, without regard to its subsidiaries; (iii) “WMMRC” means WM Mortgage Reinsurance Company, Inc. (a wholly-owned subsidiary of WMIHC); and (iv) “WMIIC” means WMI Investment Corp. (a wholly-owned subsidiary of WMIHC).

 

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PART I

 

Item 1. Business.

Introduction

WMI Holdings Corp.

On March 19, 2012 (the “Effective Date”), WMI Holdings Corp. (“WMIHC”) emerged from bankruptcy proceedings as the successor to Washington Mutual, Inc. (“WMI”). WMIHC is a holding company organized on August 17, 1994 (under the name Washington Mutual, Inc.) and existing under the laws of the State of Washington. WMIHC is the direct parent of WM Mortgage Reinsurance Company, Inc., a Hawaii corporation (“WMMRC”), and WMI Investment Corp., a Delaware corporation (“WMIIC”). As of September 26, 2008 (the “Petition Date”), the date WMI filed a voluntary petition for relief under Chapter 11 of Title 11 of the United States Code (“Chapter 11”) in the Bankruptcy Court for the District of Delaware (the “Bankruptcy Court”), WMIIC held a variety of securities and investments. As of the Effective Date, we had no operations other than WMMRC’s legacy reinsurance business with respect to mortgage insurance which is being operated in runoff mode and we have not written any new business since the Petition Date. All of the banking assets of WMI were sold to JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. (“JPMC”) by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) prior to the Petition Date and all of the securities and investments held by WMIIC were liquidated and the value thereof distributed in connection with implementing the Plan (as defined below).

Prior to the Petition Date, WMI was a multiple savings and loan holding company that owned Washington Mutual Bank (“WMB”) and, indirectly, WMB’s subsidiaries, including Washington Mutual Bank fsb (“FSB”). As of the Petition Date, WMI also owned, directly or indirectly, several non-banking, non-debtor subsidiaries. Prior to the Petition Date, WMI was subject to regulation by the Office of Thrift Supervision (the “OTS”). WMB and FSB, in turn, as depository institutions with federal thrift charters, were subject to regulation and examination by the OTS. In addition, WMI’s banking and non-banking subsidiaries were overseen by various federal and state authorities, including the FDIC.

On September 25, 2008, the OTS, by order number 2008-36, closed WMB, appointed the FDIC as receiver for WMB (the “FDIC Receiver”) and advised that the FDIC Receiver was immediately taking possession of WMB’s assets. Immediately after its appointment as receiver, the FDIC Receiver sold substantially all the assets of WMB, including, among other things, the stock of FSB, to JPMC, pursuant to that certain Purchase and Assumption Agreement, Whole Bank, effective September 25, 2008 (publicly available at http://www.fdic.gov/about/freedom/popular.html), in exchange for payment of $1.88 billion and the assumption of all of WMB’s deposit liabilities. As a result of this transaction, substantially all of the business and accounting records of WMI became the property of JPMC and WMIHC had extremely limited access to such records. The foregoing notwithstanding, over time, limited access to such records was obtained through information sharing arrangements. Access to WMMRC’s historical records was not significantly affected by WMB’s closure and receivership.

On the Petition Date, WMI and WMIIC (together, referred to herein as the “Debtors”) each commenced with the Bankruptcy Court voluntary petitions for relief under Chapter 11 (Case No. 08-12229 (MFW)). On December 12, 2011, the Debtors filed with the Bankruptcy Court the Seventh Amended Joint Plan of Affiliated Debtors Pursuant to Chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code (the “Filed Plan”) and a related disclosure statement (the “Disclosure Statement”). The Filed Plan was subsequently modified and, on February 24, 2012, the Bankruptcy Court entered an order (the “Confirmation Order”) confirming the Filed Plan as modified by such modifications (the “Plan”). On the Effective Date, the Plan was substantially performed and became effective.

The Plan provided for, among other things, the distribution of cash, Runoff Notes (as defined in Note 1 in our Consolidated Financial Statements (“The Company and its Subsidiaries”) in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K) and liquidating trust interests in WMI Liquidating Trust (the “Trust”) to certain holders of claims against the Debtors. The Plan also provided for the distribution of newly issued shares of WMIHC’s common stock to holders of preferred and common equity interests in the WMI. On or about March 23, 2012, the Trust distributed approximately $6.5 billion in cash and other assets as contemplated by the Plan.

 

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Upon emergence from bankruptcy, WMIHC received $75 million in cash from certain creditors; obtained access to a $125 million senior credit facility to be used to fund working capital needs and permitted acquisitions; issued an aggregate amount of $130 million in Runoff Notes; and recorded a net operating loss (“NOL”) carry forward of approximately $5.97 billion. WMIHC also emerged from bankruptcy with a new board of directors and certain new officers. As described more fully in Item 7 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, WMIHC continues to develop an acquisition strategy and is working with its investment banking advisor to identify and evaluate strategic opportunities across a broad array of industries for the purpose of facilitating an acquisition by WMIHC of one or more operating businesses. Nevertheless, as of December 31, 2013, we had not executed definitive documentation relating to any acquisition and there can be no assurance that any transaction will occur or, if so, on what terms.

WMIHC is authorized to issue up to 500,000,000 shares of common stock, and up to 5,000,000 shares of preferred stock (in one or more series), in each case with a par value of $0.00001 per share. On the Effective Date of the Plan and pursuant to its terms, WMIHC issued 200,000,000 shares of common stock, with 194,670,501 shares issued to WMIHC’s new shareholders and 5,329,499 shares issued and deposited into the Disputed Equity Escrow (as discussed below). As of December 31, 2013, 2,922,037 shares of common stock remain on deposit in the Disputed Equity Escrow. On October 18, 2012, 1,156,078 restricted shares of WMIHC’s common stock were issued under the Company’s 2012 Long-Term Incentive Plan (the “2012 Plan”) to our outside directors. On August 13, 2013, 686,273 restricted shares of WMIHC’s common stock were issued under the 2012 Plan to our directors. As of December 31, 2013, 201,842,351 shares of WMIHC’s common stock were issued and outstanding and no shares of WMIHC’s preferred stock were issued or outstanding.

On the Effective Date, the Debtors (and now the Trust on behalf of the Debtors) continued to dispute whether the interests of certain former holders of “Equity Interests” or “Claims” (in each case as those terms are defined in the Plan) against the Debtors should be allowed. As a result, pursuant to the Plan, on the Effective Date, a “Disputed Equity Escrow” (as defined in the Plan) was created for the benefit of each holder of a “Disputed Equity Interest” (as defined in the Plan). Such Disputed Equity Escrow was created to hold shares of WMIHC’s common stock (as well as any dividends, gains or income attributable in respect of such common stock) allocable, on a pro rata basis, to each holder of such a Disputed Equity Interest if and when such Disputed Equity Interest becomes an “Allowed Equity Interest” (as such term is defined in the Plan). All such Equity Interests will constitute Disputed Equity Interests pursuant to the Plan until such time, or from time to time, as each Disputed Equity Interest has been compromised and settled or allowed or disallowed by a final order of the Bankruptcy Court.

The liquidating trustee of the Trust, William Kosturos (the “Liquidating Trustee”), acts as escrow agent with respect to the Disputed Equity Escrow. Until such time as all of WMIHC’s common stock has been distributed from the Disputed Equity Escrow in accordance with the Plan (e.g., as a result of all “Disputed Equity Claims” (as such term is defined in the Plan) becoming Allowed Equity Interests or all Disputed Equity Claims being disallowed), the Liquidating Trustee is vested with the authority to exercise voting or consent rights with respect to such stock; provided, however, that the Liquidating Trustee is obligated to vote or consent, as the case may be, as to such stock in the same proportion as all other holders of WMIHC’s common stock have voted or consented, in each case on an issue-by-issue basis. The Trust has no right to or entitlement in any shares of common stock held in the Disputed Equity Escrow. Additionally, WMIHC does not have any right to, or interest in, any shares of common stock held by the Disputed Equity Escrow, unless or until such time as WMIHC repurchases or otherwise acquires such common stock.

For more information regarding the Disputed Equity Escrow, see Section 26.3 of the Plan. For more information regarding the Plan and related matters, please refer to copies of the Disclosure Statement and the Confirmation Order. Each of the Plan, the Disclosure Statement and the Confirmation Order are attached as exhibits 2.1, 2.2, and 2.3 to that certain Form 8-K filed by WMIHC on March 1, 2012.

On January 31, 2014, WMIHC announced that it had entered into (i) a note purchase agreement, dated as of January 30, 2014 (the “Note Purchase Agreement”), with the guarantors party thereto and KKR Management

 

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Holdings L.P. (“KKR Management”), (ii) an investment agreement, dated as of January 30, 2014 (the “Investment Agreement”), with KKR Fund Holdings L.P. (“KKR Fund” and, together with KKR Management, “KKR”) and, for limited purposes, KKR Management and (iii) an investor rights agreement, dated as of January 30, 2014 (the “Investor Rights Agreement”), with KKR Fund ((i), (ii) and (iii) together, the “KKR Transaction”). For further information on the KKR Transaction, see Note 15 to our Consolidated Financial Statements (“Subsequent Events”) in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

WMMRC

WMMRC is a wholly-owned subsidiary of WMIHC. Prior to August 2008 (at which time WMMRC became a direct subsidiary of WMI), WMMRC was a wholly-owned subsidiary of FA Out-of-State Holdings, Inc., a second-tier subsidiary of WMB and third-tier subsidiary of WMI. WMMRC is a pure captive insurance company domiciled in the State of Hawaii. WMMRC was incorporated on February 25, 2000, and received a Certificate of Authority, dated March 2, 2000, from the Insurance Commissioner of the State of Hawaii.

WMMRC was organized to reinsure private mortgage insurance risk for seven primary mortgage insurers on loans originated or purchased by certain former subsidiaries of WMI. The seven primary mortgage insurers are United Guaranty Residential Insurance Company (“UGRIC”), Genworth Mortgage Insurance Corporation (“GMIC”), Mortgage Guaranty Insurance Corporation (“MGIC”), PMI Mortgage Insurance Company (“PMI”), Radian Guaranty Incorporated (“Radian”), Republic Mortgage Insurance Company (“RMIC”) and Triad Guaranty Insurance Company (“Triad”).

Due to deteriorating performance in the mortgage guarantee markets and the closure and receivership of WMB, the reinsurance agreements with each of the primary mortgage insurers were terminated or placed into runoff during 2008. The agreements with UGRIC and Triad were placed into runoff effective May 31, 2008. The agreements with all other primary mortgage insurers were placed into runoff effective September 26, 2008. As a result, effective September 26, 2008, WMMRC ceased assuming new mortgage risks from the primary carriers, and the Company’s continuing operations consisted solely of the runoff of coverage associated with mortgages placed with the primary mortgage carriers prior to September 26, 2008. In runoff, an insurer generally writes no new business but continues to service its obligations under in-force policies and otherwise continues as a licensed insurer. Management periodically evaluates the risks associated with the WMMRC portfolio of insurance policies and considers making adjustments, from time to time and in consultation with its advisors, as it deems appropriate. Management does not believe any adjustments to the carrying values of assets and liabilities as reported in our financial statements are required as a result of the runoff status.

The reinsurance agreements with Triad and PMI were commuted on August 31, 2009 and October 2, 2012, respectively (see Note 4 to our Consolidated Financial Statements (“Insurance Activity”) in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for additional information on the PMI communication). The PMI transaction resulted in a loss from contract termination of $6.2 million during the year ended December 31, 2012. In accordance with the commutation agreement between WMMRC and PMI, the trust assets were distributed in a manner such that PMI received $49.0 million in cash and WMMRC received all remaining trust assets equal to approximately $30.7 million.

As required by the Indentures (as defined in Note 1 to our Consolidated Financial Statements (“The Company and its Subsidiaries”) in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K), we applied for regulatory approval from the Insurance Division of the State of Hawaii for WMMRC to form a protected cell (e.g. convert from a Class 2 captive insurance company to a Class 4 captive insurance company) and grant certain additional liens to the note holders under the Indentures and lenders party to the Financing Agreement (as defined in Note 9 to our Consolidated Financial Statements (“Financing Arrangements”) in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K), and provide additional guarantees to the lenders. The Insurance Division approved our request to form the protected cell but denied our request to grant the additional liens and guarantees. In light of the Insurance Division’s decision, and because there would be no direct benefits resulting from forming the protected cell without having authority to grant the additional liens and guarantees described above, we have decided not to form the protected cell.

 

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WMIIC

WMIIC does not currently have any assets or operations and is fully eliminated upon consolidation. Prior to September 26, 2008, WMIIC held a variety of securities and investments; however, such securities and investments were liquidated and the value thereof distributed in connection with implementing the Plan.

Competition

Upon emergence from bankruptcy on the Effective Date, we had no operations other than WMMRC’s legacy reinsurance business with respect to mortgage insurance which is being operated in runoff mode and we have not written any new business since September 26, 2008. Because WMMRC’s business is in runoff mode, we currently have no competitors in that line of business. However, because we are pursuing an acquisition strategy and competition for acquisitions generally has increased, we will compete for acquisition opportunities and some of those potential competitors for such opportunities are substantially larger and have considerably greater financial, technical, and marketing resources than we do.

Government Regulation

We are subject to the regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and the Insurance Commissioner of the State of Hawaii. We are also subject to the accounting rules and regulations of the SEC and the Financial Accounting Standards Board. Any of these laws or regulations may be modified or changed from time to time, and there is no assurance that such modifications or changes will not adversely affect us.

Compliance with laws, regulations and standards relating to corporate governance and public disclosure, including the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, and new regulations enacted by the SEC, are resulting in increased compliance costs. In addition, during the bankruptcy, WMI adopted so-called “Modified Exchange Act Reporting” under the SEC Staff’s Legal Bulletin No. 2 (“SLB 2”). Upon emergence from bankruptcy, WMIHC continues to rely upon the guidance set forth in SLB 2 and we have filed and will continue to file the Exchange Act periodic reports for all periods that begin after the Effective Date of the Plan. Compliance with different or evolving standards will result in increased general and administrative expenses and may cause a diversion of our time and attention from revenue-generating activities to compliance activities and could subject WMIHC to sanctions or investigation by regulatory authorities.

Employees

As of December 31, 2013, we employed two full-time employees. We also have retained the services of two individuals on an interim basis to serve as executive officers of WMIHC. Neither of our employees is covered by a collective-bargaining agreement. We consider our relations with our employees to be good.

On March 21, 2012, the Company entered into an employment agreement with each of its two employees. These are “at will” employment arrangements, subject to the notice requirements set forth in the agreements. Such employment agreements were attached as exhibits 10.5 and 10.6 to that certain Form 8-K filed by WMIHC on March 23, 2012. The Company has two executive officers that are independent contractors.

Executive Officers of the Registrant

The Company has two executive officers: Charles Edward Smith, its President, Interim Chief Executive Officer, Interim Chief Legal Officer and Secretary and Timothy F. Jaeger, its Interim Chief Financial Officer and Interim Chief Accounting Officer. Mr. Smith provides services to the Company under the Transition Services Agreement, dated March 23, 2012 (the “TSA”), entered into between WMIHC and the Trust, under which Mr. Smith is to provide chief executive officer and other services to the Company. Mr. Jaeger provides non-exclusive services to the Company under an Engagement Agreement with CXO Consulting Group, LLC, under which Mr. Jaeger acts as Interim Chief Accounting Officer and Interim Chief Financial Officer to the

 

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Company. Subject to the terms of the agreements, the executive officers are elected by and serve at the discretion of the Company’s board of directors. There are no arrangements or understandings between the executive officers and any other person pursuant to which he was or is to be selected as an officer, other than the designated agreements, which agreements designate the service or positions to be held by the executive officer. Neither of the executive officers is related to one another or to any of our members of the board of directors.

Mr. Smith, age 44, has served as President, Interim Chief Executive Officer, Interim Chief Legal Officer and Secretary since the Effective Date. In addition, since the Effective Date, Mr. Smith has served as the Executive Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary of the Trust. During the significant portion of WMI’s Chapter 11 proceedings, Mr. Smith served as the Executive Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary of WMI. Prior to the closure of WMB on September 25, 2008, Mr. Smith was a First Vice President, Assistant General Counsel and Team Lead (Corporate Finance) for WMB, where he supported the Treasury Group and led a team of lawyers who supported the Company’s capital, liquidity, mergers and acquisitions and structured finance activities.

Mr. Jaeger, age 55, has served as Interim Chief Financial Officer since June 25, 2012 and Interim Chief Accounting Officer since May 28, 2012. He is a Certified Public Accountant with over 25 years of accounting experience. Most recently, from December 2006 to March 2012, Mr. Jaeger served as Senior Vice President-Chief Accounting Officer/CFO of Macquarie AirFinance, Ltd., a global aviation lessor providing aircraft and capital to the world’s airlines. From November 2006 to December 2009, Mr. Jaeger was a partner of Tatum Partners, LLC, an executive services and consulting firm in the United States.

Available Information

We file annual, quarterly and other reports, proxy statements and other information with the SEC under the Exchange Act. As of December 31, 2013, we did not have an Internet website. You can inspect and copy our reports, proxy statements and other information filed with the SEC at the offices of the SEC’s Public Reference Room located at 100 F Street, NE, Washington D.C. 20549. Please call the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330 for further information on the operation of its Public Reference Rooms. The SEC also maintains an Internet website at http://www.sec/gov/ where you can obtain our SEC filings.

Upon written request, we will furnish to you without charge a paper copy of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for fiscal year ended December 31, 2013 (including financial statements and schedules, but without exhibits). Copies of exhibits to our Annual Report on Form 10-K, and copies of our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and our Current Reports on Form 8-K will be furnished for a payment of a fee of $0.50 per page upon written request directed to Secretary, WMI Holdings Corp., 1201 Third Avenue, Suite 3000, Seattle, WA 98101.

 

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Item 1A. Risk Factors.

The risks described below could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations. These risks are not the only risks that we face. Our business operations could also be affected by additional factors that apply to all companies operating in the United States and globally, as well as other risks that are not presently known to us or that we currently consider to be immaterial.

Risks Related to WMIHC’s Emergence from Bankruptcy

Despite having emerged from bankruptcy, WMIHC continues to be subject to the risks and uncertainties associated with residual Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings.

WMI emerged from bankruptcy on the Effective Date and changed its name to WMIHC. Because of the residual risks and uncertainties associated with Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings, the ultimate impact that events that occurred during, or that may occur subsequent to, these proceedings will have on WMIHC’s business, financial condition and results of operations cannot be accurately predicted or quantified. We cannot assure you that having been subject to bankruptcy protection will not adversely affect WMIHC’s operations going forward.

Our actual financial results may vary significantly from the projections filed with the Bankruptcy Court.

In connection with the Plan, WMI was required to prepare projected financial information to demonstrate to the Bankruptcy Court the feasibility of the Plan and WMI’s ability to continue operations upon emergence from bankruptcy under Chapter 11. The projected financial information filed with the Bankruptcy Court reflected numerous assumptions concerning anticipated future performance and prevailing and anticipated market and economic conditions, many of which were and continue to be beyond our control and which may not materialize. Projections are inherently subject to uncertainties and to a wide variety of significant business, economic and competitive risks. WMIHC’s actual results will likely vary from those contemplated by the projected financial information and the variations may be material.

Because our historical consolidated financial statements reflect fresh start reporting adjustments following emergence from bankruptcy, as well as effects of the transactions contemplated by the Plan, financial information in our future financial statements will not be comparable to WMI’s financial information prior to our emergence from bankruptcy.

Following emergence from Chapter 11, we adopted fresh start reporting in accordance with ASC 852 (Reorganizations), pursuant to which the reorganization value of the entity was assigned to the entity’s assets and liabilities in conformity with the procedures specified by ASC 805 (Business Combinations), which requires that the entity measure the identifiable assets and liabilities at their acquisition-date fair values. Adopting fresh start reporting resulted in a new reporting entity with no beginning retained earnings or deficit. In addition to the adoption of fresh start reporting, our post-emergence consolidated financial statements reflect effects of the transactions contemplated by the Plan. Thus, our future balance sheets and results of operations may not be entirely comparable in certain respects to balance sheets and consolidated statements of operations data for periods prior to the adoption of fresh start reporting and prior to accounting for the effects of the reorganization. Our historical financial information may not be indicative of future financial information.

 

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Risks Related to WMIHC’s Business

WMIHC is a holding company, and its only material assets are its equity interests in its operating subsidiary and its other investments, and WMIHC’s principal source of revenue and cash flow will be distributions and certain payments from our wholly-owned subsidiary, WMMRC; at the present, WMMRC is limited by contract in making distributions and in the future, our other subsidiaries may be limited by law and by contract in making distributions to us.

As a holding company, our only material assets are our cash on hand, the equity interests in our subsidiaries (WMMRC and WMIIC) and other investments. As of December 31, 2013, excluding restricted cash and assets held in trust, we had approximately $84.9 million in cash, cash equivalents, and investments, which includes $11.0 million held by our wholly-owned subsidiary, WMMRC; WMIIC holds no assets and generates no revenues. For the foreseeable future, our principal source of revenue and cash flow will be investment income from our investment portfolio, distributions from our subsidiaries, if any, and certain payments made to us by WMMRC pursuant to an Administrative Services Agreement and Investment Management Agreement. WMMRC is limited by contract from making distributions to WMIHC until the Runoff Notes are paid in full and is limited by insurance law from making distributions to us unless consent is obtained from the Insurance Commissioner of the State of Hawaii. Thus, our ability to service our debt, finance acquisitions and pay dividends to our shareholders in the future is dependent on the ability of our subsidiaries to generate sufficient net income and cash flows to make upstream cash distributions to us. Our subsidiaries are and will be separate legal entities, and although they may be wholly-owned or controlled by us, they have no obligation to make any funds available to us, whether in the form of loans, dividends, distributions or otherwise except for distributions of Runoff Proceeds (as defined in the Indentures) to pay the note holders under the Indenture. The ability of our subsidiaries to distribute cash to us will also be subject to, among other things, restrictions that are contained in our financing agreements and Indentures, availability of sufficient funds and applicable state laws and regulatory restrictions. Claims of creditors of our subsidiaries generally will have priority as to the assets of such subsidiaries over our claims and claims of our creditors and shareholders. To the extent the ability of our subsidiaries to distribute dividends or other payments to us could be limited in any way, this could materially limit our ability to grow, pursue business opportunities or make acquisitions that could be beneficial to our businesses, or otherwise fund and conduct our business.

Future acquisitions or business opportunities could involve unknown risks that could harm our business and adversely affect our financial condition.

We are a holding company that holds all of the equity interests of WMMRC and WMIIC. In the future we intend to acquire other businesses or make other acquisitions that may involve unknown risks, some of which will be particular to the industry in which the business or acquisition targets operate. Although we intend to conduct business, financial and legal due diligence in connection with the evaluation of future business or acquisition opportunities, there can be no assurance our due diligence investigations will identify every matter that could have a material adverse effect on us. The realization of any unknown risks could prevent or limit us from realizing the projected benefits of the businesses or acquisitions, which could adversely affect our financial condition and liquidity. In addition, our financial condition, results of operations and the ability to service our debt will be subject to the specific risks applicable to any business or company we acquire.

The nature of certain of our assets is volatile and their value may fluctuate or change over short periods of time.

As of December 31, 2013, we had $264.0 million cash and other securities, of which approximately $74.0 million is held directly by WMIHC and approximately $190.0 million is held by WMMRC. Under most circumstances, WMMRC’s cash will not be available for use by WMIHC. Investing in securities other than United States government investments will likely result in a higher risk of loss to us, particularly in light of uncertain domestic and global political, credit and financial market conditions. We value these securities for various purposes based on a number of factors, including, without limitation, third-party independent valuations. Because valuations, and particularly valuations of securities of private securities and illiquid securities, are

 

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inherently uncertain, such valuations may fluctuate significantly over short periods of time and may differ materially from the values that would have been obtained if an active market existed for these securities.

We, together with our subsidiaries, may not be able to fully utilize our NOL and other tax carry forwards.

As of December 31, 2012, WMIHC and its subsidiaries had United States federal NOLs of approximately $7.54 billion, of which approximately $5.97 billion was allocated to that portion of 2012 after the ownership change described in this Annual Report on Form 10-K that, if unused, will begin to expire in 2029. We have determined that, as of December 31, 2013, WMIHC and its subsidiaries had NOLs not subject to limitation under Section 382 of the United States Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”) of approximately $5.96 billion. Both WMIHC and WMMRC have established valuation allowances for these deferred tax assets based on their assessments of the amounts of deferred tax assets that are more-likely-than-not realizable.

