Document
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
 
FORM 10-Q
 
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2016
OR
 ¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from              to              .
Commission File Number 001-34571
 
 
 
 
 
 
PEBBLEBROOK HOTEL TRUST
 
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
 
 
 
 
 
Maryland
 
27-1055421
(State of Incorporation
or Organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
7315 Wisconsin Avenue, 1100 West
Bethesda, Maryland
 
20814
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
 
(Zip Code)
(240) 507-1300
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    ☑  Yes    ¨  No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    ☑  Yes   ¨  No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer
 
Accelerated filer
 
 
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer
 ☐(do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
Smaller reporting company
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    ¨  Yes    ☑  No
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
Class
 
Outstanding at July 20, 2016
Common shares of beneficial interest ($0.01 par value per share)
 
72,058,795



Pebblebrook Hotel Trust
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
 
Page
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 5.
Item 6.

2


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements.

Pebblebrook Hotel Trust
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands, except share data)
 
June 30,
2016
 
December 31,
2015
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
ASSETS
 
 
 
Investment in hotel properties, net
$
2,612,933

 
$
2,673,584

Investment in joint venture
244,370

 
248,794

Ground lease asset, net
29,922

 
30,218

Cash and cash equivalents
36,307

 
26,345

Restricted cash
7,888

 
9,453

Hotel receivables (net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $300 and $243, respectively)
29,888

 
25,062

Prepaid expenses and other assets
36,452

 
45,015

Total assets
$
2,997,760

 
$
3,058,471

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
 
 
 
Senior unsecured revolving credit facility
$
30,000

 
$
165,000

Term loans, net of unamortized deferred financing costs
671,377

 
521,883

Senior unsecured notes, net of unamortized deferred financing costs
99,425

 
99,392

Mortgage debt, net of unamortized loan premiums and deferred financing costs
229,696

 
319,320

Accounts payable and accrued expenses
158,966

 
141,897

Advance deposits
19,432

 
17,726

Accrued interest
2,570

 
2,550

Distribution payable
33,168

 
29,869

Total liabilities
1,244,634

 
1,297,637

Commitments and contingencies (Note 11)

 

Shareholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Preferred shares of beneficial interest, $.01 par value (liquidation preference $335,000 at June 30, 2016 and $350,000 at December 31, 2015), 100,000,000 shares authorized; 13,400,000 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2016 and 14,000,000 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2015
134

 
140

Common shares of beneficial interest, $.01 par value, 500,000,000 shares authorized; 71,922,904 issued and outstanding at June 30, 2016 and 71,735,129 issued and outstanding at December 31, 2015
719

 
717

Additional paid-in capital
1,854,623

 
1,868,047

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
(20,869
)
 
(4,750
)
Distributions in excess of retained earnings
(84,596
)
 
(105,765
)
Total shareholders’ equity
1,750,011

 
1,758,389

Non-controlling interests
3,115

 
2,445

Total equity
1,753,126

 
1,760,834

Total liabilities and equity
$
2,997,760

 
$
3,058,471

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.


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Table of Contents

Pebblebrook Hotel Trust
Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income
(In thousands, except share and per-share data)
(Unaudited)
 
For the three months ended June 30,
 
For the six months ended June 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Room
$
148,450

 
$
137,443

 
$
279,854

 
$
246,277

Food and beverage
49,673

 
46,823

 
100,369

 
90,061

Other operating
14,149

 
13,417

 
28,294

 
24,780

Total revenues
212,272

 
197,683

 
408,517

 
361,118

Expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hotel operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Room
34,094

 
30,982

 
66,319

 
58,965

Food and beverage
32,532

 
31,384

 
66,569

 
60,777

Other direct and indirect
55,679

 
53,627

 
111,327

 
103,463

Total hotel operating expenses
122,305

 
115,993

 
244,215

 
223,205

Depreciation and amortization
25,859

 
24,885

 
50,920

 
46,210

Real estate taxes, personal property taxes, property insurance, and ground rent
12,428

 
10,885

 
24,893

 
22,165

General and administrative
6,344

 
6,169

 
13,140

 
13,741

Hotel acquisition and disposition costs
11

 
4,334

 
17

 
4,465

Total operating expenses
166,947

 
162,266

 
333,185

 
309,786

Operating income (loss)
45,325

 
35,417

 
75,332

 
51,332

Interest income
620

 
621

 
1,245

 
1,256

Interest expense
(11,432
)
 
(9,256
)
 
(22,233
)
 
(17,577
)
Other
(101
)
 

 
(1,872
)
 

Gain on sale of hotel properties
40,326

 

 
40,326

 

Equity in earnings (loss) of joint venture
1,682

 
3,320

 
(3,233
)
 
(1,128
)
Income (loss) before income taxes
76,420

 
30,102

 
89,565

 
33,883

Income tax (expense) benefit
(1,982
)
 
(3,519
)
 
1,510

 
(130
)
Net income (loss)
74,438

 
26,583

 
91,075

 
33,753

Net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interests
248

 
92

 
306

 
119

Net income (loss) attributable to the Company
74,190

 
26,491

 
90,769

 
33,634

Distributions to preferred shareholders
(4,241
)
 
(6,487
)
 
(10,085
)
 
(12,975
)
Issuance costs of redeemed preferred shares

 

 
(4,169
)
 

Net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders
$
69,949

 
$
20,004

 
$
76,515

 
$
20,659

Net income (loss) per share available to common shareholders, basic
$
0.97

 
$
0.28

 
$
1.06

 
$
0.29

Net income (loss) per share available to common shareholders, diluted
$
0.96

 
$
0.27

 
$
1.05

 
$
0.28

Weighted-average number of common shares, basic
71,922,904

 
71,735,129

 
71,879,859

 
71,696,294

Weighted-average number of common shares, diluted
72,319,784

 
72,425,952

 
72,373,376

 
72,463,419


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Table of Contents

Pebblebrook Hotel Trust
Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income - Continued
(In thousands, except share and per-share data)
(Unaudited)
 
For the three months ended June 30,
 
For the six months ended June 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Comprehensive Income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss)
$
74,438

 
$
26,583

 
$
91,075

 
$
33,753

Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized gain (loss) on derivative instruments
(4,635
)
 
4,077

 
(16,119
)
 
(92
)
Comprehensive income (loss)
69,803

 
30,660

 
74,956

 
33,661

Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interests
234

 
105

 
254

 
119

Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to the Company
$
69,569

 
$
30,555

 
$
74,702

 
$
33,542

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.


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Table of Contents

Pebblebrook Hotel Trust
Consolidated Statements of Equity
(In thousands, except share data)
(Unaudited)
 
 
Preferred Shares
 
Common Shares
 
Additional Paid-In Capital
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
 Distributions in Excess of Retained Earnings
 
Total Shareholders' Equity
 
Non-Controlling Interests
 
Total Equity
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at December 31, 2014
 
14,000,000

 
$
140

 
71,553,481

 
$
716

 
$
1,864,739

 
$
(341
)
 
$
(84,163
)
 
$
1,781,091

 
$
1,320

 
$
1,782,411

Issuance of shares, net of offering costs
 

 

 

 

 
(139
)
 

 

 
(139
)
 

 
(139
)
Issuance of common shares for Board of Trustees compensation
 

 

 
8,084

 

 
372

 

 

 
372

 

 
372

Repurchase of common shares
 

 

 
(84,835
)
 

 
(4,094
)
 

 

 
(4,094
)
 

 
(4,094
)
Share-based compensation
 

 

 
258,399

 
1

 
3,729

 

 

 
3,730

 
554

 
4,284

Distributions on common shares/units
 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(45,422
)
 
(45,422
)
 
(147
)
 
(45,569
)
Distributions on preferred shares
 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(12,975
)
 
(12,975
)
 
(7
)
 
(12,982
)
Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized gain (loss) on derivative instruments
 

 

 

 

 

 
(92
)
 

 
(92
)
 

 
(92
)
Net income (loss)
 

 

 

 

 

 

 
33,634

 
33,634

 
119

 
33,753

Balance at June 30, 2015
 
14,000,000

 
$
140

 
71,735,129

 
$
717

 
$
1,864,607

 
$
(433
)
 
$
(108,926
)
 
$
1,756,105

 
$
1,839

 
$
1,757,944

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at December 31, 2015
 
14,000,000

 
$
140

 
71,735,129

 
$
717

 
$
1,868,047

 
$
(4,750
)
 
$
(105,765
)
 
$
1,758,389

 
$
2,445

 
$
1,760,834

Issuance of shares, net of offering costs
 
5,000,000

 
50

 

 

 
120,919

 

 

 
120,969

 

 
120,969

Redemption of preferred shares
 
(5,600,000
)
 
(56
)
 

 

 
(135,800
)
 

 
(4,169
)
 
(140,025
)
 

 
(140,025
)
Issuance of common shares for Board of Trustees compensation
 

 

 
21,407

 

 
606

 

 

 
606

 

 
606

Repurchase of common shares
 

 

 
(88,510
)
 
(1
)
 
(2,495
)
 

 

 
(2,496
)
 

 
(2,496
)
Share-based compensation
 

 

 
254,878

 
3

 
3,346

 

 

 
3,349

 
552

 
3,901

Distributions on common shares/units
 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(55,346
)
 
(55,346
)
 
(179
)
 
(55,525
)
Distributions on preferred shares
 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(10,085
)
 
(10,085
)
 
(9
)
 
(10,094
)
Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized gain (loss) on derivative instruments
 

 

 

 

 

 
(16,119
)
 

 
(16,119
)
 

 
(16,119
)
Net income (loss)
 

 

 

 

 

 

 
90,769

 
90,769

 
306

 
91,075

Balance at June 30, 2016
 
13,400,000

 
$
134

 
71,922,904

 
$
719

 
$
1,854,623

 
$
(20,869
)
 
$
(84,596
)
 
$
1,750,011

 
$
3,115

 
$
1,753,126


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

6

Table of Contents

Pebblebrook Hotel Trust
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)

 
For the six months ended June 30,
 
2016
 
2015
Operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income (loss)
$
91,075

 
$
33,753

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
50,920

 
46,210

Share-based compensation
3,901

 
4,284

Loss on derivative instruments
1,872

 

Amortization of deferred financing costs and mortgage loan premiums
260

 
(184
)
Gain on sale of hotel properties
(40,326
)
 

Non-cash ground rent
1,277

 
1,190

Equity in (earnings) loss from joint venture
4,424

 
2,313

Other
1,263

 
706

Changes in assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Restricted cash, net
734

 
(161
)
Hotel receivables
(4,944
)
 
(9,562
)
Prepaid expenses and other assets
2,676

 
(4,160
)
Distributions from joint venture

 
9,203

Accounts payable and accrued expenses
1,987

 
4,327

Advance deposits
2,000

 
2,461

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities
117,119

 
90,380

Investing activities:
 
