EMC-2014.6.30-10Q
Table of Contents



UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549 
 
 
FORM 10-Q 
 
 
(Mark One)
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2014
OR
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from             to             
Commission File Number 1-9853
EMC CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Massachusetts
 
04-2680009
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)
 
 
176 South Street
Hopkinton, Massachusetts
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
01748
(Zip Code)
(508) 435-1000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer  x
  
Accelerated filer  o
Non-accelerated filer  o (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
  
Smaller reporting company  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  o    No  x
The number of shares of common stock, par value $.01 per share, of the registrant outstanding as of June 30, 2014 was 2,028,658,204.



Table of Contents


EMC CORPORATION
 

 
Page No.
 
 
 
 


FACTORS THAT MAY AFFECT FUTURE RESULTS
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements, within the meaning of the Federal securities laws, about our business and prospects. The forward-looking statements do not include the potential impact of any mergers, acquisitions, divestitures, securities offerings or business combinations that may be announced or closed after the date hereof. Any statements contained herein that are not statements of historical fact may be deemed to be forward-looking statements. Without limiting the foregoing, the words “believes,” “plans,” “intends,” “expects,” “goals” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain these words. Our future results may differ materially from our past results and from those projected in the forward-looking statements due to various uncertainties and risks, including those described in Item 1A of Part II (Risk Factors). The forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this Quarterly Report and undue reliance should not be placed on these statements. We disclaim any obligation to update any forward-looking statements contained herein after the date of this Quarterly Report.


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PART I
FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.     FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
EMC CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in millions, except per share amounts)
 
June 30,
2014
 
December 31,
2013
 
(unaudited)
 
 
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
5,687

 
$
7,891

Short-term investments
1,962

 
2,773

Accounts and notes receivable, less allowance for doubtful accounts of $65 and $62
3,344

 
3,861

Inventories
1,397

 
1,334

Deferred income taxes
969

 
912

Other current assets
586

 
507

Total current assets
13,945

 
17,278

Long-term investments
6,985

 
6,924

Property, plant and equipment, net
3,606

 
3,478

Intangible assets, net
2,147

 
1,780

Goodwill
15,802

 
14,424

Other assets, net
1,953

 
1,965

Total assets
$
44,438

 
$
45,849

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
1,186

 
$
1,434

Accrued expenses
2,750

 
2,783

Notes converted and payable (See Note 4)

 
1,665

Income taxes payable
261

 
639

Deferred revenue
5,693

 
5,278

Total current liabilities
9,890

 
11,799

Income taxes payable
298

 
296

Deferred revenue
4,032

 
3,701

Deferred income taxes
489

 
421

Long-term debt (See Note 4)
5,494

 
5,494

Other liabilities
379

 
352

Total liabilities
20,582

 
22,063

Commitments and contingencies (See Note 14)


 


Shareholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock, par value $0.01; authorized 25 shares; none outstanding

 

Common stock, par value $0.01; authorized 6,000 shares; issued and outstanding 2,029 and 2,020 shares
20

 
20

Additional paid-in capital
818

 
1,406

Retained earnings
21,648

 
21,114

Accumulated other comprehensive loss, net
(165
)
 
(239
)
Total EMC Corporation’s shareholders’ equity
22,321

 
22,301

Non-controlling interests
1,535

 
1,485

Total shareholders’ equity
23,856

 
23,786

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
$
44,438

 
$
45,849

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

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EMC CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED INCOME STATEMENTS
(in millions, except per share amounts)
(unaudited)
 
 
For the
Three Months Ended
 
For the
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
2014
 
June 30,
2013
 
June 30,
2014
 
June 30,
2013
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Product sales
$
3,319

 
$
3,258

 
$
6,327

 
$
6,369

Services
2,561

 
2,356

 
5,032

 
4,632

 
5,880

 
5,614

 
11,359

 
11,001

Costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of product sales
1,372

 
1,340

 
2,668

 
2,696

Cost of services
854

 
765

 
1,690

 
1,498

Research and development
740

 
695

 
1,472

 
1,370

Selling, general and administrative
2,010

 
1,785

 
3,861

 
3,499

Restructuring and acquisition-related charges
30

 
7

 
149

 
155

Operating income
874

 
1,022

 
1,519

 
1,783

Non-operating income (expense):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Investment income
35

 
34

 
71

 
67

Interest expense
(34
)
 
(31
)
 
(68
)
 
(51
)
Other expense, net
(66
)
 
(59
)
 
(142
)
 
(142
)
Total non-operating income (expense)
(65
)
 
(56
)
 
(139
)
 
(126
)
Income before provision for income taxes
809

 
966

 
1,380

 
1,657

Income tax provision
187

 
216

 
326

 
292

Net income
622

 
750

 
1,054

 
1,365

Less: Net income attributable to the non-controlling interest in VMware, Inc.
(33
)
 
(49
)
 
(74
)
 
(84
)
Net income attributable to EMC Corporation
$
589

 
$
701

 
$
980

 
$
1,281

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income per weighted average share, basic attributable to EMC Corporation common shareholders
$
0.29

 
$
0.34

 
$
0.48

 
$
0.61

Net income per weighted average share, diluted attributable to EMC Corporation common shareholders
$
0.28

 
$
0.32

 
$
0.47

 
$
0.59

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares, basic
2,037

 
2,092

 
2,033

 
2,097

Weighted average shares, diluted
2,064

 
2,174

 
2,070

 
2,181

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash dividends declared per common share
$
0.12

 
$
0.10

 
$
0.22

 
$
0.10









The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

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EMC CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(in millions)
(unaudited)
 
 
For the Three Months Ended
 
For the Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
2014
 
June 30,
2013
 
June 30,
2014
 
June 30,
2013
Net income
$
622

 
$
750

 
$
1,054

 
$
1,365

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of taxes (benefits):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
9

 
(25
)
 
4

 
(56
)
Changes in market value of investments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Changes in unrealized gains (losses), net of taxes (benefits) of $35, $(17), $49 and $(15)
59

 
(30
)
 
83

 
(29
)
Reclassification adjustment for net losses (gains) realized in net income, net of benefits (taxes) of $(3), $(2), $(6) and $(5)
(6
)
 
(4
)
 
(11
)
 
(8
)
Net change in market value of investments
53

 
(34
)
 
72

 
(37
)
Changes in market value of derivatives:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Changes in unrealized gains (losses), net of taxes (benefits) of $1, $1, $0 and $2
2

 
2

 
1

 
8

Reclassification adjustment for net losses (gains) included in net income, net of benefits (taxes) of $0, $0, $0 and $(1)
(1
)
 
(3
)
 
(3
)
 
(8
)
Net change in the market value of derivatives
1

 
(1
)
 
(2
)
 

Other comprehensive income (loss)
63

 
(60
)
 
74

 
(93
)
Comprehensive income
685

 
690

 
1,128

 
1,272

Less: Net income attributable to the non-controlling interest in VMware, Inc.
(33
)
 
(49
)
 
(74
)
 
(84
)
Less: Other comprehensive income attributable to the non-controlling interest in VMware, Inc.