On the Effective Date, we believe that WMIHC and its subsidiaries experienced an “ownership change” within the meaning of Sections 382 and 383 of the Code. An ownership change is generally defined as a more than 50 percentage point increase in equity ownership by “5% shareholders” (as that term is defined for purposes of Sections 382 and 383 of the Code) in any three-year period or since the last ownership change if such prior ownership change occurred within the prior three-year period. As a result of the ownership change on the Effective Date, the limitations on the use of pre-change losses and other carry forward tax attributes in Sections 382 and 383 of the Code apply and WMIHC and its subsidiaries will only be able to utilize a small portion of their NOL carry forwards from the years prior to 2012 and the portion of the NOL for 2012 allocable to the portion of the year prior to March 20, 2012. The utilization of the NOL for 2012 allocable to the portion of the year after the Effective Date and the NOLs from subsequent years should not be affected by the ownership change on the Effective Date.

The ability of WMIHC and its subsidiaries, and any future subsidiary, to utilize their NOLs and other tax carry forwards to reduce taxable income in future years may be limited for various reasons, including if projected future taxable income is insufficient to recognize the full benefit of such NOL carry forwards prior to their expiration and/or the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) challenges that a transaction or transactions were concluded with the substantial intent of sheltering future tax liabilities. There can be no assurance that we will have sufficient taxable income or that the IRS will not challenge the use of the NOLs in later years to enable the Company to use the NOLs before they expire. Additionally, the ability of WMIHC and its subsidiaries (and any future subsidiary) to fully use these tax assets could also be adversely affected if the respective companies were deemed to have another “ownership change” within the meaning of Sections 382 and 383 of the Code. Although we have certain restrictions in place on ownership transfer, our board of directors could issue additional shares of stock or permit future ownership changes and conversions or redemptions of our stock and, which, depending on their magnitude, could result in ownership changes that would trigger the imposition of additional limitations on the utilization of our NOLs under Sections 382 and 383 of the Code. Accordingly, there can be no assurance that, in the future, WMIHC and/or its subsidiaries (and any future subsidiary) will be able to utilize its NOLs or not experience additional limitations on utilizing the tax benefits of their NOLs and other tax carry forwards. Such limitations could have a material adverse effect on WMIHC and/or its subsidiaries’ results of operations, cash flows or financial condition.

In an attempt to minimize the likelihood of an additional ownership change occurring, our Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation (the “Articles”) contain restrictions limiting the accumulation (and disposition) of shares by persons owning (actually or constructively), or who would own as a result of the transaction, 4.75 percent of any class of our stock (with certain adjustments). Nevertheless, it is possible that we could undergo an additional ownership change, either by events within or outside of the control of our board, e.g., indirect changes in the ownership of persons owning 5 percent of our stock. Also, in the event that the Second Lien Notes (as defined in Note 1 to our Consolidated Financial Statements ( “The Company and its Subsidiaries”) in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K), are recharacterized as equity, transfers of such

 

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notes might be taken into account for purposes of Section 382 of the Code. Moreover, approximately 2.9 million shares of our common stock are held in escrow in the Disputed Equity Escrow (as defined in the Plan). A subsequent release or transfer of the stock potentially could result in an ownership change of WMIHC at that time. In the event of a subsequent ownership change, all or part of the NOLs from 2012 and subsequent years that were previously unlimited could also become subject to an annual limitation.

The IRS could challenge the amount, timing and/or use of our NOL carry forwards.

The amount of our NOL carry forwards has not been audited or otherwise validated by the IRS. Among other things, the IRS could challenge whether an ownership change occurred on the Effective Date, as well as the amount, the timing and/or our use of our NOLs. Any such challenge, if successful, could significantly limit our ability to utilize a portion or all of our NOL carry forwards. In addition, calculating whether an ownership change has occurred, for tax purposes, is subject to inherent uncertainty, both because of the complexity and ambiguity of Section 382 of the Code and because of limitations on a publicly-traded company’s knowledge as to the ownership of, and transactions in, its securities. Therefore, the calculation of the amount of our utilizable NOL carry forwards could be changed as a result of a successful challenge by the IRS or as a result of our learning of new information about the ownership of, and transactions in, our securities.

Possible changes in legislation could negatively affect our ability to use the tax benefits associated with our NOL carry forwards.

The rules relating to United States federal income taxation are constantly under review by persons involved in the legislative and administrative rulemaking processes, by the IRS and by the United States Treasury Department, resulting in revisions of regulations and revised interpretations of established concepts as well as statutory changes. Future revisions in United States federal tax laws and interpretations thereof could adversely impair our ability to use some or all of the tax benefits associated with our NOL carry forwards.

If we are unable to make acquisitions or there are delays in finding suitable acquisition targets, WMIHC may never achieve sustained profitability or it could adversely affect the value of the Company.

Our ability to successfully execute an acquisition strategy will impact our ability to sustain or increase profitability and grow our business. There can be no assurances that we will be successful in this endeavor. WMIHC’s inability to make acquisitions may impair WMIHC’s ability to be profitable. WMIHC may not be able to sustain or increase profitability on a quarterly or annual basis. There may be a substantial period of time before we are able to invest and make suitable acquisitions. Delays we encounter in the selection, acquisition and/or development of targets could adversely affect our profitability and the value of the Company.

Our board of directors may change our investment strategy without shareholder approval, which could alter the nature of your investment.

Our board of directors is developing and reviewing its strategic and investment strategy for the Company and determining what is in the best interest of our shareholders. This strategy may change over time. The methods of implementing our strategy may vary, as trends emerge and new investment opportunities develop. Our strategy, the methods for its implementation, and our other objectives, may be altered by our board of directors without the approval of our shareholders. As a result, the nature of your investment could change without your consent.

Most of our senior credit facility may only be used for permitted acquisitions and permitted originations and it contains restrictive covenants that may restrict our ability to pursue our business strategies.

WMIHC has a senior secured multi-draw term loan with a four and one-half (4 1/2) year or five (5) year maturity, as applicable, a three (3) year availability period, and an aggregate original principal amount not to exceed $125.0 million, to be available to us in three tranches, namely, (i) the Tranche A Credit Facility (including the

 

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Tranche A-1 Term Loan) in the aggregate amount of $25.0 million and (ii) the Tranche B Credit Facility of $100.0 million. WMIHC may draw on the Tranche A Credit Facility to fund working capital and for general corporate purposes only and Tranche B Credit Facility only to fund “permitted acquisitions” and “permitted originations” (as such terms are defined in the Financing Agreement) which are limited to acquisitions and originations of business in the financial services or insurance sectors.

Our credit facility restricts, among other things, asset dispositions, mergers and acquisitions, dividends, stock repurchases and redemptions, other restricted payments, indebtedness and preferred stock, loans and investments, liens and affiliate transactions. The credit facility also contains customary events of default. These covenants, among other things, limit our ability to fund future working capital and capital expenditures, engage in future acquisitions or development activities, or otherwise realize the value of its assets and opportunities fully because of the need to dedicate a portion of cash flow from operations to payments on debt. In addition, our credit facility contains financial covenants relating to, among other things, interest coverage ratio, asset coverage ratio and financial performance as compared with WMIHC’s annual business plan. Our ability to comply with these covenants is subject to certain events outside of our control, including the approval of certain governmental authorities relating to the transfer of certain insurance assets. If we are unable to comply with these covenants, the lenders under the credit facility could terminate their commitments and they could accelerate repayment of our outstanding borrowings, and, in either case, we may be unable to obtain adequate refinancing of outstanding borrowings on favorable terms. If we are unable to repay outstanding borrowings when due, the lenders under the credit facility will also have the right to proceed against the collateral granted to them to secure the indebtedness owed to them. If our obligations under the credit facility are accelerated, we cannot assure you that our assets would be sufficient to repay in full such indebtedness.

We currently believe that WMIHC’s current cash resources together with existing debt facilities will be sufficient to meet WMIHC’s anticipated needs for the next 12 months. However, we may need to raise additional capital sooner in order to acquire businesses or technologies. We may seek to raise additional capital through the issuance of equity or debt securities, or a combination thereof, in the public or private markets. Additional financing opportunities may not be available to us, or if available, may not be on favorable terms. The availability of financing opportunities will depend, in part, on market conditions, and the outlook for WMIHC’s business. Any future issuance of equity securities or securities convertible into equity may result in substantial dilution to WMIHC’s shareholders, and the securities issued in such a financing may have rights, preferences or privileges senior to those of WMIHC’s common stock or senior notes. Also as noted in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, the provisions of the Code and certain applicable United States Treasury regulations will limit the number of shares of stock we can sell from time to time without causing a limitation on our ability to use our NOL carry forwards to reduce our future tax obligations. If WMIHC raises additional funds by issuing debt, WMIHC may be subject to limitations on its operations, through debt covenants or other restrictions. If adequate and acceptable financing is not available to WMIHC at the time that it seeks to raise additional capital, our ability to execute our business plan successfully may be negatively impacted. Our senior credit facility expires on March 19, 2015. If we have not identified and closed on an acquisition by this date, our existing senior credit facility will not be available for acquisitions or working capital. Likewise, there can be no assurances that WMIHC will be able to successfully identify and enter into a replacement senior credit facility when such existing senior credit facility expires in accordance with its terms.

The lenders’ obligations to make loans under WMIHC’s senior credit facility are subject to the satisfaction or waiver of certain conditions, including the absence of defaults and events of defaults under such credit facility, the accuracy of representations and warranties in all material respects and an asset coverage ratio (as defined in such credit facility) of at least 1.25 to 1:00. There are certain additional conditions for the lenders’ obligation to make loans used to fund permitted acquisitions, including that such loans must not represent more than 80% of the purchase price paid in connection with a permitted acquisition and the transaction must receive either lender board representative approval or approval by independent valuation process (as defined in the credit facility).

 

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The Subordinated Notes (as defined below) may only be used to fund permitted acquisitions, and the availability of funding under the Note Purchase Agreement is subject to certain conditions.

WMIHC may, at its election, issue up to $150 million aggregate principal amount (at issuance) of subordinated 7.50% PIK notes (the “Subordinated Notes”) to KKR Management under the Note Purchase Agreement, on one or more occasions until January 30, 2017. WMIHC must use all or substantially all of the proceeds from the issuance of the Subordinated Notes to fund the acquisition, whether by purchase, merger or otherwise, of the assets of, or equity interests of, or a business line, unit or division of any entity approved by our board of directors.

KKR Management’s obligation to purchase the Subordinated Notes is subject to the satisfaction or waiver of certain conditions, including the absence of defaults and events of defaults under the Note Purchase Agreement, the pro forma solvency of WMIHC and its subsidiaries, compliance with the provisions of the certificate of designation of WMIHC’s convertible stock and compliance with certain sections of the Investor Rights Agreement. Further, WMIHC’s ability to issue the Subordinated Notes is subject to the absence of defaults and events of defaults under the credit facility and limited under the terms of the credit facility to an original principal amount no greater than (i) $25 million and (ii) 25% of consolidated tangible assets, as defined in the credit facility. If the above conditions are not met by WMIHC or waived by KKR Management and, if applicable, the lenders under the credit facility, then WMIHC may not have access to adequate funding for the purchase of the desired acquisition.

We will not be able to issue Subordinated Notes after January 30, 2017.

The Note Purchase Agreement contains restrictive covenants that may restrict our ability to pursue our business strategies.

The Note Purchase Agreement restricts, among other things, asset dispositions, mergers and acquisitions, dividends, stock repurchases and redemptions, other restricted payments, indebtedness and preferred stock, loans and investments, liens and affiliate transactions. These covenants, among other things, limit our ability to fund future working capital and capital expenditures, engage in future acquisitions or development activities, or otherwise realize the value of our assets and opportunities fully because of the need to dedicate a portion of cash flow from operations to payments on debt.

KKR Management and the lenders under the credit facility may not provide funding to us to acquire a desirable acquisition, in contravention of their obligations to do so.

Even if WMIHC is in compliance with the conditions for issuance of the Subordinated Notes, KKR Management may refuse to purchase, or may be unable to purchase, such Subordinated Notes, in violation of the Note Purchase Agreement. Our legal remedies to enforce our right to require KKR Management to purchase the Subordinated Notes pursuant to the terms of the Note Purchase Agreement may not be adequate to allow us to consummate the desired acquisition. Similarly, even if WMIHC is in compliance with the conditions for borrowing under the credit facility, the lenders under the credit facility may refuse, or may be unable, to make such extensions of credit, in violation of the credit facility. Our legal remedies to enforce our right to require the lenders under the credit facility to extend credit pursuant to the terms of the credit facility may not be adequate to allow us to consummate the desired acquisition.

The restrictive covenants in the Credit Facility and the Note Purchase Agreement are subject to a number of important qualifications, exceptions and limitations, and are subject to amendment.

The restrictive covenants in the credit facility and the Note Purchase Agreement are subject to a number of important qualifications, exceptions and limitations. This means that the restrictions are not absolute prohibitions. WMIHC and its subsidiaries may be able to engage in some of the restricted activities, such as incurring additional debt, paying dividends, making investments, selling assets and entering into mergers or other

 

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business combinations, in limited amounts or in certain circumstances, notwithstanding the restrictive covenants. These actions could adversely affect our financial condition and the value of WMIHC. In addition, the restrictive covenants in the credit facility and the Note Purchase Agreement can be amended with the consent of lenders whose pro rata shares aggregate at least 66 2/3%, with respect to an amendment to the credit facility, and a majority of the holders of the Subordinated Notes then outstanding, with respect to an amendment to the Note Purchase Agreement, and any such amendment would bind all lenders and holders, respectively, including ones that did not vote in favor of the amendment. Any such amendment could delete one or more restrictive covenants or add additional qualifications, exceptions or limitations.

Changes in disclosure laws or interpretations resulting in higher compliance costs are likely to adversely affect WMIHC’s future consolidated results of operations, financial position and cash flows.

Compliance with laws, regulations and standards relating to corporate governance and public disclosure, including the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, and new regulations enacted by the SEC, are resulting in increased compliance costs. WMIHC, like all other public companies, is incurring expenses and diverting employees’ time in an effort to comply with such laws. WMIHC is an accelerated reporting company, and has completed the process of documenting its systems of internal control and has evaluated its systems of internal control. We expect to continue to devote the necessary resources, including internal and external resources, to support WMIHC’s assessment and disclosure obligations. In addition, during the bankruptcy, WMI adopted so-called “Modified Exchange Act Reporting” under the SLB 2. Upon emergence from bankruptcy, WMIHC continues to rely upon the guidance set forth in SLB 2 and we have filed and will continue to file the Exchange Act periodic reports for all periods that begin after the Effective Date of the Plan. If WMIHC is not able to follow the Modified Exchange Act Reporting under SLB 2, much more extensive historical disclosure requirements could be imposed on WMIHC which we may not be able to satisfy and which would have a material adverse effect on the Company, including but not limited to, substantial compliance costs and sanctions. Compliance with different or evolving standards will result in increased general and administrative expenses and may cause a diversion of our time and attention from revenue-generating activities to compliance activities and could subject WMIHC to sanctions or investigation by regulatory authorities.

Litigation against WMIHC could be costly and time consuming to defend.

WMIHC may from time to time be subject to legal proceedings and claims that arise in the ordinary course of business. Litigation may result in substantial costs and may divert our attention and WMIHC resources, which may seriously harm our business, consolidated results of operations and financial condition.

An unfavorable judgment against WMIHC in any legal proceeding or claim could require WMIHC to pay monetary damages. In addition, an unfavorable judgment in which the counterparty is awarded equitable relief, such as an injunction, could have an adverse impact on WMIHC’s business, consolidated results of operations and consolidated financial condition.

Because WMIHC’s operations are highly dependent on key executives and employees, our inability to recruit and retain capable management could hinder our current operations and business plans.

We have very limited staffing and management resources and we are highly dependent on our interim executive officers and certain key employees. WMIHC’s key employees are employed by WMIHC; however, its Interim Chief Executive Officer, Charles Edward Smith, is an employee of the Trust, and its Interim Chief Financial Officer, Timothy F. Jaeger, is a self-employed consultant engaged by the Company to provide financial reporting services. As of December 31, 2013, the Company had two employees. However, minimal staffing and any inability of WMIHC to engage new executive officers or key employees in the event its interim executive officers or key employees terminate employment could have a material adverse impact on our operations or delay or curtail WMIHC’s objectives.

 

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Business interruptions could limit WMIHC’s ability to operate its business.

WMIHC’s operations, as well as others on which WMIHC depends, are vulnerable to damage or interruption from fire; natural disasters, including earthquakes; computer viruses; human error; power shortages; telecommunication failures; international acts of terror; and similar events. WMIHC’s offices are located in Seattle, Washington and we currently share office space with and obtain certain key services from the Trust pursuant to the TSA. The TSA was amended on September 18, 2012 and the term of the agreement was extended through March 31, 2013, with automatic renewals thereafter for successive additional three-month terms, subject to non-renewal at the end of any additional term upon written notice by either party at least 30 days prior to the expiration of the additional term.

Although we have certain business continuity plans in place, we have not established a formal comprehensive disaster recovery plan, and WMIHC’s back-up operations and business interruption insurance may not be adequate to compensate it for losses WMIHC may suffer. A significant business interruption, including an unexpected non-renewal or termination of the TSA, could result in losses or damages incurred by WMIHC and require the Company to cease or curtail its operations at our current location.

We are subject to regulation by various Federal and State entities.

We are subject to the regulations of the SEC and the Insurance Commissioner of the State of Hawaii. New regulations issued by these agencies may adversely affect our ability to carry on our business activities. We are subject to various Federal and State laws and certain changes in these laws and regulations may adversely affect our operations. Noncompliance with certain of these regulations may impact our business plans.

We are also subject to the accounting rules and regulations of the SEC and the Financial Accounting Standards Board. Changes in accounting rules could adversely affect the reported financial statements or our results of operations and may also require extraordinary efforts or additional costs to implement. Any of these laws or regulations may be modified or changed from time to time, and there is no assurance that such modifications or changes will not adversely affect us.

Risks Related to Owning WMIHC’s Stock

Our stock is subject to transfer restrictions under our Articles.

Our Articles contain significant transfer restrictions in relation to the transfer of our stock. These court-approved transfer restrictions have been adopted in order to protect our ability to utilize significant NOL carry forwards under and in accordance with regulations promulgated by the IRS. In particular, without the approval of our board of directors, (i) no person will be permitted to acquire, whether directly or indirectly, and whether in one transaction or a series of related transactions, our stock, to the extent that after giving effect to such purported acquisition (a) the purported acquirer or any other person by reason of the purported acquirer’s acquisition would become a Substantial Holder (as defined below) of any class of our stock, or (b) the percentage of stock ownership of a person that, prior to giving effect to the purported acquisition, is already a Substantial Holder of the class of stock sought to be acquired would be increased; and (ii) no Substantial Holder may dispose, directly or indirectly, of any shares without the consent of a majority of our board of directors. A “Substantial Holder” is a person that owns (as determined for NOL purposes) 4.75 percent of any class of our stock, including any instrument treated as stock for NOL purposes.

WMIHC’s common stock is trading over-the-counter on the OTCQB electronic quotation system without the support of WMIHC and caution is advised.

We do not currently intend to have any of our securities listed on an exchange or a national market. We note that our common stock currently trades over-the-counter on OTC Markets OTCQB electronic quotation system (“OTCQB”) on an unsolicited quote basis, meaning that all prices reflect unsolicited customer orders. Investors

 

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are cautioned that no firm is making a market in our stock and investors may have a difficult time selling our stock. We have not taken any steps or actions to list or otherwise facilitate any trading in our common stock. We remind shareholders and investors that we have no control over the trading of our securities on the OTCQB or otherwise, except for the restrictions on transfers contained in our Articles.

Anti-takeover provisions in our Articles and Amended and Restated Bylaws (“Bylaws”) and under Washington law could make a third party acquisition of WMIHC difficult.

WMIHC’s Articles and Bylaws contain provisions that could make it more difficult for a third party to acquire WMIHC, even if doing so might be deemed beneficial by WMIHC’s shareholders. These provisions could limit the price that investors might be willing to pay in the future for shares of WMIHC’s common stock. WMIHC is also subject to certain provisions of Washington law that could delay, deter or prevent a change in control of WMIHC.

We may need to sell additional shares of WMIHC’s common stock or other securities in the future to meet WMIHC’s capital requirements. In such circumstances, the ownership interests of WMIHC’s shareholders prior to such sale could be substantially diluted.

WMIHC has 500,000,000 shares of common stock authorized for issuance and 5,000,000 shares of preferred stock authorized for issuance. As of March 12, 2014, WMIHC had 201,842,351 shares of its common stock issued and outstanding. The possibility of dilution posed by shares available for future sale could reduce the market price of WMIHC’s common stock and could make it more difficult for WMIHC to raise funds through equity offerings in the future.

In connection with the KKR Transaction, 1,000,000 shares of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Convertible Preferred Stock”), and warrants to purchase 61,400,000 shares of the Company’s common stock were issued effective January 30, 2014.

For further information on the KKR Transaction and the reservation and issuance of the Company’s common stock under the 2012 Plan, see Note 15 to our Consolidated Financial Statements (“Subsequent Events”) in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Risks Related to WMMRC’s Business

General economic conditions that negatively affect housing prices may continue to negatively affect the credit performance of WMMRC’s underlying portfolio of mortgage loans and could continue to have an adverse effect on our future performance.

The outlook for the macroeconomic environment remains uncertain and there can be no assurances that recent signs of stability in the housing and credit markets will continue or improve. Prolonged high unemployment and further deterioration in the housing markets could negatively impact the performance of WMMRC’s underlying mortgage assets leading to a potential increase in defaults and losses.

The negative financial performance of the primary mortgage insurers with whom WMMRC does business is likely to negatively affect our financial performance and results.

One or more of the primary mortgage insurers with whom we do business may be vulnerable to adverse market conditions and because of that uncertainty there can be no assurances that such insurers can withstand the current market and financial pressures they may face from time to time. In fact, at least one counterparty is currently operating subject to state supervision. These factors could have negative consequences for WMMRC’s cash flows and WMMRC’s ability to pay dividends to WMIHC in the future, which in turn could adversely affect WMIHC’s ability to service the Runoff Notes.

 

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WMMRC is dependent on primary mortgage insurers to provide it with services. A disruption in the provision of such services could negatively affect WMMRC’s operations and financial performance.

WMMRC depends upon our primary mortgage insurers to provide us with several services, including providing us with the monthly cession statements that provides the basis for our accounting and financial records, information regarding applicable minimum capital thresholds, the establishment of ceded loss reserves, the payment of ceded premium (i.e., revenue) and the withdrawal of funds for paid losses. If our counterparties are unable to provide such services or if such services are otherwise interrupted or modified as a result of actions beyond our control (e.g., the placement of a counterparty into receivership or conservatorship), then such actions may be detrimental to our future financial performance.

Because loss reserve estimates are subject to uncertainties and are based on assumptions that are currently volatile, ceded paid losses may be substantially different from our ceded loss reserves.

The establishment of loss reserves is complex and requires judgment by management about the effect of matters that is inherently uncertain. In addition, establishing such loss reserves requires management to make various assumptions and judgments based on a variety of factors, including frequency of losses, severity of losses and timing of losses. As a result, WMMRC periodically monitors and adjusts its assumptions based on actual loan performance information, market indicators and other factors. Nevertheless, factors outside of WMMRC’s control, such as the overall performance of the economy, volatile housing prices, public policy considerations and borrower behavior all influence its assumptions and are subject to considerable change over time.

Loan loss mitigation efforts (including efforts to modify loans, effect short sales, loan rescissions and claim denials) by the firms servicing our underlying reinsured mortgage loans may not be effective.

WMMRC relies on the servicers of the mortgage loans to provide surveillance, loss mitigation and salvage efforts to ensure that the mortgage loans it reinsures are serviced according to the appropriate guidelines and significant efforts are made to ensure a beneficial outcome. Nevertheless, there can be no assurances that such efforts will be successful or have any effect on the ultimate ability of a borrower to satisfy such borrower’s obligations under a mortgage WMMRC has reinsured.

Low interest rates can negatively affect WMMRC’s financial performance.

A low interest rate environment can negatively affect WMMRC’s financial performance. Low interest rates provide an opportunity for generally well-qualified borrowers to refinance their mortgage loans. This typically results in a cancelation of the mortgage insurance policy applicable to such loans and terminates any future premium ceded we would expect from those loans. As a result, the portfolio of mortgage loans WMMRC reinsures could experience a larger percentage in the number of borrowers who are less creditworthy. Additionally, a low-interest rate environment generally results in lower yields on WMMRC’s investment portfolio, as maturing investments are generally reinvested at lower yields thereby reducing investment income.