 
 
Acquisition of hotel properties

 
(305,146
)
Improvements and additions to hotel properties
(60,117
)
 
(53,353
)
Deposit on hotel properties
3,000

 
(3,000
)
Proceeds from sale of hotel properties
107,565

 

Receipt from (acquisition of) note receivable

 
3,020

Purchase of corporate office equipment, software, and furniture
(44
)
 
(221
)
Restricted cash, net
831

 
3,081

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
51,235

 
(355,619
)
Financing activities:
 
 
 
Gross proceeds from issuance of preferred shares
125,000

 

Payment of offering costs — common and preferred shares
(4,055
)
 
(139
)
Payment of deferred financing costs
(950
)
 
(2,466
)
Borrowings under senior revolving credit facility
254,000

 
380,000

Repayments under senior revolving credit facility
(389,000
)
 
(120,000
)
Proceeds from term loans
150,000

 
100,000

Repayments of mortgage debt
(88,939
)
 
(55,420
)
Repurchase of common shares
(2,496
)
 
(4,094
)
Redemption of preferred shares
(140,000
)
 

Distributions — common shares/units
(50,376
)
 
(39,338
)
Distributions — preferred shares
(11,934
)
 
(12,975
)
Proceeds from membership deposits
847

 


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Pebblebrook Hotel Trust
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows - Continued
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)


Repayments of membership deposits
(489
)
 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
(158,392
)
 
245,568

Net change in cash and cash equivalents
9,962

 
(19,671
)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of year
26,345

 
52,883

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$
36,307

 
$
33,212

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

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PEBBLEBROOK HOTEL TRUST
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Note 1. Organization
Pebblebrook Hotel Trust (the "Company") was formed as a Maryland real estate investment trust in October 2009 to opportunistically acquire and invest in hotel properties located primarily in major United States cities, with an emphasis on major gateway coastal markets.
As of June 30, 2016, the Company owned interests in 35 hotels, including 29 wholly owned hotels with a total of 7,235 guest rooms, and a 49% joint venture interest in six hotels with a total of 1,787 guest rooms. The hotels are located in the following markets: Atlanta (Buckhead), Georgia; Bethesda, Maryland; Boston, Massachusetts; Miami (Coral Gables), Florida; Minneapolis, Minnesota; Naples, Florida; Nashville, Tennessee; New York, New York; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Portland, Oregon; San Diego, California; San Francisco, California; Santa Monica, California; Seattle, Washington; Stevenson, Washington; Washington, D.C.; West Hollywood, California; and Los Angeles (Beverly Hills), California.
Substantially all of the Company’s assets are held by, and all of the Company's operations are conducted through, Pebblebrook Hotel, L.P. (the "Operating Partnership"). The Company is the sole general partner of the Operating Partnership. At June 30, 2016, the Company owned 99.7% of the common limited partnership units issued by the Operating Partnership ("common units"). The remaining 0.3% of the common units are owned by the other limited partners of the Operating Partnership. For the Company to qualify as a real estate investment trust ("REIT") under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the "Code"), it cannot operate the hotels it owns. Therefore, the Operating Partnership and its subsidiaries lease the hotel properties to subsidiaries of Pebblebrook Hotel Lessee, Inc. (collectively with its subsidiaries, "PHL"), the Company’s taxable REIT subsidiary ("TRS"), which in turn engages third-party eligible independent contractors to manage the hotels. PHL is consolidated into the Company’s financial statements.
Note 2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited interim consolidated financial statements and related notes have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”) and in conformity with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) applicable to interim financial information. As such, certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been omitted in accordance with the rules and regulations of the SEC. These unaudited consolidated financial statements include all adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation of the consolidated balance sheets, consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income and consolidated statements of cash flows for the periods presented. Interim results are not necessarily indicative of full-year performance, as a result of the impact of seasonal and other short-term variations and the acquisitions and or dispositions of hotel properties. These consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015.
The Company and its subsidiaries are separate legal entities and maintain records and books of account separate and apart from each other. The consolidated financial statements include all of the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries and are presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. Investments in entities that the Company does not control, but over which the Company has the ability to exercise significant influence regarding operating and financial policies, are accounted for under the equity method.
Certain reclassifications have been made to the prior period’s financial statements to conform to the current year presentation.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities, and revenues and expenses. These estimates are prepared using management’s best judgment, after considering past, current and expected events and economic conditions. Actual results could differ from these estimates.
Fair Value Measurements

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A fair value measurement is based on the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability in an orderly transaction. The hierarchy for inputs used in measuring fair value are as follows:

1.
Level 1 – Inputs are quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
2.
Level 2 – Inputs include quoted prices in active markets for similar assets and liabilities, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active, and model-derived valuations whose inputs are observable.
3.
Level 3 – Model-derived valuations with unobservable inputs.

In certain cases, the inputs used to measure fair value may fall into different levels of the fair value hierarchy. In such cases, for disclosure purposes, the level within which the fair value measurement is categorized is based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement.
The Company's financial instruments include cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, accounts payable and accrued expenses. Due to their short maturities, the carrying amounts of these assets and liabilities approximate fair value. See Note 6 to the accompanying financial statements for disclosures on the fair value of debt and derivative instruments.
Investment in Hotel Properties
Upon acquisition of a hotel property, the Company allocates the purchase price based on the fair value of the acquired land, land improvements, building, furniture, fixtures and equipment, identifiable intangible assets or liabilities, other assets and assumed liabilities. Identifiable intangible assets or liabilities typically arise from contractual arrangements in connection with the transaction, including terms that are above or below market compared to an estimated market agreement at the acquisition date. Acquisition-date fair values of assets and assumed liabilities are determined based on replacement costs, appraised values, and estimated fair values using methods similar to those used by independent appraisers and that use appropriate discount and/or capitalization rates and available market information.
Acquisition costs are expensed as incurred.
Hotel renovations and replacements of assets that improve or extend the life of the asset are recorded at cost and depreciated over their estimated useful lives. Furniture, fixtures and equipment under capital leases are recorded at the present value of the minimum lease payments. Repair and maintenance costs are expensed as incurred.
Hotel properties are recorded at cost and depreciated using the straight-line method over an estimated useful life of 10 to 40 years for buildings, land improvements, and building improvements and 1 to 10 years for furniture, fixtures and equipment. Leasehold improvements are amortized over the shorter of the lease term or the useful lives of the related assets. Intangible assets arising from contractual arrangements are typically amortized over the life of the contract. The Company is required to make subjective assessments as to the useful lives and classification of properties for purposes of determining the amount of depreciation expense to reflect each year with respect to the assets. These assessments may impact the Company’s results of operations.
The Company reviews its investments in hotel properties for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of the hotel properties may not be recoverable. Events or circumstances that may cause a review include, but are not limited to, when a hotel property experiences a current or projected loss from operations, when it becomes more likely than not that a hotel property will be sold before the end of its useful life, adverse changes in the demand for lodging at the properties due to declining national or local economic conditions and/or new hotel construction in markets where the hotels are located. When such conditions exist, the Company performs an analysis to determine if the estimated undiscounted future cash flows from operations and the proceeds from the ultimate disposition of a hotel exceed its carrying value. If the estimated undiscounted future cash flows are less than the carrying value of the asset, an adjustment to reduce the carrying value to the related hotel’s estimated fair market value is recorded and an impairment loss is recognized. In the evaluation of impairment of its hotel properties, the Company makes many assumptions and estimates including projected cash flows both from operations and eventual disposition, expected useful life and holding period, future required capital expenditures, and fair values, including consideration of capitalization rates, discount rates, and comparable selling prices. The Company will adjust its assumptions with respect to the remaining useful life of the hotel property when circumstances change or it is more likely than not that the hotel property will be sold prior to its previously expected useful life.
The Company will classify a hotel as held for sale and will cease recording depreciation expense when a binding agreement to sell the property has been signed under which the buyer has committed a significant amount of nonrefundable cash, approval of the Board of Trustees has been obtained, no significant financing contingencies exist, and the sale is expected to close within one year. If the fair value less costs to sell is lower than the carrying value of the hotel, the Company will record an impairment loss. The Company will classify the loss, together with the related operating results, as continuing or

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discontinuing operations on the statements of operations and classify the assets and related liabilities as held for sale on the balance sheet.
Investment in Joint Venture
The Company reviews its investment in joint venture for impairment annually or at interim periods if events or circumstances indicate that the investment may be impaired. The investment is impaired when its estimated fair value is less than the carrying amount of the investment and that impairment is other than temporary.
Revenue Recognition
Revenue consists of amounts derived from hotel operations, including the sales of rooms, food and beverage, and other ancillary amenities. Revenue is recognized when rooms are occupied and services have been rendered. For retail operations, revenue is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lives of the retail leases. The Company recognizes revenue related to membership initiation fees and deposits over the expected life of an active membership. For membership initiation deposits, the difference between the amount paid by the member and the present value of the refund obligation is deferred and recognized within other operating revenues on the consolidated statements of operations over the expected life of an active membership. The present value of the refund obligation is recorded as a membership initiation deposit liability in the consolidated balance sheets and accretes over the nonrefundable term using the effective interest method with an interest rate defined as the incremental borrowing rate. The accretion is included in interest expense.
The Company collects sales, use, occupancy and similar taxes at its hotels which are presented on a net basis on the statement of operations. Accounts receivable primarily represents receivables from hotel guests who occupy hotel rooms and utilize hotel services. The Company maintains an allowance for doubtful accounts sufficient to cover estimated potential credit losses.
Income Taxes
To qualify as a REIT for federal income tax purposes, the Company must meet a number of organizational and operational requirements, including a requirement that it currently distribute at least 90 percent of its adjusted taxable income to its shareholders. As a REIT, the Company generally is not subject to federal corporate income tax on that portion of its taxable income that is currently distributed to shareholders. The Company is subject to certain state and local taxes on its income and property, and to federal income and excise taxes on its undistributed taxable income. In addition, PHL, which leases the Company’s hotels from the Operating Partnership, is subject to federal and state income taxes. The Company accounts for income taxes using the asset and liability method under which deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Valuation allowances are provided if, based upon the weight of the available evidence, it is more likely than not that some or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized.
Share-based Compensation
The Company has adopted an equity incentive plan that provides for the grant of common share options, share awards, share appreciation rights, performance units and other equity-based awards. Equity-based compensation is measured at the fair value of the award on the date of grant and recognized as an expense on a straight-line basis over the vesting period. Share-based compensation awards that contain a performance condition are reviewed at least quarterly to assess the achievement of the performance condition. Compensation expense will be adjusted when a change in the assessment of achievement of the specific performance condition level is determined to be probable. The determination of fair value of these awards is subjective and involves significant estimates and assumptions including expected volatility of the Company's shares, expected dividend yield, expected term and assumptions of whether these awards will achieve parity with other operating partnership units or achieve performance thresholds.
Earnings Per Share
Basic earnings per share (“EPS”) is computed by dividing the net income (loss) available to common shareholders by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted EPS is computed by dividing net income (loss) available to common shareholders, as adjusted for dilutive securities, by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding plus dilutive securities. Any anti-dilutive securities are excluded from the diluted per-share calculation.
Recent Accounting Standards
In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the "FASB") issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which requires an entity to recognize the amount of revenue to which it expects to be entitled for the transfer