 
2

 
(1
)
 
2

Comprehensive income attributable to EMC Corporation
$
652

 
$
643

 
$
1,053

 
$
1,190

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

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EMC CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in millions)
(unaudited)
 
For the Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
2014
 
June 30,
2013
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Cash received from customers
$
12,644

 
$
12,007

Cash paid to suppliers and employees
(9,320
)
 
(8,485
)
Dividends and interest received
97

 
79

Interest paid

 
(18
)
Income taxes paid
(829
)
 
(642
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
2,592

 
2,941

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Additions to property, plant and equipment
(472
)
 
(437
)
Capitalized software development costs
(245
)
 
(219
)
Purchases of short- and long-term available-for-sale securities
(5,765
)
 
(6,456
)
Sales of short- and long-term available-for-sale securities
4,974

 
2,394

Maturities of short- and long-term available-for-sale securities
1,716

 
564

Business acquisitions, net of cash acquired
(1,694
)
 
(207
)
Purchases of strategic and other related investments
(83
)
 
(46
)
Sales of strategic and other related investments
10

 

Joint venture funding
(63
)
 
(158
)
Proceeds from divestiture of business

 
31

Increase in restricted cash
(76
)
 

Net cash used in investing activities
(1,698
)
 
(4,534
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Proceeds from the issuance of EMC’s common stock
234

 
175

Proceeds from the issuance of VMware’s common stock
99

 
115

EMC repurchase of EMC’s common stock
(994
)
 
(991
)
EMC purchase of VMware’s common stock

 
(160
)
VMware repurchase of VMware’s common stock
(407
)
 
(302
)
Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation
45

 
63

Payment of long- and short-term obligations
(1,665
)
 
(21
)
Proceeds from long- and short-term obligations

 
5,463

Third party contribution to Pivotal

 
105

Dividend payment
(407
)
 

Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities
(3,095
)
 
4,447

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
(3
)
 
(42
)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
(2,204
)
 
2,812

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
7,891

 
4,714

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
5,687

 
$
7,526

Reconciliation of net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
1,054

 
$
1,365

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
903

 
803

Non-cash interest expense on debt

 
24

Non-cash restructuring and other special charges
9

 
7

Stock-based compensation expense
498

 
441

Provision for (recovery of) doubtful accounts
2

 
(3
)
Deferred income taxes, net
(168
)
 
(55
)
Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation
(45
)
 
(63
)
Gain on previously held interests in strategic investments
(45
)
 

Impairment of strategic investment
33

 

Other, net
23

 
11

Changes in assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions:
 
 
 
Accounts and notes receivable
549

 
243

Inventories
(183
)
 
(178
)
Other assets
96

 
119

Accounts payable
(241
)
 
(28
)
Accrued expenses
(279
)
 
(211
)
Income taxes payable
(336
)
 
(290
)
Deferred revenue
701

 
766

Other liabilities
21

 
(10
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
$
2,592

 
$
2,941

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

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EMC CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(in millions)
(unaudited)

For the six months ended June 30, 2014: 
  
Common Stock
 
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 
Non-controlling
Interests
 
Shareholders’
Equity
Shares
 
Par Value
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, January 1, 2014
2,020

 
$
20

 
$
1,406

 
$
21,114

 
$
(239
)
 
$
1,485

 
$
23,786

Stock issued through stock option and stock purchase plans
16

 

 
234

 

 

 

 
234

Tax benefit from stock options exercised

 

 
43

 

 

 

 
43

Restricted stock grants, cancellations and withholdings, net
3

 

 
(28
)
 

 

 

 
(28
)
Repurchase of common stock
(39
)
 

 
(1,000
)
 

 

 

 
(1,000
)
Stock options issued in business acquisitions

 

 
33

 

 

 

 
33

Stock-based compensation

 

 
506

 

 

 

 
506

Cash dividends declared

 

 

 
(446
)
 

 

 
(446
)
Impact from equity transactions of non-controlling interests

 

 
(376
)
 

 

 
(25
)
 
(401
)
Actuarial gain on pension plan

 

 

 

 
1

 

 
1

Change in market value of investments

 

 

 

 
71

 
1

 
72

Change in market value of derivatives

 

 

 

 
(2
)
 

 
(2
)
Translation adjustment

 

 

 

 
4

 

 
4

Convertible debt conversions and warrant settlement
29

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

 

 
980

 

 
74

 
1,054

Balance, June 30, 2014
2,029

 
$
20

 
$
818

 
$
21,648

 
$
(165
)
 
$
1,535

 
$
23,856


For the six months ended June 30, 2013:
 
Common Stock
 
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 
Non-controlling
Interests
 
Shareholders’
Equity
Shares
 
Par Value
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, January 1, 2013
2,107

 
$
21

 
$
3,691

 
$
18,853

 
$
(208
)
 
$
1,167

 
$
23,524

Stock issued through stock option and stock purchase plans
11

 

 
175

 

 

 

 
175

Tax benefit from stock options exercised

 

 
46

 

 

 

 
46

Restricted stock grants, cancellations and withholdings, net
4

 

 
(51
)
 

 

 

 
(51
)
Repurchase of common stock
(42
)
 

 
(1,000
)
 

 

 

 
(1,000
)
EMC purchase of VMware stock

 

 
(124
)
 

 

 
(26
)
 
(150
)
Stock-based compensation

 

 
445

 

 

 

 
445

Cash dividends declared

 

 

 
(212
)
 

 

 
(212
)
Impact from equity transactions of non-controlling interests

 

 
(269
)
 

 

 
119

 
(150
)
Change in market value of investments

 

 

 

 
(35
)
 
(2
)
 
(37
)
Translation adjustment

 

 

 

 
(56
)
 

 
(56
)
Convertible debt conversions and warrant settlement


 

 
1

 

 

 

 
1

Reclassification of convertible debt (to)/from mezzanine (Note 4)

 

 
32

 

 

 

 
32

Net income

 

 

 
1,281

 

 
84

 
1,365

Balance, June 30, 2013
2,080

 
$
21

 
$
2,946

 
$
19,922

 
$
(299
)
 
$
1,342

 
$
23,932


The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

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EMC CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS



1.  Basis of Presentation
Company
EMC Corporation ("EMC") and its subsidiaries develop, deliver and support the information technology ("IT") industry’s broadest range of information infrastructure and virtual infrastructure technologies, solutions and services. EMC manages the Company as part of a federation of three businesses: EMC Information Infrastructure, VMware Virtual Infrastructure and Pivotal.
EMC’s Information Infrastructure business provides a foundation for organizations to store, manage, protect, analyze and secure ever-increasing quantities of information, while at the same time improving business agility, lowering cost, and enhancing competitive advantage. These benefits are primarily achieved though virtualization. EMC’s Information Infrastructure business comprises three segments – Information Storage, RSA Information Security and Information Intelligence Group.
EMC’s VMware Virtual Infrastructure business, which is represented by EMC’s majority equity stake in VMware, Inc. ("VMware"), is the leader in virtualization infrastructure solutions utilized by organizations to help them transform the way they build, deliver and consume IT resources. VMware’s virtualization infrastructure solutions, which include a suite of products designed to deliver a software-defined data center, run on industry-standard desktop computers and servers and support a wide range of operating system and application environments, as well as networking and storage infrastructures.
EMC's Pivotal business ("Pivotal") was formed in the second quarter of 2013. Pivotal unites strategic technology, people and programs formerly within EMC and VMware, including Greenplum, Cloud Foundry, Spring, Cetas, Pivotal Labs, GemFire and other products. Pivotal is building a new platform comprising next-generation data fabrics, application fabrics and a cloud independent platform-as-a-service ("PaaS").
General
The accompanying interim consolidated financial statements are unaudited and have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP") for interim financial information. These consolidated financial statements include the accounts of EMC, its wholly owned subsidiaries, as well as VMware and Pivotal, companies majority-owned by EMC. All intercompany transactions have been eliminated.
Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in our annual consolidated financial statements have been condensed or omitted. Accordingly, these interim consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2013 which are contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on February 25, 2014.
The results of operations for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations to be expected for any future period or the entire fiscal year. The interim consolidated financial statements, in the opinion of management, reflect all adjustments necessary to fairly state the results as of and for the three- and six-month periods ended June 30, 2014 and 2013.
Net Income Per Share
Basic net income per weighted average share has been computed using the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted net income per weighted average share is computed using the weighted average number of common and dilutive common equivalent shares outstanding during the period. Common equivalent shares consist of stock options, restricted stock and restricted stock units, the shares issuable under our $1.725 billion 1.75% convertible senior notes due 2013 (the "2013 Notes") and the associated warrants. Additionally, for purposes of calculating diluted net income per weighted average share, net income is adjusted for the difference between VMware’s reported diluted and basic net income per weighted average share, if any, multiplied by the number of shares of VMware held by EMC.
Reclassifications
Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform with the current year's presentation. During the first quarter of 2014, the Information Storage segment acquired the Data Computing Appliance and implementation services businesses from the Pivotal segment. The acquisition of these businesses was accounted for as a business combination between entities under common control. We reflected the impact of the transaction in our segment and included the financial results of the acquired businesses in the Information Storage segment and excluded these from the Pivotal segment for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014. We recast the segment disclosures for the prior financial reporting period to present the impact of the transaction. None of the

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EMC CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)


segment reclassifications impact EMC's previously reported consolidated financial statements. See Note 15 for further discussion of the segment reclassifications.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In June 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued a standards update on accounting for share-based payments when the terms of the award provide that a performance target could be achieved after a requisite service period. The standard is effective beginning January 1, 2016, with early adoption permitted. We do not expect it to have a material impact on our consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows. 

In May 2014, the FASB issued a standard on revenue recognition providing a single, comprehensive revenue recognition model for all contracts with customers. The revenue standard is based on the principle that revenue should be recognized to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The standard is effective beginning January 1, 2017, with no early adoption permitted. The amendments may be applied retrospectively to each prior period presented or retrospectively with the cumulative effect recognized as of the date of initial application. We are currently evaluating the adoption method options and the impact of the new guidance on our consolidated financial statements.

In April 2014, the FASB issued new accounting guidance on reporting discontinued operations and disclosures of disposals of components of an entity which clarifies the scope of what should be reported as discontinued operations and expands required disclosures. This new guidance is effective beginning January 1, 2015, with early adoption permitted. The impact of this guidance will be dependent on the nature and significance of any transactions within the scope of this new guidance.

In July 2013, the FASB issued new accounting guidance on the presentation of unrecognized tax benefits. This new guidance requires an entity to present an unrecognized tax benefit, or a portion of an unrecognized tax benefit, as a reduction to a deferred tax asset when a net operating loss carryforward, a similar tax loss or a tax credit carryforward exists, with limited exceptions. The prospective adoption of this new accounting guidance in the first quarter of 2014 did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

In March 2013, the FASB issued guidance that requires a parent company to release any related cumulative translation adjustment into net income only if the sale or transfer results in the complete or substantially complete liquidation of the foreign entity in which the subsidiary or group of assets had resided. The adoption of this new accounting guidance in the first quarter of 2014 did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

2.  Non-controlling Interests
The non-controlling interests’ share of equity in VMware is reflected as non-controlling interests in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets and was $1,430 million and $1,380 million as of June 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively. At June 30, 2014, EMC held approximately 97% of the combined voting power of VMware’s outstanding common stock and approximately 80% of the economic interest in VMware.
The effect of changes in our ownership interest in VMware on our equity was as follows (table in millions):
 
For the Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
2014
 
June 30,
2013
Net income attributable to EMC Corporation
$
980

 
$
1,281

Transfers (to) from the non-controlling interest in VMware, Inc.:
 
 
 
Increase in EMC Corporation’s additional paid-in-capital for VMware’s equity issuances
51

 
52

Decrease in EMC Corporation’s additional paid-in-capital for VMware’s other equity activity
(427
)
 
(321
)
Net transfers (to) from non-controlling interest
(376
)
 
(269
)
Change from net income attributable to EMC Corporation and transfers from the non-controlling interest in VMware, Inc.
$
604

 
$
1,012



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EMC CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)


The non-controlling interests' share of equity in Pivotal is reflected as a component of the non-controlling interests in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets as $105 million at both June 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013. At June 30, 2014, EMC held approximately 84% of the economic interest in Pivotal. General Electric Company's ("GE") interest in Pivotal is in the form of a preferred equity instrument. Consequently, there is no net income attributable to non-controlling interest related to Pivotal on the consolidated income statements. Additionally, due to the terms of the preferred instrument, GE's non-controlling interest on the consolidated balance sheets is generally not impacted by Pivotal's equity related activity. The preferred equity instrument is convertible into common shares at GE’s election at any time.
3.  Business Combinations, Intangibles and Goodwill

Acquisition of AirWatch

On February 24, 2014, VMware acquired all of the outstanding capital stock of A.W.S. Holding, LLC ("AirWatch Holding"), the sole member and equity holder of AirWatch LLC ("AirWatch"). AirWatch is a leader in enterprise mobile management and security solutions. VMware acquired AirWatch to expand its solutions within the enterprise mobile and security space. The aggregate consideration paid for AirWatch was $1,092 million, net of cash acquired, including cash of $1,068 million and the fair value of assumed unvested equity attributed to pre-combination services totaling $24 million.

Merger consideration totaling $300 million was payable to certain employees of AirWatch subject to specified future employment conditions and will be recognized as expense over the requisite service period. Compensation expense totaling $60 million was recognized from the date of acquisition through June 30, 2014.