WMMRC is subject to comprehensive regulations, including minimum capital standards, which are subject to change and may harm our business.

WMMRC is domiciled in the State of Hawaii and is subject to the rules and regulations as promulgated by the State of Hawaii and its Department of Insurance, its primary state regulator. Foremost among those rules and regulations are minimum capital standards. Management believes that as of December 31, 2013, WMMRC satisfied such minimum capital standards and other applicable rules and regulations. Nevertheless, there can be no assurances of WMMRC’s future ability to meet those standards, or as they may be revised.

In addition, WMMRC’s business may be affected by legislative or regulatory reforms of the U.S. housing finance system, as well as the application of certain public or private sector programs designed to assist homeowners avoid foreclosure. In each case, these reforms and programs could change the economic behavior of either the

 

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mortgage insurance policyholders or the mortgage insurance companies to the detriment of WMMRC. Following the severe financial dislocations of 2008, new, sweeping rules and rules and regulations were (and continue to be) promulgated by federal, state and local regulatory authorities, including the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the “Dodd-Frank Act”). Because WMMRC is currently operating its business in runoff mode, it has not, to date, needed to materially change any of its business practices in response to various regulatory initiatives, including the Dodd-Frank Act. Nevertheless, there can be no assurances that WMMRC will not be required to undertake changes to its business practices in the future in response to one or more regulatory initiatives.

In addition, WMMRC’s reinsurance counterparties with active underwriting and other businesses have disclosed heightened regulatory oversight of their operations, including by the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“CFPB”) and we cannot predict the extent to which such heightened scrutiny may affect how those counterparties do business with WMMRC. Likewise, neither WMMRC nor its counterparties can predict the full impact various regulatory initiatives currently pending or being considered may have on their respective businesses or operations.

Risks Related to the Runoff Notes

Any trading market that develops for the Runoff Notes may not be liquid; there are restrictions on transfers on the Second Lien Notes and the Runoff Notes are non-recourse.

A liquid market for the Runoff Notes may not develop and we do not currently intend to list the Runoff Notes on any national securities exchange or to seek their quotation on any automated dealer quotation system. If any of the Runoff Notes are traded after their initial issuance, they may trade at a discount from the initial offering price, depending upon prevailing interest rates, the market for similar securities, and other factors, including general economic conditions and our financial condition, performance and prospects.

In addition, the market for non-investment grade debt securities has historically been subject to disruptions that have caused price volatility independent of the operating and financial performance of the issuers of these securities. It is possible that any market for the Runoff Notes will be subject to these kinds of disruptions. Accordingly, declines in the liquidity and market price of the Runoff Notes may occur independent of operating and financial performance. The Second Lien Notes include certain restrictions on accumulation of 4.75 percent or more of the aggregate principal amount of such notes if such restrictions would not preclude the listing of such notes with the DTC.

Except in very limited circumstances, holders of the Runoff Notes will have no recourse against WMIHC or its subsidiaries for payments due on the Runoff Notes other than against Runoff Proceeds, and there can be no assurance that the runoff proceeds and other recourse assets will be sufficient in amount to cause any unpaid interest and the outstanding principal amount of the Runoff Notes to be paid in full. The Runoff Notes will not be guaranteed by any current or future subsidiaries of WMIHC, including WMMRC, and will be effectively subordinate to the liabilities of WMMRC.

 

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.

None.

 

Item 2. Properties.

Our corporate headquarters are located in Seattle, Washington. We lease office space for our two employees and share common area space with the Trust pursuant to the TSA. Under the TSA, we have the right to request and utilize one additional office and four interior cubes for our employees and consultants as long as such space is available. See Note 7 to our Consolidated Financial Statements (“Service Agreements and Related Party Transactions”) in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for additional information.

 

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Item 3. Legal Proceedings.

As of December 31, 2013, the Company was not a party to, or aware of, any pending legal proceedings or investigations requiring disclosure at this time.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.

Not applicable.

 

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PART II

 

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

As described in Part I, Item 1. Business, on September 26, 2008, the Debtors filed voluntary petitions for relief under Chapter 11 in the Bankruptcy Court. The Debtors emerged from Chapter 11 on March 19, 2012. On the Effective Date, all of the outstanding common stock and all other outstanding equity securities of the Predecessor, including all options and restricted stock awards, were cancelled pursuant to the terms of the Plan and WMIHC issued 200,000,000 shares of common stock pursuant to the terms of the Plan (“Successor Common Stock”). Because the value of one share of Successor Common Stock bears no relation to the value of one share of the Predecessor’s common stock (a new equity value established upon emergence) the following discussion contains information regarding Successor Common Stock.

Market Information

Successor Common Stock is currently quoted on the OTCQB under the trading symbol “WMIH.” Prior to September 25, 2008, Predecessor’s common stock traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol “WM.” From September 26, 2009 through the Effective Date, shares of the Predecessor’s common stock were quoted on the over-the-counter market under the symbol “WAMUQ.”

Because the value of one share of Predecessor’s common stock bears no relation to the value of one share of Successor Common Stock, only the trading prices of Successor Common Stock are set forth below. The following table shows the range of reported high and low daily closing prices for the Successor Common Stock for each full quarterly period during 2013 and 2012 from the OTC Pink and OTCQB. Such over-the-counter market quotations reflect inter-dealer prices, without retail mark-up, mark-down or commission and may not necessarily represent actual transactions.

 

Period

   High      Low  

Fourth Quarter – 2013

   $  2.82       $  1.01   

Third Quarter – 2013

   $ 1.38       $ .80   

Second Quarter – 2013

   $ .95       $ .59   

First Quarter – 2013

   $ .84       $ .67   

Fourth Quarter – 2012

   $ .88       $ .45   

Third Quarter – 2012

   $ .58       $ .46   

Second Quarter – 2012

   $ .77       $ .43   

First Quarter (beginning March 19, 2012)

   $ 1.00       $ .90   

On March 7, 2014, the price of Successor Common Stock traded on the OTCQB ranged from a high of $3.34 per share to a low of $3.15 per share.

Holders

As of March 7, 2014, there were approximately 7,947 shareholders of record of WMIHC common stock. This does not reflect holders who beneficially own common stock held in nominee or street name.

Dividends

We have not declared or paid any dividends on our Successor Common Stock. The terms of our Financing Agreement and the Note Purchase Agreement restrict the payment of dividends on shares of our common stock, and we do not anticipate paying any dividends at this time or for the foreseeable future. See Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations. See also “Dividend Policy” under Note 2 to our Consolidated Financial Statements (“Significant Accounting Policies”) and Note 9 to our Consolidated Financial Statements (“Financing Arrangements”) in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

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Securities Authorized for Issuance Under Equity Compensation Plans

Information regarding securities authorized for issuance under equity compensation plans is included in Item 12 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Sales of Unregistered Equity Securities

On March 19, 2012, pursuant to the Plan we issued 200,000,000 shares of our Successor Common Stock. See Item 1. Business Introduction—WMI Holdings Corp. Based on the Confirmation Order, the Company relied on Section 1145(a)(1) of the Bankruptcy Code to exempt from the registration requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), the issuance of the new securities.

On October 18, 2012, WMIHC issued a total of 1,156,078 restricted shares of WMIHC’s common stock under the 2012 Plan to outside directors. On August 13, 2013, 686,273 restricted shares of WMIHC’s common stock were issued under the 2012 Plan to outside directors. The restricted shares vest in three equal installments commencing on the date of grant over a three year period (subject to continued service as a director through each vesting date and subject to certain stock ownership guidelines in which the director must at all times during service on the board hold shares of WMIHC’s stock equal to 50 percent of the aggregate number of shares awarded to the director as director compensation and that have vested, and such shares may not be sold without the prior approval of the Compensation Committee). Effective February 10, 2014, we increased the number of shares reserved and available for awards under our 2012 Plan from 2 million to 3 million shares of WMIHC’s common stock and issued 250,000 restricted shares to members of our Corporate Strategy and Development Committee and our Chairman, Michael Willingham. We issued these shares relying on Section 4(2) of the Securities Act, and Rule 506 of Regulation D thereunder.

In connection with the KKR Transaction, 1,000,000 shares of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock, and warrants to purchase 61,400,000 shares of the Company’s common stock were issued effective January 30, 2014. For further information on the KKR Transaction and the authorization and issuance under the 2012 Plan, see Note 15 to our Consolidated Financial Statements (“Subsequent Events”) in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Performance Graph

The following graph shows the cumulative total shareholder return for the Successor Common Stock during the period from the Effective Date to December 31, 2013. Five year historical data is not presented because we emerged from bankruptcy on March 19, 2012 and the stock performance of WMIHC’s common stock is not comparable to the performance of Predecessor common stock. The chart also shows the cumulative returns of (a) the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index (“S&P 500”) and (b) an index of two peer companies selected by the Company. The peer group is comprised of the following companies: MGIC Investment Corporation and Radian Group Inc. This peer group index will be subject to occasional change as WMIHC or its competitors change their focus, merge or are acquired, undergo significant changes, or as new competitors emerge. The comparison assumes $100 was invested on the Effective Date, in Successor Common Stock and in each of the indices shown and assumes that all dividends were reinvested.

 

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The comparisons are required by the SEC and, therefore, are not intended to forecast or be indicative of possible future performance of the Successor Common Stock.

 

LOGO

 

Date

   3/19/2012      12/31/2012      12/31/2013  

S&P 500

   $ 100       $ 103       $ 136   

WMIHC

   $ 100       $ 84       $ 282   

Peer

   $ 100       $ 106       $ 240   

Tax Attribute Preservation Provision

In order to preserve valuable tax attributes following emergence from bankruptcy, restrictions were included in our Articles on transfers of Successor Common Stock. Until the Restriction Release Date (as defined in our Articles), unless approved by our board of directors, any attempted transfer of Successor Common Stock is prohibited and void to the extent that, as a result of such transfer (or any series of transfers) either (i) any person or group of persons shall become a “Substantial Holder” of the Company (as defined in the Articles); or (ii) the ownership interest of any Substantial Holder shall be increased. Additionally, until the Restriction Release Date, Substantial Holders cannot dispose of Successor Common Stock without the consent of our board of directors.

 

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Item 6. Selected Financial Data.

 

     Successor          Predecessor  
(in thousands, except per share amounts)    Year Ended
December 31,
2013
     Period from
March 20, 2012
through December 31,
2012
         Period from
January 1, 2012
through March 19,
2012
     Year Ended
December 31,
2011
 

Statement of Operations Data:

              

Revenues:

              

Premiums earned

   $ 10,946        $ 14,394           $ 6,177        $ 34,784    

Net investment income (loss)

     (778)         6,893             3,172          8,597    
  

 

 

    

 

 

       

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total revenues

     10,168          21,287             9,349          43,381    
  

 

 

    

 

 

       

 

 

    

 

 

 

Expenses:

              

Losses and loss adjustment expenses (benefit)

     (6,159)         18,644             11,467          47,321    

Ceding commission expense

     1,325          1,544             768          4,339    

General and administrative expenses

     5,665          4,637             547          2,594    

Loss contract reserve fair market value change

     (5,898)         (10,847)            —            —      

Loss from contract termination

     —            6,151             —            —      

Interest expense

     14,897          13,511             —            —      
  

 

 

    

 

 

       

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total expenses

     9,830          33,640             12,782          54,254    
  

 

 

    

 

 

       

 

 

    

 

 

 

Income (loss) before federal income taxes

     338          (12,353)            (3,433)         (10,873)   

Federal income tax expense (benefit)

     —            —               —            —      
  

 

 

    

 

 

       

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

   $ 338        $ (12,353)          $ (3,433)       $ (10,873)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

       

 

 

    

 

 

 

Basic and diluted net income (loss) per share attributable to common stockholders

   $ 0.00        $ (0.06)          $ (3,433.00)       $ (10,873.00)   

Shares used in computing basic and diluted net income (loss) per share

     200,304,068          200,000,000             1,000          1,000    
 

Statement of cash flow data:

              

Net cash provided by (used in)

              

Operating activities

   $ (25,297)       $ (102,774)          $ 3,843        $ (53,092)   

Investing activities

     51,292          31,249             (4,471)         58,796    

Financing activities

     (30,770)         6,272             75,000          —      
 

Balance Sheet data (as of end of period):

              

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 11,986        $ 16,761           $ 82,014        $ 7,642    

Total assets

     267,638          339,916             423,183          350,559    

Notes payable

     105,502          136,272             130,000          —      

Losses and loss adjustment reserves

     44,314          82,524             141,010          142,119    

Loss contract fair market value reserve

     46,319          52,217             63,064          —      

Total shareholders’ equity

     65,129          64,390             76,600          174,990    

 

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Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our financial statements and the related notes included in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. The following is a discussion and analysis of our results of operations for the periods ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011 and the financial condition as of December 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012 (dollars in thousands, except per share data and as otherwise indicated).

References herein to the “Company,” “we,” “us,” “our” or “Successor” generally are intended to refer to WMI Holdings Corp. and its subsidiaries on a consolidated basis. References to “WMMRC” means WM Mortgage Reinsurance Company, Inc. (a wholly-owned subsidiary of WMIHC); and “WMIIC” means WMI Investment Corp. (a wholly-owned subsidiary of WMIHC).

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS AND OTHER STATEMENTS

As discussed under “Forward-Looking Statements” at the beginning of this Report and “Risk Factors” in Item 1A of Part I of this Report, actual results may differ materially from the results contemplated by forward-looking statements. We are not undertaking any obligation to update forward-looking statements or other statements we may make in the following discussion or elsewhere in this document, even though these statements may be affected by events or circumstances occurring after the forward-looking statements were made. Therefore, you should not rely on these statements being current as of any time other than the time at which this document was filed with the SEC.

OVERVIEW

Our Business Strategy and Operating Environment

WMIHC is a holding company organized and existing under the law of the State of Washington. WMIHC is the direct parent of WMMRC and WMIIC. As of the Effective Date, WMIHC had no operations other than WMMRC’s legacy reinsurance business with respect to mortgage insurance which is being operated in runoff mode. WMMRC has not written any new business since the Petition Date.

WMIHC retained Blackstone Advisory Partners L.P. (“Blackstone”) in July 2012 to work with us to develop our acquisition strategy and to identify, consider and evaluate potential mergers, acquisitions, business combinations and other strategic opportunities, including collecting and analyzing information regarding potential target companies, determining the valuation of potential target companies and advising on capital-raising, if needed, to fund our external growth strategy.

In connection with, and in addition to, the foregoing, we may explore various financing alternatives to fund our external growth strategy, including improving our capital structure, which may include increasing, reducing and/or refinancing debt; pursuing capital raising activities, such as the issuance of new preferred or common equity and/or a rights offering to our existing shareholders, launching an exchange offer, and pursuing other transactions involving our outstanding securities. There can be no assurance that any transaction will occur or, if so, on what terms.

The Corporate Strategy and Development Committee of our Board of Directors (the “CS&D Committee”) meets regularly with Blackstone to discuss and evaluate potential transactions of varying size and across varying industries. During the year ended December 31, 2013, the CS&D Committee met formally and informally numerous times and, since Blackstone’s retention, we have contacted more than 100 potential counterparties, including more than 20 potential target companies. As of December 31, 2013, we had not executed definitive documentation relating to any acquisition transaction.

 

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On January 31, 2014, WMIHC announced that it had entered into (i) the Note Purchase Agreement, (ii) the Investment Agreement, and (iii) the Investor Rights Agreement. For further information on the KKR Transaction, see Note 15 to our Consolidated Financial Statements (“Subsequent Events”) in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

With respect to our current operations, the Company currently operates a single business, WMMRC, whose sole activity is the reinsurance of mortgage insurance policies that has been operated in runoff mode since September 26, 2008. Since that date, WMMRC has not underwritten any new policies (and by extension any new risk). WMMRC, through predecessor companies, began reinsuring risks in 1997 and continued through September 25, 2008.

The nature of the reinsurance contracts are mainly excess-of-loss contracts whereby WMMRC takes a portion of the risk, usually 5 or 10 percent, with a stated attachment and exit point. Each calendar year, or book year, is treated separately from other years when calculating losses. In return for accepting a portion of the risk, WMMRC receives, net of ceding commission, a percentage of the premium that ranges from 25 to 40 percent.

Beginning in 2006, the housing market and related credit markets experienced a multi-year downturn. During that period, housing prices declined materially, credit guidelines tightened, delays in mortgage servicing and foreclosure activities occurred, and deterioration in the credit performance of mortgage loans occurred. In addition, the macro-economic environment during that period demonstrated limited economic growth, stubbornly high unemployment, and limited median wage gains. However, in 2013, signs of improvement have been evident

While the macro-economic outlook remains guarded, there are strong indications that the housing market in 2013 has improved nationally. Recent reports show housing prices have increased on a year-over-year basis, and that housing sales in many markets have increased, although they remain below their long-run average. Nevertheless, despite these signs of market improvement, WMMRC’s operating environment remains challenged as much of its results over the next several years will be directly affected by the inventory of pending defaulted mortgages at its ceding companies arising primarily from mortgages originated in calendar years 2005 through 2008.

Our Financial Information

The financial information in this Annual Report on Form 10-K has been derived from our Consolidated Financial Statements.

Critical Accounting Policies

Our consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles of the United States (“GAAP”), which requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect reported and disclosed amounts of assets and liabilities and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. We believe that the critical accounting policies set forth in the accompanying consolidated financial statements describe the more significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of our consolidated financial statements. These accounting policies pertain to premium revenues and risk transfer, valuation of investments, loss and loss adjustment expense reserves, our values under fresh start accounting and the resulting loss contract fair market value reserve. If actual events differ significantly from the underlying judgments or estimates used by management in the application of these accounting policies, there could be a material effect on our results of operations and financial condition.

The Company adopted fresh start accounting in accordance with ASC 852. (see Note 3 to our Consolidated Financial Statements (“Fresh Start Accounting”) in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K).

Recently issued accounting standards and their impact on the Company have been presented under “New Accounting Pronouncements” in Note 2 to our Consolidated Financial Statements (“Significant Accounting Policies”) in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

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Fresh Start Accounting

Under ASC 852, the application of fresh start accounting results in the allocation of reorganization value to the fair value of assets, and is required when (a) the reorganization value of assets immediately prior to confirmation of a plan of reorganization is less than the total of all post-petition liabilities and allowed claims and (b) the holders of voting shares immediately prior to the confirmation of the plan of reorganization receive less than 50 percent of the voting shares of the emerging entity. The Company adopted fresh start accounting as of the Effective Date, which represents the date on which all material conditions precedent to the effectiveness of the Plan were satisfied or waived.

The Company’s reorganization value (“Equity Value”), upon emergence from bankruptcy, was determined to be $76.6 million, which represents management’s best estimate of fair value based on a calculation of the present value of the Company’s consolidated assets and liabilities as at March 19, 2012. As part of our fresh start reporting, we applied various valuation methodologies to calculate the reorganization value of the Successor. These methods included (a) the comparable company analysis, (b) the precedent transactions analysis and (c) the discounted cash flow analysis. The application of these methodologies requires certain key estimates, judgments and assumptions, including financial projections, the amount of cash available to fund operations and current market conditions. Such projections, judgments and assumptions are inherently subject to significant uncertainties and there can be no assurance that such estimates, assumptions and projections reflected in the valuation will be realized and actual results may vary materially.

A significant difference exists between the Equity Value determined by management and the value determined by the Court in an opinion dated September 13, 2011 in which the Court expressed its view with respect to the Company’s value (including the value of the NOLs). While the NOL asset has been recorded on the Company’s opening balance sheet at the value assigned by the Court, management also has recorded a full valuation allowance relative to these assets. The valuation allowance was determined to be necessary as management is unable to identify potential earnings from its existing operations and assets which would allow the Company to benefit from the utilization of these NOLs now or in the future. In the event that earnings are recognized in future periods, the availability of NOLs could result in additional value to the shareholders. The utilization of NOLs may be subject to significant additional limits. See Note 6 to our Consolidated Financial Statements (“Income Taxes”) in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for additional detail. No cash will be used for Plan-related liabilities as WMIHC is not liable for pre-petition claims under the terms of the Plan and the estimated minimum level of cash required for ongoing reserves was deducted from total projected cash to arrive at an amount of remaining or available cash. The Effective Date Equity Value of $76.6 million is intended to reflect a value that a willing buyer would pay for the Company’s assets immediately after emerging from bankruptcy.

The value of a business is subject to uncertainties and contingencies that are difficult to predict and will fluctuate with changes in factors affecting the prospects of such a business. As a result, the estimates set forth herein are not necessarily indicative of actual outcomes, which may be significantly more or less favorable than those set forth herein. These estimates assume that the Company will continue as the owner and operator of these businesses and related assets and that such businesses and assets will be operated in accordance with WMMRC’s historical business practices, which is the basis for financial projections. The financial projections are based on projected market conditions and other estimates and assumptions including, but not limited to, general business, economic, competitive, regulatory, market and financial conditions, all of which are difficult to predict and generally beyond the Company’s control. Depending on the actual results of such factors, operations or changes in financial markets, these valuation estimates may differ significantly from that disclosed herein.

The Company’s Equity Value was first allocated to its tangible assets and identifiable intangible assets and the excess (if any) of reorganization value over the fair value of tangible and identifiable intangible assets would be recorded as goodwill. Liabilities existing as of the Effective Date, other than deferred taxes, were recorded at the present value of amounts expected to be paid using appropriate risk adjusted interest rates. The only intangible asset identified related to reinsurance contracts which were held by WMMRC. The contracts were evaluated to

 

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determine whether the value attributable to such contracts was either above market or in a loss contract position. After taking such evaluation into consideration, a loss contract fair market value reserve totaling $63.1 million was recorded. WMMRC’s deferred taxes were determined in conformity with applicable income tax accounting standards.

Material differences, including with respect to its business operations, financial performance, asset size and other factors, exist with respect to the pre-petition operations and financial position of WMI and its subsidiaries as compared with the post-emergence operations and financial position of the Company. In order to address such differences, in preparing these and future financial statements, management has concluded that it is appropriate to use the financial information of the Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary, WMMRC as the basis for its past and ongoing financial reporting. Information in the accompanying consolidated financial statements labeled as “Predecessor” refers to periods prior to the adoption of fresh start reporting, while those labeled as “Successor” refer to periods following the Company’s reorganization and emergence from bankruptcy.

Segments

The Company manages its business on the basis of one operating segment, mortgage reinsurance, in accordance with GAAP. Within the mortgage reinsurance segment, our current risks arise solely from the reinsurance of mortgage insurance policies that were placed on certain residential mortgage loans prior to the Petition Date. The majority of these policies were required by mortgage lenders as a stipulation to approve the mortgage loans. The mortgage insurance policies protect the beneficiaries of the policy from all or a portion of default-related losses.

Overview of Revenues and Expenses

Because WMIHC has no current operations of its own, its revenue is derived almost entirely from earnings on its investment portfolio, as well as payments it receives from, and dividends paid by, WMMRC. At this time, dividends received by WMIHC from WMMRC must be distributed to holders of WMIHC’s Runoff Notes in accordance with the terms of the Runoff Notes Indentures.

WMMRC’s revenues consist primarily of the following:

 

   

net premiums earned on reinsurance contracts;

 

   

positive changes to (and corresponding releases from) loss contract reserves; and

 

   

net investment income and net gains (losses) on WMMRC’s investment portfolio.

WMMRC’s expenses consist primarily of the following:

 

   

underwriting expenses; and

 

   

general and administrative expenses.

Results of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011

As discussed in Note 2 to our Consolidated Financial Statements (“Significant Accounting Policies”) in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, the financial statements prior to March 19, 2012, are not necessarily comparable with the financial statements for periods on or after March 19, 2012; however, while there is a different basis of accounting post-emergence, substantially all of the operating assets and liabilities remain consistent between Predecessor and Successor. Accordingly, the results of operations below are made on a comparative basis for the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011.

For the year ended December 31, 2013, we reported net income of $0.3 million, as compared to net losses of $15.8 million and $10.9 million reported for the same period in 2012 and 2011, respectively. Over the last three

 

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years, due to various factors, including operating in runoff mode and general economic conditions, WMMRC has experienced decreased revenues. Likewise, during the years ended December 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively, WMMRC’s underwriting expenses remained consistent relative to such decreased revenues. When taken together, these factors resulted in net losses for those periods. By comparison, for the year ended December 31, 2013, WMMRC’s underwriting expenses were significantly less than prior periods relative to continuing decreased revenues. As result, we experienced positive net income for the period. The reduction in underwriting expenses is primarily a result of improvements in general economic conditions and, specifically, improvements in the real estate market. These improvements resulted in lower than expected incurred losses. The components that gave rise to net income in the current year versus net losses in prior years are described in the tables below under the Net Income (Loss) section.