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of promised goods or services to customers. The ASU will replace most existing revenue recognition guidance in U.S. GAAP when it becomes effective. The standard permits the use of either the retrospective or cumulative effect transition method. In July 2015, the FASB voted to defer the effective date to January 1, 2018 with early adoption beginning January 1, 2017. The Company is evaluating the effect that ASU 2014-09 will have on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.
In February 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-02, Consolidation - Amendments to the Consolidation Analysis, which amends the current consolidation guidance affecting both the variable interest entity ("VIE") and voting interest entity ("VOE") consolidation models. The standard does not add or remove any of the characteristics in determining if an entity is a VIE or VOE, but rather enhances the way the Company assesses some of these characteristics. The Company adopted this standard on January 1, 2016 and concluded that no change was required to its accounting for its joint venture. However, the Operating Partnership now meets the criteria as a VIE, the Company is the primary beneficiary and, accordingly, the Company continues to consolidate the Operating Partnership. The Company’s sole significant asset is its investment in the Operating Partnership, and consequently, substantially all of the Company’s assets and liabilities represent those assets and liabilities of the Operating Partnership. All of the Company’s debt is an obligation of the Operating Partnership.
In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-03, Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs, which requires debt issuance costs to be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying value of the debt liability. The Company adopted this standard on January 1, 2016 and presents all debt issuance costs, other than issuance costs related to its senior unsecured revolving credit facility, as a direct deduction from the carrying value of the debt liability. Adoption of this standard was applied retrospectively for all periods presented, affecting only the presentation of the balance sheet. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on the Company's financial position and had no impact on the results of operations or cash flows.
In August 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-15, Interest — Imputation of Interest: Presentation and Subsequent Measurement of Debt Issuance Costs Associated with Line-of-Credit Arrangements, which clarifies the treatment of debt issuance costs from line-of-credit arrangements after the adoption of ASU 2015-03. In particular, ASU 2015-15 clarifies that the SEC staff would not object to an entity deferring and presenting debt issuance costs related to a line-of-credit arrangement as an asset and subsequently amortizing the deferred debt issuance costs ratably over the term of such arrangement, regardless of whether there are any outstanding borrowings on the line-of-credit arrangement. The Company adopted this standard on January 1, 2016 and elected to continue presenting debt issuance costs related to its senior unsecured revolving credit facility as an asset which is included in prepaid expenses and other assets on the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. The adoption of this standard did not have an impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.
In November 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-17, Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Taxes, which simplifies the presentation of deferred taxes by requiring that deferred tax assets and liabilities be presented as non-current on the balance sheet. The new standard is effective for the Company on January 1, 2017 but earlier adoption is permitted. The Company adopted this standard on January 1, 2016 and it did not have an impact on the Company's financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases, which sets out the principles for the recognition, measurement, presentation and disclosure of leases for both parties to a contract (i.e., lessees and lessors). The new standard requires lessees to apply a dual approach, classifying leases as either finance or operating leases based on the principle of whether or not the lease is effectively a financed purchase by the lessee. This classification will determine whether lease expense is recognized based on an effective interest method or on a straight line basis over the term of the lease, respectively. A lessee is also required to record a right-of-use asset and a lease liability for all leases with a term of greater than 12 months regardless of their classification. Leases with a term of 12 months or less will be accounted for similarly to existing guidance for operating leases today. This guidance is effective for the Company on January 1, 2019, however, early adoption is permitted. The standard requires a modified retrospective approach for leases that exist or are entered into after the beginning of the earliest comparative period in the financial statements. The Company is evaluating the effect that ASU 2016-02 will have on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.
In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU-2016-09, Improvements to Employee Share-Based Award Payment Accounting, which simplifies various aspects of how share-based payments are accounted for and presented in the financial statements. This standard requires companies to record all of the tax effects related to share-based payments through the income statement, allows companies to elect an accounting policy to either estimate the share based award forfeitures (and expense) or account for forfeitures (and expense) as they occur, and allows companies to withhold up to the maximum individual statutory tax rate of the shares upon settlement of an award without causing the award to be classified as liability. This guidance is effective for the Company on January 1, 2017, however, early adoption is permitted. The Company early adopted this standard on April 1, 2016 and it did not have an impact on the Company's financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

Note 3. Acquisition and Disposition of Hotel Properties


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Acquisitions

The Company had no hotel acquisitions during the three and six months ended June 30, 2016. The following unaudited pro forma financial information presents the results of the Company for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 as if the hotels acquired in 2015 were acquired on January 1, 2014. The following hotels' pro forma results are included in the pro forma table below: LaPlaya Beach Resort and LaPlaya Beach Club; and The Tuscan Fisherman's Wharf, a Best Western Plus Hotel. The pro forma results below exclude acquisition costs of $4.3 million and $4.5 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, respectively. The unaudited pro forma results have been prepared for comparative purposes only and do not purport to be indicative of either the results of operations that would have actually occurred had these transactions occurred or the future results of operations (in thousands, except per-share data).
 
For the three months ended June 30,
 
For the six months ended June 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total revenues
$
212,272

 
$
208,893

 
$
408,517

 
$
392,420

Operating income (loss)
45,325

 
42,341

 
75,332

 
64,976

Net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders
69,949

 
26,072

 
76,515

 
32,509

Net income (loss) per share available to common shareholders — basic
$
0.97

 
$
0.36

 
$
1.06

 
$
0.45

Net income (loss) per share available to common shareholders — diluted
$
0.96

 
$
0.36

 
$
1.05

 
$
0.45


Dispositions

On May 5, 2016, the Company sold an excess land parcel adjacent to the Revere Hotel Boston Common for $6.0 million. The Company recognized a gain of $3.3 million related to the sale of this land.

On June 1, 2016, the Company sold the Viceroy Miami for $64.5 million. The Company recognized a gain of $30.5 million related to the sale of this hotel property.

On June 1, 2016, the Company sold the The Redbury Hollywood for $40.9 million. The Company recognized a gain of $6.5 million related to the sale of this hotel property.

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, the Company's consolidated statements of operations included operating income of $1.2 million and $4.1 million, respectively, related to the hotel properties sold. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, the Company's consolidated statements of operations included operating income of $1.7 million and $4.5 million, respectively, related to the hotel properties sold.

The sales of land and hotel properties described above did not represent a strategic shift in the Company’s business plan or primary markets, and therefore, did not qualify as discontinued operations.

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Note 4. Investment in Hotel Properties
Investment in hotel properties as of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 consisted of the following (in thousands):
 
 
June 30,
2016
 
December 31, 2015
Land
$
480,366

 
$
499,381

Buildings and improvements
2,225,737

 
2,225,168

Furniture, fixtures and equipment
218,284

 
205,890

Construction in progress
11,766

 
26,322

Investment in hotel properties
$
2,936,153

 
$
2,956,761

Less: Accumulated depreciation
(323,220
)
 
(283,177
)
Investment in hotel properties, net
$
2,612,933

 
$
2,673,584


Note 5. Investment in Joint Venture
On July 29, 2011, the Company acquired a 49% interest in a joint venture (the “Manhattan Collection joint venture”), which owns six properties in New York, New York. The transaction valued the six hotels at approximately $908.0 million (subject to working capital and similar adjustments). The Company accounts for this investment using the equity method.
In conjunction with the joint venture's refinancing in 2012, the Company provided the joint venture a $50.0 million unsecured special loan which matures at the earlier of July 4, 2018, the closing of any refinancing of the secured loan or the closing date of a portfolio sale (as defined in the loan agreement). The unsecured special loan bears interest at an annual fixed rate of 9.75% and requires interest-only payments through maturity. The unsecured special loan is pre-payable by the joint venture at any time. The unsecured special loan to the joint venture is included in the investment in joint venture on the consolidated balance sheets. Interest income is recorded on the accrual basis and the Company's 49% pro-rata portion of the special loan and related interest income is eliminated.
As of June 30, 2016, the joint venture reported $445.0 million in total assets, which represents the historical cost basis of the hotels prior to the Company's investment. The joint venture's total liabilities and members' deficit include $460.0 million in existing first mortgage debt, consisting of a single $410.0 million loan secured by five of the properties (excluding Dumont NYC) and a $50.0 million loan secured by the Dumont NYC, and the $50.0 million unsecured special loan provided by the Company as described above. At June 30, 2016, the five hotel properties securing the joint venture’s $410.0 million loan are in a cash trigger period, as defined in the loan agreement, because their aggregate net operating income on a trailing 12-month basis was below a minimum threshold.  As a result, the joint venture may not make distributions of cash generated by such hotel properties to its partners, including the Company, until the minimum net operating income from such hotel properties on a trailing 12-month basis exceeds the minimum threshold. The joint venture was in compliance with all of its debt covenants as of June 30, 2016. The Company is not a guarantor of any existing debt of the joint venture except for limited customary carve-outs related to fraud or misapplication of funds.
At the time of the Company’s investment in the joint venture, the estimated fair value of the hotel properties owned by the Manhattan Collection joint venture exceeded the carrying value. This basis difference between the Company’s investment in the joint venture and the Company’s proportionate 49% interest in these depreciable assets held by the joint venture is amortized over the estimated life of the underlying assets and recognized as a component of equity in earnings (loss) of joint venture (referred to as the basis adjustment in the table below).
The summarized results of operations of the Company’s investment in the Manhattan Collection joint venture for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 are presented below (in thousands):

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For the three months ended June 30,
 
For the six months ended June 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Revenues
$
45,698

 
$
47,538

 
$
76,879

 
$
78,559

Total expenses
43,579

 
42,347

 
86,193

 
83,850

Net income (loss)
$
2,119

 
$
5,191

 
$
(9,314
)

$
(5,291
)
Company’s 49% interest of net income (loss)
1,038

 
2,543

 
(4,564
)
 
(2,593
)
Basis adjustment
49

 
181

 
140

 
280

Special loan interest income elimination
595

 
596

 
1,191

 
1,185

Equity in earnings (loss) in joint venture
$
1,682

 
$
3,320

 
$
(3,233
)
 
$
(1,128
)