The following table summarizes the allocation of the consideration to the fair value of the assets acquired and net liabilities assumed, net of cash acquired (table in millions):
Other current assets
$
60

Intangible assets:
 
   Purchased technology (weighted-average useful life of 6 years)
118

   Customer relationships and customer lists (weighted-average useful life of 8 years)
78

   Trademarks and tradenames (weighted-average useful life of 8 years)
40

   Other (weighted-average useful life of 3 years)
14

       Total intangible assets, net, excluding goodwill
250

Goodwill
879

Other assets
17

       Total assets acquired
1,206

Unearned revenue
(45
)
Other assumed liabilities, net of acquired assets
(69
)
       Total net liabilities assumed
(114
)
           Fair value of assets acquired and net liabilities assumed
$
1,092


These VMware intangible assets are being amortized on a straight-line basis. Goodwill is calculated as the excess of the consideration over the fair value of the net assets, including intangible assets, recognized and primarily related to expected synergies from the transaction. The majority of the goodwill and identifiable intangible assets are expected to be deductible for U.S. federal income tax purposes. The results of this acquisition have been included in the consolidated financial statements from the date of purchase. Pro forma results of operations have not been presented as the results of the acquired company were not material to our consolidated results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014 or 2013.

Other Acquisitions

During the six months ended June 30, 2014, EMC acquired two companies. We acquired all of the outstanding capital stock of DSSD, Inc., a developer of an innovative new rack-scale flash storage architecture for I/O-intensive in-memory databases and Big Data workloads, which complements and expands our Information Storage segment. We also acquired Symplified Inc, a provider of a comprehensive cloud identity solution that helps service-oriented IT organizations simplify user access, regain

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)


visibility and control over application usage and meet security and compliance requirements, which complements and expands our RSA Information Security segment.

The aggregate consideration for these two acquisitions was $721 million, which consisted of $657 million of cash consideration, net of cash acquired, $8 million for the fair value of assumed unvested equity attributed to pre-combination services and $11 million in contingent consideration attributed to pre-combination services which is included in accrued expenses on the consolidated balance sheets. In connection with these acquisitions, we had a $45 million gain on previously held interests in strategic investments which was recognized in other expense, net in the second quarter of 2014. The consideration was allocated to the fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on estimated fair values as of the respective acquisition dates. The aggregate allocation to goodwill, intangibles, and net liabilities was approximately $509 million, $300 million and $88 million, respectively.

The intangible assets acquired were comprised of developed technology intangible assets which have a weighted-average amortization period of 7 years. These intangible assets are being amortized based upon the pattern in which the economic benefits of the intangible assets are being utilized. Goodwill is calculated as the excess of the consideration over the fair value of the net assets, including intangible assets, recognized and primarily related to expected synergies from the transaction. The goodwill is not deductible for U.S. federal income tax purposes. The results of these acquisitions have been included in the consolidated financial statements from the date of purchase. Pro forma results of operations have not been presented as the results of the acquired companies were not material to our consolidated results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014 or 2013.

Intangible Assets
Intangible assets, excluding goodwill, as of June 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013 consist of (tables in millions): 
 
June 30, 2014
 
Gross Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net Book Value
Purchased technology
$
2,783

 
$
(1,546
)
 
$
1,237

Patents
225

 
(109
)
 
116

Software licenses
104

 
(92
)
 
12

Trademarks and tradenames
212

 
(127
)
 
85

Customer relationships and customer lists
1,463

 
(914
)
 
549

Leasehold interest
147

 
(13
)
 
134

Other
44

 
(30
)
 
14

Total intangible assets, excluding goodwill
$
4,978

 
$
(2,831
)
 
$
2,147

 
December 31, 2013
 
Gross Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net Book Value
Purchased technology
$
2,356

 
$
(1,429
)
 
$
927

Patents
225

 
(102
)
 
123

Software licenses
101

 
(90
)
 
11

Trademarks and tradenames
171

 
(118
)
 
53

Customer relationships and customer lists
1,386

 
(855
)
 
531

Leasehold interest
145

 
(11
)
 
134

Other
28

 
(27
)
 
1

Total intangible assets, excluding goodwill
$
4,412

 
$
(2,632
)
 
$
1,780

 

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Goodwill
Changes in the carrying amount of goodwill, net, on a consolidated basis and by segment, for the six months ended June 30, 2014 consist of (table in millions): 
 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2014
 
Information
Storage
 
Information
Intelligence
Group
 
RSA
Information
Security
 
Pivotal
 
VMware
Virtual
Infrastructure
 
Total
Balance, beginning of the period
$
7,486

 
$
1,487

 
$
2,203

 
$
177

 
$
3,071

 
$
14,424

Goodwill resulting from acquisitions
509

 

 

 

 
879

 
1,388

Finalization of purchase price allocations and other, net

 
(2
)
 

 

 
(8
)
 
(10
)
Goodwill transferred in acquisition of Pivotal businesses
6

 

 

 
(6
)
 

 

Balance, end of the period
$
8,001

 
$
1,485

 
$
2,203

 
$
171

 
$
3,942

 
$
15,802


During the first quarter of 2014, the Information Storage segment acquired the Data Computing Appliance and implementation services businesses from the Pivotal segment. The transfer of goodwill pursuant to this acquisition is shown above for the six months ended June 30, 2014. For both transactions, the amount of transferred goodwill was determined using the relative fair value method. See Note 15 for further discussion of the segment reclassifications.

4.  Debt

Long-Term Debt

In June 2013, we issued $5.5 billion aggregate principal amount of senior notes (collectively, the "Notes") which pay a fixed rate of interest semi-annually in arrears. The first interest payment occurred on December 2, 2013. The proceeds from the Notes have been used to satisfy the cash payment obligation of the converted 2013 Notes as well as for general corporate purposes including stock repurchases, dividend payments, business acquisitions, working capital needs and other business opportunities. The Notes of each series are senior, unsecured obligations of EMC and are not convertible or exchangeable. Unless previously purchased and canceled, we will repay the Notes of each series at 100% of the principal amount, together with accrued and unpaid interest thereon, at maturity. However, EMC has the right to redeem any or all of the Notes at specified redemption prices. As of June 30, 2014, we were in compliance with all debt covenants, which are customary in nature.

Our long-term debt as of June 30, 2014 was as follows (dollars in millions):
Senior Notes
 
Issued at Discount
to Par
 
Carrying
Value
$2.5 billion 1.875% Notes due 2018
 
99.943
%
 
$
2,499

$2.0 billion 2.650% Notes due 2020
 
99.760
%
 
1,996

$1.0 billion 3.375% Notes due 2023
 
99.925
%
 
999

 
 
 
 
$
5,494


The unamortized discount on the Notes consists of $6 million, which will be fully amortized by June 1, 2023. The effective interest rate on the Notes was 2.54% for both the three and six months ended June 30, 2014.

Convertible Debt

In November 2006, we issued our $1.725 billion 1.75% convertible senior notes due 2011 (the “2011 Notes”) and our 2013 Notes for total gross proceeds of $3.5 billion. The 2011 Notes matured and were settled in 2012.

The 2013 Notes matured and a majority of the noteholders exercised their right to convert the outstanding 2013 Notes as of December 31, 2013. Pursuant to the settlement terms, the majority of the converted 2013 Notes were settled on January 7, 2014. At that time, we paid the noteholders $1.7 billion in cash for the outstanding principal and 35 million shares for the $858 million in excess of the conversion value over the principal amount, as prescribed by the terms of the 2013 Notes.


