IPG Photonics Announces Fourth Quarter 2019 Financial Results

 Fourth Quarter Revenue Exceeds Guidance; Company Generates $130 Million Operating Cash Flow

Goodwill and Asset Impairment, Inventory Provision and Restructuring Charges Reduce Earnings Per Diluted Share by $0.99

OXFORD, Mass., Feb. 13, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- IPG Photonics Corporation (NASDAQ: IPGP) today reported financial results for the fourth quarter ended December 31, 2019.

  Three Months Ended December 31,   Twelve Months Ended December 31,  
(In millions, except per share data and percentages) 2019 2018 Change 2019 2018 Change
Revenue $306.6    $330.1   (7)% $1,314.6   $1,459.9   (10)%
Gross margin 40.5  % 50.5 %   46.1 % 54.8 %  
Operating income $0.2    $96.1   (100)% $233.8   $523.4   (55)%
Operating margin 0.1  % 29.1 %   17.8 % 35.9 %  
Net income attributable to IPG Photonics Corporation $(4.5)  $75.6   (106)% $180.2   $404.0   (55)%
Earnings per diluted share $(0.08)  $1.40   (106)% $3.35   $7.38   (55)%

Management Comments

"We delivered fourth quarter revenue slightly above our guidance range on strength in the US market and new products," said Dr. Valentin Gapontsev, IPG Photonics' Chief Executive Officer. "The global macroeconomic backdrop and the competitive landscape in China both remain challenging. However, we are responding with product cost reductions and differentiated new features and accessories for our core products. Furthermore, we are leveraging one of the largest R&D investments in the laser industry to launch leading-edge laser products and systems for new markets. These new solutions, which represent about one-fifth of total sales, enhance our growth and margin profile and provide greater geographic and end market diversification."

Financial Highlights

Fourth quarter revenue of $307 million decreased 7% year over year. Currency depreciation relative to the exchange rates assumed in our fourth quarter guidance reduced revenue by approximately $2 million. Materials processing sales decreased 11% year over year while sales into other applications increased 42% year over year. Materials processing sales accounted for 90% of total revenue. The acquisition of Genesis Systems Group contributed $19 million during the quarter.

Sales of high power continuous wave (CW) lasers, representing 51% of total revenue, decreased 15% year over year. Sales of fiber lasers at 6 kilowatts of power or greater were approximately 50% of all high power CW laser sales, and high power CW lasers at 10 kilowatts or greater increased more than 30% year over year. Sales of other high power lasers declined year over year due to the weaker demand environment in China and Europe and lower average selling prices. By region, sales decreased 21% in China, 17% in Europe, 37% in Japan and increased 30% in North America on a year over year basis.

Net loss per diluted share was $0.08. Foreign exchange losses, higher inventory reserves and charges related to impairment of goodwill and other long-lived assets and restructuring reduced earnings per diluted share ("EPS") by $0.99. During the fourth quarter, we incurred a charge of $42 million for impairment of goodwill and other long-lived assets, primarily related to our communications business, and a charge of $2 million related to our restructuring actions taken during the second half of 2019. During the fourth quarter, IPG generated $130 million in cash from operations. Capital expenditures were $26 million and stock repurchases totaled $15 million.

Business Outlook and Financial Guidance

"We believe we have significant long-term growth opportunities in welding, fine processing of electric vehicle batteries and our portfolio of new products addressing opportunities in microelectronics, medical, systems and beam delivery solutions. Current demand for our leading-edge laser solutions remains mixed, with strength in North America and emerging regions such as India and Southeast Asia offset by ongoing macro softness in Europe and Japan. Prior to the government-extended Lunar New Year holiday, there were signs that business in China was firming, with order flow having picked up in December and January. However, ongoing business disruption related to the novel coronavirus outbreak makes forecasting our business in China and the impact on global demand very challenging at this point. China is a large and important market for IPG, with repercussions for other markets, and we continue to monitor the situation closely," said Dr. Gapontsev.

For the first quarter of 2020, IPG expects revenue of $220 million to $250 million. The Company expects the first quarter tax rate to be approximately 26%. IPG anticipates delivering earnings per diluted share in the range of $0.00 to $0.30, with 52.9 million basic common shares outstanding and 53.6 million diluted common shares outstanding. This guidance assumes approximately $45 million in reduced revenue and $0.45 lower EPS from business disruption related to the novel coronavirus outbreak.

As discussed in more detail in the "Safe Harbor" passage of this news release, actual results may differ from this guidance due to various factors including, but not limited to, product demand, order cancellations and delays, competition, tariffs, trade policy changes, health epidemics and general economic conditions. This guidance is based upon current market conditions and expectations, and is subject to the risks outlined in the Company's reports with the SEC, and assumes exchange rates relative to the U.S. Dollar of Euro 0.89, Russian Ruble 62, Japanese Yen 109 and Chinese Yuan 6.98, respectively.