The Company classifies the distributions from the Manhattan Collection joint venture in the statements of cash flows based upon an evaluation of the specific facts and circumstances of each distribution. For example, distributions from cash generated by property operations are classified as cash flows from operating activities. However, distributions received as a result of property sales are classified as cash flows from investing activities.
Note 6. Debt
Senior Unsecured Revolving Credit Facility
On May 19, 2015, the Company exercised the accordion feature under the amended and restated credit agreement that governs the Company's senior unsecured revolving credit facility and the Company's unsecured term loan facility to increase the aggregate borrowing capacity by $150.0 million to $750.0 million. The Company's $750.0 million unsecured credit facility provides for a $450.0 million unsecured revolving credit facility and a $300.0 million unsecured term loan (the "First Term Loan"). The revolving credit facility matures in January 2019 with options to extend the maturity date to January 2020. The First Term Loan matures in January 2020. The Company has the ability to increase the aggregate borrowing capacity under the credit agreement to up to $1.0 billion, subject to lender approval. Borrowings on the revolving credit facility bear interest at LIBOR plus 1.55% to 2.30%, depending on the Company’s leverage ratio. Additionally, the Company is required to pay an unused commitment fee at an annual rate of 0.20% or 0.30% of the unused portion of the revolving credit facility, depending on the amount of borrowings outstanding. The credit agreement contains certain financial covenants, including a maximum leverage ratio, a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio, and a maximum percentage of secured debt to total asset value. As of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the Company had $30.0 million and $165.0 million, respectively, in outstanding borrowings under the revolving credit facility. As of June 30, 2016, the Company had $420.0 million borrowing capacity remaining under its unsecured revolving credit facility. As of June 30, 2016, the Company was in compliance with the credit agreement debt covenants. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, the Company incurred unused commitment fees of $0.2 million and $0.4 million, respectively. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, the Company incurred unused commitment fees of $0.2 million and $0.3 million, respectively.
Unsecured Term Loan Facilities
As of June 30, 2016, the Company had $300.0 million outstanding under the First Term Loan which matures in January 2020. This term loan facility bears interest at a variable rate of LIBOR plus 1.50% to 2.25%, depending on the Company's leverage ratio.
On April 13, 2015, the Company entered into a second unsecured term loan facility (the "Second Term Loan"). The Second Term Loan has a $100.0 million capacity, which may be increased to up to $200.0 million, subject to lender approval, and matures in April 2022. On January 5, 2016, the Company exercised its accordion option to increase the borrowing capacity under the Second Term Loan to $175.0 million. As of June 30, 2016, the Company had $175.0 million outstanding under the Second Term Loan. The Second Term Loan bears interest at a variable rate of LIBOR plus 1.70% to 2.55%, depending on the Company's leverage ratio.
On June 10, 2015, the Company entered into a third unsecured term loan facility (the "Third Term Loan"). The Third Term Loan has a $125.0 million capacity, which may be increased up to $250.0 million, subject to lender approval, and matures in January 2021. On January 5, 2016, the Company exercised its accordion option to increase the borrowing capacity under the Third Term Loan to $200.0 million. As of June 30, 2016, the Company had $200.0 million outstanding under the Third Term Loan. This Third Term Loan bears interest at a variable rate of LIBOR plus 1.45% to 2.20%, depending on the Company's leverage ratio.
As of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the Company had $675.0 million and $525.0 million, respectively, in outstanding borrowings under the unsecured term loan facilities. Each of the term loan facilities is subject to debt covenants

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substantially similar to the covenants under the amended and restated credit agreement. As of June 30, 2016, the Company was in compliance with all debt covenants of its term loan facilities. The Company has entered into interest rate swaps to effectively fix the LIBOR rates for all of its unsecured term loan facilities, except for $75.0 million on the Second Term Loan (see “Derivative and Hedging Activities” below).
Senior Unsecured Notes
On November 12, 2015, the Company issued $60.0 million of senior unsecured notes (the "Series A Notes") bearing a fixed interest rate of 4.70% per annum and maturing in December 2023. On November 12, 2015, the Company issued $40.0 million of senior unsecured notes (the "Series B Notes") bearing a fixed interest rate of 4.93% per annum and maturing in December 2025. The Series A Notes and the Series B Notes are subject to debt covenants substantially similar to the covenants under the amended and restated credit agreement. As of June 30, 2016, the Company was in compliance with all such debt covenants.
Derivative and Hedging Activities
The Company enters into interest rate swap agreements to hedge against interest rate fluctuations. All of the Company's interest rate swaps are cash flow hedges. Unrealized gains and losses on the effective portion of hedging instruments are reported in other comprehensive income (loss) and are subsequently reclassified into earnings in the period that the hedged forecasted transaction affects earnings. Ineffective portions of changes in the fair value of a cash flow hedge are recognized as other expense in the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income.
As of June 30, 2016, the Company had interest rate swaps with an aggregate notional amount of $300.0 million to hedge the variable interest rate on the First Term Loan and, as a result, the First Term Loan had a weighted-average effective interest rate of 3.23% through July 13, 2017 and a weighted-average effective interest rate of 3.81% from July 13, 2017 through January 15, 2020, based on the Company’s leverage ratio at June 30, 2016.
The Company entered into interest rate swap agreements with an aggregate notional amount of $100.0 million to effectively fix the LIBOR rate for the entire duration of the Second Term Loan, and, as a result, the Second Term Loan had a weighted-average effective interest rate of 3.86%, based on the Company’s leverage ratio at June 30, 2016. The remaining $75.0 million borrowing under the Second Term Loan remains floating at a variable rate of LIBOR plus 1.70% to 2.55%, depending on the Company's leverage ratio.
The Company entered into interest rate swap agreements with an aggregate notional amount of $200.0 million to effectively fix the LIBOR rate for the entire duration of the Third Term Loan, and, as a result, the Third Term Loan had a weighted-average effective interest rate of 3.51%, based on the Company’s leverage ratio at June 30, 2016.
The Company records all derivative instruments at fair value in the consolidated balance sheets. Fair values of interest rate swaps are determined using the standard market methodology of netting the discounted future fixed cash receipts/payments and the discounted expected variable cash payments/receipts. Variable interest rates used in the calculation of projected receipts and payments on the swaps are based on an expectation of future interest rates derived from observable market interest rate curves (Overnight Index Swap curves) and volatilities (level 2 inputs). Derivatives expose the Company to credit risk in the event of non-performance by the counterparties under the terms of the interest rate hedge agreements. The Company incorporates these counterparty credit risks in its fair value measurements. The Company believes it minimizes the credit risk by transacting with major creditworthy financial institutions.
As of June 30, 2016, the Company's derivative instruments were in liability positions, with aggregate liability fair values of $22.7 million in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, there was $4.6 million and $16.1 million in unrealized loss, respectively, recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, there was $4.1 million in unrealized gain and $0.1 million in unrealized loss, respectively, recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, the Company recorded a loss of $0.1 million and $1.9 million, respectively, for the ineffective portion of the change in fair values of the interest rate swaps. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, the Company reclassified $1.6 million and $3.2 million, respectively, from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) to interest expense. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, the Company reclassified $1.2 million and $2.0 million, respectively, from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) to interest expense. The Company expects approximately $5.6 million will be reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) to interest expense in the next 12 months.
Mortgage Debt
Each of the Company’s mortgage loans is secured by a first mortgage lien or by leasehold interests under the ground lease on the underlying property. The mortgages are non-recourse to the Company except for customary carve-outs such as fraud or misapplication of funds.

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On April 5, 2016, the Company repaid the $62.8 million mortgage loan on the Embassy Suites San Diego Bay - Downtown, without penalty, using proceeds from the senior unsecured revolving credit facility.
On May 5, 2016, the Company repaid the $22.7 million mortgage loan on the Hotel Modera, without penalty, using proceeds from the senior unsecured revolving credit facility.
Debt Summary
Debt as of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 consisted of the following (dollars in thousands):
 
 

 

Balance Outstanding as of
 
Interest Rate

Maturity Date

June 30, 2016

December 31, 2015
Senior unsecured revolving credit facility
Floating (1)

January 2019

$
30,000


$
165,000











Term loans









First Term Loan
Floating(2)

January 2020

300,000


300,000

Second Term Loan
Floating(2)

April 2022

175,000


100,000

Third Term Loan
Floating(2)

January 2021

200,000


125,000

Total term loans at stated value




675,000


525,000

Deferred financing costs, net




(3,623
)

(3,117
)
Total term loans




$
671,377


$
521,883











Senior unsecured notes









Series A Notes
4.70%

December 2023

60,000


60,000

Series B Notes
4.93%

December 2025

40,000


40,000

Total senior unsecured notes at stated value




100,000


100,000

Deferred financing costs, net




(575
)

(608
)
Total senior unsecured notes




$
99,425


$
99,392











Mortgage loans









Embassy Suites San Diego Bay - Downtown
6.28%

June 2016



63,116

Hotel Modera
5.26%

July 2016



22,833

Hotel Monaco Washington DC
4.36%

February 2017

42,451


42,895

Argonaut Hotel
4.25%

March 2017

42,216


42,823

Sofitel Philadelphia
3.90%

June 2017

45,001


45,668

Hotel Zelos (formerly Hotel Palomar San Francisco)
5.94%

September 2017

25,911


26,098

The Westin San Diego Gaslamp Quarter
3.69%

January 2020

73,956


75,040

Mortgage loans at stated value




229,535


318,473

Mortgage loan premiums and deferred financing costs (3)




161


847

Total mortgage loans




$
229,696


$
319,320

Total debt




$
1,030,498


$
1,105,595

 
________________________ 
(1) Borrowings bear interest at floating rates equal to, at the Company's option, either (i) LIBOR plus an applicable margin or (ii) an Adjusted Base Rate (as defined in the senior unsecured credit agreement) plus an applicable margin. The Company has two six-month extension options.
(2) Borrowings under the term loan facilities bear interest at floating rates equal to, at the Company's option, either (i) LIBOR plus an applicable margin or (ii) a Base Rate plus an applicable margin. The Company entered into interest rate swaps to effectively fix the interest rate for the First Term Loan, a portion of the Second Term Loan and the Third Term Loan. At