The total revenue for the year ended December 31, 2013 was $10.2 million, compared to total revenue of $30.6 million and $43.4 million for the same periods in 2012 and 2011, respectively. The $20.4 million revenue decrease between 2012 and 2013 and the $33.2 million decrease in revenue comparing 2011 and 2013 are largely attributable to the operations of WMMRC in runoff mode and the change in the interest rate environment which caused an increase in unrealized losses due to changes in fair market value which were recognized in earlier periods as investment income. No new business is being undertaken and the revenues are expected to continue to decrease.

Underwriting expenses or recoveries (defined as losses, loss adjustment expenses and ceding commission expenses) totaled a $4.8 million recovery for the year ending December 31, 2013, resulting in a decrease of $37.2 million and $56.5 million, respectively, compared to underwriting expenses of $32.4 million and $51.7 million, respectively, for the years ending December 31, 2012 and 2011. This trend is consistent with the runoff nature of the WMMRC subsidiary and is expected to continue. As more fully described in Note 2 to our Consolidated Financial Statements (“Significant Accounting Policies”) in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, due to the current condition of the mortgage insurance market, WMMRC has recorded reserves at the higher of (a) reserves estimated by the consulting actuary for each primary mortgage guaranty carrier and (b) ceded case reserves and incurred but not reported losses (“IBNR”) loss levels reported by the primary mortgage guaranty carriers as of each reporting period. Management believes that its aggregate liability for unpaid losses and loss adjustment expenses at period end represents its best estimate, based upon the available data, of the amount necessary to cover the current cost of losses.

As of December 31, 2013, the loss contract fair market value reserve was analyzed and determined to have a fair market value of $46.3 million. The fair market value of this reserve was $52.2 million at December 31, 2012 and $0.0 at December 31, 2011 (as it was established at a value of $63.1 million as a result of our reorganization described in Note 3 to our Consolidated Financial Statements “Fresh Start Accounting” in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K). The decrease in the loss contract fair market value reserve during the year ended December 31, 2013 and for the period from March 20, 2012 through December 31, 2012 totaled $5.9 million and $10.9 million respectively, and resulted in a corresponding decrease in expense of the same amount during the respective period. The change in 2012 was partially the result of the commutation of PMI as more fully described in Note 4 to our Consolidated Financial Statements (“Insurance Activity”) in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

For the year ended December 31, 2013, our investment portfolio reported net investment losses of $0.8 million, as compared to net investment income of $10.1 million and $8.6 million for the years ended December 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The components of the investment income (loss) are more fully described below in the Net Investment Income (Loss) section. The primary variance occurred due to a changed interest rate environment which resulted in an increase in unrealized losses for the current period.

General and Administrative Expenses

For the year ended December 31, 2013, our general and administrative expenses totaled $5.7 million, compared to $5.2 million and $2.6 million during the same periods in 2012 and 2011, respectively. This is an increase in

 

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general and administrative expenses totaling $0.5 million for the same period in 2012 and an increase of $3.1 million from general and administrative expenses in 2011. The increase in these expenses comparing 2013 to 2012 and 2011 is primarily attributable to resuming public company financial reporting and filing of periodic reports under the Exchange Act after emerging from bankruptcy on March 19, 2012.

Interest Expense

For the year ended December 31, 2013, we incurred $14.9 million of interest expense which is payable on the Runoff Notes. For the period ended December 31, 2012, we incurred $13.5 million of interest expense which is payable on the Runoff Notes. The amount of interest expense for the year ended December 31, 2012 was less than the interest expense for the year ended December 31, 2013 primarily due to the fact that the Runoff Notes were not issued until March 19, 2012. No such interest expense was incurred during the same period in 2011 due to the fact that the Runoff Notes were not issued and outstanding then. Because sufficient “Runoff Proceeds” (as such term is defined in the Indentures) have not always been available to pay accrued interest on the Runoff Notes, a portion of our obligation to pay interest on the Runoff Notes has been satisfied using the “pay-in-kind” or “PIK” feature available under the Indentures. For the year ended December 31, 2013 as a result, $5.5 million of “PIK Notes” were issued in satisfaction of our obligation to pay interest on the Runoff Notes and $9.7 million of interest was paid in cash. Accrued interest expense decreased by $0.3 million yielding net interest expense of $14.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2013. For the year ended December 31, 2012, $8.3 million of “PIK Notes” were issued in satisfaction of our obligation to pay interest on the Runoff Notes and $3.7 million of interest was paid in cash. The total interest expense of $13.5 million includes $1.5 million of interest accrued since the last interest payment period. The accrued interest is converted to PIK Notes at the next payment date if there is not sufficient cash available to satisfy the required interest payment.

Net Income (Loss)

Net income for the year ended December 31, 2013 totaled $0.3 million compared to net losses of $15.8 million and $10.9 million for the years ended December 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The primary factors impacting the change in net income (loss) for the earlier periods compared to 2013 and 2012 are summarized in the tables below.

2013 versus 2012 Summary of Change in Net Income (Loss) (in thousands)

 

     Year Ended December 31,                
           2013                  2012              % Change           $ Change     

Components of change in net income (loss)

           

Revenue

   $ 10,168        $ 30,636          -66.8%       $ (20,468)   

Underwriting (benefit) expense

     (4,834)         32,423          114.9%         37,257    

General and administrative expense

     5,665          5,184          -9.3%         (481)   

Loss contract fair market value reserve (benefit)

     (5,898)         (10,847)         -45.6%         (4,949)   

Loss from contract termination

     —            6,151          N/A           6,151    

Interest expense

     14,897          13,511          -10.3%         (1,386)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

   $ 338        $ (15,786)         102.1%       $ 16,124    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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2013 versus 2011 Summary of Change in Net Income (Loss) (in thousands)

 

     Year Ended December 31,                
           2013                  2011              % Change           $ Change     

Components of change in net income (loss)

           

Revenue

   $ 10,168        $ 43,381          -76.6%       $ (33,213)   

Underwriting (benefit) expense

     (4,834)         51,660          109.4%         56,494    

General and administrative expense

     5,665          2,594          -118.4%         (3,071)   

Loss contract fair market value reserve (benefit)

     (5,898)         —            N/A           5,898    

Interest expense

     14,897          —            N/A           (14,897)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

   $ 338        $ (10,873)         103.1%       $ 11,211    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

2012 versus 2011 Summary of Change in Net Income (Loss) (in thousands)

 

     Year Ended December 31,                
           2012                  2011              % Change           $ Change     

Components of change in net income (loss)

           

Revenue

   $ 30,636        $ 43,381          -29.4%       $ (12,745)   

Underwriting (benefit) expense

     32,423          51,660          37.2%         19,237    

General and administrative expense

     5,184          2,594          -99.8%         (2,590)   

Loss contract fair market value reserve (benefit)

     (10,847)         —            N/A           10,847    

Loss from contract termination

     6,151          —            N/A           (6,151)   

Interest expense

     13,511          —            N/A           (13,511)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

   $ (15,786)       $ (10,873)         -45.2%       $ (4,913)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Comprehensive Income (Loss)

The Company has no comprehensive income (loss) other than the net income (loss) disclosed in the consolidated statements of operations.

Net Premiums Earned

The majority of WMMRC’s reinsurance contracts require premiums to be written and earned monthly. In a few cases, the premiums earned reflect the pro rata inclusion into income of premiums written over the life of the reinsurance contracts. Details of premiums earned are provided in the following table:

 

    Successor     Predecessor  
    Year ended
December 31,
2013
    Period from
March 20,  2012
through
December 31, 2012
    Period from
January 1,  2012
through
March 19, 2012
    Year Ended
December 31,
2011
 

Premiums assumed

  $ 12,115       $ 14,210       $ 6,130       $ 34,562    

Change in unearned premiums

    (1,169)        184         47         222    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Premiums earned

  $ 10,946       $ 14,394       $ 6,177       $ 34,784    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

For the year ended December 31, 2013, premiums earned totaled $10.9 million, a decrease of $9.6 million and $23.8 million when compared to premiums earned during the same periods in 2012 and 2011, respectively. Indeed, the Company revenues will continue to decrease due to WMMRC operating in runoff mode. Factors contributing to such decreased premiums include WMMRC consummating the PMI Commutation and operating in runoff mode.

 

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Losses or Benefits Incurred and Losses and Loss Adjustment Expenses

Losses incurred include losses paid and changes in loss reserves, including reserves for IBNR, premium deficiency reserves net of actual and estimated loss recoverable amounts. Details of net losses or benefits incurred for the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011, are provided in the following table:

 

    Successor     Predecessor  
    Year ended
December 31,
2013
    Period from
March 20,  2012
through
December 31,
2012
    Period from
January 1,  2012
through
March 19,
2012
    Year Ended
December 31,
2011
 

Losses (benefits) incurred

  $ (6,159)      $ 18,644       $ 11,467       $ 47,321    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

We establish reserves for each contract based on estimates of the ultimate cost of all losses including losses incurred but not reported. These estimated ultimate reserves are based on reports received from ceding companies, industry data and historical experience as well as our own actuarial estimates. Quarterly, we review these estimates on a contract by contract basis and adjust as we deem necessary based on updated information and our internal actuarial estimates.

For the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011, the loss or benefit ratios for our business were a benefit ratio of 56 percent, and loss ratios of 146 percent and 136 percent, respectively. The loss or benefit ratio is calculated by dividing incurred losses for the period by earned premiums. The ratio provides a measure of underwriting profit or loss. As a result of improvements in economic conditions generally, and the real estate market particularly, incurred losses have been less than previously projected which, in turn, has yielded the improvement in losses (benefits) incurred described above. In addition, loss reinsurance contracts (which represent the significant majority of our loss exposure) are generally structured with limits set on the aggregate amount of losses that can be incurred over the life of such contract. Upon reaching such limits, no additional losses may be realized under the terms of the contract. Nevertheless, even when applicable contract limits are reached, revenues from premiums collected continue to be ceded for the remaining life of the contract. Over the course of 2013, a majority of WMMRC’s reinsurance arrangements for the 2005 through 2008 book years reached their respective loss limits. As a result, WMMRC does not expect to incur any additional losses for those book years; however, WMMRC may continue to realize revenues from those book years, to the extent premiums are ceded therefrom.

The components of the liability for losses and loss adjustment reserves are as follows at December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively:

 

     Successor            Predecessor  
     December 31,
2013
     December 31,
2012
           December 31,
2011
 

Case-basis reserves

   $ 41,159       $ 66,173            $ 132,970   

IBNR reserves

     713         1,298              6,049   

Premium deficit reserves

     2,442         15,053              3,100   
  

 

 

    

 

 

         

 

 

 

Total

   $ 44,314       $ 82,524            $ 142,119   
  

 

 

    

 

 

         

 

 

 

 

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Losses and loss adjustment reserve activity are as follows for the periods ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively:

 

     Successor      Predecessor  
     December 31,
2013
     December 31,
2012
     December 31,
2011
 

Balance at January 1

   $ 82,524        $ 142,119        $ 190,036    

Incurred—prior periods

     (6,159)         30,111          47,321    

Paid—prior periods

     (32,051)         (89,706)         (95,238)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 44,314        $ 82,524        $ 142,119    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net Investment Income (Loss)

A summary of our net investment income (loss) for the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively, is as follows:

 

    Successor     Predecessor  
    Year ended
December  31,
2013
    Period from
March 20,  2012
through
December 31,
2012
    Period from
January 1,  2012
through
March 19,
2012
    Year ended
December  31,
2011
 

Investment income (loss):

         

Amortization of premium or discount on fixed-maturity

  $ (2,309)      $ (1,837)      $ (523)      $ (2,750)   

Investment income on fixed-maturity securities

    6,588         7,232         2,467         12,920    

Interest income on cash and equivalents

    10         161                49    

Realized net gain (loss) from sale of investments

    (1,575)        2,747         176         1,206    

Unrealized (losses) gains on trading securities held at year end

    (3,492)        (1,410)        1,049         (2,828)   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net investment income (loss)

  $ (778)      $ 6,893       $ 3,172       $ 8,597    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income Taxes

The Company has no current tax liability due as a result of its tax loss position for the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011. More detailed information regarding the Company’s tax position including NOL carry forwards is provided in Note 6 to our Consolidated Financial Statements (“Income Taxes”) in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

The Company files a consolidated federal income tax return. Pursuant to a tax sharing agreement, WMMRC’s federal income tax liability is calculated on a separate return basis determined by applying 35 percent to taxable income, in accordance with the provisions of the Code that apply to mortgage insurance companies. The Company, as WMMRC’s parent, pays federal income taxes on behalf of WMMRC and settles the federal income tax obligation on a current basis in accordance with the tax sharing agreement. WMMRC made no tax payments to WMIHC during the periods ending December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011 associated with the Company’s tax liability from the preceding year. Deferred federal income taxes arise from temporary differences between the valuation of assets and liabilities as determined for financial reporting purposes and income tax purposes. Temporary differences principally relate to discounting of loss reserves, recognition of unearned premiums, net operating losses and unrealized gains and losses on investments. As of December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011, the Company recorded a valuation allowance equal to 100 percent of the net deferred federal income tax asset due to uncertainty regarding the Company’s ability to realize these benefits in the future.

 

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Investments

General

We hold investments at both WMIHC and WMMRC and the two portfolios consist entirely of fixed income instruments, including commercial paper and overnight money market funds totaling $263.9 million. In addition, the Company held $0.1 million and $25.2 million restricted cash at December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively. The value of the consolidated Company’s total cash and investments decreased during the past year. Cash and investments totaled $263.9 million and $345.1 million at December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively.

We work with investment broker dealers and, in the case of WMMRC, collateral trustees, in determining whether a market for a financial instrument is active or inactive. We regularly obtain indicative pricing from market makers and from multiple dealers and compare the level of pricing variances as a way to observe market liquidity for certain investment securities. We also obtain trade history and live market quotations from publicly quoted sources, such as Bloomberg, for trade volume and frequency observation. While we obtain market pricing information from broker dealers, the ultimate fair value of our investments is based on portfolio statements provided by financial institutions that hold our accounts.

During the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012, we transferred $7.1 million and $17.7 million, respectively, of corporate securities that mature within 12 months from Level 2 to Level 1, due to improved liquidity in capital markets for those securities. Please refer to Note 5 to our Consolidated Financial Statements (“Investment Securities”) in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for additional information regarding our investment securities.

WMIHC

On the Effective Date, WMIHC received $75.0 million as contemplated by the Plan. We invested $74 million in agency discount notes, corporate obligations and overnight money market funds. These investment securities are primarily short term and we currently intend to hold all investments to maturity and reinvest the proceeds of the matured or called securities in similar investment securities. We reassess management intent on investment horizons on a quarterly basis. The portfolio may be reclassified if management determines that securities are likely to be sold before their respective maturities. WMIHC’s investment portfolio is recorded at amortized cost. At December 31, 2013 and 2012, the portfolio was valued at $73.8 million and $76.8 million, respectively. At December 31, 2013, approximately 93 percent of the portfolio consists of securities that will mature within the next 12 months and 100 percent of the securities will mature within the next 18 months.

WMMRC

WMMRC’s investments are valued at fair value and any unrealized gains or losses are reflected in net investment income (loss) in the consolidated statements of income. At December 31, 2013, over 94 percent of WMMRC’s investment portfolio was held in five trusts for the benefit of primary mortgage insurers with whom WMMRC established agreements to reinsure private mortgage insurance risk. The total portfolio, including funds in overnight money market instruments, was valued at approximately $189.9 million and $234.4 million at December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively. At December 31, 2013, approximately 51 percent of the portfolio consisted of securities that will mature within the next 12 months and 47 percent of the securities will mature between one and five years, and the remaining 2 percent beyond five years.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

General

WMIHC is organized as a holding company with limited operations of its own. With respect to its own operations, WMIHC has limited continuing cash needs, other than with respect to the payment of administrative expenses and interest and principal payments on the “Runoff Notes” described below in this Part II under “Notes

 

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Payable.” Interest and principal payments on the Runoff Notes are payable solely from “Runoff Proceeds” (as defined in the “Indentures” described below in this Part II under “Notes Payable”) received by WMIHC from WMMRC from time to time. Except in limited circumstances described in Note 8 to our Consolidated Financial Statements (“Notes Payable”) in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, the Runoff Notes are nonrecourse to WMIHC. In addition, all of our significant operations are conducted through our wholly-owned reinsurance subsidiary, WMMRC, which formerly underwrote risks associated with our mortgage reinsurance programs, but has been operating in runoff mode since the Petition Date. There are restrictions on WMMRC’s ability to pay dividends which are described in more detail below. WMIHC does not currently expect to pay dividends on our common shares.

Liquidity Management

The objective of liquidity management is to ensure the Company has the continuing ability to maintain cash flows that are adequate to fund operations and meet obligations and other commitments on a timely and cost-effective basis. The Company establishes and maintains liquidity guidelines for WMIHC as well as for WMMRC, its principal operating subsidiary. Funds held by WMMRC are not available to WMIHC to satisfy its liquidity needs. Any dividend or payment by WMMRC to WMIHC must be approved by the Insurance Commissioner of the State of Hawaii. In light of the restrictions on dividends applicable to WMMRC, WMIHC’s principal sources of liquidity are its unrestricted investments, investment income derived from these investments, fees paid to it by WMMRC with respect to services provided pursuant to the two services agreements approved by the Insurance Commissioner of the State of Hawaii, cash on hand and potential borrowings made under its existing Financing Agreement described below in this Part II under “Financing Arrangements.” In addition, all dividends paid by WMMRC to WMIHC must first be used to make payments on the Runoff Notes in accordance with the Indentures.

Our sources of liquidity include premium receipts, investment income, cash on hand, investment securities, our $125.0 million senior financing facility and the $150 million subordinated note commitment from KKR. Because of the limited nature of WMIHC’s operations, and the runoff nature of WMMRC’s business, as discussed above, all cash available to WMMRC is primarily used to pay reinsurance losses and loss adjustment expenses, ceding commissions, interest and principal obligations on the Runoff Notes (only if WMIHC is in receipt of Runoff Proceeds; otherwise WMIHC pays interest using the “payment-in-kind” (“PIK”) option available under the Indentures) and general administrative expenses.

The Company monitors operating activities, forecasts liquidity needs and adjusts composition of investment securities in order to address liquidity needs. The Company currently has negative monthly operating cash flows mainly due to loss expenses at WMMRC. As a result, the Company maintains a very high quality and short duration investment portfolio in order to match its liability profile at both levels of the consolidated organization.

WMMRC has net assets totaling $145.8 million, $167.0 million and $175.0 million as of December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. These net assets are not immediately available for distribution to WMIHC due to restrictions imposed by the trust arrangements referenced earlier in this report, and the requirement that the Insurance Commissioner of the State of Hawaii must approve dividends from WMMRC. Distributions from WMMRC to WMIHC are further restricted by the terms of the Runoff Notes described in Note 8 to our Consolidated Financial Statements (“Notes Payable”) in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Capital Structure and Management

WMIHC’s capital structure consists of shareholders’ equity and $105.5 million of term debt as of December 31, 2013 represented by the Runoff Notes and governed by the terms of the Indentures.

Our term debt of $130.0 million was issued on the Effective Date. This has subsequently decreased by a net amount of $24.5 million as a result of principal payments totaling $38.4 million net of PIK Notes which have been issued totaling $13.9 million. On the Effective Date, all shares of common and preferred equity securities

 

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previously issued by Washington Mutual, Inc. were cancelled and extinguished. As of the Effective Date, and pursuant to WMIHC’s Articles, WMIHC is authorized to issue up to 500,000,000 shares of common stock and up to 5,000,000 shares of preferred stock, each with a par value of $0.00001 per share. As of December 31, 2013, 201,842,351 shares of WMIHC’s common stock were issued and outstanding and no shares of its preferred stock were issued or outstanding as of such date.

The following transactions (more fully described in Note 15 to our Consolidated Financial Statements (“Subsequent Events”) in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K) were completed subsequent to December 31, 2013:

 

   

In connection with the KKR Transaction, 1,000,000 shares of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Convertible Preferred Stock”), and warrants to purchase 61,400,000 shares of the Company’s common stock were issued effective January 30, 2014.

 

   

Effective February 10, 2014, the number of shares of common stock available for awards pursuant to our 2012 Long-Term Incentive Plan (the “2012 Plan”) and reserved for issuance was increased from 2 million to 3 million shares, and 250,000 restricted shares of the Company’s common stock were issued to members of our CS&D Committee and our Chairman, Michael Willingham.

We believe that our existing capital structure is sufficient to sustain our current business operations and currently do not anticipate incurring additional indebtedness. The foregoing notwithstanding, the Company may, subject to market conditions, as well as limitations set forth in the documentation governing the Financing Agreement (described below) and Indentures (described below), determine to incur additional indebtedness or raise additional equity capital in connection with undertaking one or more acquisitions. As previously announced we have retained Blackstone Advisory Partners, LP to act as our financial advisors and to assist us in developing an acquisition strategy, and we have subsequently entered into a strategic relationship with KKR and closed the KKR Transaction as more fully described in Note 15 to our Consolidated Financial Statements (“Subsequent Events”) in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

While WMIHC is not subject to regulatory capital requirements, WMMRC is required to comply with various solvency and liquidity requirements pursuant to the insurance laws of the State of Hawaii. WMMRC is required to maintain minimum capital and surplus requirements of an amount established under applicable Hawaii law and deemed appropriate by the Insurance Commissioner of the State of Hawaii. As of December 31, 2013, management believes that WMMRC is compliant with applicable statutory solvency, liquidity and minimum capital and surplus requirements. The payment of dividends by WMMRC is subject to statutory restrictions imposed by Hawaii insurance laws and regulations and requires approval from the Insurance Commissioner of the State of Hawaii. In addition, the Financing Agreement and the Indentures impose restrictions on WMMRC business activities. During the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012, WMMRC paid $21.0 million and $35.3 million, respectively, in dividends to WMIHC which were deposited into the Collateral Account (as defined below) and were distributed in accordance with the Indentures.

Financing Arrangements

As of March 19, 2012, a Financing Agreement was entered into by and among WMIHC, WMIIC, the lenders, severally and not jointly, party thereto (each a “Lender” and collectively, the “Lenders”) and U.S. Bank National Association, a national banking association, as administrative agent for the Lenders. The credit facility established by the Financing Agreement may be used for only certain specific purposes.

The facility consists of (a) a tranche A term loan commitment and a tranche A-1 term loan commitment in the aggregate principal amount of $25.0 million and (b) a tranche B term loan commitment in the aggregate principal amount of $100.0 million. The proceeds of (a) the tranche A term loan and tranche A-1 term loan can be used to fund working capital and for general corporate purposes, and (b) the tranche B term loan can be used to fund certain permitted acquisitions and permitted originations (as these terms are defined in the Financing Agreement) which are limited to acquisitions and originations of business in the financial services or insurance sector. The Lenders are severally, and not jointly, obligated to extend such credit to WMIHC.

 

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As of December 31, 2013 and 2012, no loans were outstanding under the Financing Agreement. The facility is secured by substantially all of WMIHC’s assets and the Lenders must have an additional first priority lien on any new business and assets acquired. Pursuant to the terms and conditions of the Financing Agreement, the commitment of the Lenders to extend credit under the Financing Agreement will terminate no later than March 19, 2015.

In addition, as of January 30, 2014 and pursuant to the terms and conditions of the Note Purchase Agreement, KKR Management committed to purchase up to $150 million aggregate principal amount of subordinated 7.50% PIK notes (the “Subordinated Notes”) from WMIHC. The Subordinated Notes may be issued by WMIHC, at WMIHC’s option, in one or more tranches over a three year period commencing January 30, 2014, subject to certain terms and conditions, including the conditions that:

 

   

all or substantially all of the proceeds from the issuance of the Subordinated Notes are used by WMIHC to fund the acquisition of the assets of, or equity interests of, or a business line, unit or division of, any entity that has been approved by the board of directors of WMIHC (the “Board”);

 

   

no defaults or events of default have occurred under the Note Purchase Agreement; and

 

   

no violation of certain provisions of the Investor Rights Agreement have occurred.