Supplemental Financial Information

Additional supplemental financial information is provided in the unaudited Fourth Quarter 2019 Financial Data Workbook available on the investor relations section of the Company's website at investor.ipgphotonics.com.

Conference Call Reminder

The Company will hold a conference call today, February 13, 2020 at 10:00 am ET. To access the call, please dial 877-407-6184 in the US or 201-389-0877 internationally. A live webcast of the call will also be available and archived on the investor relations section of the Company's website at investor.ipgphotonics.com.


James Hillier
Vice President of Investor Relations
IPG Photonics Corporation

About IPG Photonics Corporation

IPG Photonics Corporation is the leader in high-power fiber lasers and amplifiers used primarily in materials processing and other diverse applications. The Company’s mission is to make its fiber laser technology the tool of choice in mass production. IPG accomplishes this mission by delivering superior performance, reliability and usability at a lower total cost of ownership compared with other types of lasers and non-laser tools, allowing end users to increase productivity and decrease costs. A member of the S&P 500® Index, IPG is headquartered in Oxford, Massachusetts and has more than 25 facilities worldwide. For more information, visit www.ipgphotonics.com.

Safe Harbor Statement

Information and statements provided by IPG and its employees, including statements in this press release, that relate to future plans, events or performance are forward-looking statements. These statements involve risks and uncertainties. Any statements in this press release that are not statements of historical fact are forward-looking statements, including but not limited to product cost reductions, core products having differentiated new features and accessories; leveraging the our R&D investment to launch leading edge laser products and systems for new markets; products and systems enhancing our growth and margin profile, and greater geographic and end market diversification; significant long-term growth opportunities in welding, fine processing of electric vehicle batteries and our portfolio of new products in microelectronics, medical. systems and beam delivery solutions; ongoing business disruption related to the novel coronavirus outbreak and its impact on global demand and other markets; and revenue, tax rate and earnings guidance for Q1 2020. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially include risks and uncertainties, including risks associated with the strength or weakness of the business conditions in industries and geographic markets that IPG serves, particularly the effect of downturns in the markets IPG serves; uncertainties and adverse changes in the general economic conditions of markets; IPG's ability to penetrate new applications for fiber lasers and increase market share; the rate of acceptance and penetration of IPG's products; inability to manage risks associated with international customers and operations; changes in trade controls and trade policies; foreign currency fluctuations; high levels of fixed costs from IPG's vertical integration; the appropriateness of IPG's manufacturing capacity for the level of demand; competitive factors, including declining average selling prices; the effect of acquisitions and investments; inventory write-downs; asset impairment charges; intellectual property infringement claims and litigation; interruption in supply of key components; manufacturing risks; government regulations and trade sanctions; and other risks identified in IPG's SEC filings. Readers are encouraged to refer to the risk factors described in IPG's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (filed with the SEC on August 6, 2019) and its reports filed with the SEC, as applicable. Actual results, events and performance may differ materially. Readers are cautioned not to rely on the forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date hereof. IPG undertakes no obligation to update the forward-looking statements that may be made to reflect events or circumstances after the date hereof or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.


  Three Months Ended December 31, Twelve Months Ended December 31,
  2019 2018 2019 2018
  (In thousands, except per share data)
Net sales $306,627    $330,051    $1,314,581   $1,459,874   
Cost of sales 182,424    163,303    708,372   659,606   
Gross profit 124,203    166,748    606,209   800,268   
Operating expenses:        
Sales and marketing 18,838    16,284    77,745   57,815   
Research and development 30,469    31,501    129,997   122,769   
General and administrative 25,071    27,572    107,597   102,429   
Goodwill impairment 37,120    —    37,120   —   
Impairment of long-lived assets and other restructuring charges 7,130    —    7,130   —   
Loss (gain) on foreign exchange 5,332    (4,661)  12,827   (6,150) 
Total operating expenses 123,960    70,696    372,416   276,863   
Operating income 243    96,052    233,793   523,405   
Other income, net:        
Interest income, net 2,501    4,132    14,238   9,057   
Other income, net 216    681    345   1,933   
Total other income 2,717    4,813    14,583   10,990   
Income before provision of income taxes 2,960    100,865    248,376   534,395   
Provision for income taxes 7,263    25,399    68,115   130,226   
Net (loss) income (4,303)  75,466    180,261   404,169   
Less: net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interests 147    (93)  27   142   
Net (loss) income attributable to IPG Photonics Corporation $(4,450)  $75,559    $180,234   $404,027   
Net (loss) income attributable to IPG Photonics Corporation per share:        
Basic $(0.08)  $1.42    $3.40   $7.55   
Diluted $(0.08)  $1.40    $3.35   $7.38   
Weighted average shares outstanding:        
Basic 52,916    53,243    53,061   53,522   
Diluted 52,916    54,107    53,839   54,726   