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June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the Company had interest rate swaps on the full amounts outstanding, except for $75.0 million on the Second Term Loan. See "Derivative and Hedging Activities" above.
(3) As of June 30, 2016, loan premium on assumed mortgage recorded in purchase accounting for the Hotel Zelos (formerly Hotel Palomar San Francisco).
The Company estimates the fair value of its fixed rate debt by discounting the future cash flows of each instrument at estimated market rates, taking into consideration general market conditions and maturity of the debt with similar credit terms and is classified within level 2 of the fair value hierarchy. The estimated fair value of the Company’s fixed rate debt as of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 was $340.4 million and $465.4 million, respectively.
The Company was in compliance with all debt covenants as of June 30, 2016.
Note 7. Equity
Common Shares
The Company is authorized to issue up to 500,000,000 common shares of beneficial interest, $.01 par value per share (“common shares”). Each outstanding common share entitles the holder to one vote on each matter submitted to a vote of shareholders. Holders of the Company’s common shares are entitled to receive dividends when authorized by the Company’s board of trustees.
On March 5, 2014, the Company filed a prospectus supplement with the SEC to sell up to $175.0 million in common shares under a new "at the market" offering program (an "ATM program"). At the same time, the Company terminated its prior $170.0 million ATM program. As of June 30, 2016, $159.8 million in common shares remained available for issuance under the $175.0 million ATM program.
On February 22, 2016, the Company announced that its Board of Trustees authorized a share repurchase program of up to $150.0 million of the Company's outstanding common shares. Under this program, the Company may repurchase its common shares from time to time in transactions on the open market or by private agreement. The Company may suspend or discontinue this program at any time. As of June 30, 2016, the Company had no repurchases under this program.
Common Dividends
The Company declared the following dividends on common shares/units for the six months ended June 30, 2016:
Dividend per
Share/Unit
 
For the quarter
ended
 
Record Date
 
Payable Date
$
0.38

 
March 31, 2016
 
March 31, 2016
 
April 15, 2016
$
0.38

 
June 30, 2016
 
June 30, 2016
 
July 15, 2016
Preferred Shares
The Company is authorized to issue up to 100,000,000 preferred shares of beneficial interest, $.01 par value per share (“preferred shares”).
On March 11, 2016, the Company redeemed all 5,600,000 of its 7.875% Series A Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Shares ("Series A Preferred Shares") at a redemption amount of $25.00 per share plus accrued and unpaid dividends.
On June 9, 2016, the Company issued 5,000,000 of its 6.375% Series D Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Shares (“Series D Preferred Shares”) at a public offering price of $25.00 per share, for net proceeds of approximately $121.1 million, after deducting the underwriting discount and other offering-related costs.
As of June 30, 2016, the Company had none of its Series A Preferred Shares, 3,400,000 of its 8.00% Series B Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Shares ("Series B Preferred Shares"), 5,000,000 of its 6.50% Series C Preferred Shares ("Series C Preferred Shares") and 5,000,000 of its Series D Preferred shares outstanding. As of December 31, 2015, the Company had 5,600,000 of its Series A Preferred Shares, 3,400,000 of its Series B Preferred shares and 5,000,000 of its Series C Preferred Shares outstanding.
The Series A Preferred Shares, Series B Preferred Shares, Series C Preferred Shares and Series D Preferred Shares (collectively, the “Preferred Shares”) rank senior to the Company's common shares of beneficial interest and on parity with each other with respect to payment of distributions. The Preferred Shares are cumulative redeemable preferred shares, do not have any maturity date and are not subject to mandatory redemption. The Company could not redeem the Series A Preferred

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Shares prior to March 11, 2016 and may not redeem the Series B Preferred Shares, Series C Preferred Shares or Series D Preferred Shares prior to September 21, 2016, March 18, 2018 and June 9, 2021, respectively, except in limited circumstances relating to the Company’s continuing qualification as a REIT or as discussed below. On or after those dates, the Company may, at its option, redeem the applicable Preferred Shares, in whole or from time to time in part, by payment of $25.00 per share, plus any accumulated, accrued and unpaid distributions through the date of redemption. Upon the occurrence of a change of control, as defined in the Company's declaration of trust, the result of which the Company’s common shares and the common securities of the acquiring or surviving entity are not listed on the New York Stock Exchange, the NYSE MKT or NASDAQ, or any successor exchanges, the Company may, at its option, redeem the Preferred Shares in whole or in part within 120 days following the change of control by paying $25.00 per share, plus any accrued and unpaid distributions through the date of redemption. If the Company does not exercise its right to redeem the Preferred Shares upon a change of control, the holders of the Preferred Shares have the right to convert some or all of their shares into a number of the Company’s common shares based on a defined formula subject to a share cap. The share cap on each Series B Preferred Share is 3.4483 common shares, each Series C Preferred Share is 2.0325 common shares and each Series D Preferred Shares is 1.9794 common shares.
Preferred Dividends
The Company declared the following dividends on preferred shares for the six months ended June 30, 2016:
 
Security Type
 
Dividend  per
Share/Unit
 
For the quarter
ended
 
Record Date
 
Payable Date
8.00% Series B
 
$
0.50

 
March 31, 2016
 
March 31, 2016
 
April 15, 2016
8.00% Series B
 
$
0.50

 
June 30, 2016
 
June 30, 2016
 
July 15, 2016
6.50% Series C
 
$
0.41

 
March 31, 2016
 
March 31, 2016
 
April 15, 2016
6.50% Series C
 
$
0.41

 
June 30, 2016
 
June 30, 2016
 
July 15, 2016
6.375% Series D
 
$
0.16

 
June 30, 2016
 
June 30, 2016
 
July 15, 2016

Non-controlling Interest of Common Units in Operating Partnership
Holders of Operating Partnership units have certain redemption rights that enable the unit holders to cause the Operating Partnership to redeem their units in exchange for, at the Company’s option, cash per unit equal to the market price of the Company’s common shares at the time of redemption or the Company’s common shares on a one-for-one basis. The number of shares issuable upon exercise of the redemption rights will be adjusted upon the occurrence of share splits, mergers, consolidations or similar pro-rata share transactions, which otherwise would have the effect of diluting the ownership interests of the Operating Partnership's limited partners or the Company's shareholders.
As of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the Operating Partnership had 236,351 long-term incentive partnership units (“LTIP units”) outstanding. Of the 236,351 LTIP units outstanding at June 30, 2016, 54,845 units have vested. Only vested LTIP units may be converted to common units of the Operating Partnership, which in turn can be tendered for redemption as described above.
Note 8. Share-Based Compensation Plan
The Company maintains the 2009 Equity Incentive Plan, as amended and restated (the "Plan"), to attract and retain independent trustees, executive officers and other key employees and service providers. The Plan provides for the grant of options to purchase common shares, share awards, share appreciation rights, performance units and other equity-based awards. Share awards under the Plan vest over a period determined by the Board of Trustees, generally over three to five years, with certain awards vesting over periods of up to six years. The Company pays or accrues for dividends on share-based awards. All share awards are subject to full or partial accelerated vesting upon a change in control and upon death or disability or certain other employment termination events as set forth in the award agreements. As of June 30, 2016, there were 160,286 common shares available for issuance under the Plan, assuming performance-based equity awards vest at target.
Service Condition Share Awards
From time to time, the Company awards restricted shares under the Plan to members of the Board of Trustees, officers and employees. These shares generally vest over three to five years based on continued service or employment.
The following table provides a summary of service condition restricted share activity as of June 30, 2016:
 

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Shares
 
Weighted-Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
Unvested at December 31, 2015
124,617

 
$
35.46

Granted
67,280

 
$
23.81

Vested
(52,452
)
 
$
32.79

Forfeited
(4,809
)
 
$
30.66

Unvested at June 30, 2016
134,636

 
$
30.85

The fair value of each of these service condition restricted share awards is determined based on the closing price of the Company’s common shares on the grant date and compensation expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the vesting period. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, the Company recognized approximately $0.4 million and $0.9 million, respectively, of share-based compensation expense related to these service condition restricted shares in the consolidated statements of operations. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, the Company recognized approximately $0.4 million and $0.8 million, respectively, of share-based compensation expense related to these service condition restricted shares in the consolidated statements of operations. As of June 30, 2016, there was $3.3 million of total unrecognized share-based compensation expense related to unvested restricted shares. The unrecognized share-based compensation expense is expected to be recognized over the weighted-average remaining vesting period of 2.3 years.
Performance-Based Equity Awards

On February 8, 2012, the Board of Trustees approved a target award of 72,056 performance-based equity awards to officers and employees of the Company. In February 2015, these awards vested and the Company issued 120,016 and 87,556 common shares to officers and non-executive management employees, respectively. The actual number of common shares that ultimately vested were based on three performance criteria as defined in the award agreements for the period of performance from January 1, 2012 through December 31, 2014.

On January 30, 2013, the Board of Trustees approved a target award of 72,118 performance-based equity awards to officers and employees of the Company. In January 2016, these awards vested and the Company issued 120,730 and 56,562 common shares to officers and non-executive management employees, respectively. The actual number of common shares that ultimately vested were based on three performance criteria as defined in the award agreements for the period of performance from January 1, 2013 through December 31, 2015.
On December 13, 2013, the Board of Trustees approved a target award of 252,088 performance-based equity awards to officers and employees of the Company. The awards vest ratably on January 1, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 and 2020. The actual number of common shares that ultimately vest will range from 0% to 200% of the target award and will be determined on each vesting date based upon the two performance criteria as defined in the award agreements for the period of performance beginning on the grant date and ending on the applicable vesting date. In January 2016, one fifth of these awards vested and the Company issued 25,134 of common shares which represented achieving 49% of the 50,418 target number of shares.
On February 4, 2014, the Board of Trustees approved a target award of 66,483 performance-based equity awards to officers and employees of the Company. These awards vest on January 1, 2017. The actual number of common shares that ultimately vest will range from 0% to 200% of the target award (except for 10,092 target awards to non-executive management employees which have no maximum) and will be determined in 2017 based on three performance criteria as defined in the award agreements for the period of performance from January 1, 2014 through December 31, 2016.
On February 11, 2015, the Board of Trustees approved a target award of 44,962 performance-based equity awards to officers and employees of the Company. These awards vest on January 1, 2018. The actual number of common shares that ultimately vest will range from 0% to 200% of the target award (except for 8,559 target awards to non-executive management employees which have no maximum) and will be determined in 2018 based on three performance criteria as defined in the award agreements for the period of performance from January 1, 2015 through December 31, 2017.
On July 27, 2015, a target award of 771 performance-based equity awards was granted to an employee of the Company. This award vests on January 1, 2018. The actual number of common shares that ultimately vest will be determined in 2018 based on three performance criteria as defined in the award agreements for the period of performance from January 1, 2016 through December 31, 2017.
On February 10, 2016, the Board of Trustees approved a target award of 100,919 performance-based equity awards to officers and employees of the Company. These awards vest on January 1, 2019. The actual number of common shares that

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ultimately vest will range from 0% to 200% of the target award (except for 17,372 target awards to non-executive management employees which have no maximum) and will be determined in 2019 based on three performance criteria as defined in the award agreements for the period of performance from January 1, 2016 through December 31, 2018.
The grant date fair value of the performance awards, with market conditions, were determined using a Monte Carlo simulation method with the following assumptions:
Performance Award Grant Date
 
Percentage of Total Award
 
Grant Date Fair Value by Component ($ in millions)
 
Volatility
 
Interest Rate
 
Dividend Yield
February 8, 2012
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Relative Total Shareholder Return
 