KKR Management may refuse to purchase Subordinated Notes from WMIHC in the event that a third party has completed a successful proxy contest against WMIHC or has publicly initiated or threatened to initiate a proxy contest and, in connection therewith, such third party is granted the right to designate more than one nominee to the Board. Upon such refusal, KKR Management will automatically forfeit a percentage of the warrants described in the Investment Agreement. Additionally, WMIHC’s ability to issue the Subordinated Notes is subject to no default or event of default under the Financing Agreement, and limited by the Financing Agreement to the greater of (a) $25 million and (b) 25% of consolidated tangible assets, as defined in the Financing Agreement.

The Subordinated Notes will be unsecured obligations of WMIHC that rank junior to WMIHC’s existing and future senior indebtedness, and will be irrevocably and unconditionally guaranteed by certain WMIHC subsidiaries.

For further information on the KKR Transaction, see Note 15 to our Consolidated Financial Statements (“Subsequent Events”) in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Notes Payable

On the Effective Date, WMIHC issued $110.0 million aggregate principal amount of its 13% Senior First Lien Notes due 2030 (the “First Lien Notes”) under an indenture, dated as of March 19, 2012 (the “First Lien Indenture”), between WMIHC and Wilmington Trust, National Association, as Trustee. Additionally, WMIHC issued $20.0 million aggregate principal amount of its 13% Senior Second Lien Notes due 2030 (the “Second Lien Notes” and, together with the First Lien Notes, the “Runoff Notes”) under an indenture, dated as of March 19, 2012 (the “Second Lien Indenture” and, together with the First Lien Indenture, the “Indentures”), between WMIHC and Law Debenture Trust Company of New York, as Trustee. The Runoff Notes are scheduled to mature on March 19, 2030 and pay interest quarterly.

The Runoff Notes are secured by, and have a specified priority in right of payment in, (a) a securities or deposit account into which WMIHC will deposit distributions it receives of Runoff Proceeds (as defined in the Indentures) (the “Collateral Account”) and (b) the equity interests in, and assets of, either WMMRC, or such other entity as holds (or may hold in the future) WMMRC’s existing portfolio of assets, to the extent a lien has been granted therein (with any such lien subject to regulatory approval). No such regulatory approval has been obtained as of the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

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WMIHC will, and has agreed to cause WMMRC to, deposit all distributions, dividends or other receipts in respect of Runoff Proceeds Distributions (as defined in the Indentures) on the date paid to WMIHC in the Collateral Account established in accordance with the terms of the Indentures. On any interest payment date, payments are made from the Collateral Account and from any other Runoff Proceeds Distributions in the priority set forth in the Indentures. The obligations created by the Runoff Notes are nonrecourse to WMIHC (except for certain actions for specific performance) and, except in certain limited circumstances as more fully described in Section 7.16 of the Indentures with respect to Runoff Proceeds Distributions in the Collateral Account or for failure to comply with certain specified covenants relating to (i) the deposit of Runoff Proceeds in the Collateral Account, (ii) payment of Runoff Proceeds in the Collateral Account in accordance with the order of priority established in the Indentures, (iii) failure to seek to obtain the appropriate regulatory approval to permit the dividend of Runoff Proceeds to WMIHC and (iv) the failure to cause WMMRC to deposit Runoff Proceeds into a segregated account.

In connection with certain interest payments due and payable in respect of the First Lien Notes, WMIHC elected, consistent with the terms of the Indentures, to issue PIK Notes (as defined in the Indentures) in lieu of making such interest payment in cash when no cash was available. In connection with interest payments due and payable in respect of the Second Lien Notes since inception, WMIHC elected, consistent with the terms of the Indentures, to issue PIK Notes (as defined in the Indentures) in lieu of making such interest payment in cash. The aggregate face amount of PIK Notes issued as of December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011 totals approximately $13.9 million, $8.3 million and $0.0, respectively. Outstanding amounts under these notes totaled approximately $105.5 million, $136.3 million and $0.0 as of December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. Approximately $36.3 million, $2.1 million and $0.0 of First Lien Notes principal was paid during the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. Interest on First Lien Notes paid in cash totaled approximately $9.7 million, $3.7 million and $0.0 million during the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. On September 4, 2012, WMIHC received the Issuer Incremental Amount and Issuer Priority Amount (as such terms are defined in the Indentures) in accordance with the terms of the First Lien Indenture. As of December 31, 2013 and 2012, the Collateral Account contained $0.1 million, and $25.0 million, respectively of cash received from WMMRC which were ultimately used for future administrative expenses and interest and principal payments on the Runoff Notes.

Contractual Obligations Commitments and Contingencies

WMMRC has engaged a Hawaiian-based service provider, Marsh Management Services Inc., to provide accounting and related management services for its operations. In exchange for performing these services, WMMRC pays such service provider a management fee.

On March 19, 2012, WMIHC entered into an Investment Management Agreement with WMMRC. Under the terms of this agreement, WMIHC receives a fee from WMMRC equal to the product of (x) the ending dollar amount of assets under management during the calendar month in question and (y) .002 divided by 12. WMIHC is responsible for investing the funds of WMMRC based on applicable investment criteria and subject to rules and regulations to which WMMRC is subject. The Investment Management Agreement has been approved by the Insurance Commissioner of the State of Hawaii.

On March 19, 2012, WMIHC entered into an Administrative Services Agreement with WMMRC. Under the terms of this agreement, WMIHC receives from WMMRC a fee of $110,000 per month. WMIHC is responsible for providing administrative services to support, among other things, supervision, governance, financial administration and reporting, risk management, and claims management as may be necessary, together with such other general or specific administrative services that may be reasonably required or requested by WMMRC in the ordinary course of its business. The Administrative Services Agreement has been approved by the Insurance Commissioner of the State of Hawaii.

 

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Total amounts incurred under the Investment Management Agreement and Administration Services Agreement totaled $1.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2013, and $1.5 million for the period from March 20, 2012 to December 31, 2012 and $0.0 for all other periods. The expense and related income eliminate on consolidation.

On March 23, 2012, WMIHC and the Trust entered into the Transition Services Agreement (the “TSA”). Pursuant to the TSA, each party will make available certain services and employees. The TSA provides the Company with office space for its current employees and basic infrastructure and support services to allow the Company to operate. The TSA provides the Trust with access to certain of the Company’s employees. The TSA was amended on September 18, 2012 and the term of the agreement was extended through March 31, 2013, with automatic renewals thereafter for successive additional three-month terms, subject to non-renewal at the end of any additional term upon written notice by either party at least 30 days prior to the expiration of the additional term. The agreement has automatically renewed per its terms and is currently in place through June 30, 2014, subject to additional renewals. Either party may terminate one or more of the services offered upon 10 days’ written notice to the other party.

In connection with implementing the Plan, certain holders of specified “Allowed Claims” had the right to elect to receive such holder’s “Pro Rata Share of the Common Stock Allotment.” Essentially, the Plan defines the “Pro Rata Share of the Common Stock Allotment” as a pro rata share of ten million (10,000,000) shares of WMIHC’s common stock (i.e. five percent (5%)) issued and outstanding on the Effective Date. Holders exercising the foregoing election did so in lieu of receiving (i) 50% of such holder’s interest in and to certain litigation proceeds that could be realized by the Trust on account of certain claims and causes of action asserted by the Trust as contemplated by the Plan (“Litigation Proceeds”), and (ii) some or all of the Runoff Notes to which such holder may be entitled (if such holder elected to receive Runoff Notes in accordance with the terms of the Plan).

If a holder exercised the election described above and, as a result of such election, received shares of WMIHC’s common stock, then such holder’s share of Runoff Notes to which the election was effective (i.e., One Dollar ($1.00) of original principal amount of Runoff Notes for each share of WMIHC’s common stock) were not issued. In addition, as a result of making the aforementioned election, such holders conveyed to, and WMIHC retains an economic interest in, the Litigation Proceeds equal to fifty percent (50%) of the Litigation Proceeds to which the electing holder otherwise would have been entitled and such holder’s rights in respect of distributions from the Trust will be adjusted to the extent Litigation Proceeds are received by WMIHC). Distributions, if any, to WMIHC on account of the foregoing will be effected in accordance with the Plan and Confirmation Order.

As of December 31, 2013, WMIHC had not received any Litigation Proceeds in connection with the foregoing. Given the speculative nature of litigation, there can be no assurance that WMIHC will receive any value or distributions on account of Litigation Proceeds.

See Note 3 to our Consolidated Financial Statements (“Fresh Start Accounting”) in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for a discussion of fees attributed to WMMRC in accordance with SAB Topics 1B and 1B1 which address common cost and expense allocations for pre-Effective Date periods.

As a result of the reorganization an intangible asset was identified related to reinsurance contracts which were held by WMMRC. The contracts were evaluated to determine whether the value attributable to such contracts was either above market or in a loss contract position. After taking such evaluation into consideration, a loss contract fair market value reserve totaling $63.1 million was recorded. The Company adopted the fair value option relative to this reserve. The reserve will be evaluated at each reporting date for changes to its value. As of December 31, 2013 and 2012, the loss contract fair market value reserve was analyzed and determined to be $46.3 million and $52.2 million, respectively. This decrease in the loss contract fair market value reserve of $5.9 million and $10.9 million for the periods ended December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively, resulted in corresponding decreases in expenses of the same amount. The majority of the 2012 reduction resulted from the PMI commutation with the balance occurring due to changes in the timing and projected amounts of future losses from the remaining contracts. The fair market value of this reserve will ultimately be reduced to $0.0, therefore it

 

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will improve operating results in future periods as it will reduce future expenses. For additional information see each of Notes 2 and 3 to our Consolidated Financial Statements (“Significant Accounting Policies”) and (“Fresh Start Accounting”), respectively, in each case as set forth in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

As of January 30, 2014, pursuant to the terms and conditions of the Investment Agreement, WMIHC sold to KKR Fund 1,000,000 shares of Convertible Preferred Stock having the terms, rights, obligations and preferences contained in the Articles of Amendment for a purchase price equal to $11.1 million and issued to KKR Fund warrants to purchase, in the aggregate, 61.4 million shares of WMIHC’s common stock, 30.7 million of which have an exercise price of $1.32 per share and 30.7 million of which have an exercise price of $1.43 per share (together, the “Warrants”). KKR Fund’s rights as a holder of the Convertible Preferred Stock and the Warrants, and the rights of any subsequent holder that is an affiliate of KKR Fund (together with KKR Fund, the “Holders”) are governed by the Investor Rights Agreement. Pursuant to the Investor Rights Agreement, for so long as the Holders own 50% of the Convertible Preferred Stock issued as of January 30, 2014 (or the underlying common stock of WMIHC), the Holders will have the right to appoint one of seven directors to WMIHC’s board of directors. Additionally, until January 30, 2017, and subject to certain limitations, the Holders will have the right to purchase up to 50% of any future equity rights offerings or other equity issuance by WMIHC on the same terms as the equity issued to other investors in such transactions, in an aggregate amount of such offerings and issuances by WMIHC of up to $1 billion. The Investor Rights Agreement also provides the Holders with registration rights, including three long form demand registration rights, unlimited short form demand registration rights and customary piggyback registration rights with respect to common stock (and common stock underlying the Convertible Preferred Stock and the Warrants), subject to certain minimum thresholds, customary blackout periods and lockups of 180 days. Moreover, for as long as the Holders beneficially own any shares of common stock of WMIHC or Convertible Preferred Stock or any of the Warrants, WMIHC has agreed to provide customary Rule 144A information rights, to provide the Holders with regular audited and unaudited financial statements and to allow the Holders or their representatives to inspect WMIHC’s books and records. For further information on the Investment Agreement and the Investor Rights Agreement, see Note 15 to our Consolidated Financial Statements (“Subsequent Events”) in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Off-Balance Sheet Financing Arrangements

We have no obligations, assets or liabilities which would be considered off-balance sheet arrangements. We do not participate in transactions that create relationships with unconsolidated entities or financial partnerships, often referred to as variable interest entities, which would have been established for the purpose of facilitating off-balance sheet arrangements.

 

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

We are principally exposed to three types of market risk:

 

   

interest rate risk;

 

   

credit risk; and

 

   

liquidity risk.

Interest Rate Risk: The Company’s fixed maturity portfolio is exposed to interest rate risk. Fluctuations in interest rates have a direct impact on the market valuation of these investments. As interest rates rise, the market value of the Company’s fixed maturity portfolio falls and the Company has the risk that cash outflows will have to be funded by selling assets, which will be trading at depreciated values. As interest rates decline, the market value of the Company’s fixed income portfolio increases and the Company has reinvestment risk, as funds reinvested will earn less than is necessary to match anticipated liabilities. We manage interest rate risk primarily by selecting investments with characteristics such as duration, and liquidity tailored to the anticipated cash

 

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outflow characteristics of our liabilities. In the case of WMMRC, the investment portfolio duration is currently under two years because a significant portion of WMMRC’s losses are expected to be paid out over the next two years.

At December 31, 2013, the impact on the Company’s fixed maturity and short-term investments from an immediate 100 basis point increase in market interest rates (based on United States Treasury yield) would have resulted in an estimated decrease in market value of 0.84 percent or approximately $2.4 million. At December 31, 2012, the impact on the Company’s fixed maturity and short-term investments from an immediate 100 basis point increase in market interest rates (based on United States Treasury yield) would have resulted in an estimated decrease in market value of 1.78 percent or approximately $5.5 million.

 

     Impact of Interest Rate Shift in Basis Points  
     At December 31, 2013      At December 31, 2012  
     0      +100      0      +100  

Total Market/Fair Value ($000)

     263,664         261,284         311,097         305,559   

Market/Fair Value Change ($000)

     0         -2,380         0         -5,538   

Market/Fair Value Change (%)

     0.00         -0.84         0.00         -1.78   

Credit Risk: The Company’s primary credit risks result from investments in corporate bonds. We limit our credit exposure by purchasing high quality fixed income investments to maintain an average credit quality of AA- or higher for the overall investments. A1/P1 is the minimum rating at purchase for all of our short-term commercial paper positions. In addition, we have limited our exposure to any single issuer to 7 percent or less of total investments, excluding commercial paper, treasury and agency securities. Our minimum rating for investment at purchase is A3/A-. Where investments are downgraded below the minimum rating at purchase, we permit our investment managers to continue holding such securities subject to additional credit research and monitoring. During 2013, Moody’s downgraded certain large U.S. banks and/or bank holding companies from A3 to Baa1. We continue to hold some positions in these credits. At December 31, 2013, 7.7 percent of the portfolio was rated below A3/A-, comparing to 2.8 percent at December 31, 2012. We did not have any exposure to non-investment grade securities; and we did not have an aggregate exposure to any single issuer of more than 6 percent of total investments, other than with respect to government securities and commercial paper.

Liquidity Risk: Certain of the Company’s investments may become illiquid. Disruption in the credit markets may materially affect the liquidity of the Company’s investments. If the Company requires significant amounts of cash on short notice in excess of normal cash requirements in a period of market illiquidity, it may be difficult to sell the investments in a timely manner and they may have to be disposed of for less than what may otherwise have been possible under other conditions. As of December 31, 2013, the Company had $72.2 million of unrestricted, liquid assets, defined as unpledged cash and cash equivalents, short term investments, government and government agency securities. Please refer to Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations-Liquidity and Capital Resources for additional information regarding our liquidity sources and management.

 

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Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

The information required by this Item 8 is incorporated by reference from the WMI Holdings Corp. Consolidated Financial Statements beginning on page F-1.

 

Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.

None

 

Item 9A. Controls and Procedures.

Conclusion Regarding the Effectiveness of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

Our management has evaluated, under the supervision and with the participation of our Interim Chief Executive Officer, and Interim Chief Financial Officer, the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures of the Company as of December 31, 2013. Based on that evaluation, our Interim Chief Executive Officer and Interim Chief Financial Officer have concluded that, as of December 31, 2013, the disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) were effective in ensuring that information required to be disclosed by the Company in reports the Company files or submits under the Exchange Act:

(1) is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission rules and forms, and

(2) is accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including the Company’s principal executive and principal financial officers, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

There have been no changes in internal control over financial reporting during the fourth quarter ended December 31, 2013 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as such term is defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(f). Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Interim Chief Executive Officer and Interim Chief Financial Officer, we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting based on the framework in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. Based on our evaluation under the framework in Internal Control—Integrated Framework, our management concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was effective as of December 31, 2013.

The effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2013 has been audited by Burr Pilger Mayer, Inc., the independent registered public accounting firm that audited our financial statements included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, as stated in their attestation report, which is included below.

 

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Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of WMI Holdings Corp.:

We have audited the internal control over financial reporting of WMI Holdings Corp. and its subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2013, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). The Company’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting included in the accompanying Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit.

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audit also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the Company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

In our opinion, WMI Holdings Corp. and subsidiaries maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2013, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO).

We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the consolidated balance sheets and the related consolidated statements of operations, changes in shareholders’ equity, and cash flows of WMI Holdings Corp. and its subsidiaries, and our report dated March 14, 2014 expressed an unqualified opinion.

/s/ Burr Pilger Mayer, Inc.

San Francisco, California

March 14, 2014

 

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Item 9B. Other Information.

None

 

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PART III

 

Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance.

The information required by this item regarding our executive officers is provided in Item 1. Business—Executive Officers of the Registrant in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. The information required by this item concerning our directors, compliance with Section 16 of the Exchange Act, our code of ethics and other corporate governance information is incorporated by reference to the information set forth in the sections entitled “Proposal 1: Election of Directors,” “Committees and Meetings of the Board,” “Code of Ethics,” “Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management—Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance” and “Shareholder Proposals for 2015” in our Proxy Statement for our 2014 annual meeting of shareholders to be filed with the SEC not later than 120 days after the fiscal year ended December 31, 2013 (the “2014 Proxy Statement”).

 

Item 11. Executive Compensation.

The information required by this item is incorporated by reference to the information set forth in the sections entitled “Executive Compensation,” “Director Compensation for Fiscal 2013,” and “Report of the Compensation Committee” in the 2014 Proxy Statement.

 

Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.

The following table contains information as of December 31, 2013 about equity securities authorized for issuance under our 2012 Plan:

 

Plan category(1)

  Number of securities to be
issued upon exercise of
outstanding options,
warrants and rights
(a)
    Weighted average exercise
price of outstanding options,
warrants and rights
(b)
    Number of securities
remaining available for
future issuance under  equity
compensation plans
(excluding securities reflected
in column (a))
(c)
 

Equity compensation plans approved by security holders

    - 0 -        - 0 -        - 0 -   

Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders

    - 0 -        - 0 -        157,649   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

    - 0 -        - 0 -        157,649   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) 

On the Effective Date, pursuant to the Plan and the Confirmation Order, all equity interests in WMI, including common stock and any options, warrants, calls, subscriptions or other similar rights or other agreements, commitments or outstanding securities obligations, were cancelled and extinguished.

The 2012 Plan took effect on May 22, 2012, and will terminate on May 22, 2022. Upon termination, we will stop issuing awards under the 2012 Plan; however, the termination of the plan will not affect any outstanding awards. The adoption of the 2012 Plan did not require shareholder approval. The 2012 Plan is administered concurrently by our Compensation Committee and Board of Directors, and we are authorized to make restricted stock grants and certain other awards under the plan. The 2012 Plan currently does not authorize the award of options, stock appreciation rights or any performance-based awards. Effective February 10, 2014, the number of shares of common stock available for awards pursuant to the 2012 Plan and reserved for issuance was increased from 2 million to 3 million shares, and a total of 250,000 restricted shares of WMIHC’s common stock was issued to members of our CS&D Committee and our Chairman, Michael Willingham. 907,649 shares of WMIHC’s common stock remain available for future issuance under the 2012 Plan. In the event any award granted under the 2012 Plan is forfeited, terminates or is canceled or expires, the number of shares of stock subject to such award, to the extent of any such forfeiture, termination, cancellation or expiration, will thereafter be available for

 

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grant under the plan. At the discretion of the Compensation Committee or the Board of Directors, awards may be granted to employees, officers, directors, consultants and other service providers of WMIHC or its affiliates. Each award must be evidenced by a written agreement between WMIHC and the grantee. Restricted stock grants are subject to such restrictions on transferability and other restrictions as the Compensation Committee or the Board of Directors may impose. These restrictions may lapse separately or in combination at such times, in such circumstances, in such installments, or otherwise, as the Compensation Committee or the Board of Directors determines; however, no more than 5% in the aggregate of the shares available for award may be subject to restricted stock grants with respect to which the restrictions lapse solely based on the passage of time and which vest in less than three years. Restricted stock may not be sold, pledged, assigned, hypothecated, transferred or disposed of, except in limited circumstances. Subject to override by the Board of Directors, in the event of a change in control of WMIHC, any time based or other restrictions imposed on restricted stock grants will lapse. For further information on our 2012 Plan, see Notes 10 and 15 to our Consolidated Financial Statements (“Capital Stock”) and (“Subsequent Events”), in each case, as set forth in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

The information required by this item concerning security ownership of certain beneficial owners and management is incorporated by reference to the information set forth in the section entitled “Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management—Stock Ownership Table” in the 2014 Proxy Statement.

 

Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions and Director Independence.

The information required by this item is incorporated by reference to the information set forth in the sections entitled “Proposal 1: Election of Directors” and “Committees and Meetings of the Board” in the 2014 Proxy Statement.

 

Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services.

The information required by this item is incorporated by reference to the information set forth in the section entitled “Matters Relating to Our Auditors” in the 2014 Proxy Statement.

 

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PART IV

 

Item 15. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules.

Documents filed as part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K are as follows:

 

1. Financial Statements:    Page  

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

     F-2   

WMI Holdings Corp. and Subsidiaries Consolidated Balance Sheets—as of December  31, 2013 (Successor) and December 31, 2012 (Successor)

     F-3   

WMI Holdings Corp. and Subsidiaries Consolidated Statements of Operations—for the year ended December 31, 2013 (Successor) and periods from March 20, 2012 through December 31, 2012 (Successor), and January 1, 2012 through March 19, 2012 (Predecessor), and for the year ended December 31, 2011 (Predecessor)

     F-4   

WMI Holdings Corp. and Subsidiaries Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity—for the year ended December 31, 2013 (Successor) and for the periods from March 20, 2012 through December 31, 2012 (Successor), and January 1, 2012 through March 19, 2012 (Predecessor), and for the year ended December 31, 2011 (Predecessor)

     F-5   

WMI Holdings Corp. and Subsidiaries Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows—for the year ended December 31, 2013 (Successor) and for the periods from March 20, 2012 through December 31, 2012 (Successor), and January 1, 2012 through March 19, 2012 (Predecessor), and for the year ended December 31, 2011 (Predecessor)

     F-6   

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

     F-7   

2. Financial Statement Schedules:

All schedules for which provision is made in the applicable accounting regulations of the SEC are omitted because they either are not required under the related instructions, are inapplicable, or the required information is shown in the financial statements or notes thereto.

3. Exhibits:

The exhibits required to be filed by Item 601 of Regulation S-K are listed in the Exhibit Index, which immediately follows the F-pages of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. An asterisk (*) beside the exhibit number indicates the exhibits containing a management contract, compensatory plan or arrangement, which are required to be identified in this report.

 

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

Date: March 14, 2014     WMI HOLDINGS CORP.
    By:  

/s/ CHARLES EDWARD SMITH

    Charles Edward Smith
    Interim Chief Executive Officer and Secretary

POWER OF ATTORNEY

KNOW ALL PERSONS BY THESE PRESENTS that each individual whose signature appears below constitutes and appoints Charles Edward Smith and Michael Willingham, and each of them, his or her lawful attorneys-in-fact and agents, with full power of substitution, for him or her and in his or her name, place and stead, in any and all capacities, to sign any and all amendments to this Annual Report on Form 10-K and to file the same, with all exhibits thereto and all documents in connection therewith, with the Securities and Exchange Commission, granted unto said attorneys-in-fact and agents, and each of them, full power and authority to do and perform each and every act and thing requisite and necessary to be done in and about the premises, as fully to all intents and purposes as he or she might or could do in person, hereby ratifying and confirming all said attorneys-in-fact and agents or any of them, or his or their substitute or substitutes, may lawfully do or cause to be done by virtue hereof.

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.