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With respect to the conversion value in excess of the principal amount of the 2013 Notes converted, we elected to settle the excess with shares of our common stock based on a daily conversion value, determined in accordance with the indenture, calculated on a proportionate basis for each day of the relevant 20-day observation period. The actual conversion rate for the 2013 Notes was 62.6978 shares of our common stock per one thousand dollars of principal amount of 2013 Notes, which represents a 26.5% conversion premium from the date the 2013 Notes were issued and is equivalent to a conversion price of approximately $15.95 per share of our common stock.

The 2013 Notes paid interest in cash at a rate of 1.75% semi-annually in arrears on December 1 and June 1 of each year. The effective interest rate on the 2013 Notes was 5.6% for both the three and six months ended June 30, 2013.

The following table represent the key components of our interest expense on convertible debt for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013 (table in millions):
 
June 30, 2013
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
Contractual interest expense on the coupon

$
7

 
$
15

Amortization of the discount component recognized as interest expense
16

 
31

Total interest expense on the convertible debt
$
23

 
$
46

In connection with the issuance of the 2011 Notes and 2013 Notes, we entered into separate convertible note hedge transactions with respect to our common stock (the “Purchased Options”). The Purchased Options allowed us to receive shares of our common stock and/or cash related to the excess conversion value that we would pay to the holders of the 2011 Notes and 2013 Notes upon conversion. The Purchased Options covered, subject to customary anti-dilution adjustments, approximately 215 million shares of our common stock. We paid an aggregate amount of $669 million of the proceeds from the sale of the 2011 Notes and 2013 Notes for the Purchased Options that was recorded as additional paid-in-capital in shareholders’ equity. In 2011, we exercised approximately half of the Purchased Options in connection with the planned settlements of the 2011 Notes. In the fourth quarter of 2013, we exercised the remaining 108 million of the Purchased Options in conjunction with the planned settlements of the 2013 Notes, and we received 35 million shares of net settlement on January 7, 2014, representing the excess conversion value of the options. 

We also entered into separate transactions in which we sold warrants to acquire, subject to customary anti-dilution adjustments, approximately 215 million shares of our common stock at an exercise price of approximately $19.55 per share of our common stock. We received aggregate proceeds of $391 million from the sale of the associated warrants. Upon exercise, the value of the warrants was required to be settled in shares. Approximately half of the associated warrants were exercised in 2012 and the remaining 109 million associated warrants were exercised between February 18, 2014 and March 17, 2014 and were settled with 29 million shares of our common stock.

The Purchased Options and associated warrants had the effect of increasing the conversion price of the 2013 Notes to approximately $19.31 per share of our common stock, representing an approximate 53% conversion premium based on the closing price of $12.61 per share of our common stock on November 13, 2006, which was the issuance date of the 2013 Notes.
Interest Rate Swap Contracts
In 2010, EMC entered into interest rate swap contracts with an aggregate notional amount of approximately $900 million. These swaps were designated as cash flow hedges of the semi-annual interest payments of the forecasted issuance of ten year debt in 2011 when our 2011 Notes were scheduled to become due. As such, the unrealized loss on these hedges was recognized in other comprehensive loss.
During 2011 and 2012, we settled the swaps and replaced them with new interest rate swap contracts for revised forecasted debt issuance dates. Each of these new swaps was deemed as an effective hedge as the notional amounts and other terms matched the underlying hedged item and accordingly, losses on the interest rate swap contracts were deferred as they were expected to be realized over the life of the new debt issued under the related interest rate swap contracts. In the second half of 2012, we settled the interest rate swap contracts and did not replace them. Losses on the swaps at the time of settlement were deferred as they are expected to be realized over the life of the new debt issued under the related interest rate swap contracts.


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At June 30, 2014, we had $176 million of accumulated realized losses related to the settled swaps in accumulated other comprehensive income which will be realized over the remaining life of our ten year Notes. These losses will be reclassified from other comprehensive income and recognized on a straight-line basis in the consolidated income statements as interest expense beginning in the third quarter of 2014.
5.  Fair Value of Financial Assets and Liabilities
Our fixed income and equity investments are classified as available for sale and recorded at their fair market values. We determine fair value using the following hierarchy:

Level 1 – Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2 – Inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.
Level 3 – Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.
Most of our fixed income securities are classified as Level 2, with the exception of some of our U.S. government and agency obligations and our investments in publicly traded equity securities, which are classified as Level 1, and all of our auction rate securities, which are classified as Level 3. In addition, our strategic investments held at cost are classified as Level 3. At June 30, 2014, the vast majority of our Level 2 securities were priced by pricing vendors. These pricing vendors utilize the most recent observable market information in pricing these securities or, if specific prices are not available for these securities, use other observable inputs like market transactions involving identical or comparable securities. In the event observable inputs are not available, we assess other factors to determine the security’s market value, including broker quotes or model valuations. Each month, we perform independent price verifications of all of our fixed income holdings. In the event a price fails a pre-established tolerance check, it is researched so that we can assess the cause of the variance to determine what we believe is the appropriate fair market value.
In general, investments with remaining effective maturities of 12 months or less from the balance sheet date are classified as short-term investments. Investments with remaining effective maturities of more than 12 months from the balance sheet date are classified as long-term investments. Our publicly traded equity securities are classified as long-term investments and our strategic investments held at cost are classified as other assets. As a result of the lack of liquidity for auction rate securities, we have classified these as long-term investments as of June 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013. At June 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, all of our short- and long-term investments, excluding auction rate securities, were recognized at fair value, which was determined based upon observable inputs from our pricing vendors for identical or similar assets. At June 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, auction rate securities were valued using a discounted cash flow model.
 

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The following tables summarize the composition of our short- and long-term investments at June 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013 (tables in millions):
 
June 30, 2014
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Unrealized
Gains
 
Unrealized
(Losses)
 
Aggregate
Fair Value
U.S. government and agency obligations
$
2,201

 
$
4

 
$
(1
)
 
$
2,204

U.S. corporate debt securities
2,294

 
5

 
(1
)
 
2,298

High yield corporate debt securities
554

 
23

 

 
577

Asset-backed securities
25

 

 

 
25

Municipal obligations
965

 
3

 

 
968

Auction rate securities
63

 

 
(4
)
 
59

Foreign debt securities
2,515

 
7

 
(1
)
 
2,521

Total fixed income securities
8,617

 
42

 
(7
)
 
8,652

Publicly traded equity securities
166

 
133

 
(4
)
 
295

Total
$
8,783

 
$
175

 
$
(11
)
 
$
8,947

We held approximately $2,521 million in foreign debt securities at June 30, 2014. These securities have an average credit rating of A+, and approximately 5% of these securities are deemed sovereign debt with an average credit rating of AA+. None of the securities deemed sovereign debt are from Argentina, Greece, Italy, Ireland, Portugal, Spain or Cyprus.
 