30.00%
 
$0.7
 
33.00%
 
0.34%
 
2.20%
 
Absolute Total Shareholder Return
 
30.00%
 
$0.6
 
33.00%
 
0.34%
 
2.20%
 
EBITDA Comparison
 
40.00%
 
$0.7
 
33.00%
 
0.34%
 
2.20%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
January 30, 2013
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Relative Total Shareholder Return
 
30.00%
 
$0.7
 
31.00%
 
0.41%
 
2.20%
 
Absolute Total Shareholder Return
 
30.00%
 
$0.5
 
31.00%
 
0.41%
 
2.20%
 
EBITDA Comparison
 
40.00%
 
$0.7
 
31.00%
 
0.41%
 
2.20%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
December 13, 2013
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Relative Total Shareholder Return
 
50.00%
 
$4.7
 
29.00%
 
0.34% - 2.25%
 
2.40%
 
Absolute Total Shareholder Return
 
50.00%
 
$2.9
 
29.00%
 
0.34% - 2.25%
 
2.40%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
February 4, 2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Relative Total Shareholder Return
 
30.00%
 
$0.7
 
29.00%
 
0.62%
 
2.40%
 
Absolute Total Shareholder Return
 
30.00%
 
$0.5
 
29.00%
 
0.62%
 
2.40%
 
EBITDA Comparison
 
40.00%
 
$0.8
 
29.00%
 
0.62%
 
2.40%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
February 11, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Relative Total Shareholder Return
 
30.00%
 
$0.9
 
22.00%
 
1.02%
 
2.50%
 
Absolute Total Shareholder Return
 
40.00%
 
$0.7
 
22.00%
 
1.02%
 
2.50%
 
EBITDA Comparison
 
30.00%
 
$0.7
 
22.00%
 
1.02%
 
2.50%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
July 27, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Relative Total Shareholder Return
 
30.00%
 
(1) 
22.00%
 
0.68%
 
2.50%
 
Absolute Total Shareholder Return
 
40.00%
 
(1) 
22.00%
 
0.68%
 
2.50%
 
EBITDA Comparison
 
30.00%
 
(1) 
22.00%
 
0.68%
 
2.50%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
February 10, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Relative Total Shareholder Return
 
70.00%
 
$1.6
 
25.00%
 
0.71%
 
3.00%
 
Absolute Total Shareholder Return
 
15.00%
 
$0.2
 
25.00%
 
0.71%
 
3.00%
 
EBITDA Comparison
 
15.00%
 
$0.4
 
25.00%
 
0.71%
 
3.00%
(1)Amounts round to zero.


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In the table above, the Relative Total Shareholder Return and Absolute Total Shareholder Return components are market conditions as defined by ASC 718. The EBITDA Comparison component is a performance condition as defined by ASC 718, and, therefore, compensation expense related to this component will be reassessed at each reporting date based on the Company's estimate of the probable level of achievement, and the accrual of compensation expense will be adjusted as appropriate.
 
Dividends on unvested performance-based equity awards accrue over the vesting period and will be paid on the actual number of shares that vest at the end of the applicable period. The Company recognizes compensation expense on a straight-line basis through the vesting date. As of June 30, 2016, there was approximately $12.0 million of unrecognized compensation expense related to these performance-based equity awards which will be recognized over the weighted-average remaining vesting period of 2.0 years. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, the Company recognized $1.3 million and $2.5 million, respectively, in expense related to these awards. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, the Company recognized $1.5 million and $3.0 million, respectively, in expense related to these awards.
Long-Term Incentive Partnership Units
LTIP units, which are also referred to as profits interest units, may be issued to eligible participants for the performance of services to or for the benefit of the Operating Partnership. LTIP units are a class of partnership unit in the Operating Partnership and receive, whether vested or not, the same per-unit profit distributions as the other outstanding units in the Operating Partnership, which equal per-share distributions on common shares. LTIP units are allocated their pro-rata share of the Company's net income (loss). Vested LTIP units may be converted by the holder, at any time, into an equal number of common Operating Partnership units and thereafter will possess all of the rights and interests of a common Operating Partnership unit, including the right to redeem the common Operating Partnership unit for a common share in the Company or cash, at the option of the Operating Partnership.
As of June 30, 2016, the Operating Partnership had two classes of LTIP units, LTIP Class A and LTIP Class B units, all of which are held by officers of the Company.
The Company granted 929,099 LTIP Class A units to executive officers of the Company at and shortly after the completion of its initial public offering in December 2009. These LTIP units vested ratably on each of the first five anniversaries of their dates of grant and were valued at $8.50 per LTIP unit at the date of grant using a Monte Carlo simulation method model.
On December 13, 2013, the Board of Trustees approved a grant of 226,882 LTIP Class B units to executive officers of the Company. These LTIP units are subject to time-based vesting in five equal annual installments beginning January 1, 2016 and ending on January 1, 2020. The fair value of each award was determined based on the closing price of the Company’s common shares on the grant date of $29.19 per unit. The aggregate grant date fair value of the LTIP Class B units was $6.6 million.
As of June 30, 2016, the Company had 236,351 LTIP units outstanding. All LTIP unvested units will vest upon a change in control. As of June 30, 2016, of the 236,351 units outstanding, 54,845 LTIP units have vested.
For the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, the Company recognized $0.3 million and $0.6 million, respectively, in expense related to these units. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, the Company recognized $0.3 million and $0.6 million, respectively, in expense related to these units. As of June 30, 2016, there was $3.8 million of total unrecognized share-based compensation expense related to LTIP units. This unrecognized share-based compensation expense is expected to be recognized over the weighted-average remaining vesting period of 1.8 years. The aggregate expense related to the LTIP unit grants is presented as non-controlling interest in the Company’s consolidated balance sheets.
Note 9. Income Taxes
The Company's TRS, PHL, is subject to federal and state corporate income taxes at statutory tax rates. The Company has estimated PHL's income tax expense (benefit) for the six months ended June 30, 2016 using an estimated combined federal and state statutory tax rate of 38.0%.
The Company files tax returns as prescribed by the tax laws of the jurisdictions in which it operates. In the normal course of business, the Company is subject to examination by federal, state and local jurisdictions, where applicable. As of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the statute of limitations remains open for all major jurisdictions for tax years dating back to 2012 and 2011, respectively.
Note 10. Earnings Per Share
The following is a reconciliation of basic and diluted earnings per common share (in thousands, except share and per-share
data):

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For the three months ended June 30,
 
For the six months ended June 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Numerator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders
$
69,949

 
$
20,004

 
$
76,515

 
$
20,659

Less: dividends paid on unvested share-based compensation
(120
)
 
(107
)
 
(241
)
 
(215
)
Undistributed earnings attributable to share-based compensation
(185
)
 

 
(92
)
 

Net income (loss) available to common shareholders
$
69,644

 
$
19,897

 
$
76,182

 
$
20,444

Denominator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average number of common shares — basic
71,922,904

 
71,735,129

 
71,879,859

 
71,696,294

Effect of dilutive share-based compensation
396,880

 
690,823

 
493,517

 
767,125

Weighted-average number of common shares — diluted
72,319,784

 
72,425,952

 
72,373,376

 
72,463,419

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss) per share available to common shareholders — basic
$
0.97

 
$
0.28

 
$
1.06

 
$
0.29

Net income (loss) per share available to common shareholders — diluted
$
0.96

 
$
0.27

 
$
1.05

 
$
0.28

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, 117,201 and 117,201, respectively, of unvested service condition restricted shares and performance-based equity awards were excluded from diluted weighted-average common shares, as their effect would have been anti-dilutive. There were 40,111 and no anti-dilutive shares excluded for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, respectively. The LTIP units held by the non-controlling interest holders have been excluded from the denominator of the diluted earnings per share as there would be no effect on the amounts since the limited partners' share of income (loss) would also be added or subtracted to derive net income (loss) available to common shareholders.
Note 11. Commitments and Contingencies
Management Agreements
The Company’s hotel properties are operated pursuant to management agreements with various management companies. The terms of these management agreements range from five years to 20 years, not including renewals, and five years to 52 years, including renewals. Many of the Company’s management agreements are terminable at will by the Company upon paying a termination fee and some are terminable by the Company upon sale of the property, with, in some cases, the payment of termination fees. Most of the agreements also provide the Company the ability to terminate based on failure to achieve defined operating performance thresholds. Termination fees range from zero to up to five times the annual base management and incentive management fees, depending on the agreement and the reason for termination. Certain of the Company’s management agreements are non-terminable except upon the manager’s breach of a material representation or the manager’s failure to meet performance thresholds as defined in the management agreement.
The management agreements require the payment of a base management fee generally between 2% and 4% of hotel revenues. Under certain management agreements, the management companies are also eligible to receive an incentive management fee if hotel operating income, cash flows or other performance measures, as defined in the agreements, exceed certain performance thresholds. The incentive management fee is generally calculated as a percentage of hotel operating income after the Company has received a priority return on its investment in the hotel. Combined base and incentive management fees were $6.1 million and $11.7 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, respectively, and $6.0 million and $10.8 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, respectively. Base and incentive management fees are included in other direct and indirect expenses in the Company's consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income.
Reserve Funds

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Certain of the Company’s agreements with its hotel managers, franchisors and lenders have provisions for the Company to provide funds, typically 4.0% of hotel revenues, sufficient to cover the cost of (a) certain non-routine repairs and maintenance to the hotels and (b) replacements and renewals to the hotels’ furniture, fixtures and equipment.
Restricted Cash
At June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the Company had $7.9 million and $9.5 million, respectively, in restricted cash, which consisted of reserves for replacement of furniture and fixtures or reserves to pay for real estate taxes or property insurance under certain hotel management agreements or loan agreements. For purposes of the statement of cash flows, changes in restricted cash caused by changes in required reserves for real estate taxes or property insurance are shown as operating activities. Changes in restricted cash caused by changes in required reserves for furniture and fixtures replacement are shown as investing activities.
Ground and Hotel Leases
The Hotel Monaco Washington DC is subject to a long-term ground lease agreement on the land underlying the hotel. The ground lease expires in 2059. The hotel is required to pay the greater of an annual base rent of $0.2 million or a percentage of gross hotel revenues and gross food and beverage revenues in excess of certain thresholds, as defined in the agreement. The lease contains certain restrictions on modifications that can be made to the hotel structure due to its status as a national historic landmark.
The Argonaut Hotel is subject to a long-term ground lease agreement on the land underlying the hotel. The ground lease expires in 2059. The hotel is required to pay the greater of an annual base rent of $1.3 million or a percentage of rooms revenues, food and beverage revenues and other department revenues in excess of certain thresholds, as defined in the agreement. The lease contains certain restrictions on modifications that can be made to the structure due to its status as a national historic landmark.

The Hotel Zelos (formerly Hotel Palomar San Francisco) is subject to a long-term hotel lease for the right to use the ground floor lobby area and floors five through nine of the building and underlying land. The hotel lease expires in 2097. The hotel is required to pay annual base rent and a percentage rent, which is based on gross hotel and gross food and beverage revenues in excess of certain thresholds, as defined in the lease agreement.