 

Signature

  

Title

 

Date

/S/ CHARLES EDWARD SMITH

Charles Edward Smith

  

Interim Chief Executive Officer

(Principal Executive Officer)

  March 14, 2014

/S/ TIMOTHY F. JAEGER

Timothy F. Jaeger

  

Interim Chief Financial Officer

(Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer)

  March 14, 2014

/S/ MICHAEL WILLINGHAM

Michael Willingham

  

Director

Chairman of the Board

  March 14, 2014

 

Eugene Davis

  

Director

  March 14, 2014

/S/ MARK HOLLIDAY

Mark Holliday

  

Director

  March 14, 2014

/S/ DIANE BETH GLOSSMAN

Diane Beth Glossman

  

Director

  March 14, 2014

/S/ TIMOTHY R. GRAHAM

Timothy R. Graham

  

Director

  March 14, 2014

/S/ MICHAEL RENOFF

Michael Renoff

  

Director

  March 14, 2014

/S/ STEVEN D. SCHEIWE

Steven D. Scheiwe

  

Director

  March 14, 2014

 

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WMI HOLDINGS CORP.

Index to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

     F-2   

WMI Holdings Corp. and Subsidiaries Consolidated Balance Sheets—as of December  31, 2013 (Successor), and December 31, 2012 (Successor)

     F-3   

WMI Holdings Corp. and Subsidiaries Consolidated Statements of Operations—for the year ended December 31, 2013 (Successor), and periods from March 20, 2012 through December 31, 2012 (Successor), and January 1, 2012 through March 19, 2012 (Predecessor), and for the year ended December 31, 2011 (Predecessor)

     F-4   

WMI Holdings Corp. and Subsidiaries Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity—for the year ended December 31, 2013 (Successor), and for the periods from March 20, 2012 through December 31, 2012 (Successor), and January 1, 2012 through March 19, 2012 (Predecessor), and for the year ended December 31, 2011 (Predecessor)

     F-5   

WMI Holdings Corp. and Subsidiaries Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows—for the year ended December 31, 2013 (Successor), and for the periods from March 20, 2012 through December 31, 2012 (Successor), and January 1, 2012 through March 19, 2012 (Predecessor), and for the years ended December 31, 2011 (Predecessor)

     F-6   

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

     F-7   

 

F-1


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Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of WMI Holdings Corp.

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of WMI Holdings Corp. and its subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2013 (Successor) and December 31, 2012 (Successor), and the related consolidated statements of operations, changes in shareholders’ equity, and cash flows for the year ended December 31, 2013 (Successor) and for the period from March 20, 2012 through December 31, 2012 (Successor), the period from January 1, 2012 through March 19, 2012 (Predecessor) and for the year ended December 31, 2011 (Predecessor). The Company’s management is responsible for these consolidated financial statements. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements based on our audits.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, and evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of WMI Holdings Corp. and its subsidiaries as of December 31, 2013 (Successor) and December 31, 2012 (Successor), and the results of their operations and their cash flows for the year ended December 31, 2013 (Successor) and for the period from March 20, 2012 through December 31, 2012 (Successor), the period from January 1, 2012 through March 19, 2012 (Predecessor) and for the year ended December 31, 2011 (Predecessor) in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

As discussed in Note 1 to the consolidated balance sheets, on September 26, 2008 the Company filed a voluntary petition for relief under Chapter 11 of title 11 of the United States Code in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the District of Delaware. The Company’s Seventh Amended Plan was confirmed on February 24, 2012. The Plan was substantially consummated on March 19, 2012 and the Company emerged from bankruptcy. In connection with its emergence from bankruptcy, the Company adopted fresh start accounting on March 19, 2012.

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2013, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO), and our report dated March 14, 2014 expressed an unqualified opinion.

/s/ Burr Pilger Mayer, Inc.

San Francisco, California

March 14, 2014

 

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WMI HOLDINGS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(in thousands, except share data)

 

 

 

     Successor
December 31,
2013
     Successor
December 31,
2012
 

ASSETS

     

Investments held in trust, at fair value:

     

Fixed-maturity securities

   $ 145,904        $
201,660 
  

Cash equivalents held in trust

     33,093         
17,019 
  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total investments held in trust

     178,997         
218,679 
  

Cash and cash equivalents

     11,986         
16,761 
  

Fixed-maturity securities, at fair value

     72,897         
75,809 
  

Restricted cash

     115         
25,169 
  

Accrued investment income

     1,110         
1,698 
  

Deferred offering costs

     1,071          —      

Other assets

     1,462          1,800    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 267,638        $
339,916 
  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

     

Liabilities:

     

Notes payable—principal

   $ 105,502        $
136,272 
  

Notes payable—interest

     1,143         
1,476 
  

Losses and loss adjustment reserves

     44,314         
82,524 
  

Losses payable

     2,517         
2,140 
  

Unearned premiums

     1,394         
225 
  

Accrued ceding commissions

     102         
136 
  

Loss contract fair market value reserve

     46,319         
52,217 
  

Other liabilities

     1,218         
536 
  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total liabilities

     202,509          275,526    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies

     

Shareholders’ equity:

     

Preferred stock, $0.00001 par value; 5,000,000 authorized, none issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2013 and 2012

     —           
—   
  

Common stock, $0.00001 par value; 500,000,000 authorized, 201,842,351 and 201,156,078 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively

            

  

Additional paid-in capital

     77,142         
76,741 
  

Accumulated deficit

     (12,015)        
(12,353)
  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total shareholders’ equity

     65,129         
64,390 
  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

   $ 267,638        $
339,916 
  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

 

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WMI HOLDINGS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(in thousands, except share data)

 

 

 

     Successor      Successor          Predecessor      Predecessor  
     Year
ended
December 31,
2013
     Period from
March 20, 2012
through December 31,
2012
         Period from
January 1, 2012
through March 19,
2012
     Year
ended

December  31,
2011
 

Revenues:

              

Premiums earned

   $ 10,946        $ 14,394           $ 6,177        $
34,784 
  

Net investment (loss) income

     (778)         6,893             3,172         
8,597 
  
  

 

 

    

 

 

       

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total revenues

     10,168          21,287             9,349         
43,381 
  
  

 

 

    

 

 

       

 

 

    

 

 

 

Expenses:

              

Losses and loss adjustment expenses (benefit)

     (6,159)         18,644             11,467         
47,321 
  

Ceding commission expense

     1,325          1,544             768         
4,339 
  

General and administrative expenses

     5,665          4,637             547         
2,594 
  

Loss contract reserve fair market value change

     (5,898)         (10,847)            —           
—   
  

Loss from contract termination

     —            6,151             —            —      

Interest expense

     14,897          13,511             —           
—   
  
  

 

 

    

 

 

       

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total expenses

     9,830          33,640             12,782         
54,254 
  
  

 

 

    

 

 

       

 

 

    

 

 

 

Income (loss) before federal income taxes

     338          (12,353)            (3,433)        
(10,873)
  

Income tax expense (benefit)

     —            —               —           
—   
  
  

 

 

    

 

 

       

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

   $ 338        $ (12,353)          $ (3,433)       $ (10,873)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

       

 

 

    

 

 

 

Basic and diluted net income (loss) per share attributable to common shareholders

   $ 0.00        $ (0.06)          $ (3,433.00)       $
(10,873.00)
  

Shares used in computing basic and diluted net income (loss) per share

     200,304,068          200,000,000             1,000         
1,000 
  

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

 

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WMI HOLDINGS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

(in thousands, except share data)

 

 

 

     Common Stock      Additional
paid-in
capital
     Retained
earnings
(deficit)
     Total
shareholders’
equity
(deficit)
 
     Shares      Amount           

Balance at January 1, 2011 (Predecessor)

     1,000        $       $ 69,879        $ 115,983        $ 185,863    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income (loss) from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2011

     —            —            —            (10,873)         (10,873)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2011 (Predecessor)

     1,000                  69,879          105,110          174,990    

Net income (loss) from January 1, 2012 to March 19, 2012

     —            —            —            (3,433)         (3,433)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance at March 19, 2012 (Predecessor) (Unaudited)

     1,000                  69,879          101,677          171,557    

Fresh Start Adjustments:

              

Allocated carve-out costs

     —            —            —            23,108          23,108    

Cancellation of Predecessor common stock

     (1,000)         (1)         (69,879)         (124,785)         (194,665)   

Issuance of common stock

     200,000,000                  76,598          —            76,600    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance at March 19, 2012 (Successor)

     200,000,000                  76,598          —            76,600    

Net income (loss) from March 20, 2012 to December 31, 2012

     —            —            —            (12,353)         (12,353)   

Issuance of common stock under restricted share compensation arrangement

     1,156,078          —            —            —            —      

Stock based compensation

     —            —            143          —            143    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2012 (Successor)

     201,156,078                  76,741          (12,353)         64,390    

Net income (loss) from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2013

     —            —            —            338          338    

Issuance of common stock under restricted share compensation arrangement

     686,273          —            —            —            —      

Stock based compensation

     —            —            401          —            401    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2013 (Successor)

     201,842,351        $       $ 77,142        $ (12,015)       $ 65,129    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

 

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WMI HOLDINGS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(in thousands)

 

 

 

    Successor     Successor          Predecessor     Predecessor  
    Year ended
December 31,

2013
    Period from
March 20, 2012
through December 31,
2012
         Period from
January 1, 2012
through March 19,
2012
    Year ended
December 31,
2011
 

Cash flows from operating activities:

           

Net income (loss)

  $ 338       $ (12,353)          $ (3,433)      $
(10,873)
  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash (used in) provided by operating activities before reorganization activities:

           

Amortization of bond premium or discount

    2,309         1,837             523        
2,750 
  

Net realized (gain) loss on sale of investments

    1,575         (2,747)            (176)       
(1,206)
  

Unrealized (gain) loss on trading securities

    3,492         1,410             (1,049)       
2,828 
  

Equity-based compensation expense

    401         143             —          
—   
  

Changes in assets and liabilities:

           

Accrued investment income

    588         616             309        
889 
  

Deferred offering costs

    (1,071)        —               —           —      

Other assets

    338         1,588             (597)       
1,385 
  

Change in cash held in trust

    (16,074)        9,230             7,209        
3,998 
  

Change in restricted cash

    25,054         (25,169)            —          
—   
  

Losses and loss adjustment reserves

    (38,210)        (58,485)            (1,109)       
(47,917)
  

Losses payable

    377         (5,445)            1,662        
(6,498)
  

Unearned premiums

    1,169         (184)            (47)       
(222)
  

Accrued ceding commission expense

    (34)        (330)            137        
(259)
  

Accrued interest on notes payable

    (333)        1,476             —          
—   
  

Loss contract fair market value reserve

    (5,898)        (10,847)            —          
—   
  

Other liabilities

    682         (3,514)            414        
2,033 
  
 

 

 

   

 

 

       

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total adjustments

    (25,635)        (90,421)            7,276        
(42,219)
  
 

 

 

   

 

 

       

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities

    (25,297)        (102,774)            3,843        
(53,092)
  
 

 

 

   

 

 

       

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

           

Purchase of investments

    (430,983)        (202,847)            (38,506)       
(147,993)
  

Proceeds from sales and maturities of investments

    482,275         234,096             34,035        
206,789 
  
 

 

 

   

 

 

       

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

    51,292         31,249             (4,471)       
58,796 
  
 

 

 

   

 

 

       

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

           

Cash from (used in) reorganization activities

    —           —               75,000        
—   
  

Notes payable—principal repayments

    (36,294)        (2,064)            —          
—   
  

Notes payable—principal issued

    5,524         8,336             —          
—   
  
 

 

 

   

 

 

       

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities

    (30,770)        6,272             75,000         —      
 

 

 

   

 

 

       

 

 

   

 

 

 

(Decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

    (4,775)        (65,253)            74,372        
5,704 
  

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

    16,761         82,014             7,642        
1,938 
  
 

 

 

   

 

 

       

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

  $ 11,986       $ 16,761           $ 82,014       $ 7,642    
 

 

 

   

 

 

       

 

 

   

 

 

 

Supplementary disclosure of cash flow information:

           

Cash paid during the year:

           

Interest

  $ 9,707       $ 3,699           $ —         $
—   
  
 

 

 

   

 

 

       

 

 

   

 

 

 

Supplementary disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities:

           

Notes payable issued in lieu of cash interest payments

  $ 5,524       $ 8,336           $ —         $
—   
  
 

 

 

   

 

 

       

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

 

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WMI HOLDINGS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Unless otherwise indicated, financial information, including dollar values stated in the text of the notes to financial statements, is expressed in thousands.

References herein to the “Company,” “we,” “us,” “our” or “Successor” generally are intended to refer to WMI Holdings Corp. and its subsidiaries on a consolidated basis. “WMMRC” means WM Mortgage Reinsurance Company, Inc. (a wholly-owned subsidiary of WMIHC). “WMIIC” means WMI Investment Corp. (a wholly-owned subsidiary of WMIHC).

Note 1: The Company and its Subsidiaries

WMI Holdings Corp.

WMI Holdings Corp. (“WMIHC”) is a holding company organized and existing under the laws of the State of Washington. WMIHC, formerly known as Washington Mutual, Inc. (“WMI”), is the direct parent of WM Mortgage Reinsurance Company, Inc. (“WMMRC”), a Hawaii corporation, and WMI Investment Corp. (“WMIIC”), a Delaware corporation. As described below, WMIHC is a successor to WMI, as and to the extent described in the Plan (defined below) .

Prior to September 26, 2008 (the “Petition Date”), WMI was a multiple savings and loan holding company that owned Washington Mutual Bank (“WMB”) and, indirectly, WMB’s subsidiaries, including Washington Mutual Bank fsb (“FSB”). As of the Petition Date, WMI also owned, directly or indirectly, several non-banking, non-debtor subsidiaries. Prior to the Petition Date, WMI was subject to regulation and examination by the Office of Thrift Supervision (the “OTS”). WMB and FSB, in turn, as depository institutions with federal thrift charters, were subject to regulation and examination by the OTS. In addition, WMI’s banking and non-banking subsidiaries were overseen by various federal and state authorities, including the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”).

On September 25, 2008, the OTS, by order number 2008-36, closed WMB, appointed the FDIC as receiver for WMB (the “FDIC Receiver”) and advised that the FDIC Receiver was immediately taking possession of WMB’s assets. Immediately after its appointment as receiver, the FDIC Receiver sold substantially all the assets of WMB, including the stock of FSB, to JPMorgan Chase Bank, National Association (“JPMC”), pursuant to that certain Purchase and Assumption Agreement, Whole Bank, effective September 25, 2008, in exchange for payment of $1.88 billion and the assumption of all of WMB’s deposit liabilities. As a result of this transaction, substantially all of the business and accounting records of WMI became the property of JPMC and WMIHC had extremely limited access to such records. The foregoing notwithstanding, over time, limited access to such records was obtained through information sharing arrangements. Access to WMMRC’s historical records was not significantly affected by WMB’s closure and receivership.

On the Petition Date, WMI and WMIIC (together, referred to herein as the “Debtors”) each filed voluntary petitions for relief under Chapter 11 of Title 11 of the United States Code in the Bankruptcy Court for the District of Delaware (the “Court”) (Case No.08-12229 (MFW)).

On December 12, 2011, the Debtors filed with the Court the Seventh Amended Joint Plan of Affiliated Debtors Pursuant to Chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code (the “Filed Plan”) and a related disclosure statement. The Filed Plan was subsequently modified and, on February 24, 2012, the Court entered an order (the “Confirmation Order”) confirming the Filed Plan as modified by such modifications (the “Plan”). On March 19, 2012 (the “Effective Date”), the Plan became effective and we emerged from bankruptcy with a new board of directors and certain new officers.

 

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In connection with the Plan becoming effective, among other things:

 

   

approximately $6.5 billion was distributed to parties-in-interest on account of their allowed claims;

 

   

WMIHC received $75.0 million in cash from certain creditors;

 

   

WMIHC obtained access to a $125.0 million senior credit facility, approximately $25.0 million of which can be used for working capital and $100.0 million of which can be utilized in addition to the amount available for working capital for certain acquisitions and originations, subject to certain criteria and conditions set forth in the Financing Agreement (see Note 9: Financing Arrangements);

 

   

WMIHC issued: (a) $110.0 million aggregate principal amount of its 13% Senior First Lien Notes due 2030 (the “First Lien Notes”) under an indenture, dated as of March 19, 2012 (the “First Lien Indenture”), between WMIHC and Wilmington Trust, National Association, as Trustee; and (b) $20.0 million aggregate principal amount of its 13% Senior Second Lien Notes due 2030 (the “Second Lien Notes” and, together with the First Lien Notes, the “Runoff Notes”) under an indenture, dated as of March 19, 2012 (the “Second Lien Indenture” and, together with the First Lien Indenture, the “Indentures”), between WMIHC and Law Debenture Trust Company of New York, as Trustee; and with limited exceptions the Runoff Notes are solely payable from Runoff Proceeds Distributions (as defined in the Indentures) received by WMIHC from WMMRC, and therefore are generally nonrecourse to WMIHC (see Note 8: Notes Payable);

 

   

WMIHC issued 200,000,000 shares of common stock, of which 194,670,501 shares were issued to new WMIHC shareholders and 5,329,499 shares of common stock were issued and deposited into a Disputed Equity Escrow (as defined in the Plan); and

 

   

based on our analysis, we believe WMIHC experienced an ownership change under Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code (the “Code”). Prior to emergence, WMI abandoned the stock of WMB, thereby generating a worthless stock deduction of approximately $8.37 billion, which gives rise to a net operating loss (“NOL”) carry forward for the year ended December 31, 2012. We believe that the total available and utilizable NOL carry forward at December 31, 2013 was approximately $5.96 billion and at December 31, 2013 we believe that there was no limit under Section 382 of the Code on the use of these NOLs (see Note 6: Income Taxes).

Upon emergence from bankruptcy on March 19, 2012, we had limited operations other than WMMRC’s legacy reinsurance business which is being operated in runoff and has not written any new business since September 26, 2008.

WMMRC

WMMRC is a wholly-owned subsidiary of WMIHC. Prior to August 2008 (at which time WMMRC became a direct subsidiary of WMI), WMMRC was a wholly-owned subsidiary of FA Out-of-State Holdings, Inc., a second-tier subsidiary of WMB and third-tier subsidiary of WMI. WMMRC is a pure captive insurance company domiciled in the State of Hawaii. WMMRC was incorporated on February 25, 2000, and received a Certificate of Authority, dated March 2, 2000, from the Insurance Commissioner of the State of Hawaii.

WMMRC was originally organized to reinsure private mortgage insurance risk for seven primary mortgage insurers then offering private mortgage insurance on loans originated or purchased by former subsidiaries of WMI. The seven primary mortgage insurers are United Guaranty Residential Insurance Company (“UGRIC”), Genworth Mortgage Insurance Corporation (“GMIC”), Mortgage Guaranty Insurance Corporation (“MGIC”), PMI Mortgage Insurance Company (“PMI”), Radian Guaranty Incorporated (“Radian”), Republic Mortgage Insurance Company (“RMIC”) and Triad Guaranty Insurance Company (“Triad”).

Due to deteriorating performance in the mortgage guarantee markets and the closure and receivership of WMB, the reinsurance agreements with each of the primary mortgage insurers were terminated or placed into runoff

 

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during 2008. The agreements with UGRIC and Triad were placed into runoff effective May 31, 2008. The agreements with all other primary mortgage insurers were placed into runoff effective September 26, 2008. As a result, effective September 26, 2008, WMMRC ceased assuming new mortgage risks from the primary carriers. Consequently, WMMRC’s continuing operations consist solely of the runoff of coverage associated with mortgages placed with the primary mortgage carriers prior to September 26, 2008. In runoff, an insurer generally writes no new business but continues to service its obligations under in force policies and otherwise continues as a licensed insurer. Management does not believe any additional adjustments to the carrying values of assets and liabilities which were recorded at fair market value as a result of fresh start accounting as of March 19, 2012 are required as a result of WMMRC’s runoff status.

The reinsurance agreements with Triad and PMI were commuted on August 31, 2009 and October 2, 2012, respectively. The PMI transaction resulted in a loss from contract termination of $6.2 million dollars in 2012. In accordance with the commutation agreement between WMMRC and PMI, the trust assets were distributed in a manner such that PMI received $49.0 million in cash and WMMRC received all remaining trust assets equal to approximately $30.7 million. In 2012, $25.0 million of this cash was transferred to WMIHC as restricted cash upon approval for distribution by the Insurance Commissioner of the State of Hawaii, and was paid out during the current year under the terms of the Indentures. This cash payment represented approximately $3.7 million in interest due and payable on the First Lien Notes in the ordinary course, as well as approximately $21.3 million of principal.

WMIIC

WMIIC does not currently have any operations and is fully eliminated upon consolidation. Prior to September 26, 2008, WMIIC held a variety of securities and investments; however, such securities and investments were liquidated and the value thereof distributed in connection with implementing the Plan.

Note 2: Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation

During the bankruptcy, WMI adopted so-called “Modified Exchange Act Reporting” under the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) Staff’s Legal Bulletin No. 2 (“SLB 2”). Following the Effective Date, WMIHC continues to rely upon the guidance set forth in SLB 2 and we filed as of the Effective Date a Form 8-K pertaining to emergence from bankruptcy and subsequently filed a Form 8-K/A, which included WMIHC’s audited balance sheet as of the Effective Date. As provided under the SLB 2 Modified Exchange Act Reporting framework, WMIHC resumed filing periodic reports under the Exchange Act for all periods after the Effective Date of the Plan. Subsequent to the Effective Date, we have timely filed our Exchange Act periodic reports.

In connection with the foregoing, as of March 19, 2012, the Company adopted fresh start accounting in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 852-10, Reorganizations (as described in Note 3: Fresh Start Accounting). The adoption of fresh start accounting resulted in the Company becoming a new entity for financial reporting purposes. Accordingly, the financial statements prior to March 19, 2012 are not comparable with the financial statements on or after March 19, 2012. Reference to “Successor” refers to the Company on or after the emergence from bankruptcy on March 19, 2012. Reference to “Predecessor” refers to WMMRC prior to the adoption of fresh start accounting and the emergence from bankruptcy.

The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared pursuant to the SEC’s rules and regulations and, as discussed, also under SLB 2. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in the financial statements and prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations; however, the Company believes that the disclosures included are adequate.

All significant intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in preparing the consolidated financial statements.

 

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Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements. Management has made significant estimates in certain areas, including valuing certain financial instruments and other assets, the determination of the contingent risk liabilities, and in determining appropriate insurance reserves. Actual results could differ substantially from those estimates.

Fair Value of Certain Financial Instruments

Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Generally, for assets that are reported at fair value, the Company uses quoted market prices or valuation models to estimate their fair value. These models incorporate inputs such as forward yield curves, market volatilities and pricing spreads, utilizing market-based inputs where readily available. The degree of management judgment involved in estimating the fair value of a financial instrument or other asset is dependent upon the availability of quoted market prices or observable market inputs. For financial instruments that are actively traded in the marketplace or whose values are based on readily available market value data, little judgment is necessary when estimating the instrument’s fair value. When observable market prices and data are not readily available, significant management judgment often is necessary to estimate fair value. In those cases, different assumptions could result in significant changes in valuation.

The Company classifies certain fixed-maturity investments as trading securities, which are recorded at fair value. The remaining fixed-maturity investments treated as “hold-to-maturity” investments are recorded at amortized cost which, in the case of much of our investment holdings, approximates fair value. As such, changes in unrealized gains and losses on investments held at the balance sheet date are recognized and reported as a component of net investment income on the statement of operations. The Company believes fair value provides better matching of investment earnings to potential cash flow generated from the investment portfolio and reduces subjectivity related to evaluating other-than-temporary impairment on the Company’s investment portfolio.

Fair Value Option

The Company has recorded a liability related to a loss contract fair market value reserve (the “Reserve”) and applies Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Fair Value Option accounting guidance to this liability. The Reserve was initially established in compliance with ASC 805-10-55-21(b)(1) which defines a loss contract as a “contract in which the unavoidable costs of meeting the obligations under the contract exceed the economic benefits expected to be received under it.” The Company recorded this Reserve to properly value the net economic value of the WMMRC subsidiary as further described in Note 3: Fresh Start Accounting. At each reporting date, the Company reassesses the loss contract reserve which may result in a change to this line item in the balance sheet and statement of operations. Accordingly, any changes in the loss contract reserve at the balance sheet date are recognized and reported within the loss contract reserve fair market value change in the statement of operations. The Company believes Fair Value Option accounting provides better matching of earnings to potential cash flow generated from the WMMRC operating business.

Fair Value Measurement

The Company’s estimates of fair value for financial assets and financial liabilities are based on the framework established in the FASB Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures accounting guidance. The framework is based on the inputs used in valuation and requires that observable inputs be used in the valuations when available. The disclosure of fair value estimates in the fair value accounting guidance hierarchy is based on whether the

 

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significant inputs into the valuation are observable. In determining the level of the hierarchy in which the estimate is disclosed, the highest priority is given to unadjusted quoted prices in active markets and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs that reflect the Company’s significant market assumptions.