December 31, 2013
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Unrealized
Gains
 
Unrealized
(Losses)
 
Aggregate
Fair Value
U.S. government and agency obligations
$
3,726

 
$
4

 
$
(3
)
 
$
3,727

U.S. corporate debt securities
2,260

 
8

 
(2
)
 
2,266

High yield corporate debt securities
515

 
19

 
(3
)
 
531

Municipal obligations
860

 
3

 

 
863

Auction rate securities
63

 

 
(3
)
 
60

Foreign debt securities
2,152

 
6

 
(3
)
 
2,155

Total fixed income securities
9,576

 
40

 
(14
)
 
9,602

Publicly traded equity securities
72

 
24

 
(1
)
 
95

Total
$
9,648

 
$
64

 
$
(15
)
 
$
9,697



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The following tables represent our fair value hierarchy for our financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value as of June 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013 (tables in millions):
 
June 30, 2014
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
Cash
$
1,693

 
$

 
$

 
$
1,693

Cash equivalents
3,330

 
664

 

 
3,994

U.S. government and agency obligations
1,349

 
855

 

 
2,204

U.S. corporate debt securities

 
2,298

 

 
2,298

High yield corporate debt securities

 
577

 

 
577

Asset-backed securities

 
25

 

 
25

Municipal obligations

 
968

 

 
968

Auction rate securities

 

 
59

 
59

Foreign debt securities

 
2,521

 

 
2,521

Publicly traded equity securities
295

 

 

 
295

Total cash and investments
$
6,667

 
$
7,908

 
$
59

 
$
14,634

Other items:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Strategic investments held at cost
$

 
$

 
$
296

 
$
296

Investment in joint venture

 

 
36

 
36

Long-term debt carried at discounted cost

 
(5,513
)
 

 
(5,513
)
Foreign exchange derivative assets

 
20

 

 
20

Foreign exchange derivative liabilities

 
(20
)
 

 
(20
)
Commodity derivative assets

 
2

 

 
2

 
December 31, 2013
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
Cash
$
1,725

 
$

 
$

 
$
1,725

Cash equivalents
5,674

 
492

 

 
6,166

U.S. government and agency obligations
1,797

 
1,930

 

 
3,727

U.S. corporate debt securities

 
2,266

 

 
2,266

High yield corporate debt securities

 
531

 

 
531

Municipal obligations

 
863

 

 
863

Auction rate securities

 

 
60

 
60

Foreign debt securities

 
2,155

 

 
2,155

Publicly traded equity securities
95

 

 

 
95

Total cash and investments
$
9,291

 
$
8,237

 
$
60

 
$
17,588

Other items:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Strategic investments held at cost
$

 
$

 
$
379

 
$
379

Investment in joint venture

 

 
35

 
35

Convertible debt carried at discounted cost

 
(5,419
)
 

 
(5,419
)
Foreign exchange derivative assets

 
31

 

 
31

Foreign exchange derivative liabilities

 
(20
)
 

 
(20
)
Commodity derivative assets

 
4

 

 
4


Our auction rate securities are predominantly rated investment grade and are primarily collateralized by student loans. The underlying loans of all but one of our auction rate securities, with a market value of $7 million, have partial guarantees by the U.S. government as part of the Federal Family Education Loan Program (“FFELP”) through the U.S. Department of Education. FFELP guarantees at least 95% of the loans which collateralize the auction rate securities. We believe the quality of the collateral underlying most of our auction rate securities will enable us to recover our principal balance.

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To determine the estimated fair value of our investment in auction rate securities, we used a discounted cash flow model using a five year time horizon. As of June 30, 2014, the coupon rates used ranged from 0% to 3% and the discount rate was 1%, which rate represents the rate at which similar FFELP backed securities with a five year time horizon outside of the auction rate securities market were trading at June 30, 2014. The assumptions used in preparing the discounted cash flow model include an incremental discount rate for the lack of liquidity in the market (“liquidity discount margin”) for an estimated period of time. The discount rate we selected was based on AA-rated banks as the majority of our portfolio is invested in student loans where EMC acts as a financier to these lenders. The liquidity discount margin represents an estimate of the additional return an investor would require for the lack of liquidity of these securities over an estimated five year holding period. The rate used for the discount margin was 1% at June 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013 due to the narrowing of credit spreads on AA-rated banks during 2013 and into 2014.
The following table provides a summary of changes in fair value of our Level 3 auction rate securities for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013 (table in millions):
 
For the Three Months Ended
 
For the Six Months Ended
 
June 30, 2014
 
June 30, 2013
 
June 30, 2014
 
June 30, 2013
Balance, beginning of the period
$
60

 
$
68

 
$
60

 
$
70

Calls at par value

 

 

 
(1
)
Other-than-temporary impairment loss

 

 

 
(1
)
(Increase) decrease in previously recognized unrealized losses included in other comprehensive income
(1
)
 

 
(1
)
 

Balance, end of the period
$
59

 
$
68

 
$
59

 
$
68

 
Significant changes in the unobservable inputs discussed above could result in a significantly lower or higher fair value measurement. Generally, an increase in the discount rate, liquidity discount margin or coupon rate results in a decrease in our fair value measurement and a decrease in the discount rate, liquidity discount margin or coupon rate results in an increase in our fair value measurement.
EMC has a 49% ownership percentage of LenovoEMC Limited, a joint venture with Lenovo that was formed in 2012. We account for our LenovoEMC joint venture using the fair value method of accounting. To determine the estimated fair value at inception of our investment, we use a discounted cash flow model using a three year time horizon, and utilized a discount rate of 6%, which represented the incremental borrowing rate for a market participant. The assumptions used in preparing the discounted cash flow model include an analysis of estimated Lenovo NAS revenue against a prescribed target as well as consideration of the purchase price put and call features included in the joint venture agreement. The put and call features create a floor and a cap on the fair value of the investment. As such, there is a limit to the impact on the fair value that would result from significant changes in the unobservable inputs. We had no changes to the assumptions utilized in the fair value calculation in the second quarter of 2014.

The following table provides a summary of changes in fair value of our LenovoEMC joint venture for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013 (table in millions):
 
For the Three Months Ended
 
For the Six Months Ended
 
June 30, 2014
 
June 30, 2013
 
June 30, 2014
 
June 30, 2013
Balance, beginning of the period
$
35

 
$
33

 
$
35

 
$
33

Realized gain included in other expense, net
1

 
1

 
1

 
1

Balance, end of period
$
36

 
$
34

 
$
36

 
$
34


The carrying value of the strategic investments held at cost were accounted for under the cost method. As part of our quarterly impairment review, we perform a fair value calculation of our strategic investments held at cost using the most currently available information. To determine the estimated fair value of private strategic investments held at cost, we use a combination of several valuation techniques including discounted cash flow models, acquisition and trading comparables. In addition, we evaluate the impact of pre- and post-money valuations of recent financing events and the impact of those on our fully diluted ownership percentages, and we consider any available information regarding the issuer’s historical and forecasted performance as well as market comparables and conditions. The fair value of these investments is considered in our review for impairment if any events and changes in circumstances occur that might have a significant adverse effect on their value.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)


Investment Losses

Unrealized losses on investments at June 30, 2014 by investment category and length of time the investment has been in a continuous unrealized loss position are as follows (table in millions):
 
Less Than 12 Months
 
12 Months or Greater
 
Total
 
Fair
Value
 
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 
Fair
Value
 
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 
Fair
Value
 
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
U.S. government and agency obligations
$
400