The Hotel Zephyr Fisherman's Wharf (formerly Radisson Hotel Fisherman's Wharf) is subject to both a long-term primary ground lease and a secondary sublease. The primary ground lease requires the hotel to make annual base rental payments of $0.1 million and percentage rental payments based on 5% of hotel revenues and 7.5% of retail revenues attributed to guest rooms and retail space added to the hotel property in 1998. Beginning in 2017, the primary ground lease requires the hotel to pay percentage rent based on 6% of total hotel revenues and 7.5% of total retail and parking revenues. The primary ground lease expires in 2062. The secondary sublease requires the hotel to make rental payments based on hotel net income, as defined in the agreement, related to the rooms and retail space in existence prior to the 1998 renovation. The secondary sublease expired in April 2016 from which time the hotel became only subject to the primary ground lease through its maturity in 2062.

The Hotel Zeppelin San Francisco (formerly Prescott Hotel) is subject to a long-term hotel lease for the right to use floors three through seven, the basement and the roof of an adjacent, attached building containing 64 of the 196 guest rooms at the property. The hotel lease expires in 2059, with a one time extension option of 30 years. The Company is required to pay annual base rent of approximately $0.5 million, beginning in October 2017. The annual base rent is subject to a fixed increase every year during the remaining lease term. The building portion of the long-term hotel lease assumed was determined to be a capital lease.

The Hotel Palomar Los Angeles - Beverly Hills is subject to a long-term ground lease agreement on the land underlying the hotel. The ground lease expires in 2107, including 19 five-year extension options. The hotel is required to pay annual base rent of approximately $3.8 million through January 2021 and the base rent will be adjusted for consumer price index ("CPI") increases at each five-year extension.

The Union Station Hotel, Autograph Collection is subject to a long-term ground lease agreement on the land underlying the hotel. The ground lease expires in 2105. The hotel is required to pay the greater of annual base rent of $0.1 million or annual real property taxes.

The ground leases and the Hotel Zelos (formerly Hotel Palomar San Francisco) hotel lease are considered operating leases. The Company records expense on a straight-line basis for leases that provide for minimum rental payments that increase in pre-established amounts over the remaining terms of the leases. Ground rent expense was $3.0 million and $5.9 million for the

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three and six months ended June 30, 2016, respectively, and $2.8 million and $5.5 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, respectively. Ground rent expense is included in real estate taxes, personal property taxes, property insurance and ground rent in the Company's consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income.

Litigation
The nature of the operations of hotels exposes the Company's hotels, the Company and the Operating Partnership to the risk of claims and litigation in the normal course of their business. The Company has insurance to cover certain potential material losses. The Company is not presently subject to any material litigation nor, to the Company’s knowledge, is any material litigation threatened against the Company.
Note 12. Supplemental Information to Statements of Cash Flows
 
 
For the six months ended June 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
(in thousands)
Interest paid, net of capitalized interest
$
21,671

 
$
17,587

Interest capitalized
$
492

 
$
193

Income taxes paid
$
357

 
$
1,824

Non-Cash Investing and Financing Activities:
 
 
 
Distributions payable on common shares/units
$
29,467

 
$
23,973

Distributions payable on preferred shares
$
3,701

 
$
5,550

Issuance of common shares for Board of Trustees compensation
$
606

 
$
373

Below (above) market rate contracts assumed in connection with acquisition
$

 
$
20,110

Accrued additions and improvements to hotel properties
$
2,988

 
$
2,299

Write-off of fully depreciated furniture, fixtures and equipment
$

 
$
3,550

Write-off of deferred financing costs
$
550

 
$
321


Note 13. Subsequent Events
On July 7, 2016, the Company's shareholders approved an amendment to the 2009 Equity Incentive Plan, as amended and restated (the "Plan"), to increase the number of shares available to be issued under the Plan from 2,422,625 shares to 3,672,625 shares.

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this report. Pebblebrook Hotel Trust is a Maryland real estate investment trust that conducts its operations so as to qualify as a real estate investment trust ("REIT") under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the "Code"). Substantially all of the operations are conducted through Pebblebrook Hotel, L.P. (our "Operating Partnership"), a Delaware limited partnership of which Pebblebrook Hotel Trust is the sole general partner. In this report, we use the terms "the Company", "we" or "our" to refer to Pebblebrook Hotel Trust and its subsidiaries, unless the context indicates otherwise.

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This report, together with other statements and information publicly disseminated by us, contains certain "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the "Securities Act"), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act"). We intend such forward-looking statements to be covered by the safe harbor provisions for forward-looking statements contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and include this statement for purposes of complying with these safe harbor provisions. Forward-looking statements, which are based on certain assumptions and describe our future plans, strategies and expectations, are generally identifiable by use of the words "may", "will", "should", "potential", "could", "seek", "assume", "forecast", "believe", "expect", "intend", "anticipate", "estimate", "project" or similar expressions. Forward-looking statements in this report include, among others, statements about our business strategy, including acquisition and development strategies, industry trends, estimated revenues and expenses, our ability to realize deferred tax assets and expected liquidity needs and sources (including capital expenditures and our ability to obtain financing or raise capital). You should not rely on forward-looking statements since they involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that are, in some cases, beyond our control and which could materially affect actual results, performance or achievements. Factors that may cause actual results to differ materially from current expectations include, but are not limited to:
risks associated with the hotel industry, including competition, increases in employment costs, energy costs and other operating costs, or decreases in demand caused by events beyond our control including, without limitation, actual or threatened terrorist attacks, cyber attacks, any type of flu or disease-related pandemic, or downturns in general and local economic conditions;
the availability and terms of financing and capital and the general volatility of securities markets;
our dependence on third-party managers of our hotels, including our inability to implement strategic business decisions directly;
risks associated with the global economy and real estate industry, including environmental contamination and costs of complying with the Americans with Disabilities Act and similar laws;
interest rate increases;
our possible failure to qualify as REIT under the Code and the risk of changes in laws affecting REITs;
the timing and availability of potential hotel acquisitions and our ability to identify and complete hotel acquisitions in accordance with our business strategy;
the possibility of uninsured losses;
risks associated with redevelopment and repositioning projects, including delays and cost overruns; and
the other factors discussed under the heading "Risk Factors" in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015.
Accordingly, there is no assurance that our expectations will be realized. Except as otherwise required by the federal securities laws, we disclaim any obligations or undertaking to publicly release any updates or revisions to any forward-looking statement contained herein (or elsewhere) to reflect any change in our expectations with regard thereto or any change in events, conditions or circumstances on which any such statement is based.
Overview

The U.S. lodging industry continued to exhibit positive fundamentals in the first half of 2016, though at moderate growth levels. However, the slowing global economy, weaker job gains, lowered corporate profit outlooks, the strength of the U.S. dollar and softer international inbound and business travel demand are likely to produce more modest hotel demand growth for the remainder of 2016. As a result of these factors and greater supply on average in many of the larger urban markets like New York, Boston and Washington, D.C., we expect that the urban markets will continue to under-perform the U.S. lodging

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industry’s modest RevPAR growth in 2016. We remain encouraged with the opportunities throughout our portfolio, as well as the progress we have made in gaining market share and improving operating performance at our recently renovated and redeveloped hotels. We believe that our properties have opportunities to continue to achieve significant growth in their operating cash flows and long-term economic values, however, for the remainder of 2016 we remain cautious due to the current uncertain economic and geopolitical environment.
During the six months ended June 30, 2016, we sold a parcel of land adjacent to the Revere Hotel Boston Common, sold the Viceroy Miami hotel property and sold The Redbury Hollywood hotel property for sales prices aggregating of $111.4 million. We increased borrowings under two term loans by a total of $150.0 million. We redeemed all 5,600,000 of our Series A Preferred Shares and issued 5,000,000 of new Series D Preferred Shares. We also repaid the $62.8 million mortgage loan on the Embassy Suites San Diego Bay - Downtown and the $22.7 million mortgage loan on the Hotel Modera.
While we do not operate our hotel properties, both our asset management team and our executive management team monitor and work cooperatively with our hotel managers by advising and making recommendations in all aspects of our hotels’ operations, including property positioning and repositioning, revenue and expense management, operations analysis, physical design, renovation and capital improvements, guest experience and overall strategic direction. Through these efforts, we seek to improve property efficiencies, lower costs, maximize revenues and enhance property operating margins, which we expect will enhance returns to our shareholders.

Key Indicators of Financial Condition and Operating Performance

We measure hotel results of operations and the operating performance of our business by evaluating financial and non-financial metrics such as room revenue per available room ("RevPAR"); average daily rate ("ADR"); occupancy rate ("occupancy"); funds from operations ("FFO"); and earnings before interest, income taxes, depreciation and amortization ("EBITDA"). We evaluate individual hotel and company-wide performance with comparisons to budgets, prior periods and competing properties. ADR, occupancy and RevPAR may be impacted by macroeconomic factors as well as regional and local economies and events. See "Non-GAAP Financial Matters" for further discussion of FFO and EBITDA.

Hotel Operating Statistics

The following table represents the key same-property hotel operating statistics for our wholly owned hotels for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015.