The three levels of the hierarchy are as follows:

Level 1—Inputs to the valuation methodology are quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities traded in active markets.

Level 2—Inputs to the valuation methodology include quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active, inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability and market corroborated inputs.

Level 3—Valuations based on models where significant inputs are not observable. The unobservable inputs reflect the Company’s own assumptions about the inputs that market participants would use.

Fair values are based on quoted market prices when available (Level 1). The Company receives the quoted market prices from a third party, nationally recognized pricing service. When market prices are not available, the Company utilizes a pricing service to determine an estimate of fair value. The fair value is generally estimated using current market inputs for similar financial instruments with comparable terms and credit quality, commonly referred to as matrix pricing (Level 2). These valuation techniques involve some level of management estimation and judgment. The Company recognizes transfers between levels in the fair value hierarchy at the end of the reporting period.

Fixed-Maturity Securities

Fixed-maturity securities consist of U.S. Treasury securities, obligations of U.S. government agencies, commercial mortgage-backed securities and corporate debt securities. Fixed-maturity securities held in trust are for the benefit of the primary insurers as more fully described in Note 4: Insurance Activity. Investments in fixed-maturity securities are reported at their estimated fair values or amortized cost (as the case may be) and are classified as trading securities in accordance with applicable accounting guidance. Realized gains and losses on the sale of fixed-maturity securities are determined using the specific identification method and are reported as a component of net investment income within the statement of operations.

Cash Equivalents and Investments Held in Trust

Cash equivalents, which include highly liquid overnight money market instruments, and fixed-maturity securities are held in trust for the benefit of the primary insurers as more fully described in Note 3: Fresh Start Accounting, and Note 4: Insurance Activity and the following information regarding restrictions on distribution of net assets of subsidiaries.

Third Party Restrictions on Distribution of Net Assets of Wholly-Owned Subsidiaries

The net assets of WMMRC are subject to restrictions from distribution from multiple sources including the primary insurers who have approval control of distribution from the trust, the Insurance Commissioner of the State of Hawaii who has approval control prior to distributions or intercompany advances, and additional restrictions as described in Note 8: Notes Payable.

Premium Recognition

Premiums assumed are earned on a daily pro-rata basis over the underlying policy terms. Premiums assumed relating to the unexpired portion of policies in force at the balance sheet date are recorded as unearned premiums. Unearned premiums also include a reserve for post default premium reserves. Post default premium reserves occur when a loan is in a default position and the servicer continues to advance the premiums. If the loan

 

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ultimately goes to claim, the premiums advanced during the period of default are subject to recapture. The Company records a default premium reserve based on information provided by the underlying mortgage insurers when they provide information on the default premium reserve separately from other reserves. The change in the default premium reserve is reflected as a reduction or increase, as the case may be, in premiums assumed. The Company has recorded unearned premiums totaling $1.4 million and $0.2 million as of December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively.

The Company recognizes premium deficiencies when there is a probable loss on an insurance contract. Premium deficiencies are recognized if the sum of the present value of expected losses and loss adjustment expenses, unamortized deferred acquisition costs, and maintenance costs exceed unearned premiums and anticipated investment income. Premium deficiency reserves have been recorded totaling $2.4 million and $15.1 million as of December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively.

The Company’s premium deficiency analysis was performed on a single book basis and includes all book years and reinsurance treaties aggregated together using assumptions based on the actuarial best estimates at the balance sheet date. The calculation for premium deficiency requires significant judgment and includes estimates of future expected premiums, claims, loss adjustment expenses and investment income as of the balance sheet date. To the extent ultimate losses are higher or premiums are lower than estimated, additional premium deficiency reserves may be required in the future.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents include cash on hand, amounts due from banks, U.S. Treasury bills and overnight investments. Except as described above in Cash Equivalents and Investments Held in Trust, the Company considers all amounts that are invested in highly liquid over-night money market instruments to be cash equivalents. The FDIC insures amounts on deposit with each financial institution up to limits as prescribed by law. The Company may hold funds with financial institutions in excess of the FDIC insured amount, however, the Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts and management believes it is not exposed to any significant credit risk on cash and cash equivalents.

Restricted Cash

Restricted cash consists of amounts held for the express purposes of paying principal, interest and related fees on the Runoff Notes pursuant to the terms of the Indentures.

Ceding Commission Expense

The Company is required to pay a ceding commission to certain primary insurers pursuant to certain reinsurance agreements.

Losses and Loss Adjustment Reserves

The losses and loss adjustment reserve includes case basis estimates of reported losses and supplemental amounts for incurred but not reported losses (“IBNR”). A default is considered the incident (e.g., the failure to make timely payment of mortgage payments) that may give rise to a claim for mortgage insurance. In establishing the losses and loss adjustment reserve, the Company utilizes the findings of an independent consulting actuary. The consulting actuary estimates ultimate loss rates based upon industry data and claims and exposure data provided by the primary mortgage insurance carriers and assumptions of prepayment speed relative to loans reinsured by the Company. The fully developed ultimate loss rates are then applied to cumulative earned premium and reduced for cumulative losses and loss adjustment expenses paid to arrive at the liability for unpaid losses and loss adjustment expenses. Actuarial methods utilized by the consulting actuary to derive the ultimate loss rates, include the loss development method, simulated loss development method, Bornhuetter-Ferguson method and

 

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simulated Bornhuetter-Ferguson method on a paid and incurred basis. Due to the current condition of the mortgage insurance market, WMMRC has recorded reserves at the higher of (x) reserves estimated by the consulting actuary for each primary mortgage guaranty carrier and (y) ceded case reserves and IBNR levels reported by the primary mortgage guaranty carriers as of December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively. Management believes that its aggregate liability for unpaid losses and loss adjustment expenses at period end represents its best estimate, based upon the available data, of the amount necessary to cover the current cost of losses. However, due to the inherent uncertainty arising from fluctuations in the persistency rate of mortgage insurance claims, the Company’s size and lack of prior operating history, external factors such as future changes in regional or national economic conditions, judicial decisions, federal and state legislation related to mortgage restructuring and foreclosure restrictions, claims denials and coverage rescissions by primary carriers and other factors beyond management’s control, it is not presently possible to determine whether actual loss experience will conform to the assumptions used in determining the estimated amounts for such liability at the balance sheet date. Accordingly, the ultimate liability could be significantly higher or lower, as the case may be, of the amount indicated in the financial statements and there can be no assurance that the reserve amounts recorded will be sufficient. As adjustments to these estimates become necessary, such adjustments are reflected in current operations.

Loss Contract Fair Market Value Reserves

A loss contract fair market value reserve relating to contractual obligations of WMMRC was established at March 19, 2012 as a result of applying Fresh Start Accounting (more fully described in Note 3: Fresh Start Accounting) and in compliance with ASC 805-10-55-21(b)(1) which defines a loss contract as a “contract in which the unavoidable costs of meeting the obligations under the contract exceed the economic benefits expected to be received under it.” The fair market value of this reserve is analyzed quarterly and is adjusted accordingly. This adjustment to the reserve produces an expense or contra-expense in the statement of operations.

Fresh Start Accounting

The Company adopted fresh start accounting in accordance with ASC 852 (Reorganizations) (“ASC 852”). See Note 3: Fresh Start Accounting for a description of the Company’s application of this standard.

Comprehensive Income (Loss)

The Company has no comprehensive income (loss) other than the net income (loss) disclosed in the consolidated statement of operations.

Earnings (Loss) Per Common Share

Basic earnings (loss) per common share is computed by dividing net income (loss) applicable to the Company’s common shareholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted earnings (loss) per common share is computed by dividing net income (loss) applicable to the Company’s common shareholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period and the effect of all dilutive common stock equivalents (of which we had zero). If common share equivalents existed, in periods where there is a net loss, diluted loss per common share would be equal to or less than basic loss per common share, since the effect of including any common share equivalents would be antidilutive.

Share Based Compensation

On May 22, 2012, WMIHC’s board of directors approved the 2012 Long-Term Incentive Plan (the “2012 Plan”) to award restricted stock to its non-employee directors and to have a plan in place for awards to executives and others in connection with the Company’s operations and future strategic plans. A total of 2 million shares of common stock were initially reserved for future issuance under the Plan, which became effective upon the board of directors approval on May 22, 2012. The 2012 Plan provides for the granting of restricted shares and other cash and share based awards. The value of restricted stock is determined using the fair market value of the shares on the issuance date.

 

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Income Taxes

The Company follows the asset and liability method of accounting for income taxes. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future income tax consequences attributable to differences between the carrying amounts and tax bases of assets and liabilities and losses carried forward and tax credits. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates and laws applicable to the years in which the differences are expected to reverse. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. A valuation allowance is provided to the extent that it is more likely than not that deferred tax assets will not be realized.

The Company recognizes the financial statement effects of a tax position when it is more likely than not, based on the technical merits, that the position will be sustained upon examination. Penalties and interest, of which there are none, would be reflected in income tax expense. Tax years are open to the extent the Company has net operating loss carry-forwards available to be utilized currently.

Dividend Policy

WMIHC has paid no dividends on or after the Effective Date and currently has no plans to pay a dividend. The Financing Agreement and the Note Purchase Agreement (as such are defined in Note 9: Financing Arrangements) include restrictions related to the payment of dividends.

New Accounting Pronouncements

In July 2013 the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2013-11, Presentation of an unrecognized tax benefit when a net operating loss carryforward, a similar tax loss, or a tax credit carryforward exists. This standard is effective for public entities for fiscal years and interim periods within those years beginning after December 15, 2013. The Company has reviewed this standard and determined it has no material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations, or disclosure requirements.

In December 2013 the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2013-12, Definition of a Public Business Entity—An addition to the Master Glossary. This amendment has no effective date, but the term “public business entity” will be used in the 2014 Accounting Standards. The Company has reviewed this standard and determined it has no material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations, or disclosure requirements.

Note 3: Fresh Start Accounting

Under ASC 852, the application of fresh start accounting results in the allocation of reorganization value to the fair value of assets, and is required when (a) the reorganization value of assets immediately prior to confirmation of a plan of reorganization is less than the total of all post-petition liabilities and allowed claims and (b) the holders of voting shares immediately prior to the confirmation of the plan of reorganization receive less than 50 percent of the voting shares of the emerging entity. The Company adopted fresh start accounting as of the Effective Date, which represents the date on which all material conditions precedent to the effectiveness of the Plan were satisfied or waived. As of the Effective Date, the Company believes that it satisfied both of the aforementioned conditions.

The Company’s reorganization value (“Equity Value”), upon emergence from bankruptcy, was determined to be $76.6 million, which represents management’s best estimate of fair value based on a calculation of the present value of the Company’s consolidated assets and liabilities as at March 19, 2012. As part of our fresh start reporting, we applied various valuation methodologies to calculate the reorganization value of the Successor. These methods included (a) the comparable company analysis, (b) the precedent transactions analysis and (c) the discounted cash flow analysis. The application of these methodologies requires certain key estimates, judgments

 

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and assumptions, including financial projections, the amount of cash available to fund operations and current market conditions. Such projections, judgments and assumptions are inherently subject to significant uncertainties and there can be no assurance that such estimates, assumptions and projections reflected in the valuation will be realized and actual results may vary materially.

A significant difference exists between the Equity Value determined by management and the value determined by the Court in an opinion dated September 13, 2011 in which the Court expressed its view with respect to the Company’s value (including the value of the NOLs). While the NOL asset has been recorded on the Company’s opening balance sheet at the value assigned by the Court, management also has recorded a full valuation allowance relative to these assets. The valuation allowance was determined to be necessary as management is unable to identify potential earnings from its existing operations and assets which would allow the Company to benefit from the utilization of these NOLs now or in the future. In the event that earnings are recognized in future periods, the availability of NOLs could result in additional value to the shareholders. The utilization of NOLs may be subject to significant additional limits. See Note 6: Income Taxes for additional detail. No cash will be used for Plan-related liabilities as WMIHC is not liable for pre-petition claims under the terms of the Plan and the estimated minimum level of cash required for ongoing reserves was deducted from total projected cash to arrive at the amount of remaining or available cash. The Effective Date Equity Value of $76.6 million is intended to reflect a value that a willing buyer would pay for the Company’s assets immediately after emerging from bankruptcy.

The value of a business is subject to uncertainties and contingencies that are difficult to predict and will fluctuate with changes in factors affecting the prospects of such a business. As a result, the estimates set forth herein are not necessarily indicative of actual outcomes, which may be significantly more or less favorable than those set forth herein. These estimates assume that the Company will continue as the owner and operator of these businesses and related assets and that such businesses and assets will be operated in accordance with WMMRC’s historical business practices, which is the basis for financial projections. The financial projections are based on projected market conditions and other estimates and assumptions including, but not limited to, general business, economic, competitive, regulatory, market and financial conditions, all of which are difficult to predict and generally beyond the Company’s control. Depending on the actual results of such factors, operations or changes in financial markets, these valuation estimates may differ significantly from that disclosed herein.

The Company’s Equity Value was first allocated to its tangible assets and identifiable intangible assets and the excess (if any) of reorganization value over the fair value of tangible and identifiable intangible assets would be recorded as goodwill. Liabilities existing as of the Effective Date, other than deferred taxes, were recorded at the present value of amounts expected to be paid using appropriate risk adjusted interest rates. The only intangible asset identified related to reinsurance contracts which were held by WMMRC. The contracts were evaluated to determine whether the value attributable to such contracts was either above market or in a loss contract position. After taking such evaluation into consideration, a loss contract fair market value reserve totaling $63.1 million was recorded. WMMRC’s deferred taxes were determined in conformity with applicable income tax accounting standards.

Material differences, including with respect to its business operations, financial performance, asset size and other factors, exist with respect to the pre-petition operations and financial position of WMI and its subsidiaries as compared with the post-emergence operations and financial position of the Company. In order to address such differences, in preparing these and future financial statements, management has concluded that it is appropriate to use the financial information of the Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary, WMMRC as the basis for its past and ongoing financial reporting. Information in these financial statements labeled as “Predecessor” refers to periods prior to the adoption of fresh start reporting, while those labeled as “Successor” refer to periods following the Company’s reorganization and emergence from bankruptcy.

 

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Adjustments recorded to the Predecessor, after giving effect to the implementation of the Plan and to record assets and liabilities at fair value pursuant to the adoption of fresh start accounting are summarized below:

 

(dollars in thousands except per share amounts)    Predecessor
March 19,
2012
     Reorganization
Adjustments  (a)
    Fair Value
Adjustments (b)
    Successor
March 19,
2012
 

ASSETS

         

Investments held in trust, at fair value:

         

Fixed-maturity securities

   $ 303,169        $ —         $ —         $ 303,169    

Cash equivalents held in trust

     26,249          —           —           26,249    
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total investments held in trust

     329,418          —           —           329,418    

Cash and cash equivalents

     7,014          75,000  (c)      —           82,014    

Fixed-maturity securities, at fair value

     6,049          —           —           6,049    

Accrued investment income

     2,313          —           —           2,313    

Other assets

     3,389          210,000  (d)      (210,000) (i)      3,389    
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 348,183        $ 285,000       $ (210,000)      $ 423,183    
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

         

Liabilities:

         

Notes payable—principal

   $ —          $ 130,000  (e)    $ —         $ 130,000    

Losses and loss adjustment reserves

     141,010          —           —           141,010    

Losses payable

     7,585          —           —           7,585    

Unearned premiums

     409          —           —           409    

Accrued ceding commissions

     466          —           —           466    

Loss contract fair market value reserve

     —            —           63,064  (j)      63,064    

Other liabilities

     27,156          (23,109) (f)      (f)      4,049    
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities

     176,626          106,891         63,066         346,583    
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Shareholders’ equity:

         

Common stock, $.00001 par value; 500,000,000 authorized, 200,000,000 shares issued and outstanding

     —            (g)      —             

Common stock, $1 par value, 1,000 shares issued and outstanding

             —           (1) (k)      —      

Additional paid-in capital (Predecessor)

     69,879          —           (69,879) (l)      —      

Additional paid-in capital (Successor)

     —            154,998  (g)      (78,400) (m)      76,598    

Retained earnings

     101,677          23,109  (h)      (124,786) (n)      —      
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total shareholders’ equity

     171,557          178,109         (273,066)        76,600    
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

   $ 348,183        $ 285,000       $ (210,000)      $ 423,183    
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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The following notes relate to the table above and should be read in conjunction with the information in such table.

 

(a) These adjustments are necessary to give effect to the Plan, including the receipt of cash proceeds associated with the contribution of cash from certain creditors, issuance of debt securities, issuance of 200 million shares of common stock and other transactions as contemplated under the Plan.
(b) These adjustments are necessary to reflect assets and liabilities at fair value and elimination of Predecessor equity. The primary operating business of the Successor is the WMMRC subsidiary which has a net asset value higher than its Fair Market Value (“FMV”).
(c) This adjustment reflects $75 million of cash contributed to the Company on the Effective Date by certain creditors.
(d) This adjustment reflects the Court’s valuation of WMMRC of $140 million and additional value attributable to the NOLs. These items have been adjusted to FMV as part of the application of Fresh Start Accounting. The Court’s valuation is presented solely for information purposes, however, because management does not believe that the Court’s valuation necessarily reflects the actual or FMV of the Company’s assets and liabilities under GAAP. This adjustment is eliminated as described in (i) below.
(e) This adjustment reflects the issuance of $130 million of Runoff Notes as described in Note 8: Notes Payable below.
(f) This adjustment reflects eliminating an intercompany payable occurring from carve-out allocated costs related to historic charges allocated as if services had been performed and charged to the Predecessor in accordance with Staff Accounting Bulletin (“SAB”) Topic 1B and 1B1. The methodology for these charges is based on applying the current contractual relationships described in Note 7: Service Agreements and Related Party Transactions as if they had been in place since the formation of WMMRC. The impact on historic earnings is described in (h) below. Additionally, this eliminates the offsetting intercompany amount created when Predecessor common stock is eliminated.
(g) This adjustment reflects the calculated value of the 200 million shares of common stock issued before adjusting for FMV as a result of Fresh Start Accounting. This amount results from the use of the Court-assigned (non-GAAP) values attributed to assets and liabilities which are then utilized in calculating the resulting balance attributable to equity. The common stock is recorded at par value calculated as 200 million shares at a par value of $0.00001 per share. The remainder of the value is then attributed to additional paid-in capital.
(h) This adjustment increases the retained earnings of the Predecessor due to the elimination of the carve-out costs which decreased historic earnings of the Predecessor. The resulting intercompany payable is described in (f) above. These costs and the related retained earnings are eliminated as the costs were allocated in accordance with SAB Topics 1B and 1B1 and would have eliminated in consolidation.
(i) This adjustment reflects the elimination of the Court assigned values described in (d) above. There has been no goodwill recorded as a result of this transaction. WMMRC is reported as the Predecessor and therefore is carried at FMV in individual line items. Management believes that the Court’s valuation was inconsistent with GAAP and such information related to such valuation is being presented here for informational purposes only. Therefore, elimination is required to present the opening balance sheet in accordance with GAAP.

 

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(j) This adjustment is required to reflect a loss contract fair market value reserve of $63.1 million relating to contractual obligations of WMMRC. This is in compliance with ASC 805-10-55-21(b)(1) which defines a loss contract as a “contract in which the unavoidable costs of meeting the obligations under the contract exceed the economic benefits expected to be received under it.” The net assets or equity value of WMMRC totaled $171.6 million prior to reorganization and fair value adjustments. The elimination of the costs and intercompany payable allocated to the predecessor in accordance with SAB Topic 1B and 1B1 and described in (f) above increase the equity value to $194.7 million. The value of WMMRC was reduced by $63.1 million based upon the FMV analysis described above.

 

Predecessor retained earnings

   $ 101,677    

Adjustment for carve-out allocations

     23,109    
  

 

 

 

Predecessor adjusted retained earnings

     124,786    

Predecessor additional paid-in capital

     69,879    

Predecessor common stock eliminated in consolidation

     (1)   
  

 

 

 

Predecessor equity value

     194,664    

Fair market value of WMMRC

     131,600    
  

 

 

 

Loss contract fair market reserve allowance

   $ 63,064    
  

 

 

 

 

(k) This adjustment reflects the elimination of common stock of the Predecessor.
(l) This adjustment reflects the elimination of additional paid-in capital of the Predecessor.
(m) This adjustment reflects the reduction of equity value resulting from Fresh Start Accounting. It is comprised of a reduction (relative to Court assigned FMV) in WMMRC’s FMV totaling $8.4 million and the elimination of the Court assigned value of $70 million related to NOLs. Although the Company has substantial NOLs they are subject to a 100 percent valuation allowance as described in Note 6: Income Taxes, and there can be no assurance the Company will be able to realize any benefit from the NOLs.

 

Fair market value of WMMRC (Court assigned)

   $ 140,000   

Fair market value of WMMRC

     131,600   
  

 

 

 

Fair market value reduction

     8,400   

Elimination of Court assigned value related to NOLs

     70,000   
  

 

 

 

Total change in fair market value affecting Equity Value

   $ 78,400   
  

 

 

 

Court assigned Equity Value recorded as additional paid-in capital

   $ 154,998   

Total change in fair market value affecting Equity Value

     78,400   
  

 

 

 

Additional paid-in capital at March 19, 2012

   $ 76,598   
  

 

 

 

 

(n) This adjustment reflects the elimination of adjusted retained earnings of the Predecessor.

 

Predecessor retained earnings

   $ 101,677   

Adjustment for carve-out allocations

     23,109   
  

 

 

 

Predecessor adjusted retained earnings

   $ 124,786   
  

 

 

 

Note 4: Insurance Activity

The Company, through WMMRC, reinsures mortgage guaranty risks of mortgage loans originated by affiliates of the Company during the period from 1997 through 2008. WMMRC is (or was) a party to reinsurance agreements with UGRIC, GMIC, MGIC, PMI, Radian, RMIC and Triad. The agreements with UGRIC and Triad were placed into runoff effective May 31, 2008. The agreements with all other primary mortgage insurers were placed into runoff effective September 26, 2008. The reinsurance agreements with Triad and PMI were commuted on August 31, 2009 and October 2, 2012, respectively.

 

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All agreements are on an excess of loss basis, except for certain reinsurance treaties with GMIC and Radian during 2007 and 2008, which are reinsured on a 50 percent quota share basis. Pursuant to the excess of loss reinsurance treaties, WMMRC reinsures a second loss layer which ranges from 5 percent to 10 percent of the risk in force in excess of the primary mortgage insurer’s first loss percentages which range from 4 percent to 5 percent.

As security for the ceding insurers, WMMRC has entered into separate trust agreements with each of the primary mortgage insurance companies whereby a portion of the funds from premiums assumed are held in trust accounts for the benefit of each separate insurer. Pursuant to the terms of the reinsurance agreements, WMMRC is required to keep such assets in trust for a minimum of five (5) years and is subject to claims for up to ten (10) years from termination of obligations arising from the last year in which insurance business was written prior to runoff. Release of funds from the trust by WMMRC requires approval from the primary mortgage guaranty companies.

Premiums assumed and earned are as follows for the periods ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively:

 

     Successor      Successor            Predecessor      Predecessor  
     Year ended
December 31,
2013
     Period from
March 20, 2012
through December 31,
2012
           Period from
January 1, 2012
through March 19,
2012
     Year ended
December 31,

2011
 

Premiums assumed

   $ 12,115        $ 14,210             $ 6,130        $ 34,562    

Change in unearned premiums

     (1,169)         184               47          222    
  

 

 

    

 

 

         

 

 

    

 

 

 

Premiums earned

   $ 10,946        $ 14,394             $ 6,177        $ 34,784    
  

 

 

    

 

 

         

 

 

    

 

 

 

The components of the liability for losses and loss adjustment reserves are as follows as of December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively:

 

     Successor      Successor   
     December 31,
2013
     December 31,
2012 
 

Case-basis reserves

   $ 41,159       $
66,173
  

IBNR reserves

     713        
1,298
  

Premium deficit reserves

     2,442        
15,053
  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 44,314       $ 82,524   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Losses and loss adjustment reserve activity are as follows for the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively:

 

     Successor      Successor            Predecessor  
     December 31,
2013
     December 31,
2012
           December 31,
2011 
 

Balance at beginning of period

   $ 82,524        $ 142,119             $ 190,036    

Incurred—prior periods

     (6,159)         30,111               47,321    

Paid or terminated—prior periods

     (32,051)         (89,706)              (95,238)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

         

 

 

 

Total

   $ 44,314        $ 82,524             $ 142,119    
  

 

 

    

 

 

         

 

 

 

The loss contract fair market reserve balance is analyzed and adjusted quarterly. The balances in the reserve was $46.3 million at December 31, 2013 and $52.2 million at December 31, 2012. The loss contract fair market reserve was established on March 19, 2012 at $63.1 million (as more fully described in Note 3: Fresh Start

 

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Accounting). The fair market value of this reserve was decreased by $5.9 million and $10.9 million during the periods ended December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively, resulting in corresponding decreases in expense of the respective amount for each period.