  December 31,
  2019 2018
  (In thousands, except share and per
share data)
Current assets:    
Cash and cash equivalents $680,070    $544,358   
Short-term investments 502,546    500,432   
Accounts receivable, net 238,479    255,509   
Inventories 380,790    403,579   
Prepaid income taxes 38,873    43,782   
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 55,876    57,764   
Total current assets 1,896,634    1,805,424   
Deferred income taxes, net 31,395    19,165   
Goodwill 82,092    100,722   
Intangible assets, net 74,271    87,139   
Property, plant and equipment, net 600,852    543,068   
Other assets 45,192    18,932   
Total assets $2,730,436    $2,574,450   
Current liabilities:    
Current portion of long-term debt $3,740    $3,671   
Accounts payable 27,329    36,302   
Accrued expenses and other liabilities 149,782    154,640   
Income taxes payable 11,053    51,161   
Total current liabilities 191,904    245,774   
Deferred income taxes and other long-term liabilities 98,121    80,734   
Long-term debt, net of current portion 37,968    41,707   
Total liabilities 327,993    368,215   
Commitments and contingencies    
IPG Photonics Corporation equity:    
Common stock, $0.0001 par value, 175,000,000 shares authorized; 54,743,227 and 53,010,875 shares issued and outstanding, respectively, at December 31, 2019; 54,371,701 and 52,941,607 shares issued and outstanding, respectively, at December 31, 2018. 5   5  
Treasury stock, at cost, 1,732,352 and 1,430,094 shares held at December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively. (265,730)  (224,998) 
Additional paid-in capital 785,636   744,937  
Retained earnings 2,028,734   1,848,500  
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (146,919)  (162,896) 
Total IPG Photonics Corporation shareholders' equity 2,401,726   2,205,548  
Non-controlling interests 717   687  
Total equity 2,402,443   2,206,235  
Total liabilities and equity $2,730,436   $2,574,450  


  Twelve Months Ended December 31,
  2019 2018
  (In thousands)
Cash flows from operating activities:    
Net income $180,261   $404,169  
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:    
Depreciation and amortization 96,268   80,271  
Goodwill impairment 37,120   —   
Impairment of long-lived assets 5,350   —   
Provisions for inventory, warranty & bad debt 63,752   38,862  
Other 32,198   17,195  
Changes in assets and liabilities that used cash:    
Accounts receivable and accounts payable (481)  (20,240) 
Inventories (28,105)  (135,440) 
Other (62,842)  8,484  
Net cash provided by operating activities 323,521   393,301  
Cash flows from investing activities:    
Purchases of property, plant and equipment (133,536)  (160,343) 
Proceeds from sales of property, plant and equipment 661   1,026  
Purchases of short and long-term investments (760,300)  (765,310) 
Proceeds from short-term investments 768,078   470,328  
Acquisitions of businesses, net of cash acquired (15,115)  (109,115) 
Other 237   415  
Net cash used in investing activities (139,975)  (562,999) 
Cash flows from financing activities:    
Principal payments on long-term borrowings (3,671)  (3,604) 
Proceeds from issuance of common stock under employee stock option and purchase plans less payments for taxes related to net share settlement of equity awards 7,336   12,183  
Cash contributed by non-controlling interest —    839  
Purchase of treasury stock, at cost (40,732)  (176,065) 
Net cash used in financing activities (37,067)  (166,647) 
Effect of changes in exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents (7,853)  (29,197) 
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash 138,626   (365,542) 
Cash and cash equivalents  — Beginning of period 544,358   909,900  
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash — End of period $682,984   $544,358  
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:    
Cash paid for interest $2,683   $3,052  
Cash paid for income taxes $116,951   $112,762  


  Three Months Ended December 31, Twelve Months Ended December 31,
  2019 2018 2019 2018
  (In thousands) (In thousands)
Step-up of inventory (1):        
Cost of sales $—   $—   $—   $556  
Amortization of intangible assets:        
Cost of sales 1,273   1,213   5,167   4,840  
Sales and marketing 1,779   976   7,138   2,690  
Research and development 160   160   640   640  
Total acquisition related costs and other charges $3,212   $2,349   $12,945   $8,726  

(1) 2018 amount relates to ILT step-up adjustments on inventory sold during the period.


  Three Months Ended December 31, Twelve Months Ended December 31,
  2019 2018 2019 2018
  (In thousands) (In thousands)
Cost of sales $2,443    $1,292    $9,249    $6,535   
Sales and marketing 908    586    3,815    2,550   
Research and development 1,735    1,516    7,690    6,410   
General and administrative 2,728    3,190    12,824    12,532   
Total stock-based compensation 7,814    6,584    33,578    28,027   
Tax effect of stock-based compensation (2,007)  (1,578)  (8,128)  (6,632) 
Net stock-based compensation $5,807    $5,006    $25,450    $21,395   

  Three Months Ended December 31, Twelve Months Ended December 31,
  2019 2018 2019 2018
  (In thousands) (In thousands)
Excess tax benefit on exercise of stock options included in net income $645   $146   $5,114   $13,926  


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