 
 
For the three months ended June 30,
 
For the six months ended June 30,
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Total Wholly Owned Portfolio
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Same-Property Occupancy
 
87.4
%
 
86.5
%
 
84.8
%
 
82.6
%
Same-Property ADR
 
$
252.76

 
$
246.90

 
$
247.72

 
$
240.28

Same-Property RevPAR
 
$
221.04

 
$
213.46

 
$
210.14

 
$
198.36


The table above includes information from all of the hotels we owned as of June 30, 2016, except for Hotel Vintage Portland for the first quarter of both 2016 and 2015 because it was closed during the first quarter of 2015 for renovation, Hotel Zeppelin San Francisco (formerly Prescott Hotel) for the first quarter of both 2016 and 2015 because it was closed during the first quarter of 2016 for renovation, and both Viceroy Miami and The Redbury Hollywood for the second quarter of both 2016 and 2015 because we sold these properties during the second quarter of 2016. The table above does not include the hotel results of the Manhattan Collection joint venture. These hotel results for the respective periods include information reflecting operational performance for some hotels prior to our ownership of those hotels.
Results of Operations
At June 30, 2016 and 2015, we had 29 and 31 wholly owned properties and leasehold interests, respectively. All properties owned during these periods have been included in our results of operations during the respective periods since their dates of acquisition or through the dates of disposition. Based on when a property was acquired or disposed, operating results for certain properties are not comparable for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015. The properties listed in the table below are hereinafter referred to as "non-comparable properties" for the periods indicated and all other properties are considered and referred to as "comparable properties":

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Property
 
Location
 
Acquisition/Disposition Date
 
Non-comparable property for the three months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015
Non-comparable property for the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015
LaPlaya Beach Resort and LaPlaya Beach Club
 
Naples, FL
 
May 21, 2015
 
X
X
The Tuscan Fisherman's Wharf, a Best Western Plus Hotel
 
San Francisco, CA
 
June 11, 2015
 
X
X
Viceroy Miami
 
Miami, FL
 
June 1, 2016
 
X
X
The Redbury Hollywood
 
Hollywood, CA
 
June 1, 2016
 
X
X
Comparison of the three months ended June 30, 2016 to the three months ended June 30, 2015
Revenues — Total hotel revenues increased by $14.6 million, of which $7.0 million was contributed by the comparable properties and $7.6 million was contributed by the non-comparable properties. The increase from the comparable properties is primarily a result of increases in room revenue at the Le Meridien Delfina Santa Monica, Hotel Vintage Portland, W Los Angeles - West Beverly Hills, Hotel Palomar Los Angeles - Beverly Hills, The Nines, a Luxury Collection Hotel, Portland and Hotel Zephyr Fisherman's Wharf in addition to an increase in food and beverage revenue at the InterContinental Buckhead Atlanta, offset by a decline in food and beverage revenue at the Hotel Monaco Washington DC because the restaurant was partially closed for renovation. Hotel Zephyr Fisherman's Wharf, Hotel Vintage Portland and W Los Angeles - West Beverly Hills completed their renovations during the first six months of 2015 and continue to ramp up following these renovations. Our Los Angeles properties also benefited from the displacement of families from their Porter Ranch neighborhood.
Hotel operating expenses — Total hotel operating expenses increased by $6.3 million. The comparable properties contributed $3.1 million of the increase, primarily from the Hotel Zephyr Fisherman's Wharf, W Los Angeles - West Beverly Hills, Hotel Vintage Portland and Hotel Zeppelin San Francisco (formerly Prescott Hotel). Hotel Zephyr Fisherman's Wharf, W Los Angeles - West Beverly Hills and Hotel Vintage Portland were undergoing renovations in the first six months of 2015. The non-comparable properties contributed $3.2 million to the increase.
Depreciation and amortization — Depreciation and amortization expense increased by $1.0 million primarily due to the additional depreciation for the non-comparable properties.
Real estate taxes, personal property taxes, property insurance and ground rent — Real estate taxes, personal property taxes, insurance and ground rent increased by $1.5 million primarily due to the non-comparable properties and an increase in property taxes at Argonaut Hotel which received a credit in 2015.
Corporate general and administrative — Corporate general and administrative expenses increased by $0.2 million primarily as a result of an increase in legal fees. Corporate general and administrative expenses consist of employee compensation costs, legal and professional fees, insurance, state franchise taxes and other expenses.
Hotel acquisition and disposition costs — Hotel acquisition and disposition costs decreased by $4.3 million due to a decrease in acquisition activity. Typically, hotel property acquisition and disposition costs consist of legal fees, other professional fees, transfer taxes and other direct costs associated with our pursuit of hotel investments and divestitures. As a result, these costs are generally higher when more properties are acquired or sold, or when we have significant ongoing acquisition and disposition activity.
Interest income — Interest income remained consistent with the prior period.
Interest expense — Interest expense increased by $2.2 million as a result of additional term loans, issuance of senior unsecured notes and credit facility borrowings in connection with the acquisition of the non-comparable properties and for the redemption of the Series A Preferred Shares.
Other — Other expense increased by $0.1 million as a result of the loss for the ineffective portion of our derivative instruments. There was no such ineffectiveness during the prior period.
Gain on sales of hotel properties — Gain on sales of properties increased by $40.3 million from the sales of a parcel of land adjacent to the Revere Hotel Boston Common, the Viceroy Miami and The Redbury Hollywood.
Equity in earnings (losses) of joint venture — Equity in earnings of joint venture decreased $1.6 million due to a decrease in revenues primarily as a result of decreases in ADR at the Manhattan Collection joint venture properties.

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Income tax (expense) benefit — Income tax expense decreased $1.5 million due primarily to a lower net income during the second quarter at our TRS compared to the prior year second quarter.
Non-controlling interests — Non-controlling interests represent the allocation of income or loss of our Operating Partnership to the common units held by the LTIP unit holders.
Distributions to preferred shareholders — Distributions to preferred shareholders decreased $2.2 million as a result of the redemption of all of the Series A Preferred Shares in March 2016 and offset by the issuance of the Series D Preferred Shares in June 2016.
Other comprehensive income (loss) — Other comprehensive income (loss) changed by $8.7 million from income to a loss as a result of the change in the fair values of our interest rate swaps.
Comparison of the six months ended June 30, 2016 to the six months ended June 30, 2015
Revenues — Total hotel revenues increased by $47.4 million, of which $19.4 million was contributed by the comparable properties and $28.0 million was contributed by the non-comparable properties. The increase from the comparable properties is primarily a result of increases in room revenues at the Le Meridien Delfina Santa Monica, Hotel Vintage Portland, W Los Angeles - West Beverly Hills, Hotel Palomar Los Angeles - Beverly Hills, The Nines, a Luxury Collection Hotel, Portland, Sir Francis Drake and Hotel Zephyr Fisherman's Wharf in addition to an increase in food and beverage revenue at the InterContinental Buckhead Atlanta offset by a decline in room revenue at the Hotel Zeppelin San Francisco (formerly Prescott Hotel), which was closed during the first quarter of 2016, and a decline in food and beverage revenue at the Hotel Monaco Washington DC, because the restaurant was partially closed for renovation in the second quarter of 2016. Hotel Zephyr Fisherman's Wharf, Hotel Vintage Portland and W Los Angeles - West Beverly Hills completed their renovations during the first six months of 2015 and continue to ramp up following these renovations. Our Los Angeles properties also benefited from the displacement of families from their Porter Ranch neighborhood and our San Francisco properties benefited from the Super Bowl which was held in San Francisco in February 2016.
Hotel operating expenses — Total hotel operating expenses increased by $21.0 million. The comparable properties contributed $7.8 million of the increase, which is a result of cost increases resulting from increased revenues at Hotel Vintage Portland, W Los Angeles - West Beverly Hills, Hotel Palomar Los Angeles - Beverly Hills and Hotel Zephyr Fisherman's Wharf. The remaining $13.2 million of the increase was contributed by the non-comparable properties.
Depreciation and amortization — Depreciation and amortization expense increased by $4.7 million primarily due to the additional depreciation for the non-comparable properties.
Real estate taxes, personal property taxes, property insurance and ground rent — Real estate taxes, personal property taxes, insurance and ground rent increased by $2.7 million primarily due to the non-comparable properties and increases in real estate taxes at our comparable properties.
Corporate general and administrative — Corporate general and administrative expenses decreased by $0.6 million primarily as a result of decreases in non-cash share-based employee compensation costs. Corporate general and administrative expenses consist of employee compensation costs, legal and professional fees, insurance, state franchise taxes and other expenses.
Hotel acquisition and disposition costs — Hotel acquisition and disposition costs decreased by $4.4 million due to due to a decrease in acquisition activity. Typically, hotel property acquisition and disposition costs consist of legal fees, other professional fees, transfer taxes and other direct costs associated with our pursuit of hotel investments and divestitures. As a result, these costs are generally higher when more properties are acquired or sold, or when we have significant ongoing acquisition and disposition activity.
Interest income — Interest income remained consistent with the prior period.
Interest expense — Interest expense increased by $4.7 million as a result of additional term loans, issuance of senior unsecured notes and credit facility borrowings in connection with the acquisition of the non-comparable properties and for the redemption of the Series A Preferred Shares.
Other — Other expense increased by $1.9 million as a result of the loss for the ineffective portion of our derivative instruments. There was no such ineffectiveness during the prior period.
Gain on sales of hotel properties — Gain on sales of properties increased by $40.3 million from the sales of a parcel of land adjacent to the Revere Hotel Boston Common, the Viceroy Miami and The Redbury Hollywood.

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Equity in earnings (losses) of joint venture — Equity in losses of joint venture increased $2.1 million due to due to a decrease in revenues primarily as a result of decreases in ADR at the Manhattan Collection joint venture properties.
Income tax (expense) benefit — Income tax (expense) benefit changed by $1.6 million from an expense to a benefit as a result of a loss through June 30, 2016 at our TRS compared to a small amount of income in the prior year.
Non-controlling interests — Non-controlling interests represent the allocation of income or loss of our Operating Partnership to the common units held by the LTIP unit holders.
Distributions to preferred shareholders — Distributions to preferred shareholders decreased $2.9 million as a result of the redemption of all of the Series A Preferred Shares in March 2016 and offset by the issuance of the Series D Preferred Shares in June 2016.
Issuance costs of redeemed preferred shares — These issuance costs relate to the Series A Preferred Shares which we redeemed in March 2016. These costs are included in the determination of net income attributable to common shareholders.
Other comprehensive income (loss) — Other comprehensive loss increased $16.0 million as a result of the change in the fair values of our interest rate swaps.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures
Non-GAAP financial measures are measures of our historical or future financial performance that are different from measures calculated and presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP. We report FFO and EBITDA, which are non-GAAP financial measures that we believe are useful to investors as key measures of our operating performance.
We calculate FFO in accordance with standards established by the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts (NAREIT), which defines FFO as net income (calculated in accordance with U.S. GAAP), excluding real estate related depreciation and amortization, gains (losses) from sales of real estate, impairments of real estate assets, the cumulative effect of changes in accounting principles and adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures. Historical cost accounting for real estate assets implicitly assumes that the value of real estate assets diminishes predictably over time. Since real estate values instead have historically risen or fallen with market conditions, most industry investors consider presentations of operating results for real estate companies that use historical cost accounting to be insufficient by themselves. By excluding the effect of real estate related depreciation and amortization including our share of the joint venture depreciation and amortization and gains (losses) from sales of real estate, both of which are based on historical cost accounting and which may be of lesser significance in evaluating current performance, we believe that FFO provides investors a useful financial measure to evaluate our operating performance.
The following table reconciles net income (loss) to FFO and FFO available to common share and unit holders for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 (in thousands):
 
For the three months ended June 30,
 
For the six months ended June 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Net income (loss)
$
74,438

 
$
26,583

 
$
91,075

 
$
33,753

Adjustments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
25,800

 
24,828

 
50,802

 
46,090

Depreciation and amortization from joint venture
2,224

 
2,100

 
4,467

 
4,258

Gain on sale of hotel properties
(40,326
)
 

 
(40,326
)
 

FFO
$
62,136

 
$
53,511

 
$
106,018

 
$
84,101

Distribution to preferred shareholders
(4,241
)
 
(6,487
)
 
(10,085
)
 
(12,975
)
Issuance costs of redeemed preferred shares