 
$
(1
)
 
$

 
$

 
$
400

 
$
(1
)
U.S. corporate debt securities
493

 
(1
)
 

 

 
493

 
(1
)
Auction rate securities

 

 
59

 
(4
)
 
59

 
(4
)
Foreign debt securities
521

 
(1
)
 

 

 
521

 
(1
)
Publicly traded equity securities
26

 
(3
)
 

 
(1
)
 
26

 
(4
)
Total
$
1,440

 
$
(6
)
 
$
59

 
$
(5
)
 
$
1,499

 
$
(11
)
For all of our securities for which the amortized cost basis was greater than the fair value at June 30, 2014, we have concluded that currently we neither plan to sell the security nor is it more likely than not that we would be required to sell the security before its anticipated recovery. In making the determination as to whether the unrealized loss is other-than-temporary, we considered the length of time and extent the investment has been in an unrealized loss position, the financial condition and near-term prospects of the issuers, the issuers’ credit rating, third party guarantees and the time to maturity.
In the second quarter of 2014, an unrealized gain of $88 million was recorded in other comprehensive income related to a strategic investment which completed an initial public offering in June 2014. This investment was reclassified from our portfolio of strategic investments held at cost to publicly traded equity securities.
Contractual Maturities
The contractual maturities of fixed income securities held at June 30, 2014 are as follows (table in millions):
 
June 30, 2014
 
Amortized
Cost Basis
 
Aggregate
Fair Value
Due within one year
$
1,926

 
$
1,928

Due after 1 year through 5 years
5,765

 
5,783

Due after 5 years through 10 years
544

 
563

Due after 10 years
382

 
378

Total
$
8,617

 
$
8,652


Short-term investments on the consolidated balance sheet include $34 million in variable rate notes which have contractual maturities in 2014, and are not classified within investments due within one year above.

6.  Inventories
Inventories consist of (table in millions):
 
June 30,
2014
 
December 31,
2013
Work-in-process
$
721

 
$
696

Finished goods
676

 
638

 
$
1,397

 
$
1,334

7.  Accounts and Notes Receivable and Allowance for Credit Losses
Accounts and notes receivable are recorded at cost. The portion of our notes receivable due in one year or less are included in accounts and notes receivable and the long-term portion is included in other assets, net on the consolidated balance sheets. Lease receivables arise from sales-type leases of products. We typically sell, without recourse, the contractual right to the lease payment stream and assets under lease to third parties. For certain customers, we retain the lease.

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EMC CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)


The contractual amounts due under the leases we retained as of June 30, 2014 were as follows (table in millions):
Year
Contractual Amounts
Due Under Leases
Due within one year
$
87

Due within two years
69

Due within three years
61

Thereafter
3

Total
220

Less: Amounts representing interest
5

Present value
215

Current portion (included in accounts and notes receivable)
86

Long-term portion (included in other assets, net)
$
129

Subsequent to June 30, 2014, we sold $39 million of these notes to third parties without recourse.
We maintain an allowance for credit losses on our accounts and notes receivable. The allowance is based on the credit worthiness of our customers, including an assessment of the customer’s financial position, operating performance and their ability to meet their contractual obligation. We assess the credit scores for our customers each quarter. In addition, we consider our historical experience, the age of the receivable and current market and economic conditions. Uncollectible amounts are charged against the allowance account.
In the event we determine that a lease may not be paid, we include in our allowance an amount for the outstanding balance related to the lease receivable. As of June 30, 2014, amounts from lease receivables past due for more than 90 days were not significant.
The following table presents the activity of our allowance for credit losses related to lease receivables for the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013 (table in millions):
 
For the Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
2014
 
June 30,
2013
Balance, beginning of the period
$
9

 
$
17

Recoveries
(5
)
 
(9
)
Provisions
6

 
3

Balance, end of the period
$
10

 
$
11

 
Gross lease receivables totaled $220 million and $252 million as of June 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively, before the allowance. The components of these balances were individually evaluated for impairment and included in our allowance determination as necessary.
8.  Property, Plant and Equipment
Property, plant and equipment consist of (table in millions):
 
June 30,
2014
 
December 31,
2013
Furniture and fixtures
$
239

 
$
229

Equipment and software
6,391

 
5,973

Buildings and improvements
2,284

 
2,089

Land
159

 
132

Building construction in progress
100

 
215

 
9,173

 
8,638

Accumulated depreciation
(5,567
)
 
(5,160
)
 
$
3,606

 
$
3,478


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EMC CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)


Building construction in progress at June 30, 2014 includes $74 million for facilities not yet placed in service that we are holding for future use.
9.  Joint Ventures
We make investments in joint ventures. For each joint venture investment, we consider the facts and circumstances in order to determine whether it qualifies for cost accounting, equity accounting, fair value method accounting or whether it should be consolidated.

In 2009, Cisco and EMC formed VCE Company LLC (“VCE”), with investments from VMware and Intel. VCE, through Vblock infrastructure platforms, delivers an integrated IT offering that combines network, computing, storage, management, security and virtualization technologies for converged infrastructures and cloud based computing models. As of June 30, 2014, we have contributed $1,255 million in funding and $17 million in stock-based compensation to VCE since inception and own approximately 58% of VCE’s outstanding equity.
  
We consider VCE a variable interest entity. Authoritative guidance related to variable interest entities states that the primary beneficiary of a variable interest entity must have both of the following characteristics: (a) the power to direct the activities of a variable interest entity that most significantly will impact the entity’s economic performance; and (b) the obligation to absorb losses that could be potentially significant to the variable interest entity or the right to receive benefits from the entity that could potentially be significant to the variable interest entity. Since the power to direct the activities of VCE which most significantly impact its economic performance are determined by its board of directors, which is comprised of equal representation of EMC and Cisco, and all significant decisions require the approval of the minority shareholders, we have determined we are not the primary beneficiary, and as such we account for the investment under the equity method.

Our portion of VCE’s gains and losses is recognized in other expense, net, in the consolidated income statements. Our consolidated share of VCE’s losses, based upon our portion of the overall funding, was approximately 63% for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013. As of June 30, 2014, we have recorded net accumulated losses from VCE of $956 million since inception, of which $85 million and $160 million were recorded in the three and six months ending June 30, 2014, respectively, and $71 million and $140 million were recorded in the three and six months ended June 30, 2013, respectively.

We recognized $172 million and $342 million in revenue from sales of product and services to VCE during the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, respectively, and $102 million and $176 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013, respectively. We perform certain administrative services, pursuant to an administrative services agreement, on behalf of VCE and we pay certain operating expenses on behalf of VCE. Accordingly, we had a receivable from VCE related to the administrative services agreement of $60 million and $52 million as of June 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively, included in other current assets in the consolidated balance sheets.