Note 5: Investment Securities

The amortized cost, gross unrealized gains, gross unrealized losses and estimated fair values of fixed-maturity securities held in trust at December 31, 2013, are as follows:

 

     Amortized
Cost
     Gross
Unrealized
Gains
     Gross
Unrealized
Losses
     Estimated
Fair Value
 

Trading Securities:

           

Obligations of U.S. government sponsored enterprises

   $ 15,868        $ 127        $ (163)       $ 15,832    

Corporate debt securities

     80,624          1,450          (182)         81,892    

Commercial paper

     98,929                  (1)         98,932    

Foreign corporate debt securities

     22,166          149          (170)         22,145    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total fixed-maturity securities

     217,587          1,730          (516)         218,801    

Less total unrestricted fixed-maturity securities—trading

     7,326          232          (13)         7,545    

Less total unrestricted fixed-maturity securities—held to maturity

     65,352          —            —            65,352    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total fixed-maturity securities held in trust

   $ 144,909        $ 1,498        $ (503)       $ 145,904    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The amortized cost, gross unrealized gains, gross unrealized losses and estimated fair values of fixed-maturity securities held in trust at December 31, 2012, are as follows:

 

     Amortized
Cost
     Gross
Unrealized
Gains
     Gross
Unrealized
Losses
     Estimated
Fair Value
 

Trading Securities:

           

Obligations of U.S. government sponsored enterprises

   $ 97,103        $ 1,416        $ (156)       $ 98,363    

Corporate debt securities

     91,997          3,010          (34)         94,973    

Commercial paper

     54,949          —            —            54,949    

Foreign corporate debt securities

     18,305          379          (18)         18,666    

Commercial mortgage-backed securities

     10,541          64          (87)         10,518    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total fixed-maturity securities

     272,895          4,869          (295)         277,469    

Less total unrestricted fixed-maturity securities—trading

     14,246          168          (18)         14,396    

Less total unrestricted fixed-maturity securities—held to maturity

     61,413          —            —            61,413    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total fixed-maturity securities held in trust

   $ 197,236        $ 4,701        $ (277)       $ 201,660    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Amortized cost and estimated fair value of fixed-maturity securities at December 31, 2013 by contractual maturity are as follows:

 

     Amortized
Cost
     Estimated
Fair Value
 

Maturity in:

     

2014

   $ 120,536       $ 120,604   

2015-2018

     92,692         93,944   

2019-2023

     4,359         4,253   

Thereafter

               
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total fixed-maturity securities

   $ 217,587       $ 218,801   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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Actual maturities may differ from contractual maturities because certain borrowers have the right to call or prepay obligations with or without call or prepayment penalties.

Net investment income (loss) for the periods ending December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively, is summarized as follows:

 

     Successor      Successor            Predecessor      Predecessor  
     Year Ended
December 31,
2013
     Period from
March 20, 2012
through
December 31,
2012
           Period from
January 1, 2012
through
March 19,
2012
     Year ended
December 31,
2011
 

Investment income (loss):

                

Amortization of premium or discount on fixed-maturity securities

   $ (2,309)       $ (1,837)            $ (523)       $ (2,750)   

Investment income on fixed-maturity securities

     6,588          7,232               2,467          12,920    

Interest income on cash and equivalents

     10          161                       49    

Realized net gain (loss) from sale of investments

     (1,575)         2,747               176          1,206    

Unrealized (losses) gains on trading securities held at period end

     (3,492)         (1,410)              1,049          (2,828)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

         

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net investment income (loss)

   $ (778)       $ 6,893             $ 3,172        $ 8,597    
  

 

 

    

 

 

         

 

 

    

 

 

 

The following tables show how the Company’s investments are categorized in accordance with fair value measurement, as of December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively:

 

    December 31, 2013  
    Level 1     Level 2         Level 3         Total  

Class of Security:

       

Obligations of U.S. government sponsored enterprises

  $ 6,299      $ 9,533      $     —        $ 15,832   

Corporate debt securities

    11,891        70,001        —          81,892   

Commercial paper

    98,932        —          —          98,932   

Foreign corporate debt securities

    7,652        14,493        —          22,145   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total fixed maturity securities

    124,774        94,027        —          218,801   

Money market funds

    44,863        —          —          44,863   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

  $ 169,637      $ 94,027      $ —        $ 263,664   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

    December 31, 2012  
    Level 1     Level 2         Level 3         Total  

Class of Security:

       

Obligations of U.S. government sponsored enterprises

  $ 11,362      $ 87,001      $     —        $ 98,363   

Corporate debt securities

    22,833        72,141        —          94,974   

Commercial paper

    54,948        —          —          54,948   

Foreign corporate debt securities

    1,001        17,665        —          18,666   

Commercial mortgage-backed securities

    —          10,518        —          10,518   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total fixed maturity securities

    90,144        187,325        —          277,469   

Money market funds

    33,628        —          —          33,628   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

  $ 123,772      $ 187,325      $ —        $ 311,097   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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A review of the fair value hierarchy classifications of the Company’s investments is conducted quarterly. Changes in the observability of valuation inputs may result in a reclassification for certain financial assets or liabilities. Reclassifications are reported as transfers in or transfers out of the applicable Level at end of the calendar quarter in which the reclassifications occur. During the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012, $7.1 million and $17.7 million, respectively, of investments were transferred from Level 2 to Level 1 as a result of improving market conditions for short-term and investment grade corporate securities.

 

     2013      2012  
     Transfers from
Level 1 to
Level 2
     Transfers from
Level 2 to
Level 1
     Transfers from
Level 1 to
Level 2
     Transfers from
Level 2 to

Level 1
 

Class of Securities:

           

Corporate securities

   $     —         $ 4,598       $     —         $ 16,745   

Foreign corporate debt securities

     —           2,537         —           1,001   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Transfers

   $ —         $ 7,135       $ —         $ 17,746   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Note 6: Income Taxes

For the years ended December 31, 2013, the Company recorded net income of approximately $0.3 million, and the Company recorded net losses for the years ended December 31, 2012 and 2011, of $15.8 million and $10.9 million, respectively. The Company has not recorded an income tax expense or benefit for the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 or 2011.

 

     2013      2012      2011  

Current federal income tax expense

   $     —         $     —         $     —     

Provision for doubtful federal income tax receivable

     —           —           —     

Deferred federal income tax (benefit) expense

     —           —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Federal income tax benefit

   $ —         $ —         $ —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The items accounting for the difference between income taxes computed at the US federal statutory rate and our effective rate were as follows:

 

     Successor      Successor            Predecessor      Predecessor   
     Year Ended
December  31,

2013
     Period from
March 20, 2012
through December 31,
2012
           Period from
January 1, 2012
through March 19,
2012
     Year ended
December 31,
2011
 

Income tax at the federal statutory rate of 35%

     35%         (35)%              (35)%         (35)%   

Effect of:

                

Fresh start accounting adjustments

     —              —                    —               (3)      

Worthless stock deduction

     13            (23,718)                 —               —         

Cancelation of debt

     —              2,401                  —               —         

As filed adjustments

     (14,505)           —                    —               —         

Reduction in NOL due to 382 Limitation

     —              4,518                  —               —         

Change in valuation allowance

     14,457            16,834                  35             38       
  

 

 

    

 

 

         

 

 

    

 

 

 

Effective Rate

     —  %           —  %                —  %           —  %   
  

 

 

    

 

 

         

 

 

    

 

 

 

The Company files a consolidated federal income tax return. Pursuant to a tax sharing agreement, WMMRC’s federal income tax liability is calculated on a separate return basis determined by applying 35 percent to taxable

 

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income, in accordance with the provisions of the Code that apply to property and casualty insurance companies. WMIHC, as WMMRC’s parent, pays federal income taxes on behalf of WMMRC and settles the federal income tax obligation on a current basis in accordance with the tax sharing agreement. WMMRC made no tax payments to WMIHC during the year ending December 31, 2013, 2012 or 2011 associated with the Company’s tax liability from the preceding year.

Deferred federal income taxes arise from temporary differences between the valuation of assets and liabilities as determined for financial reporting purposes and income tax purposes. Temporary differences principally relate to discounting of loss reserves, accruals, net operating losses and unrealized gains and losses on investments. As of December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011, the Company recorded a valuation allowance equal to 100 percent of the net deferred federal income tax asset due to uncertainty regarding the Company’s ability to realize these benefits in the future.

The components of the net deferred tax asset as of December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively, are as follows:

 

     2013      2012  

Deferred federal income tax asset:

     

Losses and loss adjustments expenses

   $ 143       $ 2,832   

Net operating loss carryforward

     2,087,490         2,088,461   

Accruals and reserves

     16,387         18,276   

As filed adjustments

     130         —     

Capital loss carryforward

     52,756         —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total deferred federal income tax asset

     2,156,906         2,109,569   

Deferred federal income tax liabilities:

     

Net unrealized gains on investments

     425         1,946   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total deferred federal income tax liabilities

     425         1,946   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Less: Valuation allowance

     2,156,481         2,107,623   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net deferred federal income tax asset

   $ —         $ —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

On March 19, 2012, WMIHC emerged from bankruptcy. Prior to emergence, WMI abandoned the stock of WMB, thereby generating a worthless stock deduction of approximately $8.37 billion which gives rise to an NOL for the year ended December 31, 2012. Under Section 382 of the Code, and based on the Company’s analysis, we believe that the Company experienced an “ownership change” (generally defined as a greater than 50 percent change (by value) in our equity ownership over a three-year period) on March 19, 2012, and our ability to use our pre-change of control NOLs and other pre-change tax attributes against our post-change income was limited. The Section 382 limitation is applied annually so as to limit the use of our pre-change NOLs to an amount that generally equals the value of our stock immediately before the ownership change multiplied by a designated federal long-term tax-exempt rate. Due to applicable limitations under Section 382 and a reduction of tax attributes due to cancellation of indebtedness, a portion of these NOLs were limited and will expire unused. We believe that the total available and utilizable NOL carry forward at December 31, 2013 is approximately $5.96 billion. At December 31, 2013 there was no limitation on the use of these NOLs. These NOLs will begin to expire in 2029. The Company’s ability to utilize the NOLs or realize any benefits related to the NOLs is subject to a number of risks.

The Company accounts for uncertain tax positions in accordance with the income taxes accounting guidance. The Company has analyzed filing positions in the federal and state jurisdiction where it is required to file tax returns, as well as the open tax years in these jurisdictions. Tax years 2008 to present are subject to examination by the Internal Revenue Service. The Company believes that its federal income tax filing positions and deductions will be sustained on audit and does not anticipate any adjustments that will result in a material change to its financial position. Therefore, no reserves for uncertain federal income tax positions have been recorded. The Company recognizes interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits as a component of the provision for federal income taxes. The Company did not incur any federal income tax related interest income, interest expense or penalties for the periods ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011.

 

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Note 7: Service Agreements and Related Party Transactions

WMMRC has engaged a Hawaiian-based service provider, Marsh Management Services, Inc., to provide accounting and related management services for its operations. In exchange for performing these services, WMMRC pays such service provider a management fee.

WMIHC entered into an Investment Management Agreement and an Administrative Services Agreement with WMMRC on March 19, 2012. Each of these agreements was approved by WMMRC’s primary regulator. Total amounts incurred under these agreements totaled $1.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2013, $1.5 million for the period from March 20, 2012 to December 31, 2012 and $0.0 for all other periods. The expense and related income eliminate on consolidation. These agreements are described below.

Under the terms of such Investment Management Agreement, WMIHC receives from WMMRC a fee equal to the product of (x) the ending dollar amount of assets under management during the calendar month in question and (y) .002 divided by 12. WMIHC is responsible for investing the funds of WMMRC based on applicable investment criteria and subject to rules and regulations to which WMMRC is subject.

Under the terms of such Administrative Services Agreement, WMIHC receives from WMMRC a fee of $110 thousand per month. WMIHC is responsible for providing administrative services to support, among other things, supervision, governance, financial administration and reporting, risk management, and claims management as may be necessary, together with such other general or specific administrative services that may be reasonably required or requested by WMMRC in the ordinary course of its business.

On March 23, 2012, WMIHC and the Trust entered into a Transition Services Agreement (the “TSA”). Pursuant to the TSA, each party makes available certain services and employees. The TSA provides the Company with office space for its current employees and basic infrastructure and support services to allow the Company to operate. The TSA provides the WMI Liquidating Trust (the “Trust”) with access to certain of the Company’s employees. The TSA was amended on September 18, 2012 and the term of the agreement was extended through March 31, 2013, with automatic renewals thereafter for successive additional three-month terms, subject to non-renewal at the end of any additional term upon written notice by either party at least 30 days prior to the expiration of the additional term. The agreement has automatically renewed per its terms and is currently in place through June 30, 2014, subject to additional renewals. Either party may terminate one or more of the services offered upon 10 days’ written notice to the other party.

See Note 3: Fresh Start Accounting for a discussion of fees attributed to WMMRC in accordance with SAB Topics 1B and 1B1 which address common cost and expense allocations for pre-Effective Date periods.

In connection with implementing the Plan, certain holders of specified “Allowed Claims” had the right to elect to receive such holder’s “Pro Rata Share of the Common Stock Allotment.” Essentially, the Plan defines the “Pro Rata Share of the Common Stock Allotment” as a pro rata share of ten million (10,000,000) shares of WMIHC’s common stock (i.e. five percent (5%)) issued and outstanding on the Effective Date. Holders exercising the foregoing election did so in lieu of receiving (i) 50% of such holder’s interest in and to certain litigation proceeds that could be realized by the Trust on account of certain claims and causes of action asserted by the Trust as contemplated by the Plan (“Litigation Proceeds”), and (ii) some or all of the Runoff Notes to which such holder may be entitled (if such holder elected to receive Runoff Notes in accordance with the terms of the Plan).

If a holder exercised the election described above and, as a result of such election, received shares of WMIHC’s common stock, then such holder’s share of Runoff Notes to which the election was effective (i.e., One Dollar ($1.00) of original principal amount of Runoff Notes for each share of WMIHC’s common stock) were not issued. In addition, as a result of making the aforementioned election, such holders conveyed to WMIHC, and WMIHC retains an economic interest in, the Litigation Proceeds equal to fifty percent (50%) of the Litigation Proceeds to which the electing holder otherwise would have been entitled and such holder’s rights in respect of

 

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distributions from the Trust will be adjusted to the extent Litigation Proceeds are received by WMIHC). Distributions, if any, to WMIHC on account of the foregoing will be effected in accordance with the Plan and Confirmation Order.

As of December 31, 2013, WMIHC had not received any Litigation Proceeds in connection with the foregoing. Given the speculative nature of litigation, there can be no assurance that WMIHC will receive any value or distributions on account of Litigation Proceeds.

Note 8: Notes Payable

On the Effective Date, WMIHC issued $110.0 million aggregate principal amount of its First Lien Notes under the First Lien Indenture, between WMIHC and Wilmington Trust, National Association, as Trustee. Additionally, WMIHC issued $20.0 million aggregate principal amount of its Second Lien Notes under the Second Lien Indenture, between WMIHC and Law Debenture Trust Company of New York, as Trustee. The Runoff Notes are scheduled to mature on March 19, 2030 and pay interest quarterly.

The Runoff Notes are secured by, and have a specified priority in right of payment in, a securities or deposit account into which WMIHC will deposit distributions it receives of Runoff Proceeds (as defined in the Indentures) (the “Collateral Account”).

WMIHC will, and has agreed to cause WMMRC to, deposit all distributions, dividends or other receipts in respect of Runoff Proceeds Distributions (as defined in the Indentures) on the date paid to WMIHC in the Collateral Account established in accordance with the terms of the Indentures. On any interest payment date, payments are made from the Collateral Account and from any other Runoff Proceeds Distributions in the priority set forth in the Indentures. The obligations created by the Runoff Notes are nonrecourse to WMIHC (except for certain actions for specific performance) and, except in certain limited circumstances as more fully described in Section 7.16 of the Indentures with respect to Runoff Proceeds Distributions in the Collateral Account or for failure to comply with certain specified covenants relating to (i) the deposit of Runoff Proceeds in the Collateral Account, (ii) payment of Runoff Proceeds in the Collateral Account in accordance with the order of priority established in the Indentures, (iii) failure to seek to obtain the appropriate regulatory approval to permit the dividend of Runoff Proceeds to WMIHC and (iv) the failure to cause WMMRC to deposit Runoff Proceeds into a segregated account.

In connection with certain interest payments due and payable in respect of the First Lien Notes, WMIHC elected, consistent with the terms of the Indentures, to issue PIK Notes (as defined in the Indentures) in lieu of making such interest payment in cash when no cash was available. In connection with interest payments due and payable in respect of the Second Lien Notes since inception, WMIHC elected, consistent with the terms of the Indentures, to issue PIK Notes (as defined in the Indentures) in lieu of making such interest payment in cash. The aggregate face amount of PIK Notes issued as of December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011 totals approximately $13.9 million, $8.3 million and $0.0, respectively. Outstanding amounts under these notes totaled approximately $105.5 million, $136.3 million and $0.0 as of December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. Approximately $36.3 million, $2.1 million and $0.0 of First Lien Notes principal was paid during the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. Interest on First Lien Notes paid in cash totaled approximately $9.7 million, $3.7 million and $0.0 during the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. On September 4, 2012, WMIHC received the Issuer Incremental Amount and Issuer Priority Amount (as such terms are defined in the Indentures) in accordance with the terms of the First Lien Indenture.

As of December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011, the Collateral Account contained $0.1 million, $25.0 million and $0.0, respectively, of cash received from WMMRC which (for the periods with a balance) were or will be ultimately used for future administrative expenses, interest and principal payments.

 

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Note 9: Financing Arrangements

As of March 19, 2012, a Financing Agreement (the “Financing Agreement”) was entered into by and among WMIHC, each current subsidiary of WMIHC and any additional subsidiary or person who later agrees to or becomes a guarantor, the lenders from time to time party thereto (each a “Lender” and collectively, the “Lenders”), on a several and not joint basis, and U.S. Bank National Association, a national banking association, as administrative agent for the Lenders. The credit facility established by the Financing Agreement may be used for only certain specific purposes.

The facility consists of (a) a tranche A term loan and a tranche A-1 term loan in the aggregate principal amount of $25.0 million and (b) a tranche B term loan in the aggregate principal amount of $100.0 million. The proceeds of (a) the tranche A term loan and tranche A-1 term loan can be used to fund working capital and for general corporate purposes of the Company, and (b) the tranche B term loan can be used to fund certain permitted acquisitions and permitted originations (as these terms are defined in the Financing Agreement) which are limited to acquisitions and originations of business in the financial services or insurance sectors. The Lenders are severally, and not jointly, obligated to extend such credit to WMIHC. The facility is secured by substantially all of WMIHC’s assets and the Lenders must have an additional first priority lien on any new business and assets acquired. As of December 30, 2013 and 2012, no loans were outstanding under the Financing Agreement.

On January 31, 2014, WMIHC announced that it had entered into (i) a note purchase agreement, dated as of January 30, 2014 (the “Note Purchase Agreement”), with the guarantors party thereto and KKR Management Holdings L.P. (“KKR Management”), (ii) an investment agreement, dated as of January 30, 2014 (the “Investment Agreement”), with KKR Fund Holdings L.P. (“KKR Fund” and, together with KKR Management, “KKR”) and, for limited purposes, KKR Management and (iii) an investor rights agreement, dated as of January 30, 2014 (the “Investor Rights Agreement”), with KKR Fund (together, the “KKR Transaction”).

Pursuant to the terms and conditions of the Note Purchase Agreement, KKR Management has committed to purchase up to $150 million aggregate principal amount (at issuance) of subordinated 7.50% PIK notes (the “Subordinated Notes”) from the Company.

For further information on the Note Purchase Agreement and the KKR Transaction, see Note 15: Subsequent Events.

Note 10: Capital Stock

On the Effective Date, all shares of common and preferred equity securities previously issued by WMI were cancelled and extinguished. As of the Effective Date, and pursuant to WMIHC’s Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation, WMIHC is authorized to issue up to 500,000,000 shares of common stock and up to 5,000,000 shares of blank check preferred stock, each with a par value of $0.00001 per share. 200,000,000 shares of common stock were issued by WMIHC pursuant to the Court approved Plan and in reliance on Section 1145 of the Bankruptcy Code on the Effective Date.

On January 31, 2014, WMIHC announced that it had entered into (i) the Note Purchase Agreement, (ii) the Investment Agreement and (iii) the Investor Rights Agreement.

Pursuant to the terms and conditions of the Investment Agreement, the Company has sold to KKR Fund 1,000,000 shares of the Series A Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Convertible Preferred Stock”) having the terms, rights, obligations and preferences contained in the Articles of Amendment of the Company dated January 30, 2014 (the “Articles of Amendment”) for a purchase price equal to $11.1 million and has issued to KKR Fund warrants to purchase, in the aggregate, 61.4 million shares of the Company’s common stock, 30.7 million of which have an exercise price of $1.32 per share and 30.7 million of which have an exercise price of $1.43 per share (together, the “Warrants”).

 

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For further information on the Investment Agreement and the KKR Transaction, see Note 15: Subsequent Events.

WMIHC issued restricted share grants to members of the board of directors totaling $700 thousand, $550 thousand and $0.0 of aggregate intrinsic value during the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The restricted shares vest over a three year period and the resulting unamortized value related to the unvested restricted share grant totals $706 thousand, $407 thousand and $0.0 for the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The unamortized value of $706 thousand at December 31, 2013, if all are ultimately vested will be amortized according to the following schedule.

 

Amortization Schedule (in thousands)

      

1st quarter 2014

     100   

2nd quarter 2014

     100   

3rd quarter 2014

     100   

4th quarter 2014

     100   

1st quarter 2015

     96   

2nd quarter 2015

     54   

3rd quarter 2015

     54   

4th quarter 2015

     54   

1st quarter 2016

     48   
  

 

 

 

Total Unamortized value

   $ 706   
  

 

 

 

Net stock-based compensation totaled $401 thousand, $143 thousand and $0.0 for the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The share grants were issued at the fair market value determined to be the trading price at the close of business on October 18, 2012, and August 13, 2013, respectively, the date the grants were approved by the board of directors.

A summary of WMIHC’s restricted share award activity for the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 is presented below. The 2012 Plan did not exist in 2011. Consequently, no awards of restricted shares were made in 2011.

 

     Number
of Restricted
Stock Awards
Outstanding
     Weighted-
Average Grant
Date Fair
Value
     Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
(in thousands)
 

Outstanding—January 1, 2012

     —         $ —         $ —     

Restricted stock awards granted during 2012

     1,156,078         0.4761         550   

Restricted stock awards released or forfeited during 2012

     —           —          
—  
  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Outstanding—December 31, 2012

     1,156,078         0.4761         550   

Restricted stock awards granted during 2013

     686,273         1.0200         700   

Restricted stock awards released or forfeited during 2013

     —           —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Outstanding—December 31, 2013

     1,842,351       $ 0.6787       $ 1,250   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

WMIHC has issued the total number of shares subject to the restricted stock grants, however, until vested they are subject to repurchase. The restricted shares vest 1/3 per year over a three year period annually on March 19th. On December 31, 2013, 1,456,987 shares remained subject to repurchase. On March 19, 2013, 385,364 shares vested. On March 19, 2014, 614,117 of the shares will become vested assuming none are forfeited. WMIHC has the right, but not the obligation, to repurchase any unvested (but issued) shares of common stock at $0.0001 per share upon the termination of service in the case of a director.

 

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A summary of WMIHC’s restricted shares issued and subject to repurchase as of the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 is presented below. There were no WMIHC restricted shares issued and subject to repurchase during 2011.

 

     Shares  

Unvested shares—January 1, 2012

     —     

Shares issued subject to vesting during 2012

     1,156,078   

Unvested shares repurchased during 2012

     —     

Shares vested during 2012

     —