10.  Accrued Expenses
Accrued expenses consist of (table in millions):
 
June 30,
2014
 
December 31,
2013
Salaries and benefits
$
989

 
$
1,078

Product warranties
255

 
289

Dividends payable (see Note 12)
240

 
205

Partner rebates
201

 
214

Restructuring, current (See Note 13)
128

 
84

Derivatives
23

 
23

Other
914

 
890

 
$
2,750

 
$
2,783

Product Warranties
Systems sales include a standard product warranty. At the time of the sale, we accrue for systems’ warranty costs. The initial systems’ warranty accrual is based upon our historical experience, expected future costs and specific identification of systems’ requirements. Upon sale or expiration of the initial warranty, we may sell additional maintenance contracts to our customers.

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EMC CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)


Revenue from these additional maintenance contracts is included in deferred revenue and recognized ratably over the service period. The following represents the activity in our warranty accrual for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013 (table in millions):
 
For the Three Months Ended
 
For the Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
2014
 
June 30,
2013
 
June 30,
2014
 
June 30,
2013
Balance, beginning of the period
$
274

 
$
283

 
$
289

 
$
278

Provision
32

 
51

 
74

 
96

Amounts charged to the accrual
(51
)
 
(43
)
 
(108
)
 
(83
)
Balance, end of the period
$
255

 
$
291

 
$
255

 
$
291

The provision includes amounts accrued for systems at the time of shipment, adjustments for changes in estimated costs for warranties on systems shipped in the period and changes in estimated costs for warranties on systems shipped in prior periods. It is not practicable to determine the amounts applicable to each of the components.
11.  Income Taxes

Our effective income tax rates were 23.1% and 23.6% for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, respectively. Our effective income tax rates were 22.4% and 17.7% for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013, respectively. Our effective income tax rate is based upon estimated income before provision for income taxes for the year, composition of the income in different countries, and adjustments, if any, in the applicable quarterly periods for potential tax consequences, benefits and/or resolutions of tax audits or other tax contingencies. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, the effective income tax rate varied from the statutory income tax rate principally as a result of the mix of income attributable to foreign versus domestic jurisdictions and state taxes. Our aggregate income tax rate in foreign jurisdictions is lower than our income tax rate in the United States; substantially all of our income before provision for income taxes from foreign operations has been earned by our Irish subsidiaries. We do not believe that any recent or currently expected developments in non-U.S. tax jurisdictions are reasonably likely to have a material impact on our effective income rate. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2013, the effective income tax rate varied from the statutory income tax rate principally as a result of the mix of income attributable to foreign versus domestic jurisdictions, state taxes and the U.S. federal tax credit for increasing research activities. On January 2, 2013, the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 was signed into law. Some of the provisions were retroactive to January 1, 2012 including an extension of the U.S. federal tax credit for increasing research activities through December 31, 2013. Because the extension was enacted after December 31, 2012, our income tax provision for the six months ended June 30, 2013 included the estimated federal tax credit for increasing research activities for the full year 2012 as well as the six months ended June 30, 2013, which reduced our effective tax rate for the six month period.

Our effective income tax rate increased in the three and six months ended June 30, 2014 from the three and six months ended June 30, 2013 due primarily to the retroactive renewal of the U.S. federal tax credit for increasing research activities on January 2, 2013 as discussed above. The U.S. federal tax credit for increasing research activities reduced our effective income tax rate by approximately 1.0% and 5.1% for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013. Our effective income tax rate for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014 does not reflect any U.S. federal tax credit for increasing research activities because the credit expired on December 31, 2013. There were also differences in the mix of income attributable to foreign versus domestic jurisdictions, change in tax contingency reserves and discrete items, the net impact of which is immaterial.
We are routinely under audit by the Internal Revenue Service (the “IRS”). We have concluded all U.S. federal income tax matters for years through 2008. The IRS commenced a federal income tax audit for the tax years 2009 and 2010 in the third quarter of 2012. The current federal income tax audit is ongoing and it is not expected to be completed until 2015. We also have income tax audits in process in numerous state, local and international jurisdictions. In our international jurisdictions that comprise a significant portion of our operations, the years that may be examined vary, with the earliest year being 2004. Based on the timing and outcome of examinations of EMC, the result of the expiration of statutes of limitations for specific jurisdictions or the timing and result of ruling requests from taxing authorities, it is reasonably possible that the related unrecognized tax benefits could change from those recorded in our statement of financial position. We anticipate that several of these audits may be finalized within the next twelve months. While we expect the amount of unrecognized tax benefits to change in the next twelve months, we do not expect the change to have a significant impact on our results of operations or financial position.


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EMC CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)


12.  Shareholders’ Equity
The reconciliation from basic to diluted earnings per share for both the numerators and denominators is as follows (table in millions):
 
For the Three Months Ended
 
For the Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
2014
 
June 30,
2013
 
June 30,
2014
 
June 30,
2013
Numerator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income attributable to EMC Corporation
$
589

 
$
701

 
$
980

 
$
1,281

Incremental dilution from VMware
(1
)
 
(2
)
 
(3
)
 
(3
)
Net income – dilution attributable to EMC Corporation
$
588

 
$
699

 
$
977

 
$
1,278

Denominator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares, basic
2,037

 
2,092

 
2,033

 
2,097

Weighted common stock equivalents
27

 
29

 
27

 
30

Assumed conversion of the 2013 Notes and associated warrants

 
53

 
10

 
54

Weighted average shares, diluted
2,064

 
2,174

 
2,070

 
2,181

Due to the cash settlement feature of the principal amount of the 2013 Notes, we only included the impact of the premium feature in our diluted earnings per share calculation when the 2013 Notes were convertible due to maturity or when the average stock price exceeded the conversion price of the 2013 Notes.
Concurrent with the issuance of the 2011 Notes and 2013 Notes, we also entered into separate transactions in which we sold warrants to acquire, subject to customary anti-dilution adjustments, approximately 215 million shares of our common stock at an exercise price of approximately $19.55 per share of our common stock. Approximately half of the associated warrants were exercised during the year ended December 31, 2012. The remaining 109 million warrants were exercised between February 18, 2014 and March 17, 2014. These warrants were settled with shares of our common stock. As such, we included the impact of the remaining outstanding sold warrants in our diluted earnings per share calculation during the three and six months ended June 30, 2013 as the average stock price exceeded the exercise price, and during the six months ended June 30, 2014 for the period the warrants were outstanding.
Restricted stock awards, restricted stock units and options to acquire shares of our common stock in the amount of 1 million and 4 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, respectively, and 4 million for both the three and six months ended June 30, 2013, were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share because they were antidilutive. The incremental dilution from VMware represents the impact of VMware’s dilutive securities on EMC’s consolidated diluted net income per share and is calculated by multiplying the difference between VMware’s basic and diluted earnings per share by the number of VMware shares owned by EMC.
Repurchase of Common Stock
We utilize both authorized and unissued shares (including repurchased shares) for all issuances under our equity plans. Our Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of 250 million shares of our common stock in February 2013. For the six months ended June 30, 2014, we spent $1.0 billion to repurchase 39 million shares of our common stock. Of the 250 million shares authorized for repurchase, we have repurchased 133 million shares at a total cost of $3.4 billion, leaving a remaining balance of 117 million shares authorized for future repurchases.  We plan to spend up to $6.0 billion in the repurchase of shares during the two years ending December 31, 